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Chad - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Chad and Cameroon sign fibre optic partnership

In recent years Chad's economy has been supported by revenue from oil exports, though revenue derived has been negatively affected by the falling price of oil since late 2014. This income has enabled the government to propose a number of infrastructural projects, but in overall terms little has gone to improving the country's telecom infrastructure. Chad has one of the least developed telecom markets in the world, with penetration rates in all sectors fixed, mobile and internet well below African averages. Nevertheless, recent regulatory developments and renewed commitments from existing players in the sector have showcased the potential for investors to develop services in a with such a low starting base.

The mobile sector is developing steadily under the auspices of two foreign-owned players Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain), and Millicom (Tigo). Each has considerable experience with operating mobile networks in the region. The national telco and fixed-line operator, Sotel Tchad (ST) operates the country's third mobile network.

ST has also rolled out a CDMA2000 fixed-wireless system that supports broadband internet access using EV-DO technology. The mobile networks offer basic mobile data services using GPRS and EDGE technology. The country's first 3G/4G mobile licence was awarded in April 2014.

Landlocked Chad finally gained access to international fibre bandwidth in 2012, but it still lacks a national backbone infrastructure to support efficient broadband services. All long-distance connections are currently made via satellite. However, the World Bank-funded Central African Backbone (CAB) project has now laid the foundation for the development of a broadband market. The government is seeking partners to expand the national fibre network and launched an international tender for the sale of an 80% stake in Sotel Tchad in April 2014.

Key developments:

Bharti Airtel extends 3G services, cancels sale of mobile tower assets in Chad;
Tigo Chad launches LTE;
Expansion of national fibre backbone into 2015;
Sotel and CamTel sign infrastructure expansion agreement;
YooMee secures funding for LTE deployment;
National telco up for sale;
Report updates include operator data to March 2015, recent market developments.

Estimated market penetration rates in Chad's telecoms sector end-2015 (e)
Market | Penetration rate
Mobile | 49%
Fixed | 0.1%
Internet | 2.7%
(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Companies mentioned in this report:

Sotel Tchad (LAP Green); TchadNet; Bharti Airtel (Zain); Millicom (Tigo); Tchad Mobile (Orascom); Sitcom.

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Chad's telecommunications market.

Subjects covered include:

Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Infrastructure developments;
Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
Convergence and Digital Media;
3G subscriber and mobile ARPU forecasts to 2015;
Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
Market liberalisation and industry issues;
Telecoms operators privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE).


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 The market in 2015
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Telecommunications Act 1998
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.2.1 OTRT
5.3 Quality of service (QoS)
5.4 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
6. Fixed network operator
6.1 Sotel Tchad
6.1.1 Privatisation
6.1.2 CDMA2000 WLL
6.1.3 National backbone network (Sitcom)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
8. International infrastructure
8.1 Submarine fibre optic cables
8.2 The Central African Backbone (CAB)
8.3 Other projects
9. Broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.1.1 Market analysis 2015
9.1.2 Broadband statistics
9.1.3 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
10. Mobile communications
10.1 Market analysis
10.1.1 Mobile statistics
10.2 Mobile infrastructure
10.2.1 Digital networks
10.3 Other infrastructure developments
10.3.1 Satellite mobile
10.4 Major mobile operators
10.4.1 Airtel Chad (formerly Zain)
10.4.2 Millicom Chad (Tigo)
10.4.3 Salam Mobile
10.4.4 Tchad Mobile (defunct)
10.5 Mobile content and applications
10.5.1 Money transfer, m-banking
11. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Chad 2014
Table 2 Fixed network statistics 2014
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2015
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 1999 - 2004
Table 8 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 2005 - 2015
Table 9 International internet bandwidth in Chad 1999 - 2014
Table 10 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Chad 1998 - 2004
Table 11 Internet users and penetration rate in Chad 2005 - 2015
Table 12 Internet subscribers in Chad 2009 - 2015
Table 13 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad 2000 - 2015
Table 14 Zain Chad subscribers 2005 - 2010
Table 15 Zain Chad ARPU 2002 - 2009
Table 16 Tigo Chad subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 12 Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers 2001 - 2004
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 2005 2015
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration rate in Chad 2005 2015
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad 2000 - 2015
Exhibit 1 Map of Chad

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