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Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Estonia auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band to prepare for 5G services

Estonia’s telecom market continues to benefit from a range of measures which have encouraged competition and enabled alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Telia. Fixed-line infrastructure upgrades have been geared to supporting bundled offerings, and this process has prompted Telia to stop services based on DSL by the end of 2020. Instead, services will be carried over the operator’s VDSL, fibre and G.fast infrastructure, supplemented by LTE and, in time, 5G in rural areas.

The country has one of the most advanced mobile markets in Europe, having benefitted from considerable investment from Telia, Elisa and Tele2. The deployment of carrier aggregation with LTE-A services has provided some of the highest data rates available in Europe. Operators are also engaged in 5G trials, with Telia endeavouring to provide commercial 5G-based services in parts of Estonia and Sweden by the end of 2018, some two years before the technology is expected to be widely available. Such an early deployment would provide the company with some influence over the technology’s standards, as well as issues including appropriate spectrum.

Estonia also has one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE options widely available. The incumbent telco Telia is the dominant provider of DSL-based services, while cable broadband is the main competing platform. Telia planned to end DSL-based services by the end of 2020, migrating customers to its G.fast and fibre networks. Elisa’s consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia’s telecom market, the performance of the key players, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. The report also reviews the mobile market, covering the major players, services offered and emerging technologies. In addition the report provides statistics and an overview of broadband market developments and trends, as well as subscriber forecasts to 2023.

Key developments:

Regulator auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE and 5G services;

Telia Estonia and Tele2 Estonia trial 5G services;

Telia providing fastest average mobile broadband speeds, at 75.3Mb/s download;

Tele2 rolls out CA LTE-A services in major cities;

Government commits €20 million to rural broadband program;

Telia Estonia planning to close DSL-based services by end-2020;

Estonian start-up developing Li-Wi technology;

Estonia develops e-residency cards;

Report update includes operator data to Q4 2017, Statistics Estonia data to December 2017, the regulator’s market data updates and 2016 annual report, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa (Starman), STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table ICT financial statistics – 2009 - 2016
      • Table Telecoms sector revenue (kroons and €) – 2008 - 2016
      • Table ICT revenue – 2013 - 2017
      • Table Telecoms sector revenue ($) – 2000 - 2015
      • Table Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks – 2008 - 2015
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOMS SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • PRIVATISATION
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
      • Table Unbundled Local Loops – 2006 - 2014
    • CARRIER SELECTION AND CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings – 2008 - 2015
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERVIEW OF OPERATORS
      • Table Fixed-line voice traffic – 2011 - 2015
    • TELIA (EESTI TELEKOM, ELION)
      • Table Telia Estonia revenue by service – 2005 - 2017
      • Table Telia Estonia financial data – 2016 - 2017
      • Table Telia Estonia subscribers by sector – 2009 - 2017
    • TELE2 ESTONIA
      • Table Tele2 Estonia financial data by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table Tele2 Estonia subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2017
    • ELISA
      • Table Elisa subscribers by sector – 2016 - 2017
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
      • Table Fixed line voice subscribers – 2011 - 2018
      • Table Fixed line voice subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2015
      • Table Fixed line voice revenue – 2011 - 2015
      • Telia Estonia
        • Table Telia PSTN/ISDN subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Alternative operators
      • International networks
        • Table International bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • WHOLESALE
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Active fixed-broadband lines and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2007 - 2018
        • Table Dial-up internet subscribers – 2011 - 2017
        • Table Telia fixed-broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2017
        • Table Telia fixed-broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2017
        • Table Proportion of broadband connections by data speed – 2010 - 2015
        • Table Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services – 2013 - 2015
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2018
      • Table Elisa cable broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2018
      • Table STV broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2015
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table FttX broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Table Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2018
      • Wi-Fi
      • Li-Fi
      • WiMAX
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • ESTONIAN INFORMATION SOCIETY STRATEGY
    • LEGISLATION
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Infrastructure
      • eID card
      • E-Residency
      • EEBone
    • E-COMMERCE
    • E-EDUCATION
    • E-HEALTH
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Active prepaid and contract subscribers – 2010 - 2016
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2016
        • Table Telia prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2016
        • Table Mobile services revenue by type – 2011 - 2015
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Mobile voice traffic – 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile data
        • Table Mobile data traffic – 2011 - 2017
        • Table Total SMS messages sent – 2004 - 2017
        • Table Total MMS messages sent – 2005 - 2017
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by type – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed – 2013 - 2015
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings – 2008 - 2015
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MRTs)
      • Roaming
      • Coordination with Latvia
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telia (Eesti Mobiltelefon, EMT)
        • Table Telia subscribers – 2005 - 2017
        • Table Telia blended ARPU – 2005 - 2017
        • Table Telia mobile financial data – 2009 - 2017
      • Elisa
        • Table Elisa financial data – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Elisa mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Elisa mobile blended ARPU – 2016 - 2017
      • Tele2 Estonia
        • Table Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Location-based services
      • M-commerce
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table Telia M2M connections – 2013 - 2016
        • Table M2M connections by operator – 2011 - 2015

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