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Estonia - Telecoms, IP Networks and Digital Media

Estonia - Telecoms, IP Networks and Digital Media

Estonia’s Baltic Highway cable providing additional capacity to central and western Europe

Estonia’s telecom market has benefited from a range of regulatory measures which have encouraged competition and helped reduce services prices for consumers. The dominance of the incumbent Eesti Telekom has been eroded in recent years. Fixed-line infrastructure has been upgraded and is geared towards offering mobile backhaul as well as broadband services and bundled offerings. The government has promoted a public-private partnership to build a national fibre-based NGN to deliver 100Mb/s to all premises.

Estonia’s mature mobile market has particularly high SIM card penetration for the region. Services are offered by the MNOs EMT, Elisa and Tele2 which have all invested in technologies to underscore the growing mobile broadband sector. Recent trials of LTE-A have provided data at up to 300Mb/s. By mid-2015 LTE coverage effectively matched that of existing 3G networks, so supporting the growing adoption of mobile content and applications. These developments are expected to underpin future revenue growth in the sector.

Broadband in Estonia is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, WiFi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE options widely available. The telecoms incumbent Eesti Telekom, operating under the Elion brand, is the dominant provider of DSL services, with cable broadband the main competing platform. Widespread broadband usage has underpinned Estonia’s emerging internet economy, with various e-commerce, e-government, e-education and e-health services available and widely used. The cable TV market is well developed and hence cable TV operators have been well-positioned to offer bundled services.

This report provides an overview of Estonia’s fixed-line, IT and broadband markets. It assesses the strategies of the largely international players in the market, as well as recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the developing NGN. It also includes a range of performance and financial data and estimates. The report also reviews the mobile market as players further develop the mobile data sector. It covers major players, regulatory developments, technologies deployed and services offered as well as a range of updated operating statistics.

Key developments:

Elisa providing near-national LTE population coverage;
LTE-A trials providing up to 300Mb/s;
EMT and Elion merge with Eesti Telecom;
Cableco Starman acquires Lithuanian telco Cgates;
Estonia develops e-residency cards;
EstWin NGN services open in several counties;
Tele2 Eesti inaugurates 3,000km Baltic Highway cable linking to central and western Europe;
Tele2 buys the telco Televörgu;
ICT revenue broaches €3 billion;
Operator data to Q1 2015;
Statistics Estonia data to 2014; regulator’s market data and annual reports; recent market developments

Companies mentioned in this report:

EMT, Tele2 Eesti, Elisa, Elion, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics – 2014 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics – 2014 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics – 2014 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics – 2014 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics – 2014 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • ECONOMIC BACKGROUND
    • OVERVIEW OF ESTONIA'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table ICT financial statistics – 2009 - 2014
      • Table Telecoms sector revenue – 2008 - 2015
      • Table Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks – 2008 - 2015
      • Table Proportion of telecoms revenue by sector – 2011 - 2013
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • BACKGROUND
      • EU Regulatory Framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOMS SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN ESTONIA
      • Privatisation
      • Interconnect
      • Access
        • Table Unbundled Local Loops – 2006 - 2013
      • Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
      • Number Portability (NP)
        • Table Fixed number portings – 2008 - 2012
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERVIEW OF OPERATORS
      • Table Fixed-line call traffic – 2012 - 2014
    • EESTI TELEKOM (ELION)
      • Table Eesti Telekom Group – revenue breakdown – 2005 - 2015
      • Table Eesti Telekom subscribers by sector – 2009 - 2015
    • TELE2 EESTI
      • Table Tele2 financial data by sector – 2007 - 2015
      • Table Tele2 subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2015
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2004
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2015
      • Elion
        • Table Elion PSTN/ISDN outgoing call minutes – 2006 - 2014
        • Table Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers – 2002 - 2015
      • Alternative operators
    • TELECOMS AND IT
      • Table Workplace network usage by network type – 2006 - 2011
    • WHOLESALING
      • Table Elion wholesale broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2014
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1998 - 2004
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
        • Table Active fixed-broadband lines and penetration rate – 2004 - 2015
        • Table Households with internet and broadband; penetration – 2005 - 2012
        • Table Dial-up internet subscribers – 2011 - 2015
        • Table Elion fixed-broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2015
        • Table Elion fixed-broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2015
        • Table Proportion of broadband connections by data speed – 2010 - 2013
    • FORECASTS – BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS 2013; 2015; 2020
      • higher broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration – higher market growth scenario – 2015; 2017; 2020
      • lower broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration – lower market growth scenario – 2013; 2015; 2020
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2015
    • ASYMMETRIC DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2014
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table FttX broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2015
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • Table Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2015
      • WiFi
      • WiMAX
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by type – 2006 - 2015
  • DIGITAL MEDIA/DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • DIGITAL MEDIA
      • Overview of digital TV market
        • Table Proportion of TV accesses by platform – 2008 - 2012
        • Table Elion IPTV subscribers – 2006 - 2015
        • Table Cable TV subscribers – 2011 - 2015
        • Table Viasat subscribers (historic) –2005 - 2010
        • Table Satellite TV subscribers – 2011 - 2015
    • DIGITAL ECONOMY
      • Estonian Information Society Strategy
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF ESTONIA'S MOBILE MARKET
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
      • Prepaid cards
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2012
        • Table EMT prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2015
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Mobile voice traffic – 2006 - 2014
      • Mobile broadband/data
        • Table Total SMS messages sent – 2004 - 2015
        • Table Total MMS messages sent – 2005 - 2015
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings – 2008 - 2013
      • Mobile Termination Rate (MRT)
      • Coordination with Latvia
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Eesti Mobiltelefon (EMT)
        • Table EMT subscribers – 2005 - 2015
        • Table EMT ARPU – 2005 - 2015
        • Table EMT mobile financial data – 2009 - 2015
      • Radiolinja Eesti/Elisa
        • Table Elisa financial data – 2008 - 2015
        • Table Elisa subscribers – 2008 - 2015
      • Tele2 Eesti
        • Table Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2015
        • Table Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2015
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • Mobile content and applications

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