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Belarus - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Belarus - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Belarus's wholesale mobile provider beCloud trialling 5G

Belarus's economic growth has stalled in recent years, with GDP showing negative growth between 2015 and 2017. Although inflation has been brought down to more manageable levels since the hyper-inflationary year of 2011, it remains high while the value of the Ruble has fallen in relation to other currencies, including the Euro. This prompted the government to re-denominate the currency in July 2016, with BYR10,000 becoming BYN1. The poorly performing economy has impacted on operator revenue, particular for the subsidiaries of Turkcell and Telecom Austria. The local currency was devalued by 6.8% in the fourth quarter of 2016 alone. These ongoing economic difficulties have also reduced customer spend, contributing to lower revenue and investment.

Nevertheless, there remain many opportunities for growth in coming years, particularly in the broadband segment where the incumbent telco Beltelecom is migrating its PSTN network to a fibre-based network. This will better position the company to offer a range of bundled services. Although the sector has been reformed, this has not yet resulted in the privatisation of the incumbent Beltelecom. Although the government is keen to control the company's assets, there is greater pressure for it to sell state enterprises generally in a bid to reduce overall debt. Growth for Beltelecom has been adversely affected by the poor economy, though growth is expected in the FttP sector, where much of the company's capex is directed.

The mobile sector has also experienced some growth, with a rise in mobile penetration attributed to effective competition which has helped drive down consumer prices. Operators have concentrated on developing mobile broadband and data services with a view to capitalising on such services to increase ARPU. Recent spectrum auctions have facilitated the development of mobile broadband access, particularly in rural areas, while the state-sponsored operator beCloud, charged with developing a wholesale-based LTE network, has enabled commercial LE services to be launched by MNOs.

In early 2015 the government decreed that the 1.5% tax on revenue derived from telcos (which was put in place in 2007) should be channelled to developing universal telecom services, particularly aimed at rural areas. In mid-2016 the cash-strapped government increased the tax on all telecoms services from 20% to 25%.

Key developments:

Government considers sale of part of its holding in BeST;
MDC launches an NB-IoT service;
beCloud and Huawei 5G trials deliver data at 2Gb/s;
Telco tax of 1.5% of revenue allocated to the provision of universal telecom services;
Beltelecom closes down its dial-up internet and WiMAX services;
beCloud managing over 1,000 LTE base stations by May 2018;
Belarus launches its first telecoms satellite;
MDC begins deploying GPON networks;
Beltelecom signs up one million subscribers to its GPON network;
Government again rejects plan to sell the state's 51% interest in Mobile TeleSystems (MTS);
International transmission capacity growing in line with rising internet usage;
LTE use reaches 60% of mobile subscribers;
Report update includes the Ministry of Communications data to March 2018, operator data to Q1 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Beltelecom, Cosmos TV, Minsk TV and Information Networks (MTIS), Teleradio, Belcel, MDC, MTS Belarus, BeST.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - Belarus - 2017 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2016
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2016
    • Table Broadband subscriber statistics - 2017 (Jun)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2017 (Mar)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORIC OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • PRIVATISATION
    • INTERCONNECTION
    • ACCESS
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • BELTELECOM
      • Table Beltelecom subscribers by sector - 2011 - 2013
    • ALTERNATIVE DIGITAL NETWORK (ADN)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2016
      • Satellite
  • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
  • FIXED-LINE BROADBAND MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Broadband lines by data rate and platform - 2017 (Mar)
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates - 2000 - 2009
      • Table Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates - 2000 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers, penetration - 2007 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of internet connections by type - 2011 - 2014
      • Table Proportion of internet connections by type among ICT organisations - 2011 - 2014
      • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2018
    • FORECASTS - BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS - 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Notes on scenario forecasts
    • FIXED-LINE BROADBAND TECHNOLOGIES
      • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
        • Table DSL subscribers - 2004 - 2017
        • Table Beltelecom DSL subscribers - 2008 - 2014
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
        • Table Fibre broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2018
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Table ICT value add revenue and investment - 2011 - 2014
      • Table ICT revenue and investment - 2011 - 2014
      • Table E-government interaction by companies - 2011 - 2014
  • MOBILE MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS traffic - 2007 - 2018
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2018
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Radio frequency usage fees
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table MTRs by operator - 2015 - 2018
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2012 - 2015
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Mobile coverage by technology - March 2018
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Belcel/Diallog
      • Mobile Digital Communications (MDC)/velcom
        • Table MDC financial data - 2007 - 2018
        • Table MDC postpaid, prepaid and blended annualised ARPU - 2007 - 2018
        • Table MDC subscribers, monthly minutes of use (MOU) - 2007 - 2018
        • Table MDC prepaid users and share of total - 2007 - 2018
        • Table MDC mobile broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2018
        • Table MDC M2M connections - 2015 - 2017
      • Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
        • Table MTS Belarus subscribers - 2004 - 2017
        • Table MTS Belarus financial data - 2014 - 2017
        • Table MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU ($) - 2004 - 2009
        • Table MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU (RUB) - 2010 - 2015
      • BeST/life :)
        • Table BeST financial data ($) - 2010 - 2015
        • Table BeST financial data (BYR) - 2014 - 2016
        • Table BeST financial data (Lira) - 2015 - 2016
        • Table BeST mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2018
      • MVNOs
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile TV
  • RELATED REPORTS

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