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Egypt - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Egypt - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Supported by a population of more than 90 million, Egypt has one of the largest telecom markets in North Africa. There is effective competition in most sectors, while one key development has been the recent award of unified licences to allow operators to offer services in the fixed-line and mobile sectors. The incumbent telco Telecom Egypt, still majority owned by the State, secured one of the licenses on offer in August 2016 which allows it to offer LTE services. The three mobile network operators initially failed to bid for the remaining three licenses, which would have enabled them to enter the fixed-line market and provide fully convergent service offerings. This prompted the government to consider opening the bidding process to international operators, but shortly afterwards these network operators secured licences after having renegotiated licence terms. Spectrum was assigned to these licensees in June 2017.

The country's political crisis following the Arab Spring' revolution which began in 2011 adversely affected the telecom sector. Although revenue has remained stable, profit margins and capital expenditure have fallen due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013, and international investors have shown considerable caution. The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to develop technology parks and to extend broadband availability, and in the process to create jobs in ICT and rekindle international investor interest.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, while it also has an extensive national fibre backbone and some of Africa's most vibrant FttP deployments.

Key developments:

Telecom Egypt and Orange Egypt receive LTE licences and spectrum assignments; Orange Egypt, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal; SEA-ME-WE 5 cable comes online to add additional international internet capacity; report update includes the regulator's market data to March 2017, telcos' operating and financial data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Egypt, Orascom Telecom, Menatel, NilePhone, Raya Telecom, Zhone Technologies, Ericsson, NEC, Nortel Networks, Qualcomm, ZTE, Huawei Technologies.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authorities
5.2.1 Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
5.3 New Regulatory Framework
5.4 Telecommunications Master Plan
5.5 Legislative reform
5.6 Unified Telecom License (UTL)
5.7 Privatisation of Telekom Egypt
5.8 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.8.1 International gateway licences
5.8.2 International submarine cable licence
5.9 Interconnection
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Telecom Egypt
6.1.1 Services
6.1.2 Financial results
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 Public payphones
7.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
7.4 International infrastructure
7.4.1 Terrestrial
7.4.2 Submarine fibre
7.4.3 Satellite
7.5 IT developments
7.5.1 Data service providers
7.5.2 Data centres
7.5.3 Internet gateways
7.5.4 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
7.5.5 VSAT networks
7.6 Smart infrastructure
8. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics 2016 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2017 (Mar)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2017
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2016
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2017 (Mar)
Table 7 National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 ICT contribution to GDP in Egypt 2011 - 2017
Table 9 Average price for telecom services in Egypt 2012 - 2016
Table 10 Telecom Egypt fixed-line voice subscribers by sector 2014 - 2017
Table 11 Telecom Egypt financial data 2003 - 2017
Table 12 Telecom Egypt residential fixed voice and broadband ARPU 2010 - 2017
Table 13 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 1995 - 2009
Table 14 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 2010 - 2018
Table 15 Public payphones by operator in Egypt 2002 - 2014
Table 16 International bandwidth in Egypt 2003 - 2016
Chart 1 Telecom Egypt key performance indicators 2003 2017
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt 2005 - 2018

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