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Africa - Telecoms, Internet and Mobile Statistics (tables only)

This report provides 408 statistical tables showing trends and developments in the telecommunications markets of the 38 most significant African countries in terms of telecommunications.


Africa’s telecommunications markets are dominated by mobile phone networks which provide around 90% of all subscriber connections. The subscriber base is still growing at around 40% per year across the continent, but the growth curves are beginning to flatten in the continents more mature markets, forcing operators to compete more aggressively on price, quality of service and by introducing new services. However, enormous further potential remains, with overall market penetration only standing at around 40% while the first African countries have recently broken the 100% barrier.

  With their superior national coverage and large subscriber bases compared to the fixed-line networks, Africa’s mobile operators have built up a level of market power to the extent that they have been called ‘the new incumbents’. However, newly introduced converged licensing regimes are now allowing many old national telcos and other second tier players to enter the lucrative mobile market as well, but they also allow the mobile operators to branch out into new service segments.

  Due to Africa’s poor fixed-line infrastructure, the mobile networks are beginning to play an increasing role in Internet service provision, following the launch of 3G broadband services in a growing number of markets - a welcome new revenue stream in an almost entirely prepaid environment of low ARPU levels. Mobile ARPU has bottomed in many markets, rising again with mobile data services and streamlined operations.

  International bandwidth is extremely expensive in Africa because access to international submarine fibre optic cables has been monopolised by national telcos in most countries, while others depend entirely on satellite bandwidth. This is expected to change dramatically with the arrival of several new international cables to the continent’s shores from 2009. To accommodate the growing data traffic, national fibre backbone networks are being rolled out at an increasing pace.

  Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

    The following notes provide some background to our scenario forecasting methodology:

  •          This report includes what we term scenario forecasts. By describing long-range scenarios we identify a band within which we expect market growth to occur. The associated text describes what we see as the most likely growth trend within this band.
  •          The projections shown in the tables in this report are based on our own historical information, as well as on telecommunication sector statistics from official and non-official, national and international sources. We assume a possible deviation of 15-20% around this data.
  •          All statistics for GDP, revenue, etc are shown in US$, in order to maintain consistency within and between markets. At the same time we acknowledge that this can introduce some irregularities.

1. National Overviews
1.1 Algeria
1.2 Angola
1.3 Botswana
1.4 Burkino Faso
1.5 Cameroon
1.6 Chad
1.7 Cote d’Ivoire
1.8 Democratic Republic of Congo
1.9 Egypt
1.10 Ethiopia
1.11 Gabon
1.12 Gambia
1.13 Ghana
1.14 Guinea
1.15 Kenya
1.16 Lesotho
1.17 Liberia
1.18 Libya
1.19 Madagascar
1.20 Malawi
1.21 Mali
1.22 Mauritius
1.23 Morocco
1.24 Mozambique
1.25 Namibia
1.26 Nigeria
1.27 Rwanda
1.28 Senegal
1.29 Sierra Leone
1.30 South Africa
1.31 Sudan
1.32 Swaziland
1.33 Tanzania
1.34 Tunisia
1.35 Uganda
1.36 Zambia
1.37 Zimbabwe
2. National Comparative Tables
2.1 Fixed line
2.2 Internet
2.3 Broadband
2.4 Mobile
3. Telecoms and Fixed-line Statistics
3.1 Algeria
3.2 Angola
3.3 Benin
3.4 Botswana
3.5 Burkina Faso
3.6 Cameroon
3.7 Chad
3.8 Cote d’Ivoire
3.9 Democratic Republic of Congo
3.10 Egypt
3.10.1 Infrastructure
3.10.2 Operator statistics
3.11 Ethiopia
3.12 Gabon
3.13 Gambia
3.14 Ghana
3.15 Guinea
3.16 Kenya
3.17 Lesotho
3.18 Liberia
3.19 Libya
3.20 Madagascar
3.21 Malawi
3.22 Mali
3.23 Mauritius
3.24 Morocco
3.25 Mozambique
3.26 Namibia
3.27 Nigeria
3.27.1 Infrastructure
3.27.2 Operator statistics
3.28 Rwanda
3.29 Senegal
3.30 Sierra Leone
3.31 South Africa
3.31.1 Infrastructure
3.31.2 Operator statistics
3.32 Sudan
3.33 Swaziland
3.34 Tanzania
3.35 Tunisia
3.36 Uganda
3.37 Zambia
3.38 Zimbabwe
4.
5. Internet and Broadband Statistics
5.1 Algeria
5.1.1 Internet
5.1.2 Broadband
5.2 Angola
5.2.1 Internet
5.3 Benin
5.4 Botswana
5.4.1 Internet
5.4.2 Broadband
5.5 Burkina Faso
5.6 Cameroon
5.7 Chad
5.8 Cote d’Ivoire
5.9 Democratic Republic of Congo
5.10 Egypt
5.10.1 Internet
5.10.2 Broadband
5.11 Ethiopia
5.12 Gabon
5.13 Gambia
5.14 Ghana
5.15 Guinea
5.16 Kenya
5.17 Lesotho
5.17.1 Internet
5.17.2 Broadband
5.18 Liberia
5.19 Libya
5.20 Madagascar
5.21 Malawi
5.22 Mali
5.23 Mauritius
5.23.1 Internet
5.23.2 Broadband
5.24 Morocco
5.24.1 Internet
5.24.2 Broadband
5.25 Mozambique
5.25.1 Internet
5.26 Namibia
5.27 Nigeria
5.28 Rwanda
5.29 Senegal
5.29.1 Internet
5.29.2 Broadband
5.30 Sierra Leone
5.31 South Africa
5.31.1 Internet
5.31.2 Broadband
5.31.3 Convergence
5.32 Sudan
5.33 Swaziland
5.34 Tanzania
5.35 Tunisia
5.35.1 Internet
5.35.2 Broadband
5.36 Uganda
5.37 Zambia
5.38 Zimbabwe
6.
7. Mobile Communications and mobile Data Statistics
7.1 Algeria
7.1.1 Subscribers
7.1.2 Operator statistics
7.2 Angola
7.3 Benin
7.4 Botswana
7.5 Burkina Faso
7.6 Cameroon
7.7 Chad
7.8 Cote d’Ivoire
7.9 Democratic Republic of Congo
7.10 Egypt
7.10.1 Subscribers
7.10.2 Operator statistics
7.10.3 ARPU
7.11 Ethiopia
7.12 Gabon
7.13 Gambia
7.14 Ghana
7.15 Guinea
7.16 Kenya
7.17 Lesotho
7.18 Liberia
7.19 Libya
7.20 Madagascar
7.21 Malawi
7.22 Mali
7.23 Mauritius
7.24 Morocco
7.25 Mozambique
7.26 Namibia
7.27 Nigeria
7.27.1 Subscribers
7.27.2 Operator statistics
7.27.3 ARPU statistics
7.28 Rwanda
7.29 Senegal
7.30 Sierra Leone
7.31 South Africa
7.31.1 Subscribers
7.31.2 Operator statistics
7.32 Sudan
7.33 Swaziland
7.34 Tanzania
7.35 Tunisia
7.36 Uganda
7.37 Zambia
7.38 Zimbabwe
List of Tables
Table 1 - Lines in service in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 2 - Teledensity in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 3 - Internet users in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 4 - Internet user penetration in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 5 - Broadband subscribers in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 6 - Broadband subscriber penetration in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 7 - Mobile subscribers in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 8 - Mobile penetration in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 9 - Algeria - national key statistics - 2008
Table 11 - Algeria - forecast - fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 12 - Angola - national key statistics- 2008
Table 13 - Angola - fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1996 - 2008
Table 14 - Angola - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 15 - Benin - national key statistics - 2008
Table 16 - Benin - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 17 - Benin - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 20 - Burkina Faso - national key statistics- 2008
Table 21 - Burkina Faso - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 26 - Côte d’Ivoire - national key statistics- 2008
Table 27 - Côte d’Ivoire - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2007
Table 32 - Egypt - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 43 - Gambia - national key statistics - 2008
Table 44 - Gambia - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 46 - Ghana - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 47 - Ghana - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 48 - Guinea - national key statistics - 2008
Table 49 - Guinea - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2008
Table 54 - Liberia - national key statistics - 2008
Table 55 - Liberia - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2008
Table 58 - Madagascar - national key statistics - 2008
Table 59 - Madagascar - fixed-line network key indicators - 1998 - 2008
Table 60 - Madagascar - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 61 - Malawi - national key statistics - 2008
Table 62 - Malawi - fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 63 - Malawi - licence fees and levies - 2008
Table 64 - Mali - national key statistics - 2008
Table 65 - Mali - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2008
Table 66 - Mauritius - national key statistics - 2008
Table 67 - Mauritius - fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 68 - Morocco - national key statistics - 2008
Table 69 - Morocco - fixed and fixed-wireless lines in service and teledensity - 1994 - 2008
Table 70 - Morocco - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 71 - Mozambique - national key statistics - 2008
Table 72 - Mozambique - fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 75 - Nigeria - national key statistics - 2008
Table 76 - Nigeria - fixed-lines in service per Nitel and PTOs and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 77 - Nigeria - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 78 - Nigeria - fixed and fixed-wireless lines by operator and market share - 2008
Table 81 - Senegal - national key statistics - 2008
Table 82 - Senegal - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 83 - Senegal - forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 84 - Sierra Leone - national key statistics- 2008
Table 85 - Sierra Leone - fixed and fixed-wireless lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2008
Table 91 - Sudan - national key statistics - 2008
Table 92 - Sudan - fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1994 - 2008
Table 93 - Canartel Home pricing - 2008
Table 96 - Tanzania - national key statistics - 2008
Table 97 - Tanzania - fixed-lines in service by operator and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 98 - Tunisia - national key statistics - 2008
Table 99 - Tunisia - fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2008
Table 100 - Tunisia - data service subscribers by technology - 2001 - 2008
Table 108 - Algeria - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 109 - Algeria - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2007
Table 110 - Algeria - forecast - Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 111 - Djaweb DSL pricing - 2008
"Table 112 - Angola - Internet key statistics - 2007
Table 113 - Angola - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 114 - Angola - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 115 - Benin - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 116 - Benin - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 117 - Benin - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 118 - Benin - broadband versus dial-up subscribers - 2001 - 2007
Table 123 - Burkina Faso - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 124 - Burkina Faso - international Internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2007
Table 125 - Burkina Faso - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 131 - Côte d’Ivoire - Internet key statistics - 2007
Table 132 - Côte d’Ivoire - international Internet bandwidth - 1999 - 2007
Table 133 - Côte d’Ivoire - Internet users, penetration and subscribers - 1996 - 2007
Table 134 - Cote d’Ivoire - ADSL subscribers - 2004 - 2007
Table 140 - Egypt - forecast - Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 142 - Egypt - forecast - broadband subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 150 - Gambia - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 151 - Gambia - international Internet bandwidth - 2002 - 2007
Table 152 - Gambia - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 154 - Ghana - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 155 - Ghana - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 156 - Ghana - forecast broadband subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 157 - Guinea - Internet users and penetration - 1999 - 2008
Table 163 - Liberia - Internet users and penetration - 1999 - 2008
Table 166 - Madagascar - Internet key statistics - June 2008
Table 167 - Madagascar - Internet KPIs: operating and revenue data - 1998 - 2008
Table 168 - Madagascar - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 169 - Madagascar - international Internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2007
Table 170 - Malawi - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 171 - Malawi - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 172 - Mali - Internet users and penetration - 1999 - 2008
Table 173 - Mauritius - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 174 - Mauritius - Internet subscribers, users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2008
Table 175 - Mauritius - international Internet bandwidth - 1999 - 2007
Table 176 - Mauritius Telecom dial-up and broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2007
Table 177 - Morocco - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 178 - Morocco - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 179 - Morocco - international Internet bandwidth - 1999 - 2008
Table 180 - Morocco - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 181 - Morocco - Internet subscribers by ISP and market share - 2008
Table 182 - Maroc Telecom Internet subscribers by access technology - 2003 - 2008
Table 183 - Morocco - distribution of ADSL access by speed - 2008
Table 184 - Morocco - Internet subscribers, ADSL subscribers - MT and total - 2003 - 2008
Table 185 - Morocco - 3G mobile broadband subscribers - 2008
Table 186 - Morocco - forecast broadband subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 187 - Mozambique - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 188 - Mozambique - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 191 - Nigeria - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 192 - Nigeria - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 193 - Nigeria - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 196 - Senegal - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 197 - Senegal - international Internet bandwidth - 2002 - 2007
Table 198 - Senegal - Internet users and penetration and subscribers - 1996 - 2008
Table 199 - Senegal - forecast Internet users - 2010; 2015
Table 200 - Senegal - ADSL subscribers - 2004 - 2008
Table 201 - Senegal - forecast broadband subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 202 - Sierra Leone - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2008
Table 204 - South Africa - Internet users and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 205 - Telkom SA wholesale Internet bandwidth and annual change - 2002 - 2007
Table 206 - South Africa - broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2008
Table 207 - South Africa - broadband subscribers by service provider - February 2008
Table 208 - Telkom ADSL subscribers - 2003 - 2008
Table 209 - Telkom ADSL wholesale services - 2007 - 2008
Table 210 - Sentech MyWireless subscribers - 2005 - 2008
Table 211 - WBS iBurst subscribers - 2005 - 2008
Table 212 - South Africa - online and mobile banking customers of four major banks - June 2007
Table 213 - Sudan - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 214 - Sudan - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 217 - Tanzania - Internet key statistics - 2008
Table 218 - Tanzania - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 219 - Tunisia - Internet key statistics - September 2008
Table 220 - Tunisia - Internet subscribers, users and penetration - 1999 - 2008
Table 221 - Tunisia - PC penetration - 1999 - 2008
Table 222 - Tunisia - ADSL subscribers versus total Internet subscribers - 2002 - 2008
Table 230 - Algeria - mobile key statistics - March 2008
Table 231 - Algeria - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 232 - Algeria - mobile operators and subscribers - Sept 2008
Table 233 - Algeria - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 234 - Djezzy blended monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2008
Table 235 - Djezzy GPRS pricing - 2008
Table 236 - Angola - mobile key statistics - March 2008
Table 237 - Angola - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 238 - Angola - mobile operators and subscribers - March 2008
Table 239 - Angola - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 240 - Benin - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 241 - Benin - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 242 - Benin - mobile operators and subscribers - 2007
Table 243 - Benin - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 244 - MTN Benin monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2008
Table 250 - Burkina Faso - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 251 - Burkina Faso - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 252 - Burkina Faso - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 253 - Celtel Burkina monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 260 - Côte d’Ivoire - mobile key statistics - 2007
Table 261 - Côte d’Ivoire - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1996 - 2007
Table 262 - Côte d’Ivoire - mobile operators and subscribers - 2007
Table 273 - Egypt - forecast - mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 278 - Egypt - blended monthly mobile ARPU - 2003 - 2007
Table 280 - Egypt - forecast - blended mobile ARPU - 2010; 2015
Table 288 - Gambia - mobile key statistics - 2007
Table 289 - Gambia - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 291 - Ghana - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 292 - Ghana - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 293 - Ghana - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 294 - MTN Ghana monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2008
Table 295 - Guinea - mobile key statistics - 2007
Table 296 - Guinea - mobile subscribers and penetration - 1999 - 2008
Table 297 - Guinea - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 298 - MTN Guinea monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 306 - Liberia - mobile key statistics - 2008
Table 307 - Liberia - mobile subscribers and penetration - 2001 - 2008
Table 308 - Liberia - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 309 - LoneStar/MTN Liberia subscribers and market share - 2003 - 2008
Table 310 - MTN Liberia monthly ARPU - 2003 - 2008
Table 314 - Madagascar - mobile key statistics - March 2008
Table 315 - Madagascar - Mobile subscribers, penetration, traffic and revenue - 1996 - 2008
Table 316 - Madagascar - mobile operators and subscribers - March 2008
Table 317 - Madagascar - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 318 - Zain Madagascar monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 319 - Orange Net mobile data pricing - 2008
Table 320 - Malawi - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 321 - Malawi - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 322 - Malawi - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 323 - Zain Malawi monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 324 - Mali - mobile key statistics - 2008
Table 327 - Mauritius - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 328 - Mauritius - mobile subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2008
Table 329 - Mauritius - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 330 - Cellplus mobile data pricing - 2008
Table 331 - Emtel mobile data pricing - 2008
Table 332 - MTML EV-DO pricing - 2008
Table 333 - Morocco - mobile key statistics - 2008
Table 334 - Morocco - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1994 - 2008
Table 335 - Morocco - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 336 - Morocco - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 337 - Maroc Telecom domestic mobile subscribers and market share - 2002 - 2008
Table 338 - Maroc Telecom domestic mobile revenue and EBIT - 2005 - 2008
Table 339 - Maroc Telecom domestic blended monthly mobile ARPU and churn rate - 2003 - 2008
Table 340 - Maroc Telecom GPRS pricing - 2008
Table 341 - Meditel mobile subscribers and market share - 2002 - 2008
Table 342 - Meditel GPRS pricing - 2008
Table 343 - Mozambique - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 344 - Mozambique - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 345 - Mozambique - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 346 - Vodacom Mozambique monthly ARPU - 2004 - 2008
Table 349 - Namibia - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 351 - Nigeria - mobile key statistics - 2008
Table 352 - Nigeria - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2008
Table 353 - Nigeria - mobile operators and subscribers - 2008
Table 354 - Nigeria - forecast mobile subscribers - 2010; 2015
Table 355 - Starcomms total and mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2008
Table 356 - Nigeria - blended monthly mobile ARPU - 2006 - 2007
Table 357 - MTN Nigeria monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2008
Table 358 - Celtel Nigeria monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 359 - Nigeria - forecast blended monthly mobile ARPU - 2010; 2015
Table 363 - Senegal - mobile key statistics - 2008
Table 364 - Senegal - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 365 - Senegal - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 366 - Sonatel Mobile subscribers - 1999 - 2008
Table 367 - Sierra Leone - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 368 - Sierra Leone - GSM licences issued
Table 369 - Sierra Leone - mobile subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2008
Table 370 - Sierra Leone - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 371 - Zain (Celtel) SL subscribers and market share - 2003 - 2008
Table 372 - Celtel/Zain SL monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2008
Table 379 - Sudan - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 380 - Sudan - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 381 - Sudan - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 382 - Zain Sudan monthly ARPU - 2003 - 2008
Table 383 - MTN Sudan monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 387 - Tanzania - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 388 - Tanzania - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
"Table 389 - Tanzania - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 390 - Tunisia - mobile key statistics - September 2008
Table 391 - Tunisia - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2008
Table 392 - Tunisia - mobile operators and subscribers - September 2008
Table 393 - Tunisiana subscribers and blended monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2008

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