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2006 - African Infrastructure, Fixed Voice and Data Markets

Africa is the world’s second largest continent after Asia, with a total surface area of 30 million square kilometres. The continent consists of 55 countries and territories housing some 840 million people. The social and economic conditions range from poverty to affluence, South Africa being among the most affluent and handling much of the trade for the whole of the southern region.

Many African governments have realised the importance of telecommunications and the fact that private investment is the way forward. Alternative technologies such as satellite, wireless and cellular are now making the task of connecting Africa far easier than it has been with the traditional cable-based services, and growth rates have been phenomenal.

Despite some remarkable changes across the continent over the past ten years, overall teledensities are still low, with the rollout of fixed lines by incumbent operators barely inching forward in most countries, while the uptake of mobile telephony moves rapidly past it. The same can be said of data communications - wireless data services are becoming operational and will similarly usurp fixed-line infrastructure. These trends threaten to undermine Africa’s Public Telecom Operators (PTOs), especially as they are privatised and their valuation comes under the spotlight. As a result, some have opted for protective strategies. Threatened by the growth of mobile, they have been awarded mobile licences, and with recent growth in the Internet sector, many have established Internet divisions. Regulatory issues, such as interconnection and carrier pre-selection, have also impeded the entrance of fixed-line competitors.

Many countries are undergoing sectoral reform and foreign investment is now being actively encouraged across the continent as privatisation and liberalisation are progressively being introduced. More than one-third of all state telcos have already privatised and several more are set to undergo privatisation in the near future. Some of the biggest markets on the continent, including Nigeria and Kenya, have privatisation of their national telcos on the agenda for 2006.

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is finally starting to take off in Africa following steady improvements in Internet bandwidth and the growing number of VoIP service providers entering the market. International IP telephony wholesalers have seen a huge surge in voice traffic to and from Africa in the past five years. Through their interconnection capabilities, they enable African operators to quickly gain access to an international network, new revenue and very competitive outbound rates. Several countries have liberalised VoIP, opening up opportunities for many smaller service providers, including South Africa, Kenya, Egypt and Tanzania, with many others set to follow in their footsteps.

Several large cable and satellite projects, notably WASC/SAT3/SAFE, Comtel and Rascom have been developed with the goal of meeting the rising needs of the African market for international bandwidth and reducing the continent’s dependence on European traffic hubs. New terrestrial links between some African countries are also being built or existing ones modernised.

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Infrastructure, Fixed Voice and Data markets, covering:

  • Key Statistics
  • Regulatory issues and government policies
  • Deregulation and privatisation
  • National telecom networks
  • International infrastructure
  • VSAT networks
  • Datacomms Infrastructure
  • Leased Lines, ISDN, Frame Relay, ATM, DSL
  • Public and value-added data services
  • Brief overviews on all of the major telecommunications carriers and service providers in 32 african countries


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • OVERVIEW OF INFRASTRUCTURE, FIXED VOICE AND DATA MARKETS
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET
      • Key developments
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Overview
      • Domestic infrastructure
      • International infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE DATA MARKET
      • Africa's data traffic on the rise
      • Limited availability of advanced data services
        • Table Countries providing advanced data services - 2005
      • VSAT networks - an instant infrastructure solution for Africa
  • ALGERIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN ALGERIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN ALGERIA
      • Algerie Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Algeria - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • ANGOLA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN ANGOLA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN ANGOLA
      • Angola Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola - 1996 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
  • BENIN
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN BENIN
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN BENIN
      • OPT
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Benin - 1995 - 2004
  • BOTSWANA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN BOTSWANA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN BOTSWANA
      • Botswana Telecommunications Corporation
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Botswana - 1995 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Managed data services
      • VSAT networks
  • BURKINA FASO
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN BURKINA FASO
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR
      • Onatel
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • CAMEROON
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN CAMEROON
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN CAMEROON
      • Camtel
      • Pastel
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National and international
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cameroon - 1995 - 2004
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data network
      • VSAT networks
  • CHAD
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN CHAD
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN CHAD
      • Sotel Tchad
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • CÔTE D'IVOIRE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN CÔTE D'IVOIRE
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN CÔTE D'IVOIRE
      • CI-Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service, teledensity - 1995 - 2004; and ISDN subscribers - 1999-2003 - in Côte d'Ivoire
      • International infrastructure
  • DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN DRC
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR
      • OCPT
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National and international
        • Table Fixed telephone lines and teledensity in Democratic Republic of Congo - 1995 - 2004
  • EGYPT
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN EGYPT
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN EGYPT
      • Telecom Egypt
      • Orascom Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt - 1995 - 2005
        • Table National and regional fibre networks in Egypt
        • Table Public payphones in Egypt - 2002 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
    • FIXED VOICE MARKET
      • National and international call traffic
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data service operators
      • VSAT networks
      • Data centres
  • ETHIOPIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN ETHIOPIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN ETHIOPIA
      • Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ethiopia - 1995 - 2005
      • International communications links
    • DATA MARKET
      • Digital Data Network
      • PADISnet
      • VSAT networks
  • GAMBIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN GAMBIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN GAMBIA
      • Gambia Telecommunications Co Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Gambia - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • GHANA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN GHANA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN GHANA
      • Ghana Telecom
      • Western Telesystems Ghana Ltd (Westel)
      • Capital Telecom Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ghana - 1995 - 2005
      • Wireless local loop (WLL)
      • The eCARE project
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data infrastructure
      • VSAT networks
  • KENYA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN KENYA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN KENYA
      • Telkom Kenya Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and annual change in Kenya - 1995 - 2005
      • Kenya Data Networks (KDN)
      • Kenya Light and Power Company (KPLC)
      • Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC)
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Overview
  • LESOTHO
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN LESOTHO
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN LESOTHO
      • Telecom Lesotho (Pty) Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lesotho - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • LIBYA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN LIBYA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR
      • GPTC
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Libya - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • MADAGASCAR
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN MADAGASCAR
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN MADAGASCAR
      • Telecom Malagasy
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed-lines and teledensity - 1995 - 2004; subscribers, public payphones and revenue 1998 - 2004 in Madagascar
      • Fixed-line market forecast to 2015
        • Table Fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber forecast inMadagascar - 2005; 2010; 2015
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data licensees
  • MALAWI
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN MALAWI
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN MALAWI
      • Malawi Telecommunications Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Malawi - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • MAURITIUS
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN MAURITIUS
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN MAURITIUS
      • Mauritius Telecom Group
      • Mahanagar Telephone (Mauritius) Ltd.
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Mauritius - 1995 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data network infrastructure
  • MOROCCO
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN MOROCCO
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN MOROCCO
      • Maroc Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Morocco - 1994 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
  • MOZAMBIQUE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN MOZAMBIQUE
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN MOZAMBIQUE
      • Telecomunicaçõ es De Moçambique
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service in Mozambique - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Overview
  • NAMIBIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN NAMIBIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN NAMIBIA
      • Telecom Namibia Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Namibia - 1995 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data services
      • ISDN
      • Teleconferencing
      • VSAT networks
  • NIGERIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN NIGERIA
      • Telecom investments
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN NIGERIA
      • Market analysis - 2006
      • Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd (Nitel)
      • Globacom Ltd
      • VGC Communications
      • National Long-Distance Operators (LDOs)
    • PRIVATE FIXED WIRELESS OPERATORS
      • Awakening interest in WLL
      • Cell Communications Ltd (Cellcom)
      • Intercellular Nigeria Ltd
      • Mobitel Nigeria Ltd
      • Multi-Links Telecommunications Ltd (MLTL)
      • Reliance Telecommunications Ltd
      • Starcomms Ltd
      • Sirius Wireless Ltd
      • Bourdex Telecommunications
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Continued massive investment required to meet demand
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Nigeria - 1995 - 2005
      • Next Generation Networks (NGN), Triple-Play
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Overview
      • Frame relay
      • VSAT networks
  • SENEGAL
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN SENEGAL
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN SENEGAL
      • Sonatel
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Senegal - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
    • FIXED-LINE MARKET FORECAST TO 2015
      • Table Fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscriber forecast in Senegal - 2005; 2010; 2015
  • SOUTH AFRICA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN SOUTH AFRICA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR
      • Telkom SA Ltd
      • National private networks
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in South Africa - 1999 - 2005
      • Municipal networks
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Telkom SA's fixed line data revenue and annual growth in South Africa - 2002 - 2005
      • Telkom data services
        • Table Telkom SA ISDN channels - 2000 - 2005
      • VANS
      • Call centres
  • SUDAN
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN SUDAN
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN SUDAN
      • Sudan Telecommunications Co Ltd
      • Kanartel (Canar Telecom)
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sudan - 1994 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
      • Southern Sudan
  • SWAZILAND
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN SWAZILAND
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN SWAZILAND
      • Swazi Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Swaziland - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview
  • TANZANIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN TANZANIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN TANZANIA
      • Tanzania Telecommunications Co Ltd
      • Zanzibar Telecommunications Corporation
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Tanzania - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data operators
      • VSAT networks
  • TUNISIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN TUNISIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN TUNISIA
      • Tunisie Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Tunisia - 1995 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA MARKET
      • Market overview
  • UGANDA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN UGANDA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN UGANDA
      • Uganda Telecom Ltd
      • MTN Uganda Ltd
      • Telecommunications infrastructure
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Uganda - 1995 - 2005
    • DATA MARKET
      • Data infrastructure
        • Table Total data uplink and downlink capacity in Uganda - 1998 - 2004
        • Table VSAT users in Uganda
  • ZAMBIA
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN ZAMBIA
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN ZAMBIA
      • Zambia Telecommunications Ltd (Zamtel)
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Zambia - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
  • ZIMBABWE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOM MARKET IN ZIMBABWE
      • Market analysis - 2006
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN ZIMBABWE
      • TelOne
      • TeleAccess Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd
      • Afritell
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Zimbabwe - 1995 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
    • DATA COMMUNICATIONS
      • Data licensees
  • GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

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