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2007 African - Convergence and Broadcasting Market

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the convergence of telecommunications, broadcasting and digital media in 34 African countries. Subjects covered include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Regulatory environment;
  • Major players;
  • Satellite coverage;
  • Infrastructure development;
  • NGN and WiMAX;
  • Internet telephony (VoIP);
  • Digital TV, Interactive TV, IPTV in Africa;
  • E-services;
  • Convergence of telecommunications, digital media and broadcasting;
  • Triple play.


Executive Summary

Broadcasting is an integral part of Africa’s development and a means of communication over the vast areas of this continent. Improvements in broadband infrastructure and the emergence of 3G mobile systems are now opening the way to convergence of conventional and digital media as well as telecommunications.

With far greater ownership of TV sets compared to PCs in Africa, the broadcasters’ viewers represent a huge potential customer base for Internet services as well. Interactive TV, especially the variety using mobile phone text messages (SMS), has found its way to Africa and is growing fast. The PVR was introduced in South Africa in 2005. The first Triple-Play services have been launched across the continent, offering converged voice, data and broadband TV/video.

With poor fixed-line network infrastructure in most African countries, the extent of IP-based NGNs to support these services is still limited on the continent. There are, however, encouraging developments. Several countries have launched broadband initiatives and are rolling out dedicated IP networks and new fibre optic links.

Given that there are still large amounts of unsatisfied demand for basic voice services in Africa, VoIP is a primary application at this stage. This technology is now gaining ground on the continent following steady improvements in Internet bandwidth, deregulation in several countries and the growing number of VoIP service providers entering the market. WiMAX technology, currently being rolled out in at least 20 African countries, will enable the continent to leapfrog straight to wireless NGNs at affordable cost.

Key highlights:
Status reports from 17 African countries where the migration to IP-based NGNs has begun;
Status reports from 20 countries on the continent with WiMAX trials, rollouts or commercial services;
The first four service providers on the continent have launched commercial triple play services, with at least five others at advanced stages of deployment;
At least five African countries have started or completed the migration to DTTV;
More than 90% of African pay TV customers are already subscribing to digital services.
Naspers pay TV subscribers in Africa - 2004 - 2007

Year ends Mar South Africa Percent digital Sub-Saharan Percent digital Total
2004 1,076,000 72% 291,000 97% 1,367,000
2005 1,148,000 78% 335,000 100% 1,483,000
2006 1,251,000 83% 385,000 100% 1,636,000
2007 1,392,000 88% 471,000 100% 1,863,000

(Source: BuddeComm based on company data)

1. OVERVIEW DIGITAL MEDIA AND CONVERGENCE
1.1 IP and Next Generation Networks in Africa
1.1.1 Developments in various African markets
1.2 VoIP telephony
1.2.1 Market overview
1.3 WiMAX
1.3.1 Developments in various African markets
1.4 Overview of broadcasting market
1.4.1 Problems facing the broadcasting industry
1.4.2 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
1.4.3 Pay TV
1.4.4 Satellite coverage
1.4.5 Digital TV (DTV)
1.4.6 High Definition Television (HDTV)
1.4.7 Interactive TV (iTV)
1.4.8 Broadband TV, triple play
1.4.9 Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
1.4.10 Mobile TV
2. ALGERIA
2.1 Broadcasting market
2.1.1 Overview
2.1.2 Satellite TV
2.1.3 Digital TV
3. ANGOLA
3.1 Convergence
3.1.1 VoIP telephony
3.1.2 Overview of broadcasting market
3.1.3 Radio
3.1.4 Television
3.1.5 Broadband over Cable TV (CATV)
4. BENIN
4.1 Broadcasting market
4.1.1 Overview
5. BOTSWANA
5.1 Convergence
5.1.1 VoIP telephony
5.1.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
5.1.3 E-commerce
5.1.4 E-government
5.1.5 Broadcasting market
6. BURKINA FASO
6.1 Broadcasting market
6.1.1 Introduction
6.1.2 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
6.1.3 Satellite TV
7. CAMEROON
7.1 Broadcasting market
8. CHAD
8.1 Broadcasting market
9. CÔTE D'IVOIRE
9.1 Broadcasting market
9.1.1 Regulatory overview
9.1.2 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
9.1.3 Pay TV
9.1.4 Satellite TV
10. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
10.1 Broadcasting market
10.1.1 Television and radio broadcasting in DRC
11. EGYPT
11.1 Convergence
11.1.1 VoIP telephony
11.1.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
11.1.3 IPTV
11.1.4 E-commerce
11.1.5 Smart Village
11.1.6 Technology incubators
11.1.7 Information Highway Project
11.1.8 E-government
11.1.9 Overview of broadcasting market
12. ETHIOPIA
12.1 Broadcasting market
12.1.1 Regulatory overview
12.1.2 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
12.1.3 Satellite TV
13. GABON
13.1 Broadcasting market
13.1.1 Overview
14. GAMBIA
14.1 Convergence
14.1.1 Overview of broadcasting market
14.1.2 VoIP telephony
14.1.3 E-government
14.1.4 Triple play
15. GHANA
15.1 Broadcasting market
15.1.1 Television broadcasting
15.1.2 Satellite TV
15.1.3 Pay TV
16. KENYA
16.1 Convergence
16.1.1 Triple play
16.1.2 Overview of broadcasting market
16.1.3 Digital TV
17. LESOTHO
17.1 Broadcasting market
17.1.1 Overview
18. LIBYA
18.1 Broadcasting market
18.1.1 Television broadcasting in Libya
18.1.2 Pay TV
19. MADAGASCAR
19.1 Broadcasting market
19.1.1 Overview
20. MALAWI
20.1 Broadcasting market
21. MAURITIUS
21.1 Convergence
21.1.1 NetTV
21.1.2 Broadcasting market
21.1.3 E-commerce
21.1.4 IT incentives
21.1.5 Cyber-City Project
21.1.6 E-government project
22. MOROCCO
22.1 Convergence
22.1.1 VoIP telephony
22.1.2 E-commerce
22.1.3 E-learning
22.1.4 IPTV
22.1.5 Overview of broadcasting market
23. MOZAMBIQUE
23.1 Broadcasting market
23.1.1 Overview of TV and radio broadcasting
24. NAMIBIA
24.1 Convergence
24.1.1 Overview of broadcasting market
24.1.2 VoIP
24.1.3 Next-Generation Network (NGN)
24.1.4 E-services
25. NIGERIA
25.1 Convergence
25.1.1 Overview of broadcasting market
25.1.2 Mobile TV
25.1.3 Interactive TV (iTV)
25.1.4 Internet TV
25.1.5 Community radio
25.1.6 Next Generation Networks (NGNs), triple play
25.1.7 E-commerce
25.1.8 E-government
26. SENEGAL
26.1 Broadcasting market
26.1.1 Internet Protocol Television (IPTV)
27. SOUTH AFRICA
27.1 Convergence
27.1.1 VoIP telephony
27.1.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
27.1.3 IPTV, triple play
27.1.4 New broadcasting licence tender 2006
27.1.5 Broadcast signal distributors
27.1.6 Digital media
27.1.7 Online and mobile banking (m-banking)
28. SUDAN
28.1 Broadcasting market
28.1.1 Radio and TV broadcasting in Sudan
29. SWAZILAND
29.1 Broadcasting market
29.1.1 Free-to-Air (FTA) broadcasting
29.1.2 Pay TV
30. TANZANIA
30.1 Broadcasting market
30.1.1 Overview
30.1.2 Public TV broadcasters
30.1.3 Private TV broadcasters
31. TUNISIA
31.1 Convergence
31.1.1 Overview of broadcasting market
31.1.2 E-commerce
31.1.3 E-government
32. UGANDA
32.1 Convergence
32.1.1 VoIP telephony
32.1.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
32.1.3 Powerline Communication (PLC)
32.1.4 E-commerce
32.1.5 E-banking
32.1.6 E-government
32.1.7 Overview of broadcasting market
32.1.8 Digital TV
33. ZAMBIA
33.1 Broadcasting market
33.1.1 Overview
33.1.2 Regulatory issues
34. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


List of Tables


Table 1 - Naspers pay TV subscribers in Africa - 2004 - 2007

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