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2007 African - Broadband and Internet Markets

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Broadband and Internet markets in 34 African countries. Subjects covered include:

  • The broadbanding of Africa - policies, initiatives, projects
  • Internet statistics and market analyses
  • Barriers to Internet development
  • Internet and broadband infrastructure
  • International bandwidth and local connectivity
  • Community telecentres
  • The emergence of ADSL in Africa
  • Internet via satellite
  • Wireless Broadband
  • Local, national and regional ISPs
  • The role of the mobile networks and 3G
  • VoIP telephony liberalisation and grey markets


Executive Summary

Africa’s data traffic is on the rise, fuelled by rapid growth of ADSL and wireless broadband services. Massive efforts are under way to adapt the continent’s underdeveloped infrastructure to the growing need, both on the national and international level. Broadband has begun to rapidly replace dial-up as the preferred access method, and this process is already virtually completed in the continent’s more developed markets. Overall market penetration is still low, leaving ample room for further growth in the coming years.

Africa is still the least connected continent in the world, both from an Internet penetration perspective and in terms of the total bandwidth feeding the continent. Growth has, however, accelerated in recent years due to improvements in infrastructure, the arrival of wireless access technologies and lower tariffs. The introduction of competition and increasing regulatory pressure on monopolistic pricing by incumbent telcos for international bandwidth is beginning to have a positive effect.

VoIP continues to gain ground in Africa with growth rates in excess of 100% per year, following steady improvements in Internet bandwidth and deregulation in several key markets. Nevertheless, at least 10% of international calls in almost every country on the continent are still carried by unlicensed grey market players, because many operators are not yet passing on the full cost savings from VoIP to their customers. Profit margins are still very healthy in this emerging market.

More than half of all African countries now have commercial DSL services, but their growth is limited by the poor geographical reach of the fixed-line networks. The rapid growth of Internet access has therefore been mostly confined to the capital cities so far. The introduction of mobile data services is changing this as Africa’s mobile network operators are moving into the ISP business, bringing Internet access to many areas outside of the main cities for the first time.

Key highlights:

Internet user forecasts to 2010 and 2015 for 16 African countries;
Broadband is rapidly replacing dial-up Internet access;
Commercial DSL services are now available in at least 30 African countries;
Mobile network operators are pushing into the ISP space;
Wireless and mobile broadband is set to overtake ADSL;
Several new submarine fibre projects currently under development will improve the supply of international bandwidth at drastically reduced prices;
WiMAX trials, rollouts or commercial services in at least 20 African countries;
The number of African countries where VoIP can be regarded as open to private operators has more than doubled to around 20 in 2007.
Telkom South Africa ADSL, dial-up and satellite Internet subscribers - 2003 - 2007

Year ADSL Dial-up and satellite
2003 2,700 96,000
2004 20,300 121,900
2005 58,300 168,400
2006 143,500 141,400
2007 255,600 49,400

1. FORECASTS
1.1 Internet market forecasts
1.1.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
1.1.2 Algeria forecasts - Internet services
1.1.3 Angola forecasts - Internet services
1.1.4 Benin forecasts - Internet services
1.1.5 Cameroon forecasts - Internet services
1.1.6 Egypt forecasts - Internet services
1.1.7 Egypt forecasts - broadband services
1.1.8 Ethiopia forecasts - Internet services
1.1.9 Gabon forecasts - Internet services
1.1.10 Ghana forecasts - Internet services
1.1.11 Kenya forecasts - Internet services
1.1.12 Madagascar forecasts - Internet services
1.1.13 Morocco forecasts - Internet services
1.1.14 Morocco forecasts - broadband services
1.1.15 Nigeria forecasts - Internet services
1.1.16 Rwanda forecasts - Internet services
1.1.17 Senegal forecasts - Internet services
1.1.18 South Africa forecasts - Internet services
1.1.19 South Africa forecasts - broadband subscribers
1.1.20 Swaziland forecasts - Internet services
2. OVERVIEW OF THE BROADBAND AND INTERNET MARKET
2.1 Overview of Africa’s Internet market
2.1.1 Internet statistics
2.2 African Internet developments
2.2.1 Barriers to Internet development
2.2.2 Internet access locations
2.2.3 African Internet projects sponsored by international agencies
2.2.4 Internet connectivity
2.2.5 African Internet exchange points
2.2.6 African Network Information Center (AfriNIC)
2.3 Africa’s ISP market
2.3.1 Africa’s largest ISP - Africa Online
2.3.2 Internet Solutions (IS)
2.3.3 Average cost of Internet access accounts
2.3.4 Payment models for dial-up Internet access
2.3.5 Email-only services
2.3.6 African ISP Association (AfrISPA)
2.4 VoIP telephony
2.4.1 VoIP cost savings
2.4.2 VoIP regulatory restrictions
2.5 Broadband Market
2.5.1 An emerging market
2.5.2 ADSL
2.5.3 Wireless broadband
2.5.4 Powerline Communication (PLC)
2.5.5 Internet via satellite
3. ALGERIA
3.1 Internet market
3.1.1 Overview
3.1.2 Internet cafes
3.1.3 Algeria’s ISP market
3.1.4 VoIP telephony
3.1.5 E-services
3.1.6 E-learning
3.1.7 E-health
3.1.8 E-government
3.2 Broadband market
3.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
3.2.2 Wireless broadband
3.2.3 Satellite broadband
4. ANGOLA
4.1 Internet market
4.1.1 Initial development
4.1.2 Overview
4.1.3 Angola’s ISP market
4.1.4 Internet access locations
4.1.5 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
4.2 Broadband market
5. BENIN
5.1 Internet market
5.1.1 Overview
5.1.2 Internet access locations
5.1.3 Benin’s ISP market
5.2 Broadband market
5.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
5.2.2 VoIP telephony
6. BOTSWANA
6.1 Internet market
6.1.1 Overview
6.1.2 Botswana’s ISP market
6.2 Broadband market
7. BURKINA FASO
7.1 Internet market
7.1.1 Overview
7.1.2 Internet projects
7.1.3 Burkina Faso’s ISP market
7.1.4 Broadband market
7.1.5 Internet via satellite
7.1.6 E-government
8. CAMEROON
8.1 Internet market
8.1.1 Overview
8.1.2 Internet access locations
8.1.3 Cameroon’s ISP market
8.2 Broadband market
8.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
8.2.2 Wireless broadband
8.2.3 WiFi
9. CHAD
9.1 Internet market
9.1.1 Overview
9.1.2 VoIP telephony
10. CÔTE D’IVOIRE
10.1 Internet market
10.1.1 Overview
10.1.2 USAID Leland project
10.1.3 Internet access locations
10.1.4 Cote d’Ivoire’s ISP market
10.1.5 Major ISPs
10.1.6 Internet via satellite
10.2 Broadband market
10.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
10.2.2 WiFi
10.2.3 VoIP telephony
10.2.4 E-commerce
11. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
11.1 Internet market
11.1.1 Overview
11.1.2 Internet access locations
11.1.3 DRC’s ISP market
12. EGYPT
12.1 Internet market
12.1.1 Overview
12.1.2 Deterrents to Internet growth
12.1.3 Free Internet project
12.1.4 Affordable Personal Computer (APC) program
12.1.5 Internet gateways
12.1.6 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
12.1.7 Internet access locations
12.1.8 Egypt’s ISP Market
12.1.9 Overview of selected ISPs
12.2 Broadband market
12.2.1 Broadband initiative
12.2.2 xDSL
12.2.3 Wireless broadband
12.2.4 Broadband via satellite
13. ETHIOPIA
13.1 Internet market
13.1.1 Overview
13.1.2 National connectivity
13.1.3 Regulatory issues
13.1.4 Internet access locations
13.1.5 Ethiopia’s ISP market
13.2 Broadband market
13.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
13.2.2 Direcway broadband satellite network
13.3 Wholesale
14. GABON
14.1 Broadband and Internet market
14.1.1 Overview
14.1.2 Gabon’s ISP market
15. GAMBIA
15.1 Internet market
15.1.1 Overview
15.1.2 Internet connectivity
15.1.3 Internet access locations
15.1.4 Gambia’s ISP market
15.1.5 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
15.2 Broadband market
15.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
15.2.2 WiFi
16. GHANA
16.1 Internet market
16.1.1 Overview
16.1.2 Internet regulations
16.1.3 Internet access locations
16.1.4 Ghana’s ISP market
16.1.5 Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
16.1.6 Distance learning
16.1.7 E-government
16.2 Broadband market
16.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
16.2.2 Wireless broadband
16.2.3 Powerline Communication (PLC)
16.2.4 Internet via satellite
16.2.5 VoIP telephony
17. KENYA
17.1 Internet market
17.1.1 Overview
17.1.2 Internet access locations
17.1.3 Internet backbone
17.1.4 Kenya Internet exchange Point (KIXP)
17.1.5 Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
17.1.6 Kenya’s ISP market
17.2 Broadband market
17.2.1 Overview
17.2.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
17.2.3 ADSL2
17.2.4 Wireless broadband
17.2.5 Mobile data services
17.2.6 VoIP telephony
18. LESOTHO
18.1 Internet market
18.1.1 Overview
18.1.2 National Internet hub
18.1.3 Lesotho’s ISP market
18.1.4 Broadband
19. LIBYA
19.1 Internet market
19.1.1 Overview
19.1.2 Computer initiatives - One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
19.1.3 Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs)
19.1.4 VoIP telephony
20. MADAGASCAR
20.1 Internet market
20.1.1 Overview of the Internet in Madagascar
20.1.2 Internet access locations
20.1.3 Madagascar’s ISP market
20.2 Broadband market
20.2.1 VoIP telephony
21. MALAWI
21.1 Internet market
21.1.1 Overview
21.1.2 Malawi’s ISP market
21.2 Broadband market
21.2.1 Overview
21.2.2 VoIP telephony
22. MAURITIUS
22.1 Internet market
22.1.1 Overview
22.1.2 Internet access locations
22.1.3 Mauritius ISP market
22.1.4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
22.2 Broadband market
22.2.1 Overview
22.2.2 ADSL
22.2.3 Wireless broadband
22.2.4 VoIP telephony
23. MOROCCO
23.1 Internet market
23.1.1 Overview
23.1.2 MARWAN network
23.1.3 Internet connectivity
23.1.4 Morocco’s ISP market
23.2 Broadband market
23.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
23.2.2 Wireless broadband
24. MOZAMBIQUE
24.1 Internet market
24.1.1 Overview
24.1.2 Internet connectivity
24.1.3 Internet access locations
24.1.4 E-government
24.1.5 Mozambique’s ISP market
24.2 Broadband market
24.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
24.2.2 TV Cabo
24.2.3 Wireless broadband
25. NAMIBIA
25.1 Internet market
25.1.1 Overview
25.1.2 Internet connectivity
25.1.3 Namibia’s ISP market
25.1.4 Overview of selected ISPs
25.1.5 SchoolNet Namibia
25.2 Broadband market
25.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
25.2.2 Wireless broadband
26. NIGERIA
26.1 Internet market
26.1.1 Overview
26.1.2 Internet access locations
26.1.3 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
26.1.4 Nigerian Internet Group (NIG)
26.1.5 Nigeria’s ISP market
26.1.6 Selected ISPs
26.1.7 VoIP telephony
26.2 Broadband market
26.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
26.2.2 Wireless broadband
26.2.3 Internet via satellite
26.2.4 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
27. RWANDA
27.1 Internet market
27.1.1 Overview
27.1.2 Rwanda’s ISP market
27.1.3 Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)
27.1.4 Cybercafes and telecentres
27.1.5 One Laptop Per Child (OLPC)
27.1.6 VoIP telephony
27.2 Broadband market
27.2.1 Overview
27.2.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
27.2.3 E-government
28. SENEGAL
28.1 Internet market
28.1.1 Overview
28.1.2 Internet connectivity
28.1.3 World Links for Development (WorLD)
28.1.4 Senegal’s ISP market
28.1.5 VoIP telephony
28.1.6 E-health
28.2 Broadband market
28.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
28.2.2 WiFi
28.2.3 Internet via satellite
29. SOUTH AFRICA
29.1 Internet market
29.1.1 Overview
29.1.2 Internet demographics
29.1.3 Online retail
29.1.4 Community access projects
29.1.5 South Africa’s ISP market
29.1.6 Internet access providers
29.2 Broadband market
29.2.1 Overview
29.2.2 ADSL
29.2.3 Broadband over powerlines (BPL)
29.2.4 Wireless broadband
30. SUDAN
30.1 Internet market
30.1.1 Overview
30.1.2 Sudan Internet Society (SiS)
30.1.3 Sudan’s ISP market
30.2 Broadband market
30.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
30.2.2 EV-DO
30.2.3 Broadband via satellite
31. SWAZILAND
31.1 Internet market
31.1.1 Overview
31.1.2 Internet initiatives
31.1.3 Internet access locations
31.1.4 E-banking
31.1.5 Swaziland’s ISP market
31.1.6 Swaziland Internet Exchange Point
32. TANZANIA
32.1 Internet market
32.1.1 Overview
32.1.2 Internet access locations
32.1.3 Tanzania’s ISP market
32.2 Broadband market
32.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
32.2.2 Wireless broadband
32.2.3 VoIP telephony
33. TUNISIA
33.1 Internet market
33.1.1 Overview
33.1.2 Agence Tunisienne d’Internet (ATI)
33.1.3 Internet access locations
33.1.4 Tunisia’s ISP market
33.2 Broadband market
33.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
33.2.2 WiMAX
33.2.3 DSL by satellite
34. UGANDA
34.1 Internet market
34.1.1 Overview
34.1.2 Freenet
34.1.3 Internet Easy
34.1.4 Uganda Internet Exchange Point (UiXP)
34.1.5 Internet access locations
34.1.6 Cost of bandwidth
34.1.7 Internet initiatives
34.1.8 Uganda’s ISP market
34.2 Broadband Market
34.2.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
34.2.2 WiMAX
35. ZAMBIA
35.1 Internet market
35.1.1 Overview
35.1.2 Internet access locations
35.1.3 Broadband market
36. ZIMBABWE
36.1 Internet market
36.1.1 Overview
36.1.2 Internet initiatives
36.1.3 Zimbabwe’s ISP market
36.1.4 Overview of selected ISPs
36.2 Broadband market
36.2.1 Overview
36.2.2 VoIP telephony
37. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


List of Exhibits


Exhibit 1 - JokoClubs
Exhibit 2 - Internet for rural communities
Exhibit 3 - Tiscali's exit from SA
Exhibit 4 - Telkom SA T-Zone
Exhibit 5 - Licensed ISPs in Uganda


List of Tables


Table 1 - Forecast Internet user growth Algeria - 2010; 2015
Table 2 - Forecast Internet user growth Angola - 2010; 2015
Table 3 - Forecast Internet user growth Benin - 2010; 2015
Table 4 - Forecast Internet user growth Cameroon - 2010; 2015
Table 5 - Forecast Internet user growth Egypt - 2010; 2015
Table 6 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth Egypt - 2010; 2015
Table 7 - Forecast Internet user growth Ethiopia - 2010; 2015
Table 8 - Forecast Internet user growth Gabon - 2010; 2015
Table 9 - Forecast Internet user growth Ghana - 2010; 2015
Table 10 - Forecast Internet user growth Kenya - 2010; 2015
Table 11 - Forecast Internet user growth Madagascar - 2010; 2015
Table 12 - Forecast Internet user growth Morocco - 2010; 2015
Table 13 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth Morocco - 2010; 2015
Table 14 - Forecast Internet user growth Nigeria - 2010; 2015
Table 15 - Forecast Internet user growth Rwanda - 2010; 2015
Table 16 - Forecast Internet user growth Senegal - 2010; 2015
Table 17 - Forecast Internet user growth South Africa - 2010; 2015
Table 18 - Forecast broadband subscriber growth South Africa - 2010; 2015
Table 19 - Forecast Internet user growth Swaziland - 2010; 2015
Table 20 - Top five African Internet user markets - 2006
Table 21 - Internet user growth in Africa - 1995 - 2006
Table 22 - Telkom South Africa ADSL, dial-up and satellite Internet subscribers - 2003 - 2007
Table 23 - Morocco Internet and ADSL subscribers - 2004 - 2007
Table 24 - Internet provider statistics in Algeria - 2006
Table 25 - Internet users and penetration in Algeria - 1996 - 2006
Table 26 - Internet provider statistics in Angola - 2006
Table 27 - Internet users and penetration in Angola - 1997 - 2006
Table 28 - Internet provider statistics in Benin - 2006
Table 29 - Internet users and penetration in Benin - 1997 - 2006
Table 30 - Internet provider statistics in Botswana - 2006
Table 31 - Internet users and penetration in Botswana - 1998 - 2006
Table 32 - Internet provider statistics in Burkina Faso - 2006
Table 33 - Internet users and penetration in Burkina Faso - 1996 - 2006
Table 34 - Internet provider statistics in Cameroon - 2006
Table 35 - Internet users and penetration in Cameroon - 1997 - 2006
Table 36 - Internet provider statistics in Chad - 2006
Table 37 - Internet users and penetration in Chad - 1998 - 2006
Table 38 - Internet provider statistics in Cote d’Ivoire - 2005
Table 39 - Internet users, penetration and Internet subscribers in Cote d’Ivoire - 1996 - 2006
Table 40 - Internet provider statistics in Democratic Republic of Congo - 2006
Table 41 - Internet users and penetration in Democratic Republic of Congo - 1996 - 2006
Table 42 - Internet provider statistics in Egypt - 2007
Table 43 - Internet user statistics in Egypt - March 2007
Table 44 - Internet users and penetration in Egypt - 1995 - 2007
Table 45 - ADSL subscribers in Egypt - 2002 - 2007
Table 46 - Internet provider statistics in Ethiopia - 2006
Table 47 - Internet users and penetration in Ethiopia - 1996 - 2006
Table 48 - Internet subscribers in Ethiopia - 1997 - 2006
Table 49 - Internet provider statistics in Gabon - 2006
Table 50 - International Internet bandwidth in Gabon - 1999 - 2005
Table 51 - Internet users and penetration in Gabon - 2002 - 2006
Table 52 - Internet provider statistics in Gambia - 2006
Table 53 - Internet users and penetration in Gambia - 1997 - 2006
Table 54 - Internet provider statistics in Ghana - 2006
Table 55 - Internet users and penetration in Ghana - 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 56 - Internet provider statistics in Kenya - 2006
Table 57 - Internet users and annual change in Kenya - 1996 - 2006
Table 58 - Internet provider statistics in Lesotho - 2006
Table 59 - Internet users and penetration in Lesotho - 1997 - 2006
Table 60 - Internet provider statistics in Libya - 2006
Table 61 - Internet users and penetration in Libya - 1999 - 2006
Table 62 - Internet provider statistics in Madagascar - 2006
Table 63 - Internet users, penetration, subscribers, hosts, traffic, and revenue in Madagascar - 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 64 - Internet provider statistics in Malawi - 2006
Table 65 - Internet users and penetration in Malawi - 1997 - 2006
Table 66 - Internet provider statistics in Mauritius - 2006
Table 67 - Internet users and penetration in Mauritius - 1996 - 2006
Table 68 - Dial-up Internet subscribers in Mauritius - 2000 - 2005
Table 69 - Internet provider statistics in Morocco - June 2007
Table 70 - Internet users in Morocco - 1997 - 2006
Table 71 - Internet subscribers, ADSL subscribers (MT and others) in Morocco - 2004 - 2007
Table 72 - Internet provider statistics in Mozambique - 2006
Table 73 - Internet users and penetration in Mozambique - 1996 - 2006
Table 74 - Internet provider statistics in Namibia - 2006
Table 75 - Internet users and penetration in Namibia - 1996 - 2006
Table 76 - Internet provider statistics in Nigeria - 2006
Table 77 - Internet users and penetration in Nigeria - 1996 - 2006
Table 78 - Internet provider statistics in Rwanda - 2006
Table 79 - Internet users and penetration in Rwanda - 1999 - 2006
Table 80 - Internet provider statistics in Senegal - 2006
Table 81 - Internet users and penetration in Senegal - 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 82 - Internet subscribers in Senegal - 2000 - 2007
Table 83 - ADSL subscribers in Senegal - 2004 - 2007
Table 84 - Internet provider statistics in South Africa - 2006
Table 85 - Internet users and penetration in South Africa - 1995 - 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 86 - Telkom SA wholesale Internet bandwidth and annual growth - 2002 - 2006
Table 87 - Telkom ADSL, dial-up and satellite Internet subscribers - 2003 - 2007
Table 88 - WAPA industry snapshot - October 2006
Table 89 - Internet provider statistics in Sudan - 2006
Table 90 - Internet users and penetration in Sudan - 1997 - 2006
Table 91 - Internet provider statistics in Swaziland - 2006
Table 92 - Internet users and penetration in Swaziland - 1996 - 2006
Table 93 - Internet provider statistics in Tanzania - 2006
Table 94 - Internet users and penetration in Tanzania - 1996 - 2006
Table 95 - Internet provider statistics in Tunisia - March 2007
Table 96 - Internet users, penetration and subscribers in Tunisia - 1995 - 2007
Table 97 - ADSL subscribers in Tunisia - 2002 - 2007
Table 98 - Internet provider statistics in Uganda - 2006
Table 99 - Internet users and penetration in Uganda - 1995 - 2006
Table 100 - Internet provider statistics in Zambia - 2007
Table 101 - Internet users and penetration in Zambia - 1995 - 2006
Table 102 - Internet provider statistics in Zimbabwe - 2006
Table 103 - Internet users and penetration in Zimbabwe - 1996 - 2006

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