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Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Market Insights and Statistics

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Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Market Insights and Statistics

Airtel launches an m-health insurance service, following success in Ghana

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Burkina Faso's telecommunications market.

Subjects covered include:

Key statistics;
Market and industry overviews;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Regulatory environment and structural reform;
Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
Telecoms operators privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
Infrastructure development;
Mobile voice and data markets;
Internet and broadband development and pricing;
Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile).
Broadband and mobile data services and pricing trends;
Mobile Average Revenue per User (ARPU).

Despite fresh investment in Burkina Faso's telecom sector, new technologies have been slow to take hold. Delays in the development of a 3G service have hobbled the potential of broadband services. Nevertheless, the poor state of fixed-line networks have meant that in recent years the number of fixed-line subscribers has fallen steadily as customers migrate to the limited services available from the three mobile network operators. The fixed-line incumbent Onatel, majority-owned by Maroc Telecom, operates the country's fixed-line network, a CDMA2000 wireless network, a fibre optic backbone and one of three GSM mobile networks, Telmob.

Mobile telephony has experienced strong growth since competition was introduced in 2000 by Celtel/Zain (now Bharti Airtel) and Telecel International (now Moov). Although market penetration remains below the African average, is continues to grow steadily, including a 30% growth in the number of subscribers in 2012 alone.

Onatel's FasoNet is the country's leading internet service provider, dominating the broadband market with its ADSL and EV-DO offerings. Penetration rates in this sector are still extremely low and services remain expensive despite some price cuts since 2011. Being landlocked, Burkina Faso for long depended on expensive satellite links for its international bandwidth, though in recent years connectivity has been facilitated by transit fibre links through neighbouring countries which have access to the region's international fibre optic submarine cables: the four submarine cables which land in Ghana have reduced the cost of international bandwidth. A number of Burkina Faso's other neighbouring countries also have access to multiple international cables. However, consumers and the country's entire economy will only benefit from lower broadband prices if Onatel passes these cost savings on to them and also to other ISPs on the wholesale level.

The mobile operators have entered the underdeveloped internet sector by offering mobile data services using GPRS and EDGE technology, but third generation (3G) mobile broadband technology has not yet been introduced except for Onatel's EV-DO fixed-wireless service. An international tender for a new combined fixed and mobile licence was unsuccessful in 2010, but a much-delayed fourth mobile licence and 3G licences for all operators are expected in 2014, with Viettel emerging as a bidder early in the year.

Estimated market penetration rates in Burkina Faso's telecoms sector end-2014 (e)
Market | Penetration rate
Mobile | 71%
Fixed | 0.7%
Internet users | 5.3%
(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Key developments:

SkyVision deploys a telecom network for Bank of Africa; Airtel and MTN launch money transfer service between Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast; regulator imposes fines on MNOs for breaches of network coverage and QoS conditions; Finance Act 2014 mandates a 5% tax on telcos; auction to licence a fourth mobile player was scrapped by the government due to poor market interest Maroc Telecom inaugurates new telecom cable; international internet bandwidth increases to 1.1Gb/s; Maroc Telecom deploys new cable linking Burkina Faso to Morocco, Mauritania, Mali and Niger; mobile penetration grows on the back of poor fixed-line infrastructure; Onatel reports a 6% growth in revenue for 2013; reports includes the regulator's annual report for 2012 and market statistical updates to end-2013; telcos' financial and operating data to Q2 2014, market developments into 2014.

Companies covered in this report:

Onatel, Telmob, Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel), Moov (Telecel, Etisalat), FasoNet, ZCP, Delgi, Cenatrin, CFAO Technologies, River Telecom, Net Access, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi.

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Market analysis
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Historic background
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.2.1 ARCE (formerly Artel)
4.3 NICI development plan
4.4 West African common regulatory framework 2005
4.5 Market liberalisation
4.5.1 Second fixed-line and fourth mobile licence
4.6 Universal Service Fund
5. Fixed-network operators in Burkina Faso
5.1 Onatel
5.1.1 Services
5.1.2 Privatisation
5.1.3 IPO
5.1.4 National telecom network
5.1.5 Fixed-line statistics
5.1.6 Wireless Local Loop (WLL), CDMA2000 1x
5.1.7 National fibre backbone
5.2 International infrastructure
6. Internet market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Internet statistics
6.2 Public Internet access locations
6.3 Low-cost computers
6.4 ISP market
6.4.1 Onatel (FasoNet)
6.4.2 Other ISPs
6.5 E-government
7. Broadband market
7.1 Overview
7.2 ADSL
7.3 EV-DO
7.4 WiMAX
7.5 Broadband via satellite
8. Mobile communications
8.1 Overview of Burkina Faso's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Major mobile operators
8.2.1 Airtel Burkina Faso (formerly Zain, Celtel)
8.2.2 Telmob (Onatel)
8.2.3 Moov (Telecel, Etisalat)
8.3 Mobile data services
8.3.1 SMS
8.3.2 MMS
8.3.3 GPRS, EDGE
8.4 Third generation (3G)
8.5 M-payment
8.6 Mobile satellite services
8.7 M-Health
9. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Burkina Faso 2014 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2014
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Onatel subscribers by service 2010- 2014
Table 8 Onatel financial data 2011 - 2014
Table 9 Fixed-line market revenue and investment 2013 - 2014
Table 10 Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso 1999 - 2004
Table 11 Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso 2005 - 2015
Table 12 Burkina Fasos international internet bandwidth 2002 - 2013
Table 13 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso 1999 - 2004
Table 14 Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso 2005 - 2015
Table 15 Fixed-line internet subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 16 Mobile internet subscribers 2011 - 2014
Table 17 FasoNet (Onatel) internet subscribers 2006 - 2014
Table 18 ADSL (Onatel) subscribers in Burkina Faso 2005 - 2013
Table 19 FasoNet (Onatel) ADSL pricing 2010 vs. 2013
Table 20 Wireless broadband subscribers in Burkina Faso 2007 - 2013
Table 21 Mobile market revenue and investment 2013 - 2014
Table 22 Mobile prepaid tariffs by operator and service June 2014
Table 23 Mobile contract tariffs by operator and service June 2014
Table 24 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso 1999 - 2004
Table 25 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso 2005 - 2015
Table 26 Mobile operator market share of subscribers 2011 - 2012
Table 27 Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers 2006 - 2013
Table 28 Onatel mobile subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 29 Onatel mobile services revenue 2011 - 2014
Table 30 Onatel annualised ARPU 2011 - 2014
Table 31 Telecel mobile subscribers 2007 - 2013
Chart 1 Onatel subscribers by service 2010- 2014
Chart 2 Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso 2005 2015
Chart 3 Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso 2005 2015
Chart 4 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2015
Exhibit 1 Map of Burkina Faso
Exhibit 2 West African common regulatory framework 2005

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