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Bulgaria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Bulgaria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Bulgaria's telecoms market in recent years has been affected by the country's difficult macroeconomic climate, as well as relatively high unemployment and a shrinking population. These factors have contributed to steadily declining revenue across the sector since 2008. Consumers continue to migrate from fixed-line voice telephony to mobile and VoIP alternatives, while there is increasing pressure on SMS and MMS services from the growing use of alternative OTT messaging services. Mobile network operators are also faced with reduced roaming revenue following the decision by the European Commission, which became effective from June 2017, to bring international roaming rates in line with domestic rates. Nevertheless, there are considerable opportunities for telcos to develop popular bundled packages.

The telecom sector has nevertheless benefitted from Bulgaria's adoption of EU regulatory measures, which has encouraged investment in the sector from other telcos as well as private equity firms. The incumbent Vivacom has been privatised, and the government no longer holds the golden share' which had enabled it to veto certain key decisions. Although the liberalised market has attracted new market entrants, Vivacom remains the dominant player.

This report provides an overview of Bulgaria's fixed-line telecom market, including data on regulatory developments, the strategies and performances of the major operators and an assessment of the evolution of fixed-line networks.

Key developments:

Regulator introduces IP interconnection; regulator signs MoU with Montenegrin telecom regulator to cooperate on reducing cost of telecom services; amended Electronic Communications Act focused on enhancing regulator's powers; Vestitel begins building second Greece-Bulgaria fibre link; report update includes the regulator's market data for 2016, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vivacom, Orbitel, Vestitel, MobilTel.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Privatisation
5.5 Interconnect
5.5.1 Access
5.6 Number Portability (NP)
5.7 Carrier selection/Carrier PreSelection
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Vivacom/Bulgarian Telecommunications Company (BTC)
6.3 MobilTel
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International networks
8. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics 2017 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 4 Fixed-line broadband subscriber statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Investment in NGA 2013 - 2016
Table 8 Telecom sector revenue, annual change 2006 - 2016
Table 9 Telecom sector revenue by service 2008 - 2016
Table 10 Proportion of telecom sector revenue by service 2011 - 2016
Table 11 Fixed-voice revenue by type 2011 - 2016
Table 12 Cumulative fixed number portings 2009 - 2016
Table 13 Vivacom financial data 2003 - 2017
Table 14 Vivacom financial data by sector 2010 - 2017
Table 15 Vivacom subscribers by sector 2012 - 2017
Table 16 Vivacom pay TV and IPTV subscribers 2013 - 2017
Table 17 MobilTel fixed-telephony and broadband RGUs 2011 - 2017
Table 18 MobilTel fixed access lines 2011 - 2017
Table 19 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 - 2018
Table 20 International bandwidth 2000 - 2016
Chart 1 Telecom sector revenue by service 2008 2016
Chart 2 Vivacom financial data 2003 2017
Chart 3 Vivacom financial data by sector 2010 2017
Chart 4 Vivacom subscribers by sector 2012 2017
Chart 5 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2018
Exhibit 1 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview

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