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Democratic Republic of Congo - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Democratic Republic of Congo - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

DRC to see 750 mobile towers set up in rural areas

The Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) was under a 30-year dictatorship between 1967 and 1997. Since then the country has suffered from several wars and considerable social upheaval. There remain violent conflicts in the eastern part of the country, exacerbated by considerable corruption within the government as well as by ethnic tensions resulting from disputes among and within bordering countries which have spilled over in the DRC itself. These circumstances have made it difficult for the government to extend its control in these regions.

The economy is heavily dependent on revenue from the mining sector though much economic activity occurs informally and is not reflected in GDP data. The global economic crisis reduced GDP growth to around 3% in 2009, but it grew steadily in subsequent years, peaking at 9.5% in 2014. Since then, though, GDP has fallen to just over 2%, a decline largely caused by the turbulent security situation. It is expected to remain stable at this level for the next two to three years, largely supported by mining, though the accuracy of monitored economic growth continues to be questionable.

Largely due to the country's troubled history, the national telecom system remains one of the least developed in the region. The national operator, SCPT, theoretically has monopoly rights under 1970 legislation. However, recognising the need for telecommunications infrastructure, the government is only loosely regulating the sector. SCPT has little capital to invest, and so much of the investment in infrastructure is from donor countries or from the efforts of foreign (particularly Chinese) companies and banks.

Mobile network operators are the principal providers of basic telecom services. By 2001 some 16 private operators had been granted mobile telephony licences and the subscriber base grew rapidly. The proliferation of networks, and the poor monitoring of also spectrum assets, caused frequent problems with spectrum shortages, interference and compatibility issues. As a result, the mobile sector has since consolidated. In the latest round of consolidation, Orange Congo completed its acquisition of Tigo Congo in April 2016, which greatly increased its market share. Yozma Timeturns, which had been awarded a mobile licence in 2009, risks having its licence revoked for having failed to launch services. The regulator is minded to reallocate the company's spectrum to another operator in a bid to encourage market competition lost resulting from the merger of Orange Congo and Tigo Congo.

The development of the DRC's internet and broadband market has been held back by the poorly developed national and international infrastructure. However, the country was finally connected to low-cost, high-quality international bandwidth through the WACS submarine fibre optic cable in 2013, and SCPT is rolling out a fibre optic national backbone network with support from China. International bandwidth is still limited, and as a result internet pricing is high and backhaul capacity (for both fixed and mobile internet services) is low. An alternative terrestrial international fibre connection exists via neighbouring countries. Broadband access is provided by 3G mobile services and wireless networks using WiMAX and EV-DO technology. The country's first commercial LTE networks are imminent. Mobile operators are keen to develop mobile data services, capitalising on the growth of smartphones usage, but in mid-2016 their attempts to dramatically increase mobile internet pricing was criticised by the regulator.

Key developments:

European Investment Bank to finance the construction of 750 mobile towers in remote areas;
Incumbent telco SCPT seeking to quadruple fibre capacity from landing station to Kinshasa, addressing a key bottleneck;
Orange Group completes merger with Tigo DRC;
SCPT needing $4 million investment to close capacity bottleneck between Muanda landing station and Kinshasa;
Fibre link between Brazzaville and Kinshasa completed;
Regulator enforces deactivation of unregistered SIM cards;
Bharti Airtel considers exist from DRC market;
First LTE network set to launch following government consultations with wireless operators;
Report update includes operator data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodacom Congo, Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel), Millicom (Tigo), Congo Chine Telecom (CCT, Orange Congo), Africell (Lintel), Société Congolais des Postes et des Télécommunications (SCPT), Tatem Telecom, Gecamines, AfriTel (Starcel), Standard Telecom, Telecel International, Africanus.net, Interconnect (Vodanet), Microcom, Cielux Telecom, Global Broadband Solution (GBS), Afrinet, Congo Korea Telecom, Geolink, ICP Net, Orioncom, Paconet (Pan African Communication Network), RagaNet, Roffe Hi-Tech, Sattel, Société Internet Congolaise (SIC), Sogetel, Liquid Telecom, O3b Networks, Smile Telecom, Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, Huawei Technologies, ZTE.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Competition in the telecom sector
5.4 Interconnection
5.5 Privatisation
5.6 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 SCPT (formerly OCPT)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 National backbone
7.3 Tatem Telecom
7.4 Other operators
7.5 International infrastructure
7.5.1 Satellite
7.5.2 Submarine fibre
7.5.3 Terrestrial fibre
7.5.4 The Central African Backbone (CAB)
8. Fixed-line broadband market
8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
8.2 Broadband statistics
8.3 ISP market
8.4 Internet exchange points (IXP)
8.5 Internet satellite
9. Mobile market
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.3 Mobile data
9.3.1 SMS
9.4 Mobile broadband
9.5 Regulatory issues
9.5.1 Licence conditions, fees and taxes
9.5.2 Quality of service (QoS)
9.5.3 SIM card registration
9.6 Mobile infrastructure
9.6.1 Third generation (3G)
9.6.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
9.6.3 Other infrastructure developments
9.7 Major mobile operators
9.7.1 Vodacom Congo
9.7.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
9.7.3 Tigo (Millicom, Oasis)
9.7.4 Orange (CCT)
9.7.5 Africell
9.8 Mobile content and applications
9.8.1 m-banking
10. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Democratic Republic of Congo 2017 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2017
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom sector revenue 2010 - 2015
Table 8 Historic - Fixed telephone lines and teledensity in the DRC 1999 - 2009
Table 9 Fixed telephone lines and teledensity in the DRC 2010 - 2017
Table 10 International bandwidth 2007 - 2016
Table 11 International bandwidth per user 2007 - 2016
Table 12 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in the DRC 1999 - 2009
Table 13 Internet users and penetration rate in the DRC 2010 - 2017
Table 14 Fixed-line broadband subscribers in the DRC 2013 - 2018
Table 15 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in the DRC 1999 - 2009
Table 16 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in the DRC 2010 - 2018
Table 17 Major mobile operator launch dates in the DRC
Table 18 Mobile market revenue 2003 - 2015
Table 19 SMS sent 2009 - 2017
Table 20 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2012 - 2017
Table 21 Vodacom Congo subscribers 2002 - 2017
Table 22 Vodacom Congo active data subscribers 2014 - 2017
Table 23 Vodacom Congo ARPU 2003 - 2016
Table 24 Vodacom Congo ARPU (ZAR) 2012 - 2016
Table 25 Vodacom Congo mobile revenue 2016 - 2018
Table 26 Airtel mobile subscribers 2014 - 2017
Table 27 Tigo subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 28 Orange DRC subscribers 2012 - 2017
Table 29 Orange DRC revenue 2013 - 2017
Table 30 Africell mobile subscribers 2014 - 2017
Chart 1 Internet users and penetration rate in the DRC 2005 - 2017
Chart 2 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2018

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