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Belgium - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Belgium - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Belgium’s mobile market is served by the three network operators Proximus, Orange Belgium and BASE, and by a good number of MVNOs. Mobile networks have been upgraded to support growing mobile data use among subscribers, with near-comprehensive LTE coverage. Operators have also trialled 5G in preparation for launching services in 2020 and 2021. However, the auction of 5G-suitable spectrum has been delayed to 2020, while the onerous restrictions on radiation have meant that some 5G trials have been suspended.

There is effective competition in Belgium between the DSL and cable platforms, while in recent years government support has also encouraged investment in fibre networks. Telenet, supported by its parent Liberty Global, has extended the reach of services based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard, while Proximus also has extensive fibre/VDSL and FttP deployments and is currently investing in €3 billion Fibre for Belgium program through to 2027.

In a bid to encourage investment in underserved areas, the regulator in 2018 amended the conditions by which market players grant wholesale access to copper and fibre infrastructure. In May 2019 it opened a further consultation on cost models for access to the networks of cablecos and those of Proximus’s fibre infrastructure.

This report provides data and analysis on key aspects of the Belgian telecom market. It assesses the latest statistics on fixed-network services and also reviews key regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The telecom infrastructure and major fixed-network operators are also profiled

This report profiles Belgium’s telecom market, including regulatory measures and the strategies of the main players. It also covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, providing broadband subscriber forecasts and an assessment of technology deployments and investment plans. In addition, the report assesses Belgian’s mobile voice and data markets, including statistics on the main players, as well as spectrum auction plans, recent developments regarding LTE, and operator strategies for deploying services based on 5G.

Key developments:

Spectrum auction for 5G delayed to 2020;
Proximus and Orange Belgium progress with 5G trials;
Pre-paid mobile SIM cards registration leads to drop in subscriber numbers;
Orange Belgium adds mobile telephony to bundled offers;
Proximus engaged in €3 billion Fibre for Belgium investment program to 2027;
Regulator approves amended wholesale access conditions;
Networks on track to reach national 30Mb/s connectivity by 2020
Regulator concludes 2.6GHz auction, achieves €360 million at auction for 800MHz spectrum;
Report update includes the regulators market data update for 2017, regulators 2018 annual report, telcos financial and operating data to Q1 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Proximus (Belgacom), Orange Belgium (Mobistar), BASE, Telenet, Lycamobile Belgium, Versatel, Interkabel, COLT, Scarlet, Tele2.


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Belgium – 2018
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • Telecommunications market
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Telecom market investment: fixed and mobile by sector – 2006 – 2010; 2014 – 16
      • Table Total telecom market investment – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Telecom market investment: network and licenses – 2011 – 2017
      • Table Telecom investment as a proportion of revenue – 2011 – 2017
      • Table Retail telecom revenue by sector – 2012 – 2017
      • Table Wholesale telecom revenue by sector – 2012 – 2017
      • Table Total telecom revenue by sector – 2011 – 2017
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORIC OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • GOVERNMENT POLICIES
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
    • CABLE NETWORK ACCESS
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed numbers ported – 2009 – 2017
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table Carrier preselect numbers and annual change – 2009 – 2017
    • WHOLESALE LINE RENTAL (WLR)
  • Fixed network operators
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Fixed-line telephony revenue – 2009 – 2017
      • Table Fixed-line and mobile traffic volume – 2008 – 2017
      • Table Fixed-line traffic by type – 2005 – 2017
    • PROXIMUS
      • Table Proximus (CBU) access channels – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Proximus Group financial data – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Proximus revenue by sector – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Proximus revenue by operating division – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Proximus fixed-line services revenue by sector (CBU) –2007 – 2019
      • Table Proximus monthly ARPU by sector (CBU) –2005 – 2018
    • COLT TELECOM
    • ORANGE BELGIUM
      • Table Orange Belgium financial data – 2013 – 2019
      • Table Orange Belgium service revenue by sector – 2007 – 2018
      • Table Orange Belgium retail service revenue by sector (new style) –2016 – 2018
      • Table Orange Belgium subscribers by sector – 2008 – 2018
    • SCARLET (FORMERLY KPN BELGIUM)
    • TELE2 BELGIUM
    • TELENET
      • Table Telenet financial data – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Telenet revenue by sector – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Telenet subscribers by sector – 2006 – 2019
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Fixed lines by type – 2006 – 2017
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORK (NGN)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
    • CLOUD SERVICES
    • SMART METERS
  • Broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Broadband fixed-line subscribers by technology – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Broadband subscription net additions per year – 2005 – 2019
        • Table Residential broadband revenue – 2014 – 2017
        • Table Residential broadband ARPU – 2013 – 2017
        • Table Fixed-line broadband penetration by service – 2007 – 2018
        • Table Proportion of fixed-broadband lines by speed – 2010 – 2017
        • Table Fixed-broadband lines by speed – 2012 – 2017
      • Market share
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Introduction
      • Telenet
        • Table Telenet broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2019
      • Interkabel
      • SFR (Numéricable)
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Proximus
        • Table Proximus fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2019
      • Versatel/Tele2 Belgium
      • Orange Belgium (Mobistar)
        • Table Orange Belgium broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2018
        • Table Orange Belgium TV subscribers – 2016 – 2018
      • Other DSL developments
        • Table VDSL subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Introduction
        • Table FttP/B subscribers – 2012 – 2017
      • Government support
      • Digital Metropolis Antwerp
      • Proximus
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
      • WLAN/Wi-Fi
      • WiMAX
  • Mobile communications
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Mobile revenue – 2012 – 2017
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Active mobile/SIM card subscribers and teledensity – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Market share by operator – 2009 – 2018
        • Table Mobile ARPU – 2011 – 2019
        • Table Mobile voice traffic – 2005 – 2018
        • Table Average use of service per subscriber per month – 2010 – 2018
        • Table Mobile prepaid and contract subscribers (residential, MNOs) –2012 – 2017
    • FORECASTS – MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table Forecast - Mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
        • Table LTE subscribers with data – 2013 – 2017
      • 3G
        • Table 3G subscribers with data – 2013 – 2017
      • GSM
    • INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table M2M connections – 2011 – 2018
        • Table M2M revenue – 2014 – 2017
        • Table Orange Belgium M2M connections – 2009 – 2019
    • MOBILE DATA
      • Table Mobile data traffic – 2012 – 2019
      • Table Average data traffic per subscribers per month – 2013 – 2019
      • Table Proximus average mobile data traffic – 2016 – 2018
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table SMS traffic – 2009 – 2019
      • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by technology – 2008 – 2019
      • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2008 – 2019
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum
        • Table 800MHz auction results – 2013
        • Table 2.6GHz auction results – 2011
        • Table Spectrum assignment overview
      • Roaming
        • Table Mobile roaming voice traffic – 2015 – 2017
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination voice revenue – 2007 – 2017
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile numbers ported – 2002 – 2017
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Proximus
        • Table Proximus mobile revenue by sector (CBU) –2007 – 2019
        • Table Proximus mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2019
        • Table Proximus CBU mobile subscribers by type – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Proximus annualised ARPU (CBU) by sector – 2007 – 2019
      • Orange Belgium (Mobistar)
        • Table Orange Belgium subscribers (Belgium) –2007 – 2019
        • Table Orange Belgium MVNOs subscribers (Belgium) –2014 – 2019
        • Table Orange Belgium financial data – 2013 – 2019
        • Table Orange Belgium mobile services revenue – 2005 – 2019
        • Table Orange Belgium annualised ARPU – 2005 – 2016
        • Table Orange Belgium annualised ARPO – 2017 – 2018
      • BASE (Telenet)
        • Table Telenet mobile revenue – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Telenet mobile subscribers – 2006 – 2019
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table MVNO subscribers and market share – 2006 – 2017
        • Table MVNO revenue – 2012 – 2017
        • Table MVNO mobile voice traffic and market share – 2006 – 2017

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