Colombia’s broadband penetration is far higher than would be expected based on GDP per capita, which is quite low in Colombia.
The Colombian government has launched several initiatives to increase fixed broadband penetration, including Computers for Schooling (which provides refurbished second-hand computers to schools), Compartel (which endeavours to provide every Colombian with access to telephone and internet services), Vive Digital (involving projects that subsidise internet access for schools, low-income households, and rural areas), and the National Fibre Optic Project.
ADSL is the leading broadband technology, but cable broadband has been regaining much of its lost market share, growing at a healthy rate both in subscriber numbers and in geographical coverage. The resurgence of cable modem is largely due to the growing popularity of triple play bundles including broadband, telephony, and cable TV.
Colombia’s leading broadband players are fixed-line operators Claro, UNE-EPM, Movistar, and ETB. Claro provides cable modem access, UNE offers both ADSL and cable modem services, while Movistar and ETB use ADSL technology.
The cable TV sector has undergone major consolidation and, as a result, two companies, Claro and UNE, together control 89% of the market.
This report provides an overview of Colombia’s broadband and pay TV markets, accompanied by relevant statistics, analyses, and broadband scenario forecasts for the years 2015 and 2020.
The National Fibre Optic Project requires an investment of about Col$1.2 trillion (US$600 million); Claro has become the broadband market leader with its cable modem service; ETB is rolling out a fibre-optic network in Bogotá and plans to offer FttH access; through Vive Digital, poor families receiving free government housing shall also have free computers and internet access.