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2007 African - Telecommunications, Infrastructure, Fixed Voice and Data Markets

This annual report offers a wealth of information on telecommunications infrastructure in 34 African countries and their fixed voice and data markets. Subjects covered include:

  • Key Statistics
  • Brief overviews of the major telecommunications carriers and service providers;
  • National telecom networks;
  • Wireless Local Loop (WLL) systems;
  • Next Generation Networks (NGNs);
  • International infrastructure;
  • VSAT networks;
  • Datacomms Infrastructure;
  • Leased Lines, ISDN, Frame Relay, ATM, DSL;
  • Public and value-added data services.


Executive Summary

While being the worlds most rapidly growing market for mobile telephony, Africa is also home to some of the fastest growing fixed-line markets in the world, albeit from a small base. The continent still has some of the world’s lowest penetration rates in both market sectors.

The difficulties of rolling out fixed-line networks across its vast land mass have meant that by early 2007 mobile users constituted almost 90% of all African telephone subscribers. However, as lower and lower income groups are being targeted, a price-sensitive market for lower-cost fixed or limited-mobility services is emerging.

A surge in demand for Internet access and broadband capabilities is accelerating this fixed-line renaissance in some of Africa’s more advanced markets. Despite reasonable growth of the traditional fixed-line markets in some countries, subscriber access to both voice and data services is shifting more and more to fixed-wireless solutions as a substitute for inadequate fixed-line infrastructure.

Several international fibre projects currently under development will deliver the necessary bandwidth to Africa, increase competition in this sector and bring down costs. Several countries have embarked on national fibre backbone rollouts to take new services beyond the capital cities. However, satellite will continue to play a significant role in reaching Africa’s extensive rural and remote areas.

Foreign investors are scrambling for positions in this very lucrative market as liberalisation continues, national telcos are being privatised and new operating licenses issued.

Key highlights: Fixed-line market forecasts to 2010 and 2015 for 16 African countries;
Converged licensing regimes increase competition in the fixed-line sector;
Several new submarine fibre projects currently under development will improve the supply of international bandwidth at drastically reduced prices;
Privatised national telcos are highly profitable;
Fixed-line incumbents are expanding WLL systems and pushing fixed-mobile convergence; Major WiMAX launches planned for 2008;
Morocco’s second and third fixed-line operators gain 34% market share within six months after launch.
Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Morocco - 1994 - 2007

Year Fixed lines (MT) FWA (Meditel, Wana) Teledensity
1994 1,007,000 n/a 3.9%
1995 1,128,000 n/a 4.2%
1996 1,208,000 n/a 4.5%
1997 1,301,000 n/a 4.7%
1998 1,393,000 n/a 5.0%
1999 1,471,000 n/a 5.3%
2000 1,425,000 n/a 5.0%
2001 1,191,300 n/a 4.1%
2002 1,127,400 n/a 3.8%
2003 1,219,200 n/a 4.0%
2004 1,308,600 n/a 4.2%
2005 1,341,200 n/a 4.3%
2006 1,266,100 100,000 4.4%
2007 (Jun) 1,280,000 660,900 6.0%

(Source: BuddeComm based on ITU, ANRT and industry data)

1. FORECASTS
1.1 Fixed-line market forecasts
1.1.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
1.1.2 Algeria forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.3 Angola forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.4 Benin forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.5 Cameroon forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.6 Egypt forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.7 Ethiopia forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.8 Gabon forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.9 Ghana forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.10 Kenya forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.11 Madagascar forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.12 Morocco forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.13 Nigeria forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.14 Rwanda forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.15 Senegal forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.16 South Africa forecasts - fixed-line services
1.1.17 Swaziland forecasts - fixed-line market
2. FIXED VOICE AND DATA MARKETS
2.1 Overview of Africa’s telecom market
2.1.1 The wireless explosion
2.1.2 The beginning of a fixed-line renaissance
2.1.3 Internet and broadband market
2.1.4 Foreign investments in telecommunications
2.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.2.1 Domestic infrastructure
2.2.2 International infrastructure
2.3 Overview of the data market
2.3.1 Traffic growth limited by infrastructure
2.3.2 VSAT networks - an instant infrastructure solution for Africa
2.3.3 Availability of advanced data services
3. ALGERIA
3.1 Telecommunications market
3.1.1 Overview of Algeria’s telecom market
3.2 Fixed network operators in Algeria
3.2.1 Algerie Telecom
3.2.2 CAT (Lacom)
3.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
3.3.1 National telecom network
3.3.2 International infrastructure
4. ANGOLA
4.1 Telecommunications market
4.1.1 Overview of Angola’s telecom market
4.2 Fixed network operators in Angola
4.2.1 Angola Telecom
4.2.2 Fixed wireless operators
4.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
4.3.1 National telecom network
4.3.2 International infrastructure
5. BENIN
5.1 Telecommunications market
5.1.1 Overview of Benin’s telecom market
5.2 Fixed-line operators in Benin
5.2.1 Benin Telecoms
5.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
5.3.1 National telecom network
5.3.2 International infrastructure
6. BOTSWANA
6.1 Telecommunications market
6.1.1 Overview of Botswana’s telecom market
6.2 Fixed network operator in Botswana
6.2.1 Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC)
6.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
6.3.1 National telecom network
6.3.2 International infrastructure
6.4 Data market
6.4.1 Managed data services
6.4.2 VSAT networks
7. BURKINA FASO
7.1 Telecommunications market
7.1.1 Overview of Burkina Faso’s telecom market
7.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
7.2.1 National telecom network
7.2.2 International infrastructure
8. CAMEROON
8.1 Telecommunications market
8.1.1 Overview of Cameroon’s telecom market
8.2 Fixed-line operators in Cameroon
8.2.1 Camtel
8.2.2 Pastel
8.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
8.3.1 National infrastructure
8.3.2 International infrastructure
8.4 Data market
8.4.1 Campac
8.4.2 VSAT networks
9. CHAD
9.1 Telecommunications market
9.1.1 Overview of Chad’s telecom market
9.2 Fixed network operator in Chad
9.2.1 Sotel Tchad
9.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
9.3.1 National telecom network
9.3.2 International infrastructure
10. COTE D’IVOIRE
10.1 Telecommunications market
10.1.1 Overview of Côte d’Ivoire’s telecom market
10.2 Fixed network operators in Côte d’Ivoire
10.2.1 CI-Telecom
10.2.2 Arobase
10.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
10.3.1 National telecom network
10.3.2 International infrastructure
11. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
11.1 Telecommunications market
11.1.1 Overview of DRC’s telecom market
11.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
11.2.1 National infrastructure
11.2.2 International infrastructure
12. EGYPT
12.1 Telecommunications market
12.1.1 Overview of Egypt’s telecom market
12.2 Fixed network operators in Egypt
12.2.1 Telecom Egypt
12.2.2 Orascom Telecom
12.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
12.3.1 National telecom network
12.3.2 International infrastructure
12.3.3 Fixed voice market
12.4 Data market
12.4.1 Data service operators
12.4.2 VSAT networks
12.4.3 Data centres
13. ETHIOPIA
13.1 Telecommunications market
13.1.1 Overview of Ethiopia’s telecom market
13.2 Fixed network operator in Ethiopia
13.2.1 Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation
13.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
13.3.1 National telecom network
13.3.2 International communication links
13.4 Data market
13.4.1 Digital Data Network
13.4.2 PADISnet
13.4.3 VSAT networks
14. GABON
14.1 Telecommunications market
14.1.1 Overview of Gabon’s telecom market
14.2 Fixed network operators in Gabon
14.2.1 Gabon Télécom
14.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
14.3.1 National telecom network
14.3.2 International infrastructure
15. GAMBIA
15.1 Telecommunications market
15.1.1 Overview of Gambia’s telecom market
15.2 Fixed network operators in Gambia
15.2.1 Gambia Telecommunications Co Ltd
15.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
15.3.1 National telecom network
15.3.2 International infrastructure
16. GHANA
16.1 Telecommunications market
16.1.1 Overview of Ghana’s telecom market
16.2 Fixed network operators in Ghana
16.2.1 Ghana Telecom
16.2.2 Western Telesystems Ghana Ltd (Westel)
16.2.3 Capital Telecom Ltd
16.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
16.3.1 National telecom network
16.3.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
16.3.3 The eCARE project
16.3.4 International infrastructure
16.4 Data market
16.4.1 Data infrastructure
16.4.2 VSAT networks
17. KENYA
17.1 Telecommunications market
17.1.1 Overview of Kenya’s telecom market
17.2 Fixed network operators in Kenya
17.2.1 Telkom Kenya Ltd
17.2.2 Fixed-wireless operators
17.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
17.3.1 National telecom networks
17.3.2 International infrastructure
17.4 Data market
17.4.1 Public Data Network Operators (PDNO)
18. LESOTHO
18.1 Telecommunications market
18.1.1 Overview of Lesotho’s telecom market
18.2 Fixed network operator in Lesotho
18.2.1 Telecom Lesotho (Pty) Ltd
18.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
18.3.1 National telecom network
18.3.2 International infrastructure
19. LIBYA
19.1 Telecommunications market
19.1.1 Overview of Libya’s telecom market
19.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
19.2.1 National telecom network
19.2.2 International infrastructure
20. MADAGASCAR
20.1 Telecommunications market
20.1.1 Overview of Madagascar’s telecom market
20.2 Fixed network operators in Madagascar
20.2.1 Telecom Malagasy
20.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
20.3.1 National telecom network
20.3.2 International infrastructure
20.4 Data market
20.4.1 Data licensees
21. MALAWI
21.1 Telecommunications market
21.1.1 Overview of Malawi’s telecom market
21.2 Fixed network operator
21.2.1 Malawi Telecommunications Ltd (MTL)
21.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
21.3.1 National telecom network
21.3.2 International infrastructure
22. MAURITIUS
22.1 Telecommunications market
22.1.1 Overview of Mauritian telecom market
22.2 Fixed network operators in Mauritius
22.2.1 Mauritius Telecom Group
22.2.2 Mahanagar Telephone (Mauritius) Ltd
22.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
22.3.1 National telecom networks
22.3.2 International infrastructure
22.4 Data market
22.4.1 Data network infrastructure
23. MOROCCO
23.1 Telecommunications market
23.1.1 Overview of Morocco’s telecom market
23.2 Fixed network operators in Morocco
23.2.1 Maroc Telecom
23.2.2 Medi Telecom (Meditel)
23.2.3 Maroc Connect (Wana)
23.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
23.3.1 National telecom network
23.3.2 Public call offices (teleboutiques)
23.3.3 International infrastructure
24. MOZAMBIQUE
24.1 Telecommunications market
24.1.1 Overview of Mozambique’s telecom market
24.2 Fixed network operator
24.2.1 Telecomunicações De Moçambique (TDM)
24.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
24.3.1 National telecom network
24.3.2 International infrastructure
24.4 Data market
24.4.1 Overview
25. NAMIBIA
25.1 Telecommunications market
25.1.1 Overview of Namibia’s telecom market
25.2 Fixed network operator
25.2.1 Telecom Namibia Ltd
25.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
25.3.1 National telecom network
25.3.2 International infrastructure
25.4 Data market
25.4.1 Data services
25.4.2 Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
25.4.3 Teleconferencing
25.4.4 VSAT networks
26. NIGERIA
26.1 Telecommunications market
26.1.1 Overview of Nigeria’s telecom market
26.2 Fixed network operators in Nigeria
26.2.1 Market analysis - 2007
26.2.2 Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd (Nitel)
26.2.3 Globacom Ltd
26.2.4 VGC Communications
26.2.5 National Long-Distance Operators (LDOs)
26.3 Private fixed-wireless operators
26.3.1 Cell Communications Ltd (Cellcom)
26.3.2 Intercellular Nigeria Ltd
26.3.3 Mobitel Nigeria Ltd
26.3.4 Multi-Links Telecommunications Ltd (MLTL)
26.3.5 Reliance Telecommunications Ltd
26.3.6 Starcomms Ltd
26.3.7 Sirius Wireless Ltd
26.3.8 Bourdex Telecommunications
26.3.9 Regional FWA operators
26.4 Telecommunications infrastructure
26.4.1 Continued massive investment required to meet demand
26.4.2 Nitel’s national telecom network
26.4.3 National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
26.4.4 National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
26.4.5 MTN’s national backbone (Y’helloBahn)
26.4.6 Globacom’s fibre network
26.4.7 Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN)
26.4.8 Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
26.4.9 Private networks
26.4.10 Next Generation Networks (NGNs), priple play
26.4.11 International infrastructure
26.5 Data market
26.5.1 Data infrastructure
26.5.2 VSAT networks
27. RWANDA
27.1 Telecommunications market
27.1.1 Overview of Rwanda’s telecom market
27.2 Fixed network operators in Rwanda
27.2.1 RwandaTel/Terracom
27.2.2 Artel Communications
27.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
27.3.1 National telecom networks
27.3.2 International infrastructure
28. SENEGAL
28.1 Telecommunications market
28.1.1 Overview of Senegal’s telecom market
28.2 Fixed network operators in Senegal
28.2.1 Sonatel
28.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
28.3.1 National telecom network
28.3.2 International infrastructure
29. SOUTH AFRICA
29.1 Telecommunications market
29.1.1 Overview of South Africa’s telecom market
29.2 Fixed network operators in South Africa
29.2.1 Telkom SA Ltd
29.2.2 Second National Operator (SNO) - Neotel
29.2.3 Rumours of a Third National Operator (TNO) - InfraCo
29.2.4 National private networks
29.2.5 Carrier of carriers
29.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
29.3.1 Telkom’s national telecom network
29.3.2 Municipal networks
29.3.3 International infrastructure
29.3.4 Call centres
30. SUDAN
30.1 Telecommunications market
30.1.1 Overview of Sudan’s telecom market
30.2 Fixed network operators in Sudan
30.2.1 Sudan Telecommunications Co Ltd
30.2.2 Canartel (Canar Telecom)
30.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
30.3.1 National telecom network
30.3.2 International infrastructure
30.4 Southern Sudan
30.4.1 Network of the World (NOW)
30.4.2 Gemtel
31. SWAZILAND
31.1 Telecommunications market
31.1.1 Overview of Swaziland’s telecom market
31.2 Fixed network operator in Swaziland
31.2.1 Swazi Telecom
31.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
31.3.1 National telecom network
31.3.2 International infrastructure
31.4 Data communications
31.4.1 Overview
32. TANZANIA
32.1 Telecommunications market
32.1.1 Overview of Tanzania’s telecom market
32.2 Fixed network operators
32.2.1 Tanzania Telecommunications Co Ltd (TTCL)
32.2.2 Zanzibar Telecommunications Corporation
32.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
32.3.1 National telecom network
32.3.2 International infrastructure
32.4 Data market
32.4.1 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) networks
32.4.2 Data operators
33. TUNISIA
33.1 Telecommunications market
33.1.1 Overview of Tunisia’s telecom market
33.1.2 World Economic Forum ranking
33.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
33.2.1 National telecom network
33.2.2 International infrastructure
33.3 Data market
33.3.1 Overview
34. UGANDA
34.1.1 Overview of Uganda’s telecom market
34.2 Fixed network operators in Uganda
34.2.1 Uganda Telecom Ltd
34.2.2 MTN Uganda Ltd
34.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
34.3.1 National telecom network
34.3.2 International infrastructure
34.4 Data market
34.4.1 Data infrastructure
35. ZAMBIA
35.1 Telecommunications market
35.1.1 Overview of Zambia’s telecom market
35.2 Fixed network operator
35.2.1 Zambia Telecommunications Ltd (Zamtel)
35.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
35.3.1 National telecom network
35.3.2 International infrastructure
36. ZIMBABWE
36.1 Telecommunications market
36.1.1 Overview of Zimbabwe’s telecom market
36.2 Fixed network operators in Zimbabwe
36.2.1 TelOne
36.2.2 TeleAccess Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd
36.2.3 Afritell
36.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
36.3.1 National telecom network
36.3.2 International infrastructure
36.4 Data communications
36.4.1 Data licensees
37. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


List of Exhibits


Exhibit 1 - African countries providing advanced data services - 2007
Exhibit 2 - National and regional fibre networks in Egypt
Exhibit 3 - Data service provider licences in Egypt with year of issue
Exhibit 4 - Eskom’s licence dispute
Exhibit 5 - Analysis of Maroc Telecom’s fixed-line rollercoaster ride
Exhibit 6 - Transtel’s communications network
Exhibit 7 - Tunisia’s strategy to promote the Information Society
Exhibit 8 - VSAT users in Uganda


List of Tables


Table 1 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Algeria - 2010; 2015
Table 2 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Angola - 2010; 2015
Table 3 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Benin - 2010; 2015
Table 4 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Cameroon - 2010; 2015
Table 5 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Egypt - 2010; 2015
Table 6 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Ethiopia - 2010; 2015
Table 7 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Gabon - 2010; 2015
Table 8 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Ghana - 2010; 2015
Table 9 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Kenya - 2010; 2015
Table 10 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Madagascar - 2010; 2015
Table 11 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Morocco - 2010; 2015
Table 12 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Nigeria - 2010; 2015
Table 13 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Rwanda - 2010; 2015
Table 14 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Senegal - 2010; 2015
Table 15 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth South Africa - 2010; 2015
Table 16 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber growth Swaziland - 2010; 2015
Table 17 - Telephone network statistics in Algeria - 2006
Table 18 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Algeria - 1995 - 2006
Table 19 - Telephone network statistics in Angola - 2006
Table 20 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola - 1996 - 2006
Table 21 - Telephone network statistics in Benin - 2006
Table 22 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Benin - 1995 - 2006
Table 23 - Telephone network statistics in Botswana - March 2006
Table 24 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Botswana - 1995 - 2006
Table 25 - Telephone network statistics in Burkina Faso - 2006
Table 26 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso - 1995 - 2006
Table 27 - Telephone network statistics in Cameroon - September 2006
Table 28 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cameroon - 1995 - 2006
Table 29 - Telephone network statistics in Chad - 2006
Table 30 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 1995 - 2006
Table 31 - Telephone network statistics in Cote d’Ivoire - 2005
Table 32 - Fixed lines in service, teledensity and ISDN subscribers Cote d’Ivoire - 1995 - 2005
Table 33 - Telephone network statistics in the DRC - 2006
Table 34 - Fixed telephone lines and teledensity in the DRC - 1995 - 2006
Table 35 - Telephone network statistics in Egypt - March 2007
Table 36 - Telecom Egypt key performance indicators - 2003 - 2006
Table 37 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt - 1995 - 2007
Table 38 - Public payphones per operator in Egypt - 2002 - 2007
Table 39 - Telephone network statistics in Ethiopia - 2006
Table 40 - Domestic and international telephone traffic in Ethiopia - 1994 - 2005
Table 41 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ethiopia - 1995 - 2006

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