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Costa Rica - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband- Statistics and Analyses

Costa Rica - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband- Statistics and Analyses

Costa Rica sees two operators secure mobile spectrum at 2017 auction

Costa Rica's liberalised telecom sector has seen substantial growth in all sectors in recent years. Although competition was slow to develop there is now effective competition in all sectors. The state owned operator ICE remains the dominant provider of fixed-line services, while the regional operators Claro and Movistar are significant players in the important mobile services market.

The number of fixed-lines fell for a number of years though more recently the decline has been offset by growing consumer use of VoIP services. This has been stimulated by the recent hike in tariffs for fixed-line calls.

Costa Rica's broadband market is the most developed in Central America, with the highest broadband penetration for this sub-region. Geographical distribution however is unequal, with a much higher digital gap than in the case of telephone services. Compared with the whole of Latin America, Costa Rica's broadband penetration lags behind Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and some Caribbean islands.

There was a steady increase in overall telecom sector revenue for a number of years, peaking at 24% 2014 though this has since fallen, being a more moderate 3% in 2016. Fixed-line voice services account for about 5% of revenue while revenue from VoIP services, though increasing sharply in recent years, still accounts for only 1%. Total investment by operators has fallen in recent years, from 2.2% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2012 to only 0.7% in 2016. Overall sector revenue has accounted for 3% of GDP in the three years since 2014.

The Costa Rican telecom sector has showed greater resilience than most in the region, and with the implementation of number portability there is greater scope for increased competition in coming years.

The DTT market continues to develop, with the first digital broadcast made in 2012, though there are as yet few subscribers to the service. The switch to DTTV is expected to be completed by the end of 2017.

Key developments:

Comptroller General approves the 2017 multi-spectrum auction, with Movistar and Claro securing licenses; regulator prepares tender for an additional 15 projects funded by Fonatel; ICE investing more in multi-technology NGN project; Coopesantos launches FttP services in areas San Pablo, San Marcos and Santa Maria; regulator expected to auction 100MHz of spectrum in the 700MHz band by late 2018; Telefónica launches OTT Movistar Play service; regulator determines that there is sufficient competition in several telecom market segments; Sutel adopts LRIC model to calculate access and interconnection rates; report includes the regulator's market data reports to 2016; telcos' financial and operating data updates to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), RASCA, Tigo, Cable Tica.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Costa Rica - 2017 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
    • Table Evolution of GDP in Costa Rica - 2000 - 2017
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS - LATEST DEVELOPMENTS
      • Table Number of authorised telecom service operators - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Telecom sector revenue and annual change- 2011 - 2016
      • Table Revenue by sector - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Revenue market share by sector - 2012 - 2016
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • BACKGROUND
      • General Telecommunications Law
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Sutel
    • GOVERNMENT POLICIES
      • Sector liberalisation
    • UNIVERSALISATION FUND (FONATEL)
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
    • TARIFFS
    • DR-CAFTA
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • ICE
      • Table ICE financial data - 2010 - 2014
    • CLARO
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1997 - 2009
    • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
    • Table PSTN lines - 2010 - 2016
    • Table Proportion of traditional fixed and VoIP lines - 2012 - 2016
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed-line telephony revenue - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line telephony and VoIP ARPU - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line telephony and VoIP traffic - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Average telephony traffic per subscriber (fixed-line and VoIP) - 2010 - 2016
    • INTERNET EXCHANGE POINTS (IXPS)
  • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
    • INTERCONNECTION WITH OTHER CENTRAL AMERICAN COUNTRIES
      • Table International bandwidth - 2007 - 2016
    • SUBMARINE CABLE NETWORKS
    • SATELLITE NETWORKS
    • INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • IP and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
        • Table Active VoIP subscriptions and penetration - 2010 - 2016
        • Table VoIP market share by operator - 2013 - 2016
        • Table VoIP services revenue- 2011 - 2016
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
  • WHOLESALE
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
        • Table Fixed-line broadband revenue and ARPU - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Proportion of fixed internet connections by data rate - 2015 - 2016
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and user penetration - 1997 - 2010
        • Table Internet users and user penetration - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2018
        • Table Historic - Broadband market share by technology - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Fixed-line broadband market share by technology - 2015 - 2016
        • Table Fixed-line internet traffic - 2013 - 2016
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable modem subscribers and household penetration - 2000 - 2017
      • RACSA
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers and household penetration - 2002 - 2017
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) AND FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH)
      • Table Fibre broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2016
    • OTHER FIXED-LINE BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
        • Table WiMAX subscribers - 2009 - 2016
      • Internet via satellite
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Average traffic per mobile subscriber - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Mobile market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Mobile market traffic - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Mobile revenue by service - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of mobile service revenue by type - 2011 - 2016
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Proportion of prepaid and postpaid subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Prepaid and contract mobile ARPU - 2014 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS/MMS
        • Table SMS and MMS traffic - 2011 - 2016
        • Table SMS/MMS revenue - 2011 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile internet subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2017
      • Table Mobile internet revenue - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Mobile internet traffic - 2013 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum auctions
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2014 - 2016
      • Roaming
        • Table Roaming revenue (SMS/MMS and voice) - 2013 - 2016
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Overview
      • Digital networks
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • ICE (Kölbi, ICE Cellular)
        • Table ICE mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Claro (América Móvil)
        • Table Claro mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Movistar (Telefónica Costa Rica)
        • Table Movistar mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table MVNO mobile subscribers by provider - 2011 - 2016
  • RELATED REPORTS

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