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2006-2007 Eastern European Mobile Communications and Mobile Data Markets


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Mobile communications and Mobile data markets in Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Serbia, Montenegro, Yugoslavia.

Subjects include:

  • Trends
  • Analysis
  • Players
  • Revenues
  • Subscribers
  • Prepaid
  • Spectrum Auctions
  • Developments
  • Govt. Policies
  • Infrastructure
  • GSM
  • CDMA
  • 3G\WCDMA
  • Mobile Data & Content - Market Issue
  • Paging
  • Dedicated
  • Services
  • SIM
  • SMS
  • MMS
  • GPRS
  • EDGE
  • WAP
  • M-Commerce
  • Mobile gaming
  • Telemetry
  • Location Services
  • Bluetooth
  • PMR
  • TMR


Probably the most uniformly dynamic telecoms sector across the whole Eastern European region, the mobile industry continues to grow despite maturing markets in some regions. In saturated markets the good times of high growth will become to harder to imitate during 2007, with revenue growth to be centred on encouraging migration to postpaid plans and 3G services to offer desirable mobile data and content. Operators have their work cut out for them in the mobile data and contents market as SMS and MMS continues to account for the majority of non-voice revenue although the faster network speeds available due to 3G networks and HSDPA, coupled with the falling cost of sophisticated handsets, should be encouraging for operators as it allows delivery of more desirable high-bandwidth content. The Eastern European annual reports have been designed to offer extensive coverage of the region, highlighting regulatory and market developments, introducing the major players and the services on offer, as well as providing a wealth of insightful statistics and forecasts, no doubt making essential reading for anyone holding an interest in the region’s telecoms sector. Data in the reports are the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Central Eastern Europe (CEE)

  • The Czech Republic now has the highest mobile penetration out of the five CEE countries, a position once long-held by Slovenia.
  • MVNO activity should increase in 2007 as analysis of wholesale mobile markets was completed for the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia during 2006. Although this will depend on how rapidly identified SMP operators implement and abide by any obligations placed on them by the regulators.
  • Deutsche Telekom has strengthened its presence in the region, following increased ownership of a major Polish network operator, a move which would allow it to offer the T-Mobile brand in the Polish market.
  • As mobile penetration in all five countries is at or near saturation, operators are now looking to improve ARPU levels by migrating users to postpaid tariffs and 3G services. However 3G is not all it has shaped up to be, with Vodafone Czech Republic halting the rollout of its 3G network, believing the benefits do not justify the cost.
Baltic
  • Mobile subscriber growth in all three countries, despite saturated markets, suggests multiple SIM card ownership. Mobile operators acknowledge there is little room left to grow through new subscriber additions and have been focusing on encouraging postpaid take up among prepaid users as a way to increase ARPU levels. Numerous Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)s offer services in each country although so far they have made little impact due to the short time they have been offering services.
  • Mobile data and content is also being sought to create new revenue growth opportunities. Third generation and HSDPA services are available in each country although widespread usage will be limited for the next two to three years when 3G-capable handsets become more widespread. In the meantime SMS and MMS continue to be the primary mobile data revenue generators. Mobile content available includes streaming mobile TV and mobile music in partnership with record companies. SMS-based mobile commerce (m-commerce) services are available.
  • Developments in sophisticated m-commerce services are underway; Lithuania’s largest mobile operators has launched a mobile digital signature offering that is compatible with conventional Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) products and has concluded agreements with certificate authorities to provide electronic certificate services. Agreements have also been concluded with another mobile operator to develop compatible mobile electronic signature infrastructure to promote usability.
Balkans
  • Strong growth has been recorded across most mobile markets, although low annual growth rates in Bosnia and Greece suggest saturated markets. With numerous markets approaching maturity, operators are attempting to maintain revenue growth momentum through increasing ARPU levels. Strategies used include encouraging migration to postpaid plans, differentiated tariff plans and encouraging mobile data and content usage.
  • 3G will become increasingly important in the near future as the focus shifts to mobile data and content usage. However widespread uptake will be challenged in the short/medium term by the lack of desirable mobile content, lack of awareness/familiarity with mobile content services and penetration of 3G-capable handsets.
  • Commercial 3G services launched during 2006 were witnessed in Romania and Bulgaria, with HSDPA services launched in Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia. Romania’s third and fourth UMTS licences were awarded in October 2006, with an established CDMA operator and the country’s second largest cable operator emerging victorious. The mobile arm of the country’s fixed-line incumbent missed out in the beauty pageant-style tender.
CIS
  • Third generation mobile licences in Russia moved closer towards reality in October 2006 when the State Radio Frequency Commission announced it would offer an unspecified number of concessions in the 1.935GHz-1.980GHz, 2.010GHz-2.025GHz and 2.125GHz-2.170GHz frequency spectrum bands. MTS and VimpelCom have confirmed their interest in acquiring 3G licences. A temporary operating concession was issued in September 2005 to mobile group Skylink for the launch of trial 3G services.
  • Ukraine’s regulator released plans in April 2006 to award a second 3G licence by 2007. The state-owned fixed-line incumbent already holds a 3G licence has plans to launch services by June 2007.
  • A number of MVNOs offer services in Russia, including Corbina, Central Telegraph, Matrix Mobile and Megatel. Ukrainian MVNO Privat has gone from gone from strength to strength.
  • Mobile penetration levels in all four countries are still growing rapidly despite approaching maturity. Consequently the major Russian mobile operators have expanded internationally in search of new revenue growth opportunities. Despite attempts to expand into Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe, most success has been found within the CIS region.
  • Mobile data usage in Russia it is expected to account for 20% of mobile revenue during 2006. MMS interoperability was launched in Ukraine in late 2005 while EDGE services were launched in Belarus and Moldova during 2005. However setbacks have been encountered, with MTS acknowledging i-mode has not been as popular as originally anticipated.

1. OVERVIEW OF EASTERN EUROPE’S MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AND MOBILE DATA MARKET
1.1 Key developments in the Eastern European telecom market
1.2 Market overview
1.3 Mobile communications
1.3.1 Mobile operators
1.4 Mobile data
1.5 Mobile content and applications
2. ALBANIA
2.1 Overview of Albania’s mobile market
2.1.1 Mobile statistics
2.2 Regulatory issues
2.2.1 Second digital mobile licence
2.2.2 Third digital mobile licence
2.3 Mobile technologies
2.4 Major mobile operators
2.4.1 Albanian Mobile Communications (AMC)
2.4.2 Vodafone
2.5 Mobile voice services
2.5.1 Prepaid
2.6 Mobile data services
2.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
2.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
2.6.3 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
3. BELARUS
3.1 Overview of Belarus’ mobile market
3.1.1 Mobile statistics
3.2 Regulatory issues
3.2.1 Analogue licence
3.2.2 First GSM licence
3.2.3 Second GSM licence awarded
3.2.4 Interconnection problems
3.2.5 CDMA licence awarded and more interconnection problems
3.2.6 Third GSM licence
3.2.7 Radio frequency usage fees introduced
3.3 Mobile technologies
3.3.1 Analogue
3.3.2 Digital - GSM
3.3.3 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
3.3.4 Third Generation (3G) mobile
3.4 Major mobile operators
3.4.1 Belcel / Diallog
3.4.2 Mobile Digital Communications (MDC) / Velcom
3.4.3 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
3.4.4 BeST
3.5 Mobile data services
3.5.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
3.5.2 WAP, MMS and GPRS
3.5.3 Broadband wireless data service (1x EVDO)
3.5.4 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
4. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
4.1 Overview of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s mobile market
4.1.1 Mobile statistics
4.2 Regulatory issues
4.2.1 HT Mobile ownership dispute
4.2.2 National licences
4.3 Mobile technologies
4.3.1 Digital
4.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
4.4 Mobile operators
4.4.1 GSM BiH
4.4.2 Mobilna Srpske
4.4.3 HT Mobile
4.5 Mobile voice services
4.5.1 Prepaid
4.6 Mobile data services
4.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
4.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
4.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
4.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
4.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
5. BULGARIA
5.1 Overview of Bulgaria’s mobile market
5.1.1 Mobile statistics
5.2 Regulatory issues
5.2.1 Second GSM licence
5.2.2 Third GSM licence
5.2.3 Third Generation (3G) licences
5.3 Mobile technologies
5.3.1 Analogue
5.3.2 Digital
5.3.2.1 GSM
5.3.2.2 TETRA
5.3.3 Third Generation mobile (3G)
5.4 Major mobile operators
5.4.1 RTC Mobikom / Vivatel
5.4.2 MobilTel / M-Tel
5.4.3 Cosmo Bulgaria Mobile / GloBul
5.5 Mobile voice services
5.5.1 Prepaid
5.6 Mobile data services
5.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
5.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
5.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
5.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
5.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
5.6.6 i-Mode
5.6.7 BlackBerry
5.6.8 Mobile TV
5.7 Mobile content and applications
6. CROATIA
6.1 Overview of Croatia’s mobile market
6.1.1 Mobile statistics
6.2 Regulatory issues
6.2.1 Third GSM licence and 3G licences
6.2.2 Fourth GSM licence
6.3 Mobile technologies
6.3.1 Analogue
6.3.2 Digital
6.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
6.4 Major mobile operators
6.4.1 T-Mobile Hrvatska
6.4.2 VIPnet
6.4.3 Tele2
6.5 Mobile voice services
6.5.1 Prepaid
6.6 Mobile data services
6.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
6.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
6.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
6.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
6.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
6.6.6 BlackBerry
6.7 Mobile content and applications
6.7.1 M-Commerce
7. CYPRUS
7.1 Overview of the Cypriot mobile market
7.1.1 Mobile statistics
7.2 Regulatory issues
7.2.1 Mobile tariffs
7.2.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
7.2.3 Second GSM licence
7.3 Mobile technologies
7.3.1 Analogue
7.3.2 Digital
7.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
7.4 Major mobile operators
7.4.1 Cytamobile-Vodafone
7.4.2 Scancom Cyprus / Areeba
7.4.3 KKTCell
7.5 Mobile voice services
7.6 Mobile data services
7.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
7.6.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
7.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
7.6.4 Push-to-Talk (PTT)
7.6.5 Mobile TV
7.7 Mobile content and applications
8. CZECH REPUBLIC
8.1 Overview of the Czech Republic’s mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 GSM licences
8.2.2 UMTS licences
8.2.3 Third UMTS licence
8.2.4 Mobile data network tender
8.2.5 CDMA controversy
8.2.6 Competition enforced
8.2.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Analogue
8.3.2 Digital
8.3.2.1 GSM
8.3.2.2 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
8.3.3 3G UMTS
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 Telefónica O2 Czech Republic
8.4.2 T-Mobile
8.4.3 Vodafone Czech Republic
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid
8.6 Mobile data services
8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
8.6.3 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
8.6.4 Push-to-Talk (PTT)
8.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
8.6.6 Broadband wireless data service
8.6.6.1 1x EVDO
8.6.6.2 TD-CDMA
8.6.7 BlackBerry
8.6.8 High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
8.6.9 Mobile TV
8.7 Mobile content and applications
8.7.1 Location-based services
9. ESTONIA
9.1 Overview of Estonia’s mobile market
9.1.1 Mobile statistics
9.2 Regulatory issues
9.2.1 Third Generation (3G) licences
9.2.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.2.3 Significant market power & termination fees
9.3 Mobile technologies
9.3.1 Analogue
9.3.2 Digital
9.3.3 3G mobile
9.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.1 Eesti Mobiltelefon (EMT)
9.4.2 Radiolinja Eesti / Elisa
9.4.3 Tele2 Eesti
9.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.5 Mobile voice services
9.5.1 Prepaid
9.6 Mobile data services
9.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
9.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
9.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
9.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
9.6.5 Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
9.6.6 Mobile TV
9.7 Mobile content and applications
9.7.1 M-commerce
10. GREECE
10.1 Overview of Greece’s mobile market
10.2 Regulatory issues
10.2.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
10.2.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
10.2.3 Mobile statistics
10.3 Mobile technologies
10.3.1 Digital
10.3.2 Third Generation (3G)
10.4 Major mobile operators
10.4.1 TIM Hellas
10.4.2 Q-Telecom
10.4.3 Vodafone Greece
10.4.4 CosmOTE
10.5 Mobile voice services
10.5.1 Prepaid
10.6 Mobile data services
10.6.1 Short Messaging Service (SMS)
10.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
10.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
10.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
10.6.5 Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)
10.6.6 Mobile TV
10.6.7 i-Mode
10.6.8 BlackBerry
10.7 Mobile content and applications
11. HUNGARY
11.1 Overview of Hungary’s mobile market
11.1.1 Mobile statistics
11.2 Regulatory issues
11.2.1 GSM licences
11.2.2 Third Generation (3G) licences
11.2.3 Mobile termination fees
11.2.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11.3 Mobile technologies
11.3.1 Analogue
11.3.2 Digital
11.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
11.4 Major mobile operators
11.4.1 T-Mobile
11.4.2 Pannon GSM
11.4.3 Vodafone Hungary
11.5 Mobile voice services
11.5.1 Prepaid
11.6 Mobile data services
11.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
11.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
11.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
11.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
11.6.5 Push-to-talk (PTT)
11.6.6 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
11.6.7 High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
11.7 Mobile content and applications
11.7.1 M-commerce (micropayments)
12. LATVIA
12.1 Overview of Latvia’s mobile market
12.1.1 Mobile statistics
12.2 Regulatory issues
12.2.1 CDMA licence awarded
12.2.2 Third Generation (3G) licences
12.2.3 Third GSM/3G licence
12.3 Mobile technologies
12.3.1 Analogue
12.3.2 Digital
12.3.3 3G mobile
12.4 Mobile operators
12.4.1 Latvia Mobilais Telefons (LMT)
12.4.2 Tele2
12.4.3 Telekom Baltija / Triatel
12.4.4 Bite
12.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
12.5 Mobile voice services
12.5.1 Prepaid
12.6 Mobile data services
12.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS) / Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
12.6.2 Wireless Access Protocol (WAP)
12.6.3 High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD)
12.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
12.6.5 Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
12.6.6 Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)
12.6.7 Broadband wireless data service (1x EVDO)
12.6.8 Mobile TV
12.7 Mobile content and applications
13. LITHUANIA
13.1 Overview of Lithuania’s mobile market
13.1.1 Mobile statistics
13.2 Regulatory issues
13.2.1 GSM licences
13.2.2 Number portability
13.2.3 Third GSM licence awarded
13.2.4 3G licences awarded
13.3 Mobile technologies
13.3.1 Third Generation (3G)
13.4 Major mobile operators
13.4.1 Omnitel
13.4.2 Bite GSM
13.4.3 Tele2
13.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MNVOs)
13.5 Mobile voice services
13.5.1 Prepaid
13.6 Mobile data services
13.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
13.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
13.6.3 Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)
13.6.4 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
13.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
13.6.6 Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)
13.6.7 Mobile TV
13.7 Mobile content and applications
13.7.1 M-commerce (micropayments)
14. MACEDONIA (FYROM)
14.1 Overview of Macedonia’s mobile market
14.1.1 Mobile statistics
14.2 Regulatory issues
14.2.1 Expressions of interest for GSM 900/1800 and UMTS 2100 frequencies
14.2.2 Radiofrequency fee dispute
14.3 Mobile technologies
14.4 Mobile operators
14.4.1 Mobimak
14.4.2 Cosmofon
14.5 Mobile voice services
14.5.1 Prepaid
14.6 Mobile data services
14.7 Mobile content and applications
15. MOLDOVA
15.1 Overview of Moldova’s mobile market
15.1.1 Mobile statistics
15.2 Regulatory issues
15.2.1 First and second GSM licences awarded
15.2.2 Third mobile licence awarded to MoldTelecom
15.2.3 Licence revoked
15.2.4 Licence awarded to InterDnestrCom
15.2.5 Licence revoked
15.3 Mobile technologies
15.3.1 Analogue
15.3.2 Digital
15.4 Major mobile operators
15.4.1 Voxtel
15.4.2 Moldcell
15.4.3 InterDnestrCom
15.5 Mobile voice services
15.5.1 Prepaid
15.6 Mobile data services
15.7 Mobile content and applications
16. POLAND
16.1 Overview of Poland’s mobile market
16.1.1 Mobile statistics
16.2 Regulatory issues
16.2.1 Significant Market Power (SMP)
16.2.2 GSM licences
16.2.3 Fourth GSM licence/fourth 3G licence auction
16.2.4 Third Generation (3G) licences awarded
16.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
16.2.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
16.3 Mobile technologies
16.3.1 Analogue
16.3.2 Digital
16.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
16.4 Major mobile operators
16.4.1 PTK Centertel/Orange
16.4.2 Polkomtel/Plus GSM
16.4.3 Polska Telefonia Cyfrowa (PTC)/Era
16.4.3.1 PTC ownership dispute
16.5 Mobile voice services
16.5.1 Prepaid
16.6 Mobile data services
16.6.1 Short Messaging Service (SMS)
16.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
16.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
16.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
16.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
16.6.6 BlackBerry
16.6.7 Mobile TV
16.7 Mobile content and applications
17. ROMANIA
17.1 Overview & analysis of Romania’s mobile market
17.1.1 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
17.1.2 Mobile statistics
17.2 Regulatory issues
17.2.1 Third Generation (3G) licences
17.2.2 Additional 3G licences awarded
17.2.3 Interconnection tariffs
17.3 Mobile technologies
17.3.1 Analogue
17.3.2 Digital
17.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
17.3.3.1 Vodafone
17.3.3.2 Orange Romania
17.4 Major mobile operators
17.4.1 Telemobil / Zapp
17.4.2 Vodafone
17.4.3 Mobil Rom / Orange Romania
17.4.4 Cosmote Romania
17.5 Mobile voice services
17.5.1 Prepaid services
17.6 Mobile data services
17.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
17.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
17.6.3 Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)
17.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
17.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
17.6.6 Broadband wireless data service (1x EVDO)
17.6.7 WCDMA/HSDPA
17.6.8 Mobile TV
17.6.9 BlackBerry
17.7 Mobile content and applications
18. RUSSIA
18.1 Overview of Russia’s mobile market
18.1.1 Mobile statistics
18.2 Regulatory issues
18.2.1 Regulatory disputes
18.2.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
18.2.3 Radio frequency reallocation
18.2.4 3G licences
18.2.5 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
18.3 Mobile technologies
18.3.1 Analogue
18.3.2 Digital
18.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
18.4 Major mobile operators
18.4.1 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
18.4.2 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
18.4.2.1 National expansion
18.4.2.2 International expansion
18.4.3 Vimpel Communications (VimpelCom)
18.4.3.1 International expansion
18.4.4 MegaFon
18.4.5 Tele2 Russia
18.4.6 SMARTS Group
18.4.7 Ekaterinburg-2000 / MOTIV
18.4.8 New Telephone Company (NTC)
18.4.9 Skylink / Delta Telecom / Moscow Cellular Communications (MCC)
18.4.10 Svyazinvest regional operators
18.4.10.1 Dalsvyaz
18.4.10.2 CenterTelecom
18.4.10.3 Sibirtelecom
18.4.10.4 Uralsvyazinform
18.4.10.5 VolgaTelecom
18.5 Mobile voice services
18.5.1 Prepaid
18.5.2 Satellite mobile
18.6 Mobile data services
18.6.1 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
18.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
18.6.3 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
18.6.4 Broadband wireless data service (1x EV-DO)
18.6.5 i-Mode
18.6.6 BlackBerry
18.6.7 Mobile TV
18.7 Mobile content and applications
18.7.1 Location-based services
18.7.2 Gaming
19. SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO
19.1 Overview of Serbia and Montenegro’s mobile market
19.1.1 Mobile statistics
19.2 Regulatory issues
19.2.1 First mobile licence for Kosovo
19.2.2 Second mobile licence for Kosovo
19.2.3 Third mobile licence for Serbia
19.2.4 Mobtel ownership dispute
19.3 Mobile technologies
19.3.1 Analogue
19.3.2 Digital
19.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
19.4 Major mobile operators
19.4.1 Mobtel/Mobi 63 (Serbia)
19.4.2 Telekom Srbija / Mobilna Telefonija Srbija (MTS) (Serbia)
19.4.3 ProMonte (Montenegro)
19.4.4 Monet (Montenegro)
19.4.5 Vala900 (Kosovo)
19.4.6 Mobikos (Kosovo)
19.5 Mobile voice services
19.5.1 Prepaid
19.6 Mobile data services
19.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
19.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
19.6.3 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
19.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
19.6.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
20. SLOVAKIA
20.1 Overview of Slovakia’s mobile market
20.1.1 Mobile statistics
20.2 Regulatory issues
20.2.1 GSM licences
20.2.2 UMTS licences and third GSM licence
20.2.2.1 Previous attempts at GSM/UMTS licence
20.2.2.2 Previous attempts at third GSM licence
20.3 Mobile technologies
20.3.1 Analogue
20.3.2 Digital
20.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
20.4 Major mobile operators
20.4.1 T-Mobile Slovensko
20.4.2 Orange Slovensko
20.5 Mobile voice services
20.5.1 Prepaid
20.6 Mobile data services
20.6.1 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
20.7 Mobile content and applications
21. SLOVENIA
21.1 Overview of Slovenia’s mobile market
21.1.1 Mobile statistics
21.2 Regulatory issues
21.2.1 GSM licences
21.2.2 First 3G licence awarded
21.2.3 Tender for additional 3G licences
21.3 Mobile technologies
21.3.1 Analogue
21.3.2 Digital
21.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
21.4 Major mobile operators
21.4.1 Mobitel
21.4.2 Si.mobil
21.4.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO)
21.4.3.1 debitel
21.4.3.2 Volja Mobil
21.5 Mobile voice services
21.5.1 Prepaid
21.6 Mobile data services
21.6.1 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
21.6.2 Push-to-Talk (PTT)
21.6.3 Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
21.6.4 BlackBerry
21.7 Mobile content and applications
22. UKRAINE
22.1 Overview of Ukraine’s mobile market
22.1.1 Alfa Group and Telenor feud
22.1.1.1 Alfa applies pressure through Kievstar
22.1.2 Mobile statistics
22.2 Regulatory issues
22.2.1 Licences awarded
22.2.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile licences
22.3 Mobile technologies
22.3.1 Analogue
22.3.2 Digital
22.3.2.1 UMC
22.3.2.2 Kievstar
22.3.2.3 Golden Telecom
22.3.2.4 URS
22.3.2.5 Astelit
22.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
22.4 Major mobile operators
22.4.1 Ukrainian Mobile Communications (UMC)
22.4.2 Kievstar
22.4.3 Golden Telecom
22.4.4 Ukrainian Radio Systems (URS) / Wellcom
22.4.5 Astelit / Life:)
22.4.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
22.5 Mobile voice services
22.5.1 Prepaid
22.5.2 Satellite mobile
22.6 Mobile data services
22.6.1 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
22.7 Mobile content and applications
23. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


LIST OF TABLES


Table 1 - Mobile statistics in Albania - June 2006
Table 2 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Albania - June 2006
Table 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Albania - 1996 - 2006
Table 4 - Mobile statistics in Belarus - June 2006
Table 5 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Belarus - June 2006
Table 6 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Belarus - 1995 - 2006
Table 7 - Mobile statistics in Bosnia-Herzegovina - June 2006
Table 8 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual growth in Bosnia-Herzegovina - June 2006
Table 9 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 1998 - 2006
Table 10 - Prepaid subscribers by operator in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2003 - 2005
Table 11 - Mobile statistics in Bulgaria - June 2006
Table 12 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual growth in Bulgaria - June 2006
Table 13 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Bulgaria - 1995 - 2006
Table 14 - Mobile operator market share by revenue in Bulgaria - 2003 - 2005
Table 15 - Total mobile sector revenue by service in Bulgaria - 2003 - 2005
Table 16 - Geographic and population coverage by operator in Bulgaria - 2002 - 2005
Table 17 - GloBul Financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 18 - Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers in Bulgaria - 2000 - 2005
Table 19 - Total SMS sent and annual change in Bulgaria - 2003 - 2005
Table 20 - Total MMS sent and annual change in Bulgaria - 2003 - 2005
Table 21 - Mobile statistics in Croatia - June 2006
Table 22 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Croatia - June 2006
Table 23 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Croatia - 1995 - 2006
Table 24 - T-Mobile Hrvatska prepaid subscribers - 2000 - 2005
Table 25 - Mobile statistics in Cyprus - June 2006
Table 26 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Cyprus - June 2006
Table 27 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Cyprus - 1995 - 2006
Table 28 - Market share by operator based on turnover in Cyprus - 2005
Table 29 - Market share by operator based on subscribers in Cyprus - 2005
Table 30 - Areeba financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 31 - SMS and MMS traffic by operator in Cyprus - 2005
Table 32 - Mobile statistics in Czech Republic - June 2006
Table 33 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Czech Republic - June 2006
Table 34 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Czech Republic - 1995 - 2006
Table 35 - Telefónica O2 operational data - January - June 2006
Table 36 - T-Mobile operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 37 - Vodafone CR ARPU breakdown by quarter - 2004 - 2005
Table 38 - Telefónica O2 CR prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 39 - SMS usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 40 - SMS information usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 41 - Average number of SMS sent per week in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 42 - MMS usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 43 - WAP usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 44 - Mobile banking usage by GSM mobile phone users in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 45 - Mobile users engaged in purchasing goods & services in Czech Republic - January - March 2005
Table 46 - Mobile statistics in Estonia - June 2006
Table 47 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Estonia - June 2006
Table 48 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Estonia - 1998 - 2006
Table 49 - EMT financial data, January to September and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 50 - EMT financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 51 - Radiolinja Eesti financial data and annual change - Q3 2005 - Q3 2006
Table 52 - Radiolinja Eesti financial data and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 53 - EMT prepaid subscribers and percentage of total subscribers- 2002 - 2006
Table 54 - Mobile statistics in Greece - June 2006
Table 55 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Greece - June 2006
Table 56 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Greece - 1996 - 2006
Table 57 - Mobile market share by operator in Greece - 2004 - 2005
Table 58 - Share of new subscribers by operator in Greece - Q4 2005
Table 59 - TIM Hellas operating statistics and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 60 - TIM Hellas voice traffic statistics - 2001 - 2005
Table 61 - CosmOTE consolidated financial statistics - 2005 - 2006
Table 62 - CosmOTE financial statistics by operator - January - June 2006
Table 63 - CosMOTE financial statistics - 2005
Table 64 - CosMOTE mobile subscribers and annual change - June 2006
Table 65 - Mobile statistics Hungary - June 2006
Table 66 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Hungary - June 2006
Table 67 - Mobile subscribers and penetration Hungary - 1990 - 2006
Table 68 - T-Mobile postpaid & prepaid ARPU - 2003 - 2006
Table 69 - T-Mobile postpaid & prepaid churn rate - 2003 - 2006
Table 70 - T-Mobile MOU - 2003 - 2006
Table 71 - Pannon ARPU - 2004 - 2006
Table 72 - Prepaid subscribers in Hungary - 2004 - 2006
Table 73 - T-Mobile prepaid subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 74 - Pannon GSM Prepaid subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 75 - Vodafone prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 76 - T-Mobile mobile data services ARPU - 2003 - 2006
Table 77 - Mobile statistics in Latvia - June 2006
Table 78 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Latvia - June 2006
Table 79 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Latvia - 1995 - 2006
Table 80 - Bite financial data and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 81 - LMT prepaid subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 82 - Mobile statistics in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 83 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 84 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Lithuania - 1998 - 2006
Table 85 - Revenue by mobile service offered in Lithuania - March - June 2006
Table 86 - Operator market share of postpaid residential market in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 87 - Operator market share of postpaid business market in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 88 - Percentage of prepaid subscribers in Lithuania - 2003 - 2006
Table 89 - Prepaid subscribers by operator and market share in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 90 - Omni Prepaid subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 91 - Total SMS sent and annual change in Lithuania - 2004 - 2006
Table 92 - Total MMS sent and annual change in Lithuania - 2004 - 2006
Table 93 - Mobile statistics in Macedonia - June 2006
Table 94 - Mobile subscribers and annual change in Macedonia - June 2006
Table 95 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Macedonia - 1997 - 2006
Table 96 - Mobimak MOU and ARPU - 2004 - 2006
Table 97 - Mobimak prepaid subscribers and total subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 98 - Mobile statistics in Moldova - June 2006
Table 99 - Mobile subscribers and annual change by operator in Moldova - June 2006
Table 100 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moldova - 1998 - 2006
Table 101 - Percentage of prepaid and postpaid subscribers in Moldova - 2000 - 2005
Table 102 - WAP subscribers by operator in Moldova - March 2006
Table 103 - Mobile statistics in Poland - June 2006
Table 104 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Poland - June 2006
Table 105 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Poland - 1995 - 2006
Table 106 - PTK Centertel prepaid subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 107 - Mobile statistics in Romania - June 2006
Table 108 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Romania - June 2006
Table 109 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Romania - 1995 - 2006
Table 110 - Market share by operator in Romania - 2003 - 2006
Table 111 - Orange Romania revenue, monthly ARPU and annual change - 2003 - 2005
Table 112 - Cosmorom financial data and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 113 - SMS traffic and annual change in Romania - 2002 - 2005
Table 114 - MMS traffic and annual change in Romania - 2003 - 2005
Table 115 - WAP Internet access connections and annual change in Romania - 2003 - 2004
Table 116 - Mobile statistics in Russia - September 2005
Table 117 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual growth in Russia - June 2006
Table 118 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Russia - 1995 - 2006
Table 119 - MTS ARPU, MOU & churn in Russia - 2001 - 2005
Table 120 - MTS subscriber acquisition costs - 2001 - 2005
Table 121 - VimpelCom ARPU, MOU & churn - 2001 - 2005
Table 122 - Mobile statistics in Serbia and Montenegro - June 2006
Table 123 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Serbia and Montenegro - June 2006
Table 124 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Serbia and Montenegro - 1998 - 2006
Table 125 - Promonte prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 126 - Mobile statistics in Slovakia - June 2006
Table 127 - Mobile subscribers by operator in Slovakia - June 2006
Table 128 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Slovakia - 1995 - 2006
Table 129 - T-Mobile Slovensko revenue and net profit - 2003 - 2005
Table 130 - T-Mobile monthly ARPU and average churn - 2004 - 2005
Table 131 - T-Mobile Slovensko GSM subscribers - 1998 - 2006
Table 132 - Orange Slovensko revenue & net profit - 2003 - 2005
Table 133 - Orange Slovensko revenue breakdown - 2005
Table 134 - Orange Slovensko monthly ARPU - 2003 - 2005
Table 135 - Orange subscribers− 1998 - 2005
Table 136 - T-Mobile Slovenkso prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 137 - Mobile statistics in Slovenia - June 2006
Table 138 − Mobile subscribers by operator in Slovenia - June 2006
Table 139 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Slovenia - 1995 - 2006
Table 140 - Prepaid subscribers and penetration in Slovenia - 2003 - 2005
Table 141 - Mobile statistics in Ukraine - June 2006
Table 142 - Mobile subscribers and annual change by operator in Ukraine - June 2006
Table 143 - Mobile subscribers in Ukraine - 1995 - 2006
Table 144 - MTS ARPU, MOU & churn in Ukraine - 2003 - 2005
Table 145 - Kievstar prepaid, postpaid & blended ARPU - 2004 - 2006
Table 146 - Kievstar monthly minutes of use - 2004 - 2006
Table 147 - Kievstar prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006


LIST OF EXHIBITS


Exhibit 1 - 2G spectrum awarded in Czech Republic
Exhibit 2 - 2G auction results in Greece - July 2001
Exhibit 3 - 3G auction results in Greece - July 2001
Exhibit 4 - 2G spectrum awarded in Hungary
Exhibit 5 - 2G spectrum awarded in Lithuania
Exhibit 6 - 2G spectrum awarded in Poland
Exhibit 7 - 2G spectrum awarded in Slovakia
Exhibit 8 - 2G spectrum awarded in Slovenia

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