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Chad - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


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Chad - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Chad's telecom market showing steady revenue growth

During the last decade Chad's economy has been dominated by oil exports, and as a result economic growth has been adversely affected by falling price of the commodity on international markets since late 2014. Economic difficulties, with a sharp fall in GDP recorded for 2016, have been exacerbated by civil unrest and by an influx of refugees from neighbouring countries. Declining revenue has encouraged the government to attempt to renegotiate the terms of licences which only grant it 12.5% of revenue from oil exports, while it has also endeavoured to access oil money held in an escrow account set up by the World Bank and intended to be used to alleviate poverty.

The country remains one of the least developed on the continent, while telecom infrastructure is particularly poor, with penetration rates in all sectors fixed, mobile and internet well below African averages. The two main operators Millicom International and Bharti Aircom have invested in infrastructure and have become the main providers of voice and data services. However, the difficult economic conditions of the country, compounded by a tax on telecom services which has adversely affected customer spend and consequently on operator revenue, have encouraged these players to consider exiting the market. The tax on mobile operators has been increased in stages in recent years, from 4% in 2014 to 7% in 2016. In January 2018 it was increased again, to 9%. Of this, the Treasury received 4%, the regulator 2.5%, the Information and Communication Technologies Development Agency (ADETIC) 1.5%, the National School of Information and Communication Technologies (ENASTIC) 0.6% and ANSCIE 0.4%.

Millicom in early 2017 was reported to be in discussions with Orange Group regarding a potential sale, while in May 2017 Bharti Aircom announced that Chad was one of its regional markets which it considered offloading. Nevertheless, despite difficult operating conditions, large scale poverty and low spending power, Chad's telecom market offers some potential for investors to develop services given the low starting base.

The mobile sector has developed steadily under the auspices of Airtel Chad and Tigo Chad, while the national telco and fixed-line operator, Sotel Tchad (ST) operates the country's third mobile network, as Salam Mobile. Salam Mobile is mainly focussed on voice services since its dependence on GPRS and EDGE technologies offer only basic mobile data services. The country's first 3G/4G mobile licence was awarded in April 2014.

Chad finally gained access to international fibre bandwidth in 2012, but it still lacks a national backbone infrastructure to support efficient broadband services. However, the World Bank-funded Central African Backbone (CAB) project has made progress, and Chad is also party to a Trans-Saharan Backbone project which will link a fibre cable to Nigeria and Algeria.

Key developments:

Regulator critical of MNOs' poor quality of service;

Presta Bist Telecoms increases satellite broadband capacity from O3b Networks by 66%;

Government introduces 18% tax on telecom services, tax on mobile operators increased to 9% from January 2018;

Tigo Chad launches LTE, extends 3G to Abeche, NDjamena and Moundou;

Continuing expansion of national fibre backbone infrastructure;

Sotel and Camtel sign infrastructure expansion agreement;

YooMee secures funding for LTE deployment;

Report update includes the regulator's market updates, operator data to December 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Sotel Tchad; TchadNet; Bharti Airtel (Airtel Chad); Millicom (Tigo Chad); Tchad Mobile (Orascom); Sitcom, Salam Mobile.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Chad - 2017 (e)
    • Table Fixed network statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Internet provider statistics - 2018
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
    • Table GDP in Chad - 2007- 2016
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector - 2009 - 2015
      • Table Average annual telecom ARPU - 2008- 2015
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT 1998
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • QUALITY OF SERVICE (QOS)
    • VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP)
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR
    • SOTEL TCHAD
      • Privatisation
      • CDMA2000 WLL
      • National backbone network (Sitcom)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 1999 - 2009
    • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 2010 - 2018
    • Table Fixed lines by type - 2008 - 2015
    • DATA CENTRES
  • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Table International internet bandwidth- 1999 - 2016
    • SUBMARINE FIBRE OPTIC CABLES
    • THE CENTRAL AFRICAN BACKBONE (CAB)
    • OTHER PROJECTS
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Chad - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate in Chad - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-line internet subscribers - 2009 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-line internet subscribers by alternative operators - 2010 - 2015
        • Table Total internet subscribers - 2009 - 2018
        • Table Internet sector revenue - 2011 - 2015
      • Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
      • Satellite broadband
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Mobile base stations in service - 2000 - 2015
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2015
        • Table Proportion of mobile subscribers by prepaid and contract - 2011 - 2015
        • Table Mobile voice traffic by operator - 2011 - 2015
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS traffic - 2011 - 2018
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2014 - 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Satellite mobile
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Airtel Chad (formerly Zain)
        • Table Airtel Chad subscribers - 2005 - 2017
      • Millicom Chad (Tigo)
        • Table Tigo Chad subscribers - 2008 - 2017
      • Salam Mobile
        • Table Salam Mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2017
      • Tchad Mobile (defunct)
        • Table Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers - 2001 - 2004
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Money transfer, m-banking
        • Table Market share of m-money revenue by operator - 2014 - 2015
  • RELATED REPORTS

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