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Colombia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses


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Colombia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Colombia launches phase two of Digital Connections Project

Colombia’s telecom infrastructure is reasonably well developed in urban areas, where service availability is relatively high for Latin America, though facilities remain poor in smaller centres and rural areas. The government has endeavoured to address this with a number of public programs, and has facilitated the entry of operators to the mobile market in a bid to improve competition and extend the availability of mobile broadband services nationally.

The fastest growing sector is in mobile broadband based on LTE infrastructure, as well as fixed broadband in the cable and fibre markets. Fixed-line teledensity in Colombia is well below the Latin American average. There are numerous providers operating municipally, regionally or nationally but the number of lines in service continues to fall steadily, with customers abandoning traditional phones in favour of mobile handsets. This trend is likely to continue into 2016 and 2017 as consumers take advantage of the improved data offerings from upgraded mobile networks and as upgraded broadband infrastructure delivers VoIP to a wider customer base.

Colombia’s broadband penetration is relatively high for the region, though growth in the sector has been hampered by poor fixed-line infrastructure in many departments. Government efforts to improve services in the more deprived areas have had considerable success, leading to far higher growth in the number of broadband subscriptions among the lower socio-economic groups in recent years.

DSL is the leading broadband technology, though cable broadband has grown at a faster rate and by mid-2015 the platform was on a par with DSL in terms of the number of connections. The resurgence of cable modem is largely due to the growing popularity of bundled services which upgraded cable infrastructure can support.

Colombia’s mobile penetration is also relatively high for the region. While market growth has slowed, it retains significant potential, particularly in the mobile broadband sector where penetration is still low. Recent investments in mobile infrastructure has resulted in dramatic growth in the number of LTE-based mobile broadband connections, while during 2015 the number of 3G-based connections began to fall for the first time.

This report provides an overview of Colombia’s telecom infrastructure and regulatory environment, together with profiles of the major fixed-line operators and a range of market statistics and analyses. It also covers trends in the mobile market, including key market statistics and an assessment of the strategies of major mobile operators as well as the main MVNOs. In addition the report reviews the broadband and pay TV markets, including by relevant statistics and forecasts to 2020.

Key developments:

Level 3 Communications to build 400Gb/s spur to the SAC cable;
Azteca completes 20,500 terrestrial cable connecting 80% of the country;
ETB acquires cable TV provider Ingelcom;
New rules from the Communication Regulation Commission prevent telcos signing exclusive use agreements on infrastructure in buildings;
América Móvil makes commercial use of its AMX-1 submarine cable;
Regulator launches phase two of its Digital Connections Project;
DirecTV launches a fixed and wireless internet via its LTE network;
COP1.2 trillion to be invested in National Fibre Optic Project;
ETB to cover one million premises with FttP by end-2018;
National Television Authority replaces CNTV for regulating and managing TV services;
Tigo Colombia signs up with Internet.org;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to March 2015, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q3 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Movistar/Telefónica, Claro (Telmex/Comcel), UNE-EPM, Emcali, Tigo, Avantel, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Santa Fe de Bogotá (ETB), Emcali, Telebucaramanga, Telefónica de Pereira, Edatel, UNE-EPM, Claro (Telmex), Movistar (previously Telefónica Telecom), ETB, BT Colombia, Calipso, Caucatel, Colomsat, Synapsis, Emcali, Telebucaramanga, Edatel, DirecTV, Global TV, Claro/Comcel, Movistar, Tigo, Avantel, DirecTV, UNE-EPM, Uff! Móvil, ETB, Metrotel, Emcali, Virgin Mobile, Móvil Éxito, Globalstar.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Colombia - 2015 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2015 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2015 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2015 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2015 (e)
    • Table Regulatory authorities
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
      • Table Evolution of GDP in Colombia - 2000 - 2015
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Revenue from ICT - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Fixed and mobile subscribers in Colombia - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Historic - Fixed and mobile market share - 1998 - 2004
      • Table Fixed and mobile market share - 2005 - 2016
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Telcom market revenue (COP) - 2000 - 2014
      • Table Telcom market revenue (US$ billion) - 2000 - 2014
    • CLOSING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITIES
      • Communications Regulations Commission (CRC, previously CRT)
      • ANTV
    • CONVERGENCE DECREE
    • THE ICT LAW OF 2009
    • PRIVATISATION
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE FUND
    • LICENSING
    • FOREIGN INVESTMENT
      • Table Telecom investment by operator ($ million) - 2010 - 2012
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
    • MULTICARRIER SYSTEM/CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
    • PER-MINUTE BILLING
    • SUBSIDIES
    • FINES
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) - 2000 - 2015
    • ETB
      • Table ETB at a glance
      • Table ETB subscriptions by services (Bogota) - 2013 - 2015
      • Table ETB share of subscriptions by services (Bogota) - 2013 - 2015
      • Table ETB - lines in service - 2000 - 2015
      • Table ETB revenue by service - 2013 - 2014
      • Privatisation and merger plans
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA TELECOM/COLOMBIA TELECOM)
      • Table Movistar at a glance
      • Table Movistar - fixed lines in service - 2000 - 2015
    • UNE-EPM TELECOMUNICACIONES
      • Table UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones at a glance
      • Table UNE - lines in service - 2000 - 2015
      • Table UNE subsidiaries and affiliates
      • Previous subsidiaries
      • Edatel
      • Telefónica de Pereira
    • CLARO (TELMEX COLOMBIA/AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Telmex Colombia (trading as Claro) at a glance
      • Table Claro fixed lines in service - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Claro revenue by sector - 2013 - 2015
    • EMCALI
    • TELEBUCARAMANGA
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Fixed-line statistics
        • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1996 - 2004
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2016
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
      • Terrestrial links
    • NEW DEVELOPMENTS
      • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
    • WHOLESALE
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government initiatives
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and user penetration rates - 1997 - 2004
        • Table Internet users and user penetration rates- 2005 - 2016
        • Table Broadband subscribers by access speed - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Total internet subscribers (fixed and mobile) and penetration - 2012 - 2015
        • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rates - 2002 - 2016
        • Table Broadband technologies in Colombia - market share - 2003 - 2015
        • Table Major broadband operators - market share- 2011 - 2015
        • Table Broadband subscribers by major operator - 2012 - 2015
      • Forecasts - fixed broadband market - 2015; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - 2015; 2017; 2020
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable modem subscribers and penetration rates - 2003 - 2016
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers and penetration rates - 2003 - 2016
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Fibre broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2016
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • WiMAX
      • Satellite broadband
      • Media convergence
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Pay TV providers' market share - 2013 - 2015
      • Table Pay TV subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2015
      • Table Pay TV revenue - 2010 - 2014
    • CABLE TV
      • Table Cable TV subscribers and penetration rates - 2000 - 2014
      • Claro (Telmex Colombia)
      • UNE-EPM
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
    • SATELLITE TV
      • Table Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rates - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Satellite TV operators' market share - 2004 - 2015
    • DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TV (DTTV)
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-COMMERCE
      • Table Colombia - B2C e-commerce spending - 2005 - 2014
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2016
        • Table Market share of mobile operators - 2001 - 2015
        • Table Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio - 2005 - 2015
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS messages sent - 2013 - 2015
        • Table MMS messages sent - 2013 - 2015
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers by technology (2G, 3G, 4G) - 2011 - 2015
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers by operator - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Mobile internet users by technology (2G, 3G, 4G) - 2014 - 2015
        • Table Mobile broadband market share by operator - 2010 - 2015
        • Table Mobile broadband penetration - 2012 - 2015
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2015; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2015; 2017; 2020
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and auctions
        • Table Spectrum allocations - 1993
        • Table 4G auction results
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Theft prevention
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table 3G subscribers - 2010 - 2015
        • Table LTE subscribers - 2012 - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Claro (Comcel/América Móvil)
        • Table Comcel (trading as Claro) at a glance
        • Table Claro Colombia subscribers - 2001 - 2015
        • Table Claro Colombia mobile service revenue - 2013 - 2015
      • Movistar (Telefónica/Colombia Telecomunicaciones)
        • Table Movistar at a glance
        • Table Movistar subscribers - 2001 - 2015
        • Table Movistar Colombia financial data - 2013 - 2015
      • Tigo (Colombia Móvil/Millicom, EPM, ETB)
        • Table Tigo at a glance
        • Table Tigo Colombia subscribers - 2003 - 2015
        • Table Tigo Colombia financial data - 2010 - 2013
      • Avantel
        • Table Avantel mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2015
      • UNE-EPM
        • Table UNE-EPM mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2014
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS
      • Market analysis
      • Uff! Móvil
        • Table Uff! mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2015
      • ETB
        • Table ETB mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2015
      • Metrotel
      • Emcali
      • Virgin Mobile
        • Table Virgin Mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2015
      • Móvil Éxito
        • Table Móvil Exito subscribers - 2013 - 2015
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
      • Mobile TV

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