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2006-2007 Eastern European Telecoms Markets and Statistics


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Telecoms Markets and Statistics in Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Serbia, Montenegro, Yugoslavia.

Subjects include:

  • Infrastructure Issues
  • Regulatory issues and government policies re infrastructure
  • Datacomms Infrastructure
  • Leased Lines
  • ISDN
  • Public and Value Added Data Services
  • Leased Lines
  • ISDN
  • Frame Relay
  • ATM
  • DWDM
  • NGN
  • Infrastructure developments
  • Brief overviews on all of the major telecommunications carriers and service providers in the region


A diverse and developing region, Eastern European telecoms is evolving to meet the challenges it faces such as competition in the more liberalised EU markets and offering new services to keep up with demand in developing markets, a trend that will continue during 2007 as economic growth in the region continues. The non-EU region as a whole is slowly embracing market liberalisation as part of EU and WTO ascension requirements, presenting new opportunities for end users, alternative operators and investors. The Eastern European annual reports have been designed to offer extensive coverage of the region, highlighting regulatory and market developments, introducing the major players and the services on offer, as well as providing a wealth of insightful statistics and forecasts, no doubt making essential reading for anyone holding an interest in the region’s telecoms sector. Data in the reports are the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Central Eastern Europe (CEE)

  • Liberalised markets are undergoing consolidation, as alternative telecoms operators are not as successful as initially anticipated. The number of significant alternative operators is decreasing and further consolidation is expected in the coming years, with the growing size of the emerging survivors providing scale to more effectively compete against the fixed-line incumbent.
  • Converging telecom and broadcasting markets most evident in the competition between the fixed-line incumbents and cable operators. Cable operators and now fixed-line incumbents have launched triple play services, bringing the two once-distinct groups into direct competition in the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary.
  • The effects of unbundling are now being seen, with unbundled lines being taken up by the public, particularly in Hungary, which has experienced the most success out of the five countries with IP bitstream access. Slovenia is also seeing the beginnings of access-based competition, with unbundled, shared access and bitstream access lines numbering in the thousands as at March 2006. We expect unbundling activity to increase during 2007 as most regulators had only completed analysis of wholesale broadband markets in 2006.
Baltic
  • The incumbents still dominate the liberalised fixed-line market in each country, a situation partly brought about by the regulators which have been slow to complete the prerequisite analysis of 18 communications markets to identify market inefficiencies and recommend Significant Market Power (SMP) obligations. A number of alternative operators do offer services, with the region’s well-established cable operators providing the most competition due to the significant reach of their networks. We anticipate the alternative operators will make further market progress in 2007 and beyond as the regulators finish analysing markets, recommend and implement SMP operator obligations. The primary uncertainty will be how effectively the SMP operators delay implementing their obligations through the courts, as has been the case of all SMP operators in EU telecoms markets.
  • All three fixed-line incumbents share TeliaSonera as either a majority or significant shareholder, with Latvia the only country where it does not hold majority ownership. TeliaSonera attempted to further consolidate its position in the Baltic region by acquiring a significant Baltic IT services operator, a move that was approved in Estonia and Latvia but rejected in Lithuania.
Balkans
  • Both Bulgaria and Romania have liberalised their markets as part of EU requirements, with alternative operators making significant progress in the fixed-line market in Romania. However alternative operators in the two countries have complained of the tactics used by the incumbent to delay offering access, a tactic seen all too well in each EU country which liberalised its fixed-line market. As seen in Western Europe, the incumbents will eventually accept the regulator’s authority rather than raise objections to every decision they make, but this will take time. Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, and Serbia and Montenegro have also liberalised their markets with important developments such as the issuing of reference interconnect offers concluded.
  • Greece has finally transposed the EU’s regulatory framework for communications into national law, a move that will benefit competition and help drive broadband growth, which is among the lowest out all 25 EU nations.
  • Telekom Srpske, one of the three incumbent operators in Bosnia-Herzegovina, was in the process of being privatised in late 2006, which follows the successful privatisation of the country’s publicly-owned mobile operator. Privatisation plans were also underway in Greece, Macedonia and Romania for each country’s respective fixed-line incumbent. Transferring public ownership of incumbent operators to the private sector will allow the country’s regulators to focus on their jobs, ultimately benefiting competition in the long term.
  • Increased large-scale international merger and acquisition activity is being witnessed leading to the emergence of regional players in the non-mobile markets such as Hungary’s Magyar Telekom, Greece’s OTE, Romania’s RCS/RDS and Liberty Global’s UPC, a trend which is expected to continue due to recently liberalised markets.
CIS
  • Russia’s domestic and international long-distance voice services market was finally liberalised in January 2006. Numerous long-distance licences have awarded. Conditional to receiving the licence is the requirement to offer services in all of Russia’s 89 regions. Consequently licence holders have rolled out infrastructure. Belarus is continuing preparations for liberalisation in 2007 as part of World Trade Organisation entry requirements.
  • Privatisation of the Russia’s state-owned telecoms group Svyazinvest continues to be delayed. The privatisation of Svyazinvest is significant as it holds controlling stakes in all seven ‘mega-regional’ operators that dominate their respective markets but require upgrades to infrastructure. Privatisation of Ukraine’s fixed-line incumbent has also been delayed again, this time by the need to adopt a new privatisation program.
  • Alternative operators are making inroads into the fixed-line market in Russia and Ukraine. A number of Ukrainian CDMA WLL alternative operators are experiencing strong subscriber growth, a trend likely to continue given aggressive expansion plans to offer national coverage expected by 2007. Alternative operator Golden Telecom is also active in the wireless sector, revealing plans to rollout a mobile network with UMA capability in Kiev.

1. OVERVIEW OF EASTERN EUROPE’S TELECOMS MARKETS AND STATISTICS
1.1 Key developments in the Eastern European telecom market
1.2 Market overview
1.3 Regulatory environment
1.3.1 Interconnect
1.3.2 Access
1.3.3 Number portability
1.3.4 Privatisation
1.4 Major fixed network operators
1.4.1 Overview
1.4.2 Alternative operators
1.4.3 International expansion
1.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2. ALBANIA
2.1 Overview of Albania’s telecom market
2.2 Regulatory environment
2.2.1 Background
2.2.2 Regulatory authority
2.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Albania
2.2.4 Privatisation
2.2.5 Interconnect
2.3 Fixed network operators in Albania
2.3.1 Overview
2.3.2 Albtelecom
2.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.4.1 National telecom network
2.4.2 International infrastructure
3. BELARUS
3.1 Overview of Belarus’ telecom market
3.2 Regulatory environment
3.2.1 Background
3.2.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Belarus
3.2.4 Privatisation
3.2.5 New regulatory developments
3.3 Fixed network operator in Belarus
3.3.1 Beltelecom
3.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
3.4.1 National telecom network
3.4.2 International infrastructure
3.4.3 Infrastructure developments
3.4.4 Telecoms & IT
4. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
4.1 Overview of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s telecom market
4.2 Regulatory environment
4.2.1 Background
4.2.2 Regulatory authority
4.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Bosnia-Herzegovina
4.2.4 Privatisation
4.3 Fixed network operators in Bosnia
4.3.1 BH Telecom
4.3.2 HT Mostar
4.3.3 Telekom Srpske
4.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
4.4.1 National telecom network
4.4.2 International infrastructure
5. BULGARIA
5.1 Overview of Bulgaria’s telecom market
5.2 Regulatory environment
5.2.1 Background
5.2.2 Regulatory authority
5.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Bulgaria
5.2.4 Privatisation
5.2.5 Interconnect
5.2.6 Access
5.2.7 Number portability
5.2.8 Carrier selection / carrier preselection
5.2.9 New regulatory developments
5.3 Fixed network operator in Bulgaria
5.3.1 Overview of operators
5.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
5.4.1 National telecom network
5.4.2 International infrastructure
5.4.3 Infrastructure developments
5.4.4 Telecoms & IT
6. CROATIA
6.1 Overview of Croatia’s telecom market
6.2 Regulatory environment
6.2.1 Background
6.2.2 Regulatory authority
6.2.3 Privatisation
6.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Croatia
6.2.5 Interconnect
6.2.6 Access
6.2.7 Number portability
6.2.8 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
6.2.9 Regulatory issues
6.3 Fixed network operators in Croatia
6.3.1 T-Hrvatski Telekom
6.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
6.4.1 National telecom network
6.4.2 International infrastructure
6.4.3 Infrastructure developments
7. CYPRUS
7.1 Overview of the Cypriot telecom market
7.2 Regulatory environment
7.2.1 Background
7.2.2 Regulatory authority
7.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Cyprus
7.2.4 Privatisation
7.2.5 Interconnect
7.2.6 Access
7.2.7 Number portability
7.2.8 Carrier preselection / Carrier selection
7.3 Fixed network operators in Cyprus
7.3.1 CyTA
7.3.2 OTEnet
7.3.3 PrimeTel
7.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
7.4.1 National telecom network
7.4.2 International infrastructure
8. CZECH REPUBLIC
8.1 Overview of the Czech Republic’s telecom market
8.2 Regulatory environment
8.2.1 Background
8.2.2 Regulatory authority
8.2.3 Privatisation
8.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in the Czech Republic
8.2.5 Interconnect
8.2.6 Carrier PreSelection / Carrier Selection
8.2.7 Number portability
8.2.8 Access
8.2.9 New regulatory developments
8.3 Fixed network operators in the Czech Republic
8.3.1 Overview of operators
8.3.2 Telefónica O2 Czech Republic
8.3.3 Broadnet
8.3.4 Star 21
8.3.5 Ceske Radiokomunikace (CRa)
8.3.6 GTS Novera
8.3.7 CD-Telematika (CD-T)
8.3.8 VOLNÝ
8.3.9 ETel
8.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
8.4.1 National telecom network
8.4.2 Infrastructure developments
9. ESTONIA
9.1 Overview of Estonia’s telecom market
9.2 Regulatory environment
9.2.1 Background
9.2.2 Regulatory authority
9.2.3 Telecoms sector liberalisation in Estonia
9.2.4 Privatisation
9.2.5 Interconnect
9.2.6 Access
9.2.7 Carrier selection and carrier preSelection
9.2.8 Number portability
9.2.9 Regulatory developments
9.3 Fixed network operators in Estonia
9.3.1 Overview of operators
9.3.2 Eesti Telekom / Elion
9.3.3 Uninet / Elisa
9.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
9.4.1 National telecom network
9.4.2 International infrastructure
9.4.3 Infrastructure developments
10. GREECE
10.1 Overview of Greece’s telecom market
10.1.1 Statistics
10.2 Regulatory environment
10.2.1 Background
10.2.2 Regulatory authority
10.2.3 Privatisation
10.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Greece
10.2.5 Interconnect
10.2.6 Access
10.2.7 Number portability
10.2.8 Carrier selection and carrier PreSelection
10.2.9 Universal service obligations
10.3 Fixed network operators in Greece
10.3.1 Overview of operators
10.3.2 Hellenic Telecommunications Organization (OTE)
10.3.3 Tellas
10.3.4 FORTHnet
10.3.5 Teledome
10.3.6 Vivodi Telecom
10.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
10.4.1 National telecom network
10.4.2 International
10.4.3 Infrastructure developments
10.4.4 Wholesaling
11. HUNGARY
11.1 Overview of Hungary’s telecom market
11.2 Regulatory environment
11.2.1 Background
11.2.2 Regulatory authority
11.2.3 Privatisation
11.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Hungary
11.2.5 Interconnect
11.2.6 Access
11.2.7 Number portability
11.2.8 Carrier PreSelection (CPS) / Carrier selection
11.2.9 Universal service
11.3 Fixed network operators in Hungary
11.3.1 Magyar Telekom (Matáv)
11.3.2 Invitel
11.3.3 Hungarotel Co
11.3.4 Tele2
11.3.5 Monortel
11.3.6 Emitel
11.3.7 GTS-Datanet
11.3.8 Antenna Hungária
11.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
11.4.1 National telecom network
11.4.2 International infrastructure
11.4.3 Infrastructure developments
11.5 Telecoms & IT
11.6 Wholesaling
12. LATVIA
12.1 Overview of Latvia’s telecom market
12.2 Regulatory environment
12.2.1 Background
12.2.2 Regulatory authority
12.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Latvia
12.2.4 Interconnect
12.2.5 Access
12.2.6 Carrier selection / Carrier Preselection
12.2.7 Number portability
12.3 Fixed network operators in Latvia
12.3.1 Overview of operators
12.3.2 Lattelecom
12.3.3 Telekom Baltija / Triatel
12.3.4 Baltkom
12.3.5 Telecentrs
12.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
12.4.1 National telecom network
12.4.2 International infrastructure
12.4.3 Infrastructure development
13. LITHUANIA
13.1 Overview of Lithuania’s telecom market
13.1.1 Statistics
13.2 Regulatory environment
13.2.1 Background
13.2.2 Regulatory authority
13.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Lithuania
13.2.4 Privatisation
13.2.5 Interconnect
13.2.6 Access
13.2.7 Carrier selection / carrier PreSelection
13.2.8 Number portability
13.3 Fixed network operators in Lithuania
13.3.1 Lietuvos Telekomas / TEO
13.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
13.4.1 National telecom network
13.4.2 International infrastructure
14. MACEDONIA (FYROM)
14.1 Overview of Macedonia’s telecom market
14.2 Regulatory environment
14.2.1 Background
14.2.2 Regulatory authority
14.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Macedonia
14.2.4 Privatisation
14.2.5 Interconnect
14.2.6 Access
14.2.7 Carrier selection and carrier preSelection
14.2.8 Number Portability
14.3 Fixed network operator in Macedonia
14.3.1 Makedonski Telekomunikacii
14.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
14.4.1 National telecom network
14.4.2 International infrastructure
14.4.3 Infrastructure developments
15. MOLDOVA
15.1 Overview of Moldova’s telecom market
15.1.1 Statistics
15.2 Regulatory environment
15.2.1 Background
15.2.2 Regulatory authority
15.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Moldova
15.2.4 Privatisation
15.2.5 Interconnect
15.2.6 Access
15.2.7 New regulatory developments
15.3 Fixed network operators in Moldova
15.3.1 Moldtelecom
15.3.2 InterDnestrCom
15.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
15.4.1 National telecom network
15.4.2 International infrastructure
15.4.3 Fixed voice market
16. POLAND
16.1 Overview of Poland’s telecom market
16.2 Regulatory environment
16.2.1 History
16.2.2 Regulatory authority
16.2.3 Privatisation
16.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Poland
16.2.5 Interconnect
16.2.6 Carrier selection / Carrier PreSelection
16.2.7 Access
16.2.8 Number portability
16.2.9 New regulatory developments
16.3 Fixed network operators in Poland
16.3.1 Overview of operators
16.3.2 Telekomunikacja Polska (TPSA)
16.3.3 Netia
16.3.4 Telefonia Dialog
16.3.5 Telekomunikacja Kolejowa
16.3.6 GTS Polska
16.3.7 Tele2 Polska
16.3.8 Elektrim Telekomunikacja
16.3.9 Niezalezny Operator Miedzystrefowy (NOM)
16.3.10 Exatel
16.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
16.4.1 National telecom network
16.4.2 International infrastructure
16.4.3 Infrastructure developments
17. ROMANIA
17.1 Overview of Romania’s telecom market
17.1.1 Statistics
17.2 Regulatory environment
17.2.1 Background
17.2.2 Regulatory authority
17.2.3 Privatisation
17.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Romania
17.2.5 Access
17.2.6 Interconnect
17.2.7 Carrier selection and carrier preselection
17.3 Fixed network operators in Romania
17.3.1 Overview of operators
17.3.2 Romtelecom
17.3.3 Alternative operators
17.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
17.4.1 National telecom network
17.4.2 International infrastructure
17.4.3 Infrastructure developments
17.4.4 Telecoms & IT
18. RUSSIA
18.1 Overview of Russia’s telecom market
18.2 Regulatory environment
18.2.1 Background
18.2.2 Regulatory authorities
18.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Russia
18.2.4 Privatisation
18.2.5 Access
18.2.6 Universal service obligation
18.2.7 New regulatory developments
18.3 Fixed network operators in Russia
18.3.1 Svyazinvest
18.3.2 Bashinformsvyaz
18.3.3 Centerinfocom
18.3.4 Comcor (Moscow Cable Corporation)
18.3.5 Golden Telecom / Alfa Group
18.3.6 Mezhregionalny Tranzitny Telekom (Multiregional Transit Telecom - MTT)
18.3.7 PeterStar
18.3.8 Comstar - United Telesystems
18.3.9 Corbina
18.3.10 Telecominvest
18.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
18.4.1 Local/regional
18.4.2 National
18.4.3 International infrastructure
18.4.4 Infrastructure developments
18.4.5 Fixed voice market
19. SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO
19.1 Overview of Serbia and Montenegro’s telecom market
19.2 Regulatory environment
19.2.1 Background
19.2.2 Regulatory authorities
19.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Serbia and Montenegro
19.2.4 Privatisation
19.2.5 Interconnect
19.3 Fixed network operators in Serbia and Montenegro
19.3.1 Crnogorski Telekom (Telekom Montenegro)
19.3.2 Telekom Srbija (Telekom Serbia)
19.3.3 Post and Telecom of Kosovo (PTK)
19.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
19.4.1 National telecom network and international infrastructure
19.4.2 International infrastructure
19.4.3 Infrastructure developments
20. SLOVAKIA
20.1 Overview of Slovakia’s telecom market
20.2 Regulatory environment
20.2.1 Background
20.2.2 Regulatory authority
20.2.3 Privatisation
20.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Slovakia
20.2.5 Interconnect
20.2.6 Access
20.2.7 Number Portability
20.2.8 Carrier selection / Carrier PreSelection
20.2.9 Regulatory developments
20.3 Fixed network operators in Slovakia
20.3.1 Slovak Telecom
20.3.2 GTS Nextra
20.3.3 Fixed Wireless Access network operators
20.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
20.4.1 National telecom network
20.4.2 Infrastructure developments
21. SLOVENIA
21.1 Overview of Slovenia’s telecom market
21.2 Regulatory environment
21.2.1 Background
21.2.2 Regulatory authority
21.2.3 Privatisation
21.2.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Slovenia
21.2.5 Interconnection
21.2.6 Access
21.2.7 Number portability
21.2.8 Carrier Selection / Carrier PreSelection
21.3 Fixed network opertors in Slovenia
21.3.1 Overview of operators
21.3.2 Telekom Slovenije
21.3.3 Elektro-Slovenija (ELES)
21.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
21.4.1 National telecom network
21.4.2 International infrastructure
22. UKRAINE
22.1 Overview of Ukraine’s telecom market
22.2 Regulatory environment
22.2.1 Background
22.2.2 Regulatory authority
22.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Ukraine
22.2.4 Privatisation
22.2.5 New regulatory developments
22.3 Fixed network operators in Ukraine
22.3.1 Overview of operators
22.3.2 Ukrtelecom
22.3.3 Utel
22.3.4 Golden Telecom
22.3.5 Farlep
22.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
22.4.1 National telecom network
22.4.2 International infrastructure
22.4.3 Infrastructure developments
22.5 Data market
22.5.1 Overview
23. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


List of Tables


Table 1 - Registered notifications for Eastern European EU countries - November 2006
Table 2 - Market share of incumbents by revenue in fixed-line markets - 2004
Table 3 - Number of operators actively offering voice services - 2004 - 2005
Table 4 - Number of significant operators - 2004 - 2005
Table 5 - Telephone network statistics in Albania - 2005
Table 6 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Albania - 1995 - 2005
Table 7 - Telephone network statistics in Belarus - 2005
Table 8 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belarus - 1995 - 2005
Table 9 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2004
Table 10 - Telephone network statistics in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2005
Table 11 - Fixed line subscribers by operator in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2001 - 2005
Table 12 - BH Telecom main activity revenue by activity - 2004 - 2005
Table 13 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 1995 - 2005
Table 14 - Telecom revenue & percentage breakdown by service provided in Bulgaria - 2001 - 2005
Table 15 - Telephone network statistics in Bulgaria - 2005
Table 16 - BTC financials and annual change - 2003 - 2005
Table 17 - BTC tariff rebalancing - May 2004 - April 2005
Table 18 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bulgaria - 1995 - 2005
Table 19 - Household fixed-line penetration in Bulgaria - 2002 - 2005
Table 20 - Telephone network statistics in Croatia - 2005
Table 21 - T-HT revenue breakdown - 2005
Table 22 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Croatia - 1995 - 2005
Table 23 - Telephone network statistics in Cyprus - 2005
Table 24 - CyTA financial summary - 2001 - 2005
Table 25 - CyTA operating income by source and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 26 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cyprus - 1995 - 2005
Table 27 - Telephone network statistics in Czech Republic - 2006*
Table 28 - Number of agreements for different types of access in Czech Republic - 2003 - 2005
Table 29 - Unbundled loops and access lines in Czech Republic - October 2005
Table 30 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Czech Republic - 1995 - 2006
Table 31 - Telecom revenue in Estonia - 2005
Table 32 - Telephone network statistics in Estonia - 2005
Table 33 - Percentage market share of Elion voice traffic - 2005 - 2006
Table 34 - Elion financial summary, January to September and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 35 - Elion Group financial data, January to September and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 36 - Elion financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 37 - Elion Group financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 38 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Estonia - 1995 - 2005
Table 39 - Elion PSTN / ISDN subscribers and quarterly change - 2002 - 2006
Table 40 - Telephone network statistics in Greece - June 2006
Table 41 - Telecoms revenue, gross profits and annual change in Greece - 1998 - 2004
Table 42 - Telecoms revenue by operator and annual change in Greece - 1998 - 2004
Table 43 - Telecoms assets by operator and annual change in Greece - 1998 - 2004
Table 44 - Unbundled loops and access lines in Greece - March 2006
Table 45 - OTE Group financial statistics and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 46 - OTE operating statistics and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 47 - OTE operating statistics and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 48 - OTE voice traffic statistics - calls and minutes - 2005
Table 49 - OTE voice traffic statistics - minutes and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 50 - FORTHnet operating statistics and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 51 - Teledome financial statistics - 2001 - 2005
Table 52 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Greece - 1995 - 2006
Table 53 - Telephone network statistics in Hungary - March 2006
Table 54 - Number of agreements for different types of access in Hungary - October 2003 - October 2005
Table 55 - Unbundled loops and access lines in Hungary - October 2005
Table 56 - Unbundled loops and access lines in Hungary - March 2006
Table 57 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Hungary - 1995 - 2006
Table 58 - Magyar ISDN lines in service in Hungary - 1997 - 2006
Table 59 - Telephone network statistics in Latvia - 2005
Table 60 - Number of agreements for different types of access in Latvia - October 2003 - October 2005
Table 61 - Lattelecom wholesale ADSL lines and annual change - March 2006
Table 62 - Lattelecom Group financial data - 2005 - 2006
Table 63 - Lattelecom Group financial data - 2004 - 2005
Table 64 - Lattelecom fixed-line subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2006
Table 65 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Latvia - 1995 - 2005
Table 66 - Lattelecom digitalisation rate - 2001 - 2005
Table 67 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics in Lithuania - 2005
Table 68 - Telephone network statistics in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 69 - Telecom revenue, investment statistics & annual change in Lithuania - January - June 2006
Table 70 - Number of agreements for different types of access in Lithuania - 2003 - 2005
Table 71 - Market share of fixed-line alternative operators in Lithuania - 2003 - 2006
Table 72 - Market share held by TEO in different fixed-line markets - 2004 - 2006
Table 73 - Lietuvos Telekomas Group financial data and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 74 - Lietuvos Telekomas Group financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 75 - Lietuvos Telekomas Group revenue breakdown - 2005
Table 76 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lithuania - 1995 - 2006
Table 77 - Lietuvos Telekomas PSTN/ISDN subscribers and quarterly change - 2002 - 2006
Table 78 - Telephone network statistics in Macedonia - 2005
Table 79 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Macedonia - 1995 - 2005
Table 80 - MT residential & business lines - 2004 - 2006
Table 81 - MT payphones and ISDN channels - 2004 - 2006
Table 82 - Telephone network statistics in Moldova - 2004
Table 83 - Total industry revenue by service type in Moldova - 2005
Table 84 - Total investment by sector and annual change in Moldova - 2004 - 2005
Table 85 - Licences issued in Moldova - 2005
Table 86 - Market share of operators by revenue in Moldova - 2005
Table 87 - Market share of operators by subscribers in Moldova - 2005
Table 88 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Moldova - 1995 - 2006
Table 89 - Rural and urban digitalisation rates in Moldova - 2002 - 2005
Table 90 - Cross-subsidy paid by international VoIP operators in Moldova - 2001 - 2005
Table 91 - Telephone network statistics in Poland - 2005
Table 92 - Interconnection rates in Poland - July 2006 RIO
Table 93 - Market share of fixed-line operators by percentage in Poland - 2001 - 2005
Table 94 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Poland - 1995 - 2005
Table 95 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics in Romania - 2005
Table 96 - Telephone network statistics in Romania - June 2006
Table 97 - Telecom revenue by services offered and annual change in Romania - 2003 - 2004
Table 98 - Telecoms market service providers in Romania - 2005
Table 99 - Call traffic volume and annual change in Romania - 2004 - 2005
Table 100 - Number of operators offering fixed-line services in Romania - 2003 - 2005
Table 101 - Romtelecom financial statistics - half year and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 102 - Romtelecom financial statistics and annual change - 2003 - 2005
Table 103 - Alternative operators - subscribers and market share in Romania - 2003 - 2005
Table 104 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Romania - 1995 - 2006
Table 105 - Fixed line subscribers in rural and urban areas in Romania - 2002 - 2004
Table 106 - Telephone network statistics in Russia - October 2005
Table 107 - Fixed lines in service in Russia - 1995 - 2005
Table 108 - Regional operators - fixed lines in service in Russia - 2005
Table 109 - Fixed lines installed and in use for Svyazinvest regional operators - 2005
Table 110 - Digitalisation rates of rural & urban lines for Svyazinvest regional operators - 2005
Table 111 - Telephone network statistics in Serbia and Montenegro - 2004
Table 112 - Telekom Montenegro PSTN and ISDN lines in service - 2005 - 2006
Table 113 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Serbia and Montenegro - 1995 - 2004
Table 114 - Telekom Montenegro payphones and ISDN channels - 2005 - 2006
Table 115 - Telekom Montenegro - total traffic (million minutes) - 2005 - 2006
Table 116 - Telephone network statistics in Slovakia - 2005
Table 117 - Number of agreements for different types of access in Slovakia - October 2003 - October 2005
Table 118 - Slovak Telekom financial data (SKK million) - 2000 - 2005
Table 119 - Fixed lines in service, digitalisation rate & teledensity in Slovakia - 1995 - 2005
Table 120 - Residential and non-residential subscribers in Slovakia - 1995 - 2005
Table 121 - Telephone network statistics in Slovenia - 2005
Table 122 - Number of access agreements in Slovenia - October 2003 - October 2005
Table 123 - Unbundled loops and access lines in Slovenia - March 2006
Table 124 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovenia - 1995 - 2005
Table 125 - Telekom Slovenije’s fixed-line subscriptions and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 126 - Telephone network statistics in Ukraine - 2005
Table 127 - Telecom revenue in Ukraine - 2004 - 2005
Table 128 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ukraine − 1995 - 2005


LIST OF EXHIBITS


Exhibit 1 - Interconnection agreements between Moldtelecom and alternative operators

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