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Bulgaria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Bulgaria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Bulgarian telecoms sector attracting more international investment

Bulgaria’s telecoms market in recent years has been affected by the country’s difficult macroeconomic climate, as well as relatively high unemployment and a shrinking population. These factors have contributed to steadily declining revenue across the sector since 2008. Consumers continue to migrate from fixed-line voice telephony to mobile and VoIP alternatives, while there is increasing pressure on SMS and MMS services from the growing use of alternative OTT messaging services. Mobile network operators are also faced with reduced roaming revenue and the popularity of bundled services which has reduced revenue from stand-alone offers. Nevertheless, there are considerable opportunities for telcos, and despite these manifest pressures the country’s telecom sector continues to attract investors, as seen in Telenor Group’s recent sale of its local unit to the PPF Group.

The broadband market enjoys excellent cross-platform competition, including services based on DSL, cable, fibre, WiMAX and LAN technologies. While the share of the market held by cable has increased slightly in recent years, the DSL sector is losing market share as a result of customers being migrated to fibre networks, particularly those operated by the incumbent telco Vivacom. By mid-2018 about 56% of Vivacom’s fixed-line broadband subscribers were on fibre infrastructure.

The country has undertaken steps to develop an internet society encompassing commerce, health and government services.

This report provides an overview of Bulgaria’s fixed-line telecom market, including data on regulatory developments, the strategies and performances of the major operators and an assessment of the evolution of fixed-line networks. The report also covers the fixed-line and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, including a review of technologies, the major players, market developments, statistics and subscriber forecasts. In addition the report assesses the mobile market, including a variety of statistics and analyses covering the major operators, market developments, services offered and emerging technologies.

Key developments:

Telenor Bulgaria and Vivacom launch VoLTE services;
A1 Bulgaria trials 5G;
Regulator proposes auction of up to 580MHz of additional spectrum;
Vivacom extends the reach of its LTE-A service;
Telenor Group sells in business in Bulgaria to the PPF Group;
Amended Electronic Communications Act focused on enhancing regulator’s powers;
Regulator awards additional spectrum in the 1800MHz band for LTE use;
MNP takes off under new regulatory measures;
Cooolbox launches 1Gb/s FttP service;
Government investment program for broadband in rural areas;
Vivacom’s FiberNet offer passes 1.15 million premises;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vivacom, A1 Bulgaria (MobilTel), Telenor Bulgaria, A1 Bulgaria (MobilTel), Trans Telecom, Vivacom, Bulgarian Telecom and Television, Blizoo, Vivacom, Orbitel, Vestitel, A1 Bulgaria (MobilTel).


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Bulgaria - 2018 (e)
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Telecom sector investment - 2015 - 2017
      • Table Investment in NGA - 2013 - 2017
      • Table Telecom sector revenue, annual change - 2006 - 2017
      • Table Telecom sector revenue by service - 2008 - 2017
      • Table Proportion of telecom sector revenue by service - 2011 - 2017
      • Table Share of fixed-voice revenue by type - 2011 - 2017
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • PRIVATISATION
    • INTERCONNECT
      • Access
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Cumulative fixed number portings - 2009 - 2016
    • CARRIER SELECTION/CARRIER PRESELECTION
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • VIVACOM/BULGARIAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANY (BTC)
      • Table Vivacom financial data - 2003 - 2018
      • Table Vivacom financial data by sector - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Vivacom subscribers by sector - 2012 - 2018
      • Table Vivacom pay TV and IPTV subscribers - 2013 - 2018
    • A1 BULGARIA
      • Table A1 Bulgaria fixed-telephony and broadband RGUs - 2011 - 2018
      • Table A1 Bulgaria fixed access lines - 2011 - 2018
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2018
    • INTERNATIONAL NETWORKS
      • Table International bandwidth - 2000 - 2016
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-line broadband market share by access type - 2009 - 2017
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed - 2010- 2017
        • Table Total /internet (retail and wholesale) revenue - 2008 - 2017
        • Table Retail and wholesale internet revenue - 2015 - 2017
      • Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table A1 Bulgaria broadband subscribers -2011 - 2018
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2005 - 2017
      • Table Vivacom broadband subscribers - 2013 - 2018
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP)
      • Table Vivacom fibre broadband connections and homes passed - 2013 - 2018
      • Table FttP subscribers - 2008 - 2017
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • World Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
      • Satellite broadband
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-GOVERNMENT
    • E-HEALTH
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile base stations in service by technology - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Mobile sector revenue - 2009 - 2018
        • Table Proportion of mobile revenue by service - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Mobile market share of revenue by operator - 2007- 2016
        • Table Mobile market revenue share by service - 2008 - 2017
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2002 - 2017
        • Table A1 Bulgaria prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table LTE subscribers - 2015 - 2017
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table Total SMS messages sent - 2003 - 2017
        • Table Total MMS messages sent - 2003 - 2017
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2018
        • Table A1 Bulgaria mobile broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2018
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • GSM licences
      • Third generation (3G) licences
      • 800MHz
      • 1800MHz
      • 2.5-2.6GHz
      • Other spectrum
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile number portings - 2008 - 2016
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges - 2014 - 2017
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
        • Table MTRs - 2014 - 2018
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Vivacom
        • Table Vivacom mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2018
        • Table Vivacom mobile revenue - 2009 - 2017
        • Table Vivacom annualised mobile ARPU - 2015 - 2017
      • A1 Bulgaria (MobilTel/M-Tel)
        • Table A1 Bulgaria financial data - 2005 - 2018
        • Table A1 Bulgaria prepaid, postpaid and blended monthly ARPU - 2004 - 2018
        • Table A1 Bulgaria mobile subscribers - 2007 - 2018
        • Table A1 Bulgaria Minutes of Use (MOU) - 2007 - 2018
      • Telenor Bulgaria (Cosmo Bulgaria Mobile/GloBul)
        • Table Historic - Telenor Bulgaria financial data (€) - 2009 - 2013
        • Table Historic - Telenor Bulgaria mobile services revenue (€) - 2011 - 2013
        • Table Telenor Bulgaria financial data (NOK) - 2013 - 2018
        • Table Telenor Bulgaria subscribers - 2007 - 2018
      • Mobile content and applications
      • Mobile virtual network Operators (MVNOs)

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