Cyprus - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Cyprus - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Cyprus’s government aiming for 2017 part-privatisation of Cyta

Despite the liberalisation of Cyprus’s telecom sector, the market overall continues to be dominated by the incumbent, Cyta. The government has rekindled plans to privatise Cyta, which is still fully-owned by the state, as part of a wider financial bailout package. Although the process has been delayed and amended as a result of political opposition, in January 2017 a new scheme was put forward in which the government would retain a majority stake in the operator and have power of veto over important managerial decisions. This potentially places added uncertainty for bidders, which would not have full control over a company which has failed to invest adequately in its networks in recent years, and which has seen its share of the fixed-voice, broadband and mobile markets dwindle steadily.

Improved regulatory conditions, particularly in relation to network interconnection and access, has given competing operators the confidence to invest in network infrastructure, to make use of unbundled local loops and to launch competing services.

The Cypriot mobile market is served by three mobile network operators. The two established players Cytamobile-Vodafone and MTN Cyprus were joined by a third operator, PrimeTel, in 2015 soon after the company secured mobile spectrum licences. PrimeTel had offered services as an MVNO since 2011. Following the award of LTE-suitable spectrum in the 800MHz and 2600MHz bands in June 2016, the cableco Cablenet, which also offers mobile services as an MVNO, is expected to launch commercial services over its own network later in 2017.

The broadband market in Cyprus is developing steadily following a few years of low growth exacerbated by economic difficulties. DSL remains the dominant access platform, with cable broadband restricted to a single operator, Cablenet. Although Cablenet’s network was for long concentrated in a few key towns, under the management of its majority-owner GO the company has invested in both its fixed-line and mobile networks, and by early 2017 its cable infrastructure covered 45% of the island’s premises. Fibre infrastructure in Cyprus is still comparatively in its infancy, with the incumbent telco Cyta having lacked the resources to invest in a fibre network. However, the anticipated privatisation of the company could also create a separate operator to manage networks resources and attract investors. This could in turn be a catalyst for future progress in the sector.

Alternative DSL operators have taken advantage of regulated wholesale network access, resulting in a steady fall in the incumbent’s broadband market share. Growing broadband usage, supported by government policy, is also shaping Cyprus’s emerging internet society and encouraging developments in e-commerce.

This report provides an overview of Cyprus’s fixed-line telecoms market, outlining the regulatory environment and reviewing updated operational and financial data on the major operators and the market as a whole. The report also covers the broadband and digital media markets, detailing industry developments and providing key statistics on the cable, DSL and fibre sectors as well as on IP-delivered services such as videostreaming. In addition the report assesses the mobile market, covering a range of voice and data services, regulatory developments, and technologies. Cyprus is a divided island with most of the information in this report concerned only with the Greek Cypriot area.

Key developments:

Legislation again put before Parliament for privatisation of Cyta by April 2017;

Cyta’s USO obligations extended;

Ministry of Communications completes 800MHz and 2600MHz spectrum auction;

PrimeTel, MTN and Cyta extend LTE services;

Cablenet expected to launch commercial LTE services later in 2017;

Mobile broadband penetration reaches 34%;

Estonian government to help Cyprus develop e-government functions and systems;

Cablenet sees growth in broadband subscriber base, gains 22% broadband market share;

Government commits to all premises having access to 30Mb/s broadband by 2020;

Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2016, operators’ data updates to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Cyta, OTEnet, PrimeTel, Cytamobile-Vodafone, MTN Cyprus, Kibris Telecom, Cablenet, Multichoice.

1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Market overview
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historical overview
3.2 Revised NFR
3.3 Regulatory authority
3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.5 Privatisation
3.6 Interconnect
3.7 Access
3.8 Number Portability (NP)
3.9 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Cyta
4.2 MTN
4.3 PrimeTel
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
5.2.2 Satellite networks
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Broadband statistics
6.1.3 Forecasts fixed broadband subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
7. Digital media
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Bundled services
7.3 Videostreaming
7.4 Cable TV
7.5 Satellite TV
7.6 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8. Digital economy
8.1 Overview
8.2 E-government
8.3 E-commerce
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile data
9.2.3 Mobile broadband
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.2 Second GSM licence
9.3.3 3G licences awarded in Northern Cyprus
9.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
9.3.5 2.6GHz spectrum auction
9.3.6 Multi-spectrum auction (900, 1800, 2100MHz)
9.3.7 Multi-spectrum auction (800, 1470, 2600MHz, 3600MHz)
9.3.8 SIM card registration
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Digital networks
9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.5.1 Cytamobile-Vodafone
9.5.2 MTN Cyprus
9.5.3 Kibris Telekom
9.5.4 PrimeTel
9.5.5 MVNOs
9.5.6 Mobile content and applications
Table 1 Country statistics 2016 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2016
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom revenue by service 2006 - 2015
Table 8 LLU and WLR lines 2009 - 2016
Table 9 Fixed number portings 2008 - 2014
Table 10 Fixed-line domestic traffic market share 2009 - 2014
Table 11 Fixed-line subscriber market share 2009 - 2016
Table 12 Cyta financial data 2005 - 2015
Table 13 PrimeTel financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 14 PrimeTel revenue by sector 2013 - 2016
Table 15 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 - 2016
Table 16 PSTN lines 2011 - 2016
Table 17 International bandwidth 2000 - 2015
Table 18 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 19 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 20 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2003 - 2018
Table 21 Fixed broadband market share by data speed 2009 - 2015
Table 22 Broadband retail market share by operator 2009 - 2015
Table 23 Broadband subscriber market share by operator 2008 - 2016
Table 24 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers 2016; 2020; 2022
Table 25 Cable broadband subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 26 DSL broadband subscribers 2001 - 2016
Table 27 Cable TV/broadband/IPTV market share 2008 - 2015
Table 28 Cable TV/broadband/IPTV/fixed telephony market share 2008 - 2015
Table 29 Proportion of bundled services by type 2007 - 2015
Table 30 IPTV/Cable TV market share by operator 2009 - 2016
Table 31 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2009
Table 32 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 33 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2005 - 2016
Table 34 Prepaid and contract subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 35 Ratio of prepaid to contract subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 36 Total SMS messages sent 2006 - 2016
Table 37 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 - 2017
Table 38 Mobile broadband market share by operator 2012 - 2016
Table 39 Mobile number portings 2008 - 2014
Table 40 MTN mobile subscribers 2007 - 2015
Chart 1 PrimeTel financial data 2008 - 2016
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2018
Chart 3 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2003 - 2018
Chart 4 Broadband market share by operator 2008 - 2016
Chart 5 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2001 - 2018
Exhibit 1 The EU regulatory framework for communications
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop

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