Costa Rica - Telecoms, IP Networks and Digital Media
Number Portability becomes operational
Since the market was liberalised, Costa Rica's telecom sector has shown considerable growth in the number of subscribers, revenue and competition. The internet market is particularly vibrant, with emerging fibre broadband deployment, while consumer use of VoIP services has been stimulated by the recent hike in tariffs for fixed-line calls. The mobile market was liberalised in late 2011, and by the end of 2013 the major new competitors Claro and Movistar had captured about 20% of the market.
State-owned ICE remains the dominant provider of fixed-line services, while its subsidiary Racsa offers broadband via cable modem and WiMAX services.
Costa Rica's broadband market is the most developed in Central America, with the highest broadband penetration for this sub-region. Geographical distribution however is unequal, with a much higher digital gap than in the case of telephone services. Compared with the whole of Latin America, Costa Rica's broadband penetration lags behind Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and some Caribbean islands.
The DTT market is underway, with the first digital broadcast in 2012. The switch to DTTV is expected to be completed by the end of 2017.
Key telecom parameters 2014 (e)
Penetration of telecoms services: | Penetration
Fixed-line telephony | 19.5%
Fixed broadband | 10.9%
Mobile SIM (population) | 133.4%
Internet access is increasingly dominated by the mobile sector, which in early 2013 accounted for 67% of all internet accesses, compared to 37% a year earlier.
Sutel has adopted the Long Run Incremental Costs (LRIC) model to calculate access and interconnection rates between operators. All network operators in Costa Rica must grant interconnection to other network operators on a non-discriminatory and transparent basis.
The first companies to reach access/interconnection agreements with ICE, in 2010, were cable TV company Tigo, public telephone operator BBG Global AG, and three VoIP providers: Ticom, CallMyWay, and Intertel Worldwide. Tigo was finally able to launch its own cable modem service, becoming the operator to offer internet access in competition with the incumbent.
ICE's prepaid service recycled the accounts of GSM customers that migrated to 3G, but even the number of lines has since proved insufficient.
In late 2013 Fonatel received bids from telcos to deliver broadband and fixed telephony services to over 200,000 people. The projected is budgeted at $20 million.
Voice tariffs were increased by 83% in late 2013, which has encouraged the rapid growth in VoIP services.
ICE in 2013 launched a limited LTE service in late 2013 using the 2600MHz band.
ICE finalised its acquisition of 100% of CableVision at the end of 2013, reinforcing its interest in the cable TV market.
The telecom sector is showing steady growth, with revenue reaching C$510 billion in 2012;
Claro moves to launch commercial LTE services;
Full Móvil acquired by Grupo ICE;
Grupo ICE reports stable revenue for 9M 2013;
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.
This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Costa Rica's telecommunications market. With its long-awaited liberalisation, Costa Rica is an attractive market for telecom investors. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors.
Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU;
Mobile voice and data markets;
Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV, wireless);
Convergence and Digital Media;
Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2020.
Number Portability becomes available, ICE launches limited LTE service; Claro Costa Rica and Movistar Costa Rica granted extension to network rollout deadline; report includes the regulator's first market data report, covering 2010 to 2012; telcos' financial and operating data updates; market developments to end-2013.
Companies covered in this report include:
Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), RASCA, Tigo, Cable Tica.
This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Costa Rica.
It provides further information on:
Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
ARPU statistics and forecasts.