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Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Colombia's telecom infrastructure is reasonably well developed in the main business centres, where service availability is relatively high by regional standards. However, infrastructure remains poor in small urban centres and rural areas. The government has endeavoured to address this with a number of public programs, and has facilitated the entry of operators to the mobile market in a bid to improve competition and extend the availability of mobile broadband services nationally.

The main regulatory instruments in the telecom sector are the Convergence Decree and the ICT Law. The first sets out the rules attached to the Convergence Licence. It also requires telcos with dominant market position to provide wholesale services and unbundling. The second promotes universal access, ensures free competition and the efficient use of infrastructure and spectrum, and above all, it strengthens consumer protection.

The fastest growing sector is in mobile broadband based on LTE infrastructure, as well as fixed broadband in the cable and fibre markets. Fixed-line teledensity in Colombia is well below the Latin American average.

Colombia has about 20 local telephony providers, operating municipally, regionally, or nationally. Many of these started as private companies, but later became public concerns owned by their respective municipalities. The number of lines in service continues to fall steadily, with customers abandoning traditional phones in favour of mobile handsets. As in other Latin American countries, most of the existing fixed telephone lines are concentrated in the larger cities, leaving the rest of the population under-serviced.

This report provides an overview of Colombia's telecom infrastructure and regulatory environment, together with profiles of the major fixed-line operators and a range of market statistics and analyses.

Key developments:

Bogotá's plans to sell its 86.3% interest in the local telco ETB halted by a local court; Level 3 Communications announces plans for a new 400Gb/s spur to the SAC cable; Azteca completes 20,500km terrestrial cable connecting 80% of the country; new rules from the Communication Regulation Commission prevent telcos signing exclusive use agreements on infrastructure in buildings; América Móvil makes commercial use of its AMX-1 submarine cable; report update includes the regulator's market data to March 2017, telcos' operating and financial data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Movistar/Telefónica, Claro (Telmex/Comcel), UNE-EPM, Emcali, Tigo, Avantel, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Santa Fe de Bogotá (ETB), Emcali, Telebucaramanga, Telefónica de Pereira, Edatel.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authorities
5.2.1 Communications Regulations Commission (CRC, previously CRT)
5.2.2 ANTV
5.3 Convergence Decree
5.4 The ICT Law of 2009
5.5 Privatisation
5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.7 Universal Service Fund
5.8 Licensing
5.9 Foreign investment
5.10 Interconnect
5.11 Access
5.12 Number Portability (NP)
5.13 Multicarrier system/Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
5.14 Per-minute billing
5.15 Subsidies
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 ETB
6.2.1 Privatisation and merger plans
6.3 Movistar (Telefónica Telecom/Colombia Telecom)
6.4 UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones
6.4.1 Previous subsidiaries
6.4.2 Edatel
6.4.3 Telefónica de Pereira
6.5 Claro (Telmex Colombia/América Móvil)
6.6 Emcali
6.7 Telebucaramanga
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7.2.2 Satellite networks
7.2.3 Terrestrial links
8. Wholesale
9. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Colombia 2017 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2017 (Mar)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 Regulatory authorities
Table 7 Evolution of GDP in Colombia 2000 - 2017
Table 8 Historic - Fixed and mobile market share 1998 - 2009
Table 9 Fixed and mobile market share 2010 - 2017
Table 10 Telcom market revenue (COP) 2000 - 2015
Table 11 Telcom market revenue (US$ billion) 2000 - 2015
Table 12 Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) 2000 - 2015
Table 13 ETB share of subscriptions by services (Bogota) 2013 - 2017
Table 14 ETB lines in service 2000 - 2017
Table 15 ETB revenue by service 2013 - 2017
Table 16 Movistar fixed lines in service 2000 - 2017
Table 17 UNE lines in service 2000 - 2017
Table 18 UNE EPM financial data 2015 - 2017
Table 19 Claro fixed lines in service 2000 - 2017
Table 20 Claro revenue by sector 2013 - 2017
Table 21 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1996 - 2009
Table 22 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2018
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service market evolution at a glance 2005 - 2018
Exhibit 1 Map of Colombia

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