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2006-2007 Eastern European Broadband and Convergence Markets


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Broadband and Convergence markets in Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia). Subjects include:

  • Broadband Infrastructure, Forecasts, Analyses and Developments
  • The broadbanding of Eastern Europe (policies, models, concept)
  • CBD, Inter-City, Regional and International Networks
  • Internet Market, VoIP and triple play
  • Emerging Internet economy
  • Research, Marketing, Benchmarking
  • Vision for a National Policy, Government Policies
  • Network Operators, Wholesalers and Retailers, Utilities Projects
  • xDSL, cable, FttH, Satellite, Cable Modems
  • Wireless Broadband (WiMAX, WiFi, LMDS)


Although broadband has been available for sometime in Eastern Europe, the advent of full scale fixed-line competition has boosted subscriber levels as incumbents in liberalised markets execute survival strategies centred on offering broadband and convergence services. The results are now being witnessed as convergence services are rolled-out. The need for more broadband speed has driven deployment of new high-speed broadband networks centred on ADSL2+ and FttH while wireless has been utilised to rapidly deploy alternative networks and extend connectivity into remote areas. The number of ADSL2+ deployments is expected to increase during 2007 as triple play services grow in popularity. Public and private sector initiatives, an accommodating regulatory environment coupled with broadband proliferation has led to the emergence of the Internet economy, a nascent trend that will become increasingly visible as the prerequisite factors fall into place. The Eastern European annual reports have been designed to offer extensive coverage of the region, highlighting regulatory and market developments, introducing the major players and the services on offer, as well as providing a wealth of insightful statistics and forecasts, no doubt making essential reading for anyone holding an interest in the region’s telecoms sector. Data in the reports are the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Central Eastern Europe (CEE)

  • The developing broadband market is becoming increasingly sophisticated, with ADSL2+ services launched in Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovenia.
  • Scenario-based broadband forecasts for all five CEE nations is provided, providing a guide as to where broadband penetration is headed.
  • IPTV services have been launched in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, giving telecoms operators their much anticipated triple play services. Polish incumbent’s triple play offering is based on the Livebox device from France Telecom.
  • The satellite-based digital pay TV market is becoming increasingly crowded as a Romanian digital pay TV operator has commenced offering services in Slovakia, Hungary and the Czech Republic, recording strong growth in subscriber levels. A new satellite platform was launched in Poland, shaking up the previous duopoly, with satellite-based HDTV services.
  • WiMAX services are growing in visibility as services are rolled out. However the delay in launching services in some countries will be to the detriment of wireless operators as incumbents continue their charge into the broadband market.
Baltic
  • Much anticipated broadband TV (IPTV) offerings are now available from the incumbent operators in each country, and brings the incumbent operators into direct competition with the cable-based operators in the consumer telecoms market. The resulting competition between the two parties is expected to heat up in 2007 and beyond, which will benefit consumers with increased variety and lower prices.
  • Increasingly affordable ADSL offerings have been launched in conjunction with broadband TV offerings, stimulating broadband market growth. Speedier ADSL2+, required for a quality broadband TV experience, was launched by the incumbents in Estonia and Latvia, with Lithuania’s incumbent deploying ADSL2+ infrastructure. The need for broadband speed has also spurred Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) network deployment in all three countries, most predominantly in new housing projects and apartments.
  • Wireless broadband has become increasingly prominent. Estonia has deployed WiMAX networks to extend broadband connectivity to rural areas while CDMA 1x EVDO based offerings are widely available in Latvia. WiFi in widely available in each country, with Lithuania’s incumbent in particular making an effort to expand its WiFi network to approximately 1,000 hot spots by 2007. We believe wireless broadband will become increasingly prominent in 2007 and beyond due to greater availability of portable and mobile wireless broadband services, as well as the growing popularity of laptop computers, with approximately 65,000 laptop computers expected to be sold in Estonia in 2006 alone, up from 44,000 in 2005.
  • Estonia has had the most success in fostering an Internet economy, developed in recognition of the ability of Information Communications Technologies to improve social wellbeing. E-commerce and e-government services are widely available, allowing the country’s citizens to access services and carry out commercial and government-related activities online. Growing familiarity of such services, coupled with increasing broadband access will encourage usage among new users, generating efficiencies for both the providers and consumers of such services.
Balkans
  • As seen in the Central European markets after they underwent liberalisation in 2004, the incumbents in the more liberalised markets are driving ADSL take up. The untapped financial potential of underdeveloped broadband markets offers a new revenue source for incumbents suffering from competition in low-growth potential fixed-line voice markets. We believe broadband uptake is most likely to expand in two phases; in the first phase due to the incumbents who wish to catch the benefits of first-mover advantage, with serious competition only expected from the cable operators, and the second phase, when alternative operators are able to gain better access to LLU-based services once suitable interconnection and access regimes are in place and enforced. The big question hangs over the impact wireless will have on markets and in particular, technologies such as WiMAX.
  • WiMAX networks have been deployed in Serbia and in Croatia by the incumbent and an alternative operator, which has deployed a WiBRO network. A mesh WiFi network that will provide nationwide broadband connectivity is under construction in Macedonia, with all of the country’s schools already connected. NGN/VoIP deployments are underway in Croatia by both the incumbent and alternative operators, in Greece by an alternative operator, in Macedonia by the incumbent operator, in Romania by the incumbent operator and in Bulgaria by the incumbent operator. The desire to offer broadband and convergence service is driving NGN/VoIP deployments, with more deployments likely as the strategy of focusing on broadband and convergence becomes more common.
  • Triple play services are offered by the cable operators, with Croatia’s fixed-line incumbent announcing plans to offer services. An alternative operator has launched a competing triple play offer to that of the incumbent in Cyprus, based on its ADSL2+ network. ADSL2+ networks have also provided the base for triple play services by a Greek alternative operator.
  • Romania has seen four digital satellite pay TV operators enter the market, with the largest and most successful player expanding services into Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, with plans to enter Serbia and Croatia.
CIS
  • The Syvazinvest companies and alternative operators in Russia and Ukraine are generating increased revenue through mobile and Internet services, with plans to further grow revenue through broadband and IPTV.
  • Plans to offer the aforementioned convergence and broadband-based services has driven the need to upgrade infrastructure, with numerous network upgrades and NGN deployments underway.
  • Russian WiMAX deployment activity is continuing, with new deployments including mobile WiMAX underway. Operators involved in WiMAX developments include Start Telecom, Enforta, Internafta, MetroMAX, Infoseti, Synterra, Golden Telecom, Peterstar and Sibirtelecom. Services were launched in Ukraine in late 2005 by alternative operator UHT, with plans to expand coverage nationally and offer mobile WiMAX service, while services in Belarus are offered by the fixed-line incumbent.
  • Broadband services in Russia are becoming increasingly popular and available due to increased infrastructure investment, with a large portion of the residential market continuing to be served by large informal LANs in Russia, with a similar situation in Ukraine. Deployment of faster broadband services such as ADSL2+ and FttH is underway in Russia.
  • Cable broadband services are experiencing a surge in popularity in Belarus and Moldova, although the phenomenal growth rates recorded have been based on a small initial user base. The growing popularity of broadband in Belarus is reflected in the country’s growing Internet user penetration, which rose by 36% during 2005.
  • WiFi continues to be popular despite heavy WiMAX activity; Golden Telecom has deployed 3,000 access nodes out a total of 5,000 planned for its mesh WiFi network in Moscow.
  • Competing IPTV services to that of Comstar-UTS are available in Russia, with other deployments planned both in Russia and Ukraine.

1. OVERVIEW OF EASTERN EUROPE’S BROADBAND AND CONVERGENCE MARKET
1.1 Key developments in the Eastern European broadband and convergence market
1.2 Market overview
1.3 Broadband market
1.3.1 Cable modems
1.3.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
1.3.3 Wireless broadband
1.3.3.1 WiFi
1.3.3.2 WiMAX
1.3.3.3 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
1.4 Convergence
1.4.1 Triple play models
1.4.2 Digital TV
1.4.3 Broadband TV (IPTV)
1.4.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
2. ALBANIA
2.1 Overview of the Internet in Albania
2.1.1 Internet statistics
2.1.2 ISP market
2.2 Convergence
2.2.1 Overview of broadcasting market
2.2.2 Digital TV
2.2.2.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
2.2.2.2 Cable TV (CATV)
2.2.2.3 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
3. BELARUS
3.1 Overview of the Internet in Belarus
3.1.1 Government programs
3.1.2 Internet statistics
3.2 ISP market
3.3 Internet access locations
3.4 Broadband market
3.4.1 Overview
3.4.1.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
3.4.1.2 Cable modem
3.4.1.3 Wireless broadband
3.5 Convergence
3.5.1 Overview of broadcasting market
3.5.2 Regulatory issues
3.5.3 Digital TV (DTV)
3.5.3.1 Cable TV (CATV)
3.5.3.2 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
3.5.3.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
4. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
4.1 Overview of the Internet in Bosnia
4.1.1 Internet statistics
4.2 ISP market
4.3 Broadband market
4.4 Convergence
4.4.1 Overview of broadcasting market
4.4.2 Regulatory issues
4.4.3 Digital TV
4.4.3.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
4.4.3.2 Cable TV (CATV)
5. BULGARIA
5.1 Overview of the Internet in Bulgaria
5.1.1 Internet statistics
5.2 ISP market
5.2.1 Bol BG
5.2.2 Orbitel
5.3 Broadband market
5.3.1 Cable
5.3.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
5.3.3 Wireless broadband
5.4 Convergence
5.4.1 Triple play
5.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
5.4.3 Digital TV
5.4.3.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
5.4.3.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
5.4.3.3 Cable TV (CATV)
5.4.3.3.1 CableTel
5.4.3.3.2 Eurocom
5.4.3.3.3 MSAT
5.4.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
6. CROATIA
6.1 Overview of the Internet in Croatia
6.1.1 Internet statistics
6.2 ISP market
6.3 Broadband market
6.3.1 Overview
6.3.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.3.3 Cable modems
6.3.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
6.3.5 Wireless broadband
6.3.5.1 WiFi
6.3.5.2 WiMAX
6.3.5.3 Internet via satellite
6.4 Convergence
6.4.1 Triple play models
6.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
6.4.3 Regulatory issues
6.4.4 Digital TV
6.4.4.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
6.4.4.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
6.4.4.3 Cable TV (CATV)
6.4.4.3.1 Digital City Media (DCM)
6.4.5 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7. CYPRUS
7.1 Overview of the Internet in Cyprus
7.1.1 Internet statistics
7.2 ISP market
7.3 Broadband market
7.3.1 Wireless broadband
7.3.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
7.3.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
7.3.2.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
7.4 Convergence
7.4.1 Overview of triple play models
7.4.2 Digital TV
7.4.2.1 Broadcasting market overview
7.4.2.2 Regulation
7.4.2.3 Broadband TV (IPTV)
7.4.2.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.4.2.5 Cable TV (CATV)
7.4.2.6 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
8. CZECH REPUBLIC
8.1 Overview of the Internet in the Czech Republic
8.1.1 Internet statistics
8.2 ISP market
8.3 Broadband market
8.3.1 Overview
8.3.2 Government support
8.3.3 Broadband forecasts to 2015
8.3.3.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
8.3.3.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
8.3.4 Cable modems
8.3.5 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
8.3.6 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
8.3.7 Wireless broadband
8.3.7.1 WiFi
8.3.7.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
8.3.7.3 Internet via Satellite
8.3.7.4 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
8.4 Convergence
8.4.1 Triple play models
8.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
8.4.2.1 Czech Television (CT)
8.4.2.2 TV Nova
8.4.2.3 Prima TV
8.4.3 Regulatory issues
8.4.4 Digital TV
8.4.4.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
8.4.4.2 Cable TV (CATV)
8.4.4.2.1 UPC
8.4.4.2.2 Karneval
8.4.4.3 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
8.4.4.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
9. ESTONIA
9.1 Overview of the Internet in Estonia
9.1.1 Estonia’s emerging Internet economy
9.1.1.1 Internet economy-related legislation
9.1.1.2 Measuring Internet economy development
9.1.2 Internet statistics
9.2 ISP market
9.3 Broadband market
9.3.1 Overview
9.3.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
9.3.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
9.3.2.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
9.3.3 Cable modems
9.3.4 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
9.3.4.1 ADSL2+
9.3.5 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
9.3.6 Wireless broadband
9.3.6.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
9.3.6.2 WiFi
9.3.6.3 WiMAX
9.4 Convergence
9.4.1 VoIP
9.4.1.1 Hotifon
9.4.1.2 Skype
9.4.2 Triple play
9.4.3 Overview of broadcasting market
9.4.4 Broadcasting regulation
9.4.5 Digital TV
9.4.5.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
9.4.5.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
9.4.5.3 Cable TV (CATV)
9.4.5.3.1 Major operators
9.4.5.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
10. GREECE
10.1 Overview of the Internet in Greece
10.1.1 Internet statistics
10.2 ISP market
10.2.1 Major ISPs
10.2.1.1 FORTHnet
10.2.1.2 OTEnet
10.2.1.3 Hellas OnLine (HOL)
10.3 Broadband market
10.3.1 Overview
10.3.2 Government support
10.3.2.1 E-government infrastructure
10.3.2.2 DIODOS project
10.3.3 Broadband statistics
10.3.4 Broadband forecasts to 2015
10.3.4.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
10.3.4.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
10.3.5 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
10.3.5.1 ADSL2+
10.3.6 Wireless broadband
10.3.6.1 Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS)
10.3.6.2 WiFi
10.3.6.3 Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs)
10.4 Convergence
10.4.1 Triple play
10.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
10.4.3 Digital TV
10.4.3.1 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
10.4.3.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
10.4.3.3 Broadband TV (IPTV)
11. HUNGARY
11.1 Overview of the Internet in Hungary
11.1.1 Internet statistics
11.2 ISP market
11.2.1 T-Online Hungary (Axelero)
11.2.2 Invitel / Euroweb Hungary
11.2.3 GTS-Datanet
11.3 Broadband market
11.3.1 Overview
11.3.1.1 Government initiatives
11.3.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
11.3.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
11.3.2.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
11.3.3 Cable modems
11.3.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
11.3.4.1 ADSL2+
11.3.4.2 Fibre-to-the-Home (FTTH)
11.3.5 Wireless broadband
11.3.5.1 WiFi
11.3.5.2 (World Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
11.3.5.3 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
11.3.5.4 Internet via satellite
11.4 Convergence
11.4.1 Triple play models
11.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
11.4.3 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
11.4.3.1 Magyar Televizió
11.4.3.2 TV2
11.4.3.3 RTL Klub
11.4.4 Digital TV (DTV)
11.4.4.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
11.4.4.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
11.4.4.3 Cable TV
11.4.4.3.1 UPC Hungary
11.4.4.3.2 T-Kabel
11.4.4.3.3 FiberNet
11.4.4.4 Satellite-based pay TV developments
12. LATVIA
12.1 Overview of the Internet in Latvia
12.1.1 Internet statistics
12.2 Broadband market
12.2.1 Overview
12.2.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
12.2.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
12.2.2.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
12.2.3 Cable modems
12.2.4 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
12.2.4.1 ADSL2+
12.2.5 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
12.2.6 Wireless broadband
12.2.6.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
12.2.6.2 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
12.2.6.3 WiFi
12.3 Convergence
12.3.1 Triple play models
12.3.2 Digital TV
12.3.2.1 Regulatory environment
12.3.2.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
12.3.2.3 Broadband TV (IPTV)
12.3.2.4 Cable TV (CATV)
12.3.2.5 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
13. LITHUANIA
13.1 Overview of the Internet in Lithuania
13.1.1 Internet statistics
13.2 Internet access locations
13.3 ISP market
13.4 Broadband market
13.4.1 Overview
13.4.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
13.4.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
13.4.2.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
13.4.3 Cable modems
13.4.4 Asymmetric Digital subscriber Line (ADSL)
13.4.5 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
13.4.6 Wireless broadband
13.4.6.1 WiFi
13.5 Convergence
13.5.1 Triple play models
13.5.2 Overview of broadcasting market
13.5.3 Digital TV
13.5.3.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
13.5.3.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
13.5.3.3 Cable TV (CATV)
13.5.3.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
14. MACEDONIA (FYROM)
14.1 Overview of the Internet in Macedonia
14.1.1 Internet statistics
14.2 ISP market
14.2.1 MTnet
14.2.2 On.net
14.3 Broadband market
14.4 Convergence
14.4.1 Overview of broadcasting market
15. MOLDOVA
15.1 Overview of the Internet in Moldova
15.1.1 Internet statistics
15.2 Internet access locations
15.3 ISP market
15.4 Broadband market
15.5 Convergence
16. POLAND
16.1 Overview of the Internet in Poland
16.1.1 Internet statistics
16.2 ISP market
16.3 Broadband market
16.3.1 Overview
16.3.1.1 Government support
16.3.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
16.3.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
16.3.2.2 Scenario 2 - weaker broadband subscriber growth
16.3.3 Cable modems
16.3.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
16.3.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
16.3.6 Wireless broadband
16.3.6.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
16.3.6.1.1 Crowley Data Poland
16.3.6.1.2 Pro Futuro
16.3.6.2 WiFi
16.3.6.3 World Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
16.3.6.4 Internet via satellite
16.4 Convergence
16.4.1 Triple play
16.4.1.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
16.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
16.4.2.1 TVP
16.4.2.2 Telewizja Polsat
16.4.2.3 TVN
16.4.3 Regulatory issues
16.4.4 Digital TV (DTV)
16.4.4.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
16.4.4.2 Cable TV (CATV)
16.4.4.2.1 UPC Polska
16.4.4.2.2 Multimedia Polska
16.4.4.2.3 Vectra
16.4.4.2.4 Aster
16.4.4.3 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
16.4.4.3.1 Telewizyjna Korporacja Partycypacyjna (TKP) / Cyfra+
16.4.4.3.2 Telewizja Polsat / Cyfrowy Polsat
16.4.4.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
17. ROMANIA
17.1 Overview of the Internet in Romania
17.1.1 Internet statistics
17.1.1 ISP market
17.2 Broadband market
17.2.1 Market overview
17.2.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
17.2.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
17.2.2.2 Scenario 2 - slower broadband subscriber growth
17.2.3 Cable modems
17.2.4 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
17.2.5 LAN
17.2.6 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
17.2.7 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
17.2.8 Wireless broadband
17.2.8.1 WiFi
17.2.8.2 Internet via satellite
17.3 Convergence
17.3.1 Triple play
17.3.2 Overview of broadcasting market
17.3.2.1 Broadcasting statistics
17.3.2.2 Romanian Television Company (TVR)
17.3.2.3 Commercial broadcasters
17.3.3 Digital TV
17.3.3.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
17.3.3.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
17.3.3.3 Cable TV (CATV)
17.3.3.3.1 UPC Romania
17.3.3.3.2 Astral
17.3.3.3.3 RCS&RDS
17.3.3.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
17.3.3.4.1 DigiTV
17.3.3.4.2 Focus Sat
17.3.3.4.3 DCS / Max TV
17.3.3.4.4 DTH Television Group / Boom TV
18. RUSSIA
18.1 Overview of the Internet in Russia
18.1.1 Internet statistics
18.2 Internet access locations
18.3 ISP market
18.3.1 Dalsvyaz
18.3.2 Peterstar
18.3.3 North-West Telecom
18.3.4 Golden Telecom
18.3.5 Comstar UTS
18.3.6 MTU-Intel
18.3.7 Uralsvyazinform
18.3.8 Webplus
18.4 Broadband market
18.4.1 Market overview
18.4.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
18.4.3 Other DSL developments: xDSL, HDSL, SDSL
18.4.4 Cable
18.4.5 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
18.4.6 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
18.4.7 Wireless broadband
18.4.7.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
18.4.7.2 WiFi
18.4.7.3 World Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
18.4.7.4 Internet via satellite
18.5 Convergence
18.5.1 Broadcasting market overview
18.5.1.1 Free-to-Air (FTA)
18.5.1.1.1 Channel One
18.5.1.1.2 Rossiya TV
18.5.1.1.3 NTV
18.5.1.1.4 Ren TV
18.5.1.1.5 DTV / CTC / Modern Times Group
18.5.1.1.6 TV3
18.5.2 Digital TV
18.5.2.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
18.5.2.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
18.5.2.3 Cable TV
18.5.2.3.1 Kosmos TV
18.5.2.3.2 Mostelecom
18.5.2.3.3 Teleinform
18.5.2.3.4 National Cable Network (NCN)
18.5.2.3.5 Moscow Cablecom Corp / Akado
18.5.2.3.6 Divo TV
18.5.2.3.7 St. Petersburg Cable Television Co (TCT)
18.5.2.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
19. SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO
19.1 Overview of the Internet in Serbia and Montenegro
19.1.1 Internet statistics
19.2 Internet access locations
19.3 ISP market
19.3.1 Serbia
19.3.2 Montenegro
19.4 Broadband market
19.4.1 Overview
19.5 Convergence
19.5.1 Overview of broadcasting market
19.5.1.1 Serbia
19.5.1.2 Montenegro
19.5.2 Regulatory issues
19.5.2.1 Serbia
19.5.2.2 Kosovo
19.5.3 Digital TV
19.5.3.1 Cable TV (CATV)
19.5.3.2 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
20. SLOVAKIA
20.1 Overview of the Internet in Slovakia
20.1.1 Internet statistics
20.2 ISP market
20.2.1 ST Online
20.2.2 Slovanet
20.2.3 GTS Nextra
20.2.4 Euroweb
20.3 Broadband market
20.3.1 Broadband forecasts to 2015
20.3.1.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
20.3.1.2 Scenario 2 - weaker broadband subscriber growth
20.3.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Link (ADSL)
20.3.3 Cable modems
20.3.4 Wireless broadband
20.3.4.1 WiFi
20.3.4.2 WiMAX
20.4 Convergence
20.4.1 Triple play models
20.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
20.4.3 Digital TV (DTV)
20.4.3.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
20.4.3.2 Cable TV (CATV)
20.4.3.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
20.4.3.4 Satellite-based pay TV developments
21. SLOVENIA
21.1 Overview of the Internet in Slovenia
21.1.1 Internet statistics
21.2 ISP market
21.2.1 SiOL
21.2.2 Voljatel
21.3 Broadband market
21.3.1 Overview
21.3.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
21.3.2.1 Scenario 1 - stronger broadband subscriber growth
21.3.2.2 Scenario 2 - weaker broadband subscriber growth
21.3.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
21.3.4 Cable modems
21.3.5 Wireless
21.4 Convergence
21.4.1 Triple play models
21.4.2 Overview of broadcasting market
21.4.3 Regulatory environment
21.4.4 Digital TV
21.4.4.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
21.4.4.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
21.4.4.3 Cable TV
21.4.4.4 Satellite-based pay TV developments
22. UKRAINE
22.1 Overview of the Internet in Ukraine
22.1.1 Internet statistics
22.2 ISP market
22.2.1 Svit Online
22.2.2 IP Telecom
22.2.3 Lucky Net
22.2.4 Monolit
22.3 Broadband market
22.3.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
22.3.2 Cable
22.3.3 Wireless broadband
22.3.3.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
22.3.3.2 WiFi
22.3.3.3 WiMAX
22.3.3.4 Internet via satellite
22.4 Convergence
22.4.1 Overview of broadcasting market
22.4.2 Digital TV (DTV)
22.4.2.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
22.4.2.2 Cable TV (CATV)
22.4.2.3 Satellite TV
22.4.2.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
23. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


LIST OF
TABLES


Table 1 - Broadband penetration in EU Eastern Europe and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 2 - Cable broadband in EU Eastern Europe and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 3 - Percentage of wholesale ADSL lines retailed by the incumbent - 2005 - 2006
Table 4 - Internet users and penetration in Albania - 1995 - 2004
Table 5 - Internet host computers in Albania - 1995 - 2005
Table 6 - E-commerce sites by services provided in Belarus - October 2006
Table 7 - Internet provider statistics in Belarus - 2005
Table 8 - Internet users and penetration in Belarus - 1995 - 2005
Table 9 - Internet host computers in Belarus - 1994 - 2005
Table 10 - Internet provider statistics in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2005
Table 11 - Internet users and penetration in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 1999 - 2005
Table 12 - Internet host computers in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 1999 - 2005
Table 13 - Internet subscribers by access type & annual change in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2004 - 2005
Table 14 - Internet provider statistics in Bulgaria - 2005
Table 15 - Internet user growth and penetration in Bulgaria - 1995 - 2005
Table 16 - Internet host computers in Bulgaria - 1994 - 2005
Table 17 - Internet access speeds in Bulgaria - 2005
Table 18 - Internet provider statistics in Croatia - 2006
Table 19 - Internet users and penetration in Croatia - 1995 - 2005
Table 20 - Internet host computers in Croatia - 1995 - 2004
Table 21 - T-HT dial-up subscribers - 2003 - 2005
Table 22 - T-HT Internet subscribers - 2005
Table 23 - T-HT ADSL subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 24 - Audience share by broadcaster - prime time in Croatia - 2004 - 2006
Table 25 - Audience share by broadcaster - all day in Croatia - 2004 - 2006
Table 26 - Internet users and penetration in Cyprus - 1995 - 2005
Table 27 - Internet host computers in Cyprus - 1995 - 2005
Table 28 - Dial-up subscribers and annual change in Cyprus - 2003 - 2005
Table 29 - CyTA ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2003 - 2005
Table 30 - Broadband statistics in Cyprus - 2005
Table 31 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Cyprus - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 32 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Cyprus - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 33 - Internet users and penetration in Czech Republic - 1998 - 2005
Table 34 - Internet host computers in Czech Republic - 1994 - 2004
Table 35 - Broadband subscribers by access technology in Czech Republic - October 2005
Table 36 - Broadband subscribers by access technology in Czech Republic - March 2006
Table 37 - Broadband penetration in Czech Republic - 2001 - 2005
Table 38 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in the Czech Republic - 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 39 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in the Czech Republic - 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 40 - Telefónica O2 CR ADSL subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 41 - Retail and wholesale customers for Telefónica O2 CR’s ADSL service - 2005
Table 42 - UPC operational data in the Czech Republic - 2003 - 2005
Table 43 - Internet statistics in Estonia - 2005
Table 44 - Internet users and penetration in Estonia - 1998 - 2005
Table 45 - Internet subscribers and annual change in Estonia - 2000 - 2005
Table 46 - Internet host computers in Estonia - 1994 - 2005
Table 47 - Elion Internet and percentage of broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2005
Table 48 - Broadband statistics in Estonia - March 2006
Table 49 - Broadband subscribers & annual change in Estonia - 2000 - 2006
Table 50 - Total broadband subscribers by connection type in Estonia - March 2006
Table 51 - Elion broadband subscribers and quarterly change - 2003 - 2006
Table 52 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Estonia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 53 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Estonia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 54 - Internet provider statistics in Greece - 2005
Table 55 - Internet usage motivation in Greece - March 2006
Table 56 - Internet users and penetration in Greece - 1995 - 2005
Table 57 - Internet host computers in Greece - 1995 - 2005
Table 58 - Broadband statistics in Greece - March 2006
Table 59 - Total broadband subscribers by technology and penetration in Greece - 2004 - 2006
Table 60 - OTE ADSL subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 61 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Greece - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 62 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Greece - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 63 - Internet users and penetration in Hungary - 1995 - 2005
Table 64 - Total Internet subscribers in Hungary - 2001 - 2005
Table 65 - Dial-up Internet subscribers in Hungary - 2001 - 2005
Table 66 - Internet host computer growth in Hungary - 1994 - 2004
Table 67 - T-Online Internet & dial-up subscribers - 2000 - 2006
Table 68 - Broadband statistics in Hungary - March 2006
Table 69 - Total broadband subscribers in Hungary - 2001 - 2006
Table 70 - Broadband penetration growth in Hungary - 2001 - 2005
Table 71 - Broadband subscriptions by access type in Hungary - 2001 - 2006
Table 72 - Net income from broadband subscriptions by access type (HUF million) in Hungary - 2004 - 2006
Table 73 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Hungary - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 74 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Hungary - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 75 - Total and UPC cable modem subscribers - 2001 - 2005
Table 76 - xDSL subscribers in Hungary - 2001 - 2006
Table 77 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 78 - T-Kabel cable subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 79 - Internet users and penetration in Latvia - 1996 - 2005
Table 80 - Internet host computers in Latvia - 1994 - 2005
Table 81 - Broadband statistics in Latvia - March 2006
Table 82 - Broadband subscribers by access technology in Latvia - March 2006
Table 83 - Lattelecom broadband subscribers and quarterly change - 2002 - 2006
Table 84 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Latvia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 85 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Latvia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 86 - Lattelecom ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2006
Table 87 - Internet users and penetration in Lithuania - 1996 - 2005
Table 88 - Internet host computers in Lithuania - 1994 - 2005
Table 89 - Internet subscribers - residential, business and annual change in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 90 - Connection speeds of subscribers with unlimited connections in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 91 - Lietuvos Telekomas Internet and broadband subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 92 - ISP market share by revenue in Lithuania - March - June 2006
Table 93 - Subscribers per ISP in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 94 - Broadband subscribers by access type in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 95 - Broadband ISP market share by subscribers in Lithuania - June 2006
Table 96 - Lietuvos Telekomas broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 97 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Lithuania - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 98 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Lithuania - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 99 - Internet statistics in Macedonia - 2005
Table 100 - Internet users and penetration in Macedonia - 1995 - 2005
Table 101 - Internet host computers in Macedonia - 1995 - 2005
Table 102 - MT Internet subscribers by connection type - 2004 - 2006
Table 103 - MTnet dial-up subscribers and market share - 2004 - 2006
Table 104 - Internet provider statistics in Moldova - 2005
Table 105 - Internet subscribers and annual change by connection types in Moldova - 2004 - 2005 104
Table 106 - Internet users and penetration in Moldova - 1995 - 2005
Table 107 - Internet host computers in Moldova - 1994 - 2004
Table 108 - Internet users and penetration in Poland - 1996 - 2005
Table 109 - Internet host computers in Poland - 1994 - 2004
Table 110 - Internet access technologies used by households in Poland - 2004 - 2005
Table 111 - Broadband statistics in Poland - March 2006
Table 112 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used in Poland - October 2005
Table 113 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used in Poland - March 2006
Table 114 - Broadband penetration in Poland - 2001 - 2005
Table 115 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Poland - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 116 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Poland - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 117 - Cable modem subscribers by operator and market share in Poland - June 2005
Table 118 - TPSA ADSL subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 119 - Nationwide audience share by broadcaster in Poland - 2005 - 2006
Table 120 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 121 - Internet statistics in Romania - 2005
Table 122 - Internet users and penetration in Romania - 1995 - 2005
Table 123 - Internet host computers in Romania - 1994 - 2005
Table 124 - Internet connections by type in Romania - 2003 - 2005
Table 125 - Active ISPs by service offered in Romania - 2003 - 2005
Table 126 - Broadband statistics in Romania - 2005
Table 127 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Romania - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 128 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Romania - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 129 - Active broadcasters - 2003 - 2005
Table 130 - Audience share by broadcaster - prime time in Romania - 2004 - 2006
Table 131 - Audience share by broadcaster - all day in Romania - 2004 - 2006
Table 132 - Romanian DTH subscribers - October 2006
Table 133 - DigiTV subscribers - October 2006
Table 134 - Internet and broadband statistics in Russia - 2006
Table 135 - Internet users and penetration in Russia - 1998 - 2005
Table 136 - Internet host computers in Russia - 1994 - 2005
Table 137 - Internet provider statistics in Serbia and Montenegro - 2005
Table 138 - Internet users and penetration in Serbia and Montenegro - 1998 - 2005
Table 139 - Internet host computers in Serbia and Montenegro - 1996 - 2004
Table 140 - Dial-up subscribers in Serbia - 2004 - 2005
Table 141 - Internet CG dial-up subscribers & market share - 2005 - 2006
Table 142 - Serbian broadband subscriptions by connection type - 2004 - 2005
Table 143 - Internet CG ADSL & leased line subscribers - 2005 - 2006
Table 144 - Internet users and penetration in Slovakia - 1995 - 2005
Table 145 - Internet host computers in Slovakia - 1994 - 2004
Table 146 - Broadband statistics in Slovakia - March 2006
Table 147 - Broadband subscribers by access technology in Slovakia - March 2006
Table 148 - Broadband penetration in Slovakia - 2002 - 2006
Table 149 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Slovakia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 150 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Slovakia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 151 - Slovak Telekom ADSL lines by retail & wholesale - 2005 - 2006
Table 152 - Registered TV sets in Slovakia - 1991 - 2005
Table 153 - Cable subscribers and annual change in Slovakia - 2001 - 2005
Table 154 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 155 - Internet statistics in Slovenia - 2005
Table 156 - Internet users and penetration in Slovenia - 1998 - 2005
Table 157 - Internet host computers in Slovenia - 1994 - 2005
Table 158 - Household PC penetration in Slovenia - 2001 - 2005
Table 159 - Household access to ISDN in Slovenia - 2001 - 2005
Table 160 - E-commerce and E-banking usage among Internet users in Slovenia - 2001 - 2005
Table 161 - Broadband statistics in Slovenia - March 2006
Table 162 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used in Slovenia - March 2006
Table 163 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario in Slovenia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 164 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario in Slovenia - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 165 - Household penetration of ADSL in Slovenia - 2002 - 2005
Table 166 - Telekom Slovenije ADSL subscribers - 2001 - 2005
Table 167 - UPC operational data - 2005
Table 168 - Internet users and penetration in Ukraine - 1995 - 2005
Table 169 - Internet host computers in Ukraine - 1994 - 2005
Table 170 - PC penetration in Ukraine - 2000 - 2005
Table 171 - Audience share by broadcaster - prime time in Ukraine - 2004 - 2006
Table 172 - Audience share by broadcaster - all day in Ukraine - 2004 - 2006

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