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Africa - Mobile Infrastructure and Mobile Broadband

Africa - Mobile Infrastructure and Mobile Broadband

Improved mobile network capability in Africa stimulating smartphone adoption

Within Africa there is considerable diversity in the availability and capability of mobile telecom infrastructure. Vast tracks of the continent, particularly in the northern desert regions, are sparsely populated with little in the way of network coverage. However, intense investment programs undertaken by several pan-regional operators in recent years has meant that population coverage in most countries is excellent.

Much of the phenomenal growth in the take-up of mobile voice and data services has stemmed from the lack of fixed-line alternatives. Fixed-line networks provide limited reach, particularly so in rural areas but also in many urban areas. Before market liberalisation efforts started some two decades ago most incumbent telcos were government-owned enterprises. There was little commercial incentive to invest in infrastructure, and combined with a lack of regulatory oversight, poor management and government neglect, fixed-line penetration remained very low by global standards. In many countries, such as in the DRC, Sudan, Mozambique, South Sudan and Libya, war and civil conflict largely destroyed what little infrastructure there was in place.

Mobile voice and data services were able to fill this void very effectively. As a result, in many countries in the region the use of telecoms services is morphing from being predominantly mobile to being solely mobile. Investment in fixed-line infrastructure is being side-lined in favour of mobile infrastructure. Operators are predominantly investing in spectrum, particularly in the 700MHz band as this is being released into 2017 and 2018 following the switch from analogue to digital broadcasts. They are also strengthening the robustness of their networks by migrating from 3G to LTE-based services. This in turn is being supported by increased international connectivity from a number of new submarine and terrestrial cables. These cables are providing the required backbone infrastructure to support the growing flow of data. Prominent projects include the SACS cable running between Angola and Brazil, with onwards connectivity to Miami, as well as the Liquid Sea cable being built by the pan-regional infrastructure provider Liquid Telecom along the continent’s east coast.

Smartphones are increasingly becoming the principal mobile device used among consumers. The adoption of smartphones is being encouraged by a plethora of cheaper units manufactured locally. The growing take-up of such devices is in turn supporting a tremendous growth in m-commerce, m-money and m-banking services. With the majority of Africans being unbanked, m-payment systems are thriving in most markets where they have been deployed. This has been helped by operators facilitating money transfers between their cross-border networks, as also by co-operation among different players and by a wider number of banks hosting such services. M-money is particularly popular in markets such as Kenya, though the more sophisticated banking sector in South Africa was a contributing factor in the Vodacom’s M-Pesa service being withdrawn from that market in mid-2016.

More than three quarters of mobile subscribers on the continent are expected to subscribe to broadband services by 2020, compared to about a fifth in early 2016. With more than a billion mobile subscribers in the region this presents a vast market for vendors and application providers. Although the relatively low purchasing power in the region will not translate into a similarly rapid growth in revenue, considerable potential remains.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • REGIONAL OVERVIEW
    • STATISTICS
      • Table Africa - active mobile broadband subscribers in selected countries - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Africa - active mobile broadband penetration in selected countries - 2011 - 2016
  • ALGERIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Algeria - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Algeria - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Algeria - Proportion of prepaid and contract subscribers - 2009 - 2015
        • Table Algeria - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Algeria - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Algeria - Mobile ARPU - 2012 - 2015
      • Mobile data
        • Table Algeria - SMS traffic - 2011 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Algeria - Mobile broadband subscribers by technology - 2014 - 2015
      • Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Algeria - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Registration of subscriber details
      • Interconnection
        • Table Algeria - mobile termination rates by operator - 2013 - 2016
      • Licensing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Algeria - GSM subscribers by operator - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Algeria - GSM subscriber market share by operator - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Algeria - 3G subscribers by operator - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Algeria - 3G subscriber market share by operator - 2013 - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
  • ANGOLA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General Statistics
        • Table Angola - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Angola - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola - 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Angola - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009- 2016
      • Regulatory issues
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Angola - Forecast mobile subscribers in Angola - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Third generation (3G) mobile data services
        • Table Angola - Unitel 3G broadband pricing - 2016
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE/4G)
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • CDMA
  • BENIN
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General Statistics
        • Table Benin - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Benin - Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Benin - Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Benin - Mobile market investments - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Benin - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2012 - 2016
      • Mobile data
        • Table Benin - SMS traffic - 2012 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Benin - Mobile internet subscribers - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Benin - Mobile internet subscribers by operator - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Benin - CDMA broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Spectrum auction - 2013
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Satellite mobile
  • BOTSWANA
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Botswana - MNO financial data - 2012 - 2013
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Botswana - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Botswana - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Botswana - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Botswana - Prepaid and contract market share of subscribers - 2013 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Botswana - Mobile internet subscribers - 2010 - 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Backbone infrastructure
      • Airtime tax
      • SIM card registration
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination rates (MTRs)
        • Table Botswana - MTRs - 2011 - 2014
      • Roaming
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
  • BURKINA FASO
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Burkina Faso - Mobile operator market share of subscribers - 2011 - 2014
      • Mobile data
        • Table Burkina Faso - SMS traffic - 2004 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Burkina Faso - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Burkina Faso - Mobile internet subscribers - 2011 - 2014
      • Regulatory measures
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-payment
      • m-health
  • CAMEROON
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Cameroon - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Cameroon - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Cameroon - Mobile market share by operator - 2014 - 2015
    • MOBILE DATA
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Cameroon - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-payment and m-banking
      • M-health
  • CHAD
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2010 - 2016
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Satellite mobile
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Money transfer, m-banking
  • COTE D'IVOIRE
    • MOBILE MARKET
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Historic - Mobile market revenue and investment - 2003 - 2009
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Mobile market revenue and investment - 2010 - 2016
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997 - 2009
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2012 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS and MMS
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2013 - 2016
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Cote D'Ivoire - Forecast mobile subscribers in Côte d'Ivoire - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Cote D'Ivoire - 3G subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-money
        • Table Cote D'Ivoire - M-money users - 2014 - 2016
  • DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table DRC - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in the DRC - 1999 - 2009
      • Table DRC - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in the DRC - 2010 - 2017
      • Table DRC - Major mobile operator launch dates in the DRC
    • MOBILE DATA
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table DRC - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licence conditions, fees and taxes
      • Quality of service (QoS)
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Third generation (3G)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-banking
  • DJIBOUTI
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Djibouti - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2009
      • Table Djibouti - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers in Djibouti - 2013 - 2016
  • EGYPT
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Egypt - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2017
        • Table Egypt - Mobile market share of subscribers - 2014 - 2016
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Egypt - Mobile internet and USB internet connections (regulator data) - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Egypt - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Egypt - Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2015
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Egypt - Forecast - mobile subscribers in Egypt - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Third mobile licence
      • Fourth mobile licence
      • International gateways
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Egypt - Mobile numbers ported - 2008 - 2014
      • SIM card registration
      • Infrastructure sharing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-banking
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
  • ERITREA
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Eritrea - Telecom services revenue by platform - 2001 - 2015
      • Table Eritrea - Telecom services investment - 2001 - 2015
      • Privatisation of EriTel
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea - 2004 - 2017
  • ETHIOPIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Ethiopia - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Ethiopia - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile data
        • Table Ethiopia - SMS messages sent - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Ethiopia - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2017
    • FORECAST - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Ethiopia - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Ethio Telecom 3G and LTE pricing - 2016
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-banking
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
      • Local handset manufacturing
  • GABON
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Gabon - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Gabon - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Gabon - Mobile market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Gabon - Mobile services revenue - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Gabon - Mobile ARPU - 2014 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table Gabon - Mobile SMS sent - 2014 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Gabon - Mobile broadband users - 2012 - 2016
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Mobile satellite services
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile payments
  • GAMBIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS and MMS
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration in Gambia - 2009 - 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Africell Gambia 3G mobile broadband pricing - 2016
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-banking
  • GHANA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Ghana - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Ghana - Total mobile voice subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Ghana - Mobile voice subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Ghana - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Ghana - Overview of mobile network launch dates
      • Mobile broadband/data
        • Table Ghana - Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Ghana - Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator - 2015 - 2016
        • Table Ghana - Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2016
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Ghana - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Spectrum
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Ghana - Cumulative mobile number portings - 2011 - 2015
      • Network sharing
      • Tariffs
      • Taxation
      • Registration of subscriber details
      • Billing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • SATELLITE MOBILE
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-banking
      • Mobile video streaming
      • M-health
      • M-TV
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
  • GUINEA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Guinea - Mobile market revenue - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Guinea - Mobile market investment by operator - 2010 - 2015
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Guinea - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Guinea - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Guinea - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2014 - 2016
        • Table Guinea - Mobile market revenue - 2009; 2012 - 2016
        • Table Guinea - Mobile voice traffic - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Guinea - Mobile market revenue by operator - 2012 - 2014
        • Table Guinea - Mobile market share of revenue by operator - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Guinea - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Guinea - Mobile coverage of main towns by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Mobile data
        • Table Guinea - SMS message sent - 2014 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Guinea - Active mobile broadband subscribers in Guinea - 2012 - 2015
        • Table Guinea - Mobile internet subscribers in Guinea by operator - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Guinea - Mobile internet connections (EDGE, GPRS, 3G) - 2010 - 2014
        • Table Guinea - Mobile internet market share by operator - 2014 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Roaming
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Guinea - 3G localities covered by operator - 2014 - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-payments
      • m-health
  • KENYA
    • OVERVIEW OF KENYA'S MOBILE MARKET
      • General statistics
        • Table Kenya - Mobile services revenue and investments - 2008- 2015
      • Mobile subscribers
        • Table Kenya - Mobile traffic share by operator - 2014 - 2015
        • Table Kenya - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Kenya - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 2010 - 2016
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table Kenya - SMS traffic - 2012 - 2015
        • Table Kenya - MMS traffic - 2012 - 2015
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Kenya - Mobile internet subscribers by provider - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Kenya - Mobile internet market share by provider - 2014 - 2015
        • Table Kenya - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2015
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Kenya - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • International gateways
      • Spectrum
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Network sharing
      • Quality of Service (QoS) control
      • SIM card registration
      • Taxes
      • Tariff regulation
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Satellite mobile
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
        • Table Kenya - Mobile money transfer statistics - 2011 - 2015
        • Table Kenya - Safaricom - M-PESA revenue - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Kenya - Safaricom - active M-PESA customers - 2012 - 2015
        • Table Kenya - Safaricom -M-PESA transactions value by type - 2011 - 2016
      • Mobile TV
      • M-medicine
      • Satellite mobile
    • HANDSETS
  • LESOTHO
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lesotho - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lesotho - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Lesotho - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010- 2017
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-payment
      • m-learning
  • LIBERIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Liberia - 2001 - 2017
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table Liberia - SMS traffic - 2008 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Liberia - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licence reform
      • Additional licences
      • The Comium-Liberia Act
      • GSM spectrum reallocation
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Agricultural Market Information and Linkage System (AMILS)
      • m-health
      • m-money
  • LIBYA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISITCS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Libya - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Libya - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS and MMS
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Libya - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2013 - 2016
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
  • MADAGASCAR
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Madagascar - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2016
        • Table Madagascar - Mobile network traffic - 2006 - 2014
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Madagascar - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Madagascar - Mobile internet traffic - 2007 - 2016
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Madagascar - Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY MEASURES
      • Spectrum licenses
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • GPRS/EDGE
      • Third generation (3G)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Satellite mobile
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
  • MALAWI
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Malawi - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Malawi - 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration in Malawi - 2010 - 2016
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast - mobile subscribers in Malawi - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • SMS
      • Third Generation (3G)
      • LTE
    • MOBILE APPLICATIONS AND SERVICES
      • m-money
  • MALI
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Mali - Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2014
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table Mali - SMS traffic - 2006 - 2017
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mali - Mobile internet subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Orange Mali mobile data pricing - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Third mobile licence
      • Fourth mobile licence - options
      • SIM card registration
      • Roaming
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-payments and m-banking
  • MAURITIUS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Mauritius - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
        • Table Mauritius - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Mauritius - Mobile voice traffic - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Mauritius - Mobile subscribers: prepaid and contract - 2009 - 2015
      • Mobile data
        • Table Mauritius - SMS traffic - 2006 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mauritius - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2017
    • FORECASTS- MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Mauritius - Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile TV
      • Mobile money
  • MOROCCO
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Morocco - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Morocco - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Morocco - Multiple SIM card use among mobile subscribers - 20012 - 2014
        • Table Morocco - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Morocco - Proportion of prepaid and contract subscribers to total - 2012 - 2016
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Morocco - Average price per minute for mobile services - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Morocco - Average mobile traffic per subscriber - 2012 - 2015
        • Table Morocco - Mobile network voice traffic - 2005 - 2016
      • Mobile data
        • Table Morocco - SMS traffic - 2005 - 2016
        • Table Morocco - Average SMS cost - 2012 - 2013
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Morocco - Mobile internet connections - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Morocco - Market share of mobile internet subscribers by ISP - 2015 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • SIM card registration
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile payments, m-banking
      • TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio)
      • Mobile TV
      • Satellite mobile
    • HANDSET MARKET
      • Table Morocco - Smartphone penetration - 2012 - 2015
  • MOZAMBIQUE
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Mozambique - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997 - 2009
        • Table Mozambique - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mozambique - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2017
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Mozambique - Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Third mobile licence
      • Spectrum auction
      • Roaming
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Mozambique - Mobile base stations by operator - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-money
  • NAMIBIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Namibia - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
      • Table Namibia - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE DATA
      • Table Namibia - SMS messages sent - 2009 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Namibia - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2017
      • Table Namibia - Mobile data subscribers (regulator data) - 2009 - 2013
      • Table Namibia - Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Namibia - Mobile Termination Rates - 2008 - 2013
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • GPRS/EDGE
      • HSPA
      • Satellite mobile
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile TV
      • Mobile banking
  • NIGERIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Nigeria - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Nigeria - Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Nigeria - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Nigeria - Prepaid mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Nigeria - Mobile subscribers (GSM) by operator, technology - June 2016
        • Table Nigeria - Mobile subscribers (CDMA) by operator, technology - June 2016
        • Table Nigeria - Installed mobile base stations by GSM operator - 2013 - 2014
        • Table Nigeria - Installed mobile base stations by CDMA operator - 2013 - 2014
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table Nigeria - SMS traffic - 2006 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Nigeria - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2016
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • GSM licence terms
      • Spectrum
      • Interconnection
      • Mobile tariffs
      • Unified licensing regime
      • Universal service
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Nigeria - Outgoing mobile number portings - 2013 - 2016
      • Central equipment identity register
      • Quality of Service
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • International gateways
      • National mobile infrastructure plan
      • Tower infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table GSM subscribers in Nigeria - 2014 - 2016
        • Table MTN Nigeria data plan pricing - 2016
      • Other infrastructure developments
        • Table Nigeria - Active CDMA subscribers - 2014 - 2016
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
      • M-health
      • Mobile TV
  • RWANDA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile sector revenue - 2015 - 2016
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile geographic coverage by operator - March 2016
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile population coverage by operator - March 2016
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Rwanda - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile subscribers by operator (regulator data) - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2011- 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Rwanda - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile internet market share of subscribers by operator- 2013- 2016
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2014
      • Table Rwanda - Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2016
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Rwanda - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Tower infrastructure
      • One Africa Network
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Money transfer, m-banking
  • SENEGAL
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Senegal - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2009
      • Table Senegal - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Senegal - Market share of subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Senegal - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Senegal - Mobile voice traffic - 2002 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
      • OTT messaging services
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Senegal - Mobile broadband (2G/3G) subscribers - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Senegal - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Senegal - Market share of 2G/3G internet subscribers by operator - 2012 - 2015
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • SIM card registration
      • Per-second billing (PSB)
      • Millicom licence dispute
      • LTE licence
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Manobi
      • M-payments and m-banking
  • SIERRA LEONE
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile licensing
        • Table GSM licences and operations in Sierra Leone
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Sierra Leone - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Sierra Leone - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Sierra Leone - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2013
    • MOBILE DATA
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Third generation (3G)
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-payments
  • SOUTH AFRICA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table South Africa - Mobile revenue by sector - 2015
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa - 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile voice (VoLTE/Wi-Fi calling
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table South Africa - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2015
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in South Africa - 2015; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • International gateways
      • SIM card registration
      • Quality of service (QoS)
      • Market liberalisation and licence obligations
      • Community service telephones (CST)
      • Infrastructure sharing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • M2M networks
        • Table Vodacom South Africa M2M connections - 2011 - 2015
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Push-to-Talk (PTT)
      • Mobile TV
      • Mobile music
      • CellBook
      • m-banking
      • m-money
      • m-commerce
      • m-gaming
      • m-health
      • Mobile advertising
      • Location-based services (LBS)
      • Manobi
      • Mobile social media
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
      • Table Vodacom South Africa active data devices by type - 2012 - 2014
  • SOUTH SUDAN
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Cell towers in South Sudan by operator and state - 2010
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Sudan - 2010 - 2017
      • Table South Sudan - Mobile market share by operator - 2015
    • MOBILE DATA - SMS AND MMS
      • Table South Sudan - SMS traffic - 2010 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table South Sudan - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2016
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in South Sudan - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile banking
  • SUDAN
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Sudan - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1996 - 2009
      • Table Sudan - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Sudan - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS and MMS
        • Table Sudan - SMS traffic - 2010 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Sudan - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money
  • SWAZILAND
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Swaziland - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Swaziland - 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Swaziland - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Second mobile licence
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Swazi MTN 3G mobile data bundle pricing - 2016
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-banking
  • TANZANIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Tanzania - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
      • Table Tanzania - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Tanzania - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Tanzania - Average use of services per subscriber - 2012 - 2014
      • Mobile data services
        • Table Tanzania - SMS traffic - 2012 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Tanzania - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Tanzania - Mobile internet subscribers - 2011 - 2016
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Tanzania - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Quality of Service
      • Spectrum auctions
      • Tariffs
        • Table Tanzania - Average mobile tariffs - 2005 - 2016
      • International roaming
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Network sharing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Mobile satellite services
      • Tower infrastructure
      • Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Money transfer, m-banking
        • Table Tanzania - Mobile money subscriptions by operator- 2015 - 2016
      • Mobile TV
      • M-health
    • HANDSETS
  • TUNISIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia - 1995 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Tunisia - Mobile prepaid and contract subscribers - 2014 - 2016
      • Table Tunisia - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2009 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS, MMS
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Tunisia - Mobile broadband subscribers (3G with key) - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Tunisia - Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Tunisia - Mobile broadband market share by operator - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Tunisia - Standard 3G mobile internet subscribers and penetration - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Tunisia - 3G/LTE mobile internet subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Network sharing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • LTE spectrum
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • M2M NETWORKS
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-money
      • Mobile TV
  • UGANDA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda - 1996 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Mobile traffic in Uganda by traffic type - 2008 - 2016
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table Uganda - SMS messages sent - 2014 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers and penetration in Uganda - 2009 - 2017
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in Uganda - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Taxes
        • Table Telecommunications tax revenue in Uganda by tax type - 2008 - 2016
      • One Network Area
      • Infrastructure sharing
      • SIM card registration
      • Quality of service (QoS)
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-banking/money
        • Table Uganda - Mobile money agents and subscribers - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Uganda - Mobile money transactions - 2009 - 2016
      • m-TV
      • m-Health
  • ZAMBIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Zambia - Mobile ARPU - 2012 - 2016
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Zambia - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
      • Table Zambia - Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Zambia - Registered mobile SIM cards - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Zambia - Mobile market revenue - 2011 - 2016
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table Zambia - SMS messages sent - 2011 - 2016
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Zambia - Mobile internet subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Zambia - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2015
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Table Zambia - Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • SIM card registration
      • Spectrum auction
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Zambia - Voice interconnection rates for operators - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Zambia - SMS interconnection rates for operators - 2013 - 2016
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-commerce
      • M-payment and m-banking
    • MOBILE HANDSETS
  • ZIMBABWE
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Zimbabwe - Mobile market revenue - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Zimbabwe - Base stations in service by technology - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Zimbabwe - Market share of base stations by operator - 2015
      • Table Zimbabwe - Market share of base stations by operator - Jun 2016
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscriptions and penetration rate in Zimbabwe - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscriptions and penetration rate in Zimbabwe - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Zimbabwe - Active mobile subscriptions by operator- 2014 - 2016
      • Table Zimbabwe - Active mobile subscriptions - 2014 - 2015
      • Table Zimbabwe - Operator share of active mobile subscriptions - 2013 - 2016
      • Mobile data
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Zimbabwe - Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • SIM card registration
      • Fourth mobile licence
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Network sharing
      • Spectrum auction
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Zimbabwe - LTE mobile internet subscribers - 2014 - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Money transfer, m-banking
        • Table Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless EcoCash subscribers - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless EcoCash revenue - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless EcoCash transactions - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless EcoCash agents - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Zimbabwe - M-money market share by operator - 2015
        • Table Zimbabwe - M-money market share of active subscribers by operator - 2015
        • Table Zimbabwe - Mobile money market data - 2013 - 2016
      • M-commerce
    • MOBILE HANDSETS

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