Australia - National Broadband Network - Fixed Wireless and Satellite Networks

Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Australia - National Broadband Network - Fixed Wireless and Satellite Networks

The NBN will connect approximately 7% of all premises in the country to wireless networks. They consist of an LTE-based component that will cover 5%, with a satellite-based network dealing with the remaining 2%. In all just under one million premises. In 2013 NBN Co announced an upgrade of the infrastructure with new speeds of 25 Mbps download and 5 Mbps upload.

However, the uptake of these services was significantly underestimated amongst this section of the market. In a review conducted in 2014. The forecast of the uptake of these services was increased from 230,000 to 620,000 premises. This had a significant impact on the roll out and increased its costs by $1.4 billion, which had already been covered in the revised budget the government had issued in late 2013.

Under the previous government NBN Co had purchased 2.3GHz spectrum from Austar and signed a $1 billion build-and-operate contract with Ericsson. Under that contract Visionstream commenced construction in late 2011.

They also commissioned the building of two ka-band satellites at the cost of $2 billion. An interim satellite service has been available as well.

The first fixed-wireless release sites are under construction and this network should be finalised by 2015. However, with the higher than expected uptake this will be extended into 2016, also the satellite launch has been delayed till 2016

As the wireless roll out had bipartisan support, the roll out will more or less continue as planned under the new government.

This report provides the background information to these network developments and follows the developments as they happen throughout the building phase.

Companies covered in this report include:

NBN Co; Austar; Ericsson; Visionstream; Optus, iiNet, Internode, Rivertel, CSIRO, Space Systems/Loral, gilat Satellite Networks, Bordernet, Clear Networks, Harbour IT, SkyMesh, Active8me, Reachnet, ViaSat

1. Synopsis
2. Introduction
3. Whatever happened to the rollout of the fixed wireless NBN in regional Australia?
4. NBN Co's Fixed Wireless Network
4.1 Services based on 2.3GHz spectrum
4.2 Construction plan
4.3 Visionstream to construct the network
4.4 Hills to do the home installations
4.5 Colocation and tower sharing
4.6 NBN facilitates wireless competition - Analysis
4.7 Fixed wireless rollouts
4.7.1 Roll out update mid 2014
4.7.2 Directive for extra spectrum
4.7.3 Armidale first site that went live
4.7.4 Ballarat, Darwin, Geraldton, Tamworth and Toowoomba
4.7.5 NSW North Coast
4.7.6 North Queensland
4.7.7 South-west Queensland
4.7.8 Central NSW
4.7.9 Goulburn Valley and North East Victoria regions
4.7.10 Northern Territory
4.7.11 Tasmania
4.7.12 Regional South Australia
4.8 Other developments
4.8.1 NBN Co investigates backhaul for mobile
4.8.2 Faster wireless NBN services for businesses
4.8.3 Wireless upgrade to 25/5 Mps
4.8.4 New broadband wireless technology
5. The NBN Satellite Network
5.1 Broadband services in rural Australia worse than we thought
5.2 Launch delays
5.3 Introduction
5.4 Ka-band satelittes
5.5 Satellite speeds
5.6 Interim satellite services (ISS)
5.7 Running out of capacity
5.8 Boost to capacity
5.9 NBN Co Satellite Support Scheme (NSS)
5.10 Added capacity for 9000 more satellite users
5.11 Satellite launch likely delayed until 2016
5.12 10,000 VSAT terminal milestone for NBN
5.13 Via Sat to supply satellite ground equipment
5.14 Ground station gateways
5.15 Satellite launch contracts
5.16 Analysis - Satellite and wireless uptake greater than expected
6. Why wireless broadband is no alternative to FttH - Analysis
6.1 Problems in metro fringe areas
7. Related reports
Table 1 - Comparison download times - NBN vs dial-up internet
Exhibit 1 - IP Channel Bonding

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