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Africa - Fixed-line Telecommunications and Infrastructure Statistics (tables only)


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This report provides 101 statistical tables showing trends and developments in the fixed-line operations of the 38 most significant African countries in terms of telecommunications. Statistics shown are up to 2008. Full details are given elsewhere in the annual reports listed at the end of the Contents section.


While being the world’s most rapidly growing market for mobile telephony, Africa is also home to some of the fastest growing fixed-line markets in the world. The continent still has some of the world’s lowest penetration rates in both market sectors.  

The difficulties of rolling out fixed-line networks across its vast land mass have meant that by early-2009 mobile users constituted around 90% of all African telephone subscribers. However, as lower and lower income groups are being targeted, a price-sensitive market for lower-cost fixed or limited-mobility services is emerging.

  A surge in demand for Internet access and broadband capabilities is accelerating this fixed-line renaissance in some of Africa’s more advanced markets. Despite reasonable growth of the traditional fixed-line markets in some countries, subscriber access to both voice and data services is shifting more and more to fixed-wireless solutions as a substitute for inadequate fixed-line infrastructure.

  For over 50 operators across the continent, CDMA2000 has been the technology of choice to provide fixed-wireless access. It supports full mobility, and converged licensing regimes are now allowing these operators to move into the lucrative mobile sector in a growing number of countries. WiMAX technology, however, offers higher data rates and is quickly gaining ground in Africa with over 100 networks already in operation.

  Several international fibre projects currently under development will deliver the necessary bandwidth to Africa, increase competition in this sector and bring down costs. Several countries have embarked on national fibre backbone rollouts to take new services beyond the capital cities. However, satellite will continue to play a significant role in reaching Africa’s extensive rural and remote areas.

  Foreign investors are scrambling for positions in this very lucrative market as liberalisation continues, national telcos are being privatised and new operating licenses issued.

  Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

  The following notes provide some background to our scenario forecasting methodology:

This report includes what we term scenario forecasts. By describing long-range scenarios we identify a band within which we expect market growth to occur. The associated text describes what we see as the most likely growth trend within this band. The projections shown in the tables in this report are based on our own historical information, as well as on telecommunication sector statistics from official and non-official, national and international sources. We assume a possible deviation of 15-20% around this data. All statistics for GDP, revenue, etc are shown in US$, in order to maintain consistency within and between markets. At the same time we acknowledge that this can introduce some irregularities.

1. National Comparative Tables
2. Telecoms and Fixed-line Statistics
2.1 Algeria
2.2 Angola
2.3 Benin
2.4 Botswana
2.5 Burkina Faso
2.6 Cameroon
2.7 Chad
2.8 Cote d’Ivoire
2.9 Democratic Republic of Congo
2.10 Egypt
2.11 Ethiopia
2.12 Gabon
2.13 Gambia
2.14 Ghana
2.15 Guinea
2.16 Kenya
2.17 Lesotho
2.18 Liberia
2.19 Libya
2.20 Madagascar
2.21 Malawi
2.22 Mali
2.23 Mauritius
2.24 Morocco
2.25 Mozambique
2.26 Namibia
2.27 Nigeria
2.28 Rwanda
2.29 Senegal
2.30 Sierra Leone
2.31 South Africa
2.32 Sudan
2.33 Swaziland
2.34 Tanzania
2.35 Tunisia
2.36 Uganda
2.37 Zambia
2.38 Zimbabwe
List of Tables
Table 1 - Lines in service in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 2 - Teledensity in Africa by country - 2004 - 2008
Table 3 - National key statistics Algeria - 2008
Table 5 - Forecast - fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Algeria - 2010; 2015
Table 6 - National key statistics Angola - 2008
Table 7 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola - 1996; 1998; 2000 - 2008
Table 8 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers in Angola - 2010; 2015
Table 9 - National key statistics Benin - 2008
Table 10 - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Benin - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 11 - Forecast fixed-line and fixed-wireless subscribers in Benin - 2010; 2015
Table 14 - National key statistics Burkina Faso - 2008
Table 15 - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 20 - National key statistics Côte d’Ivoire - 2008
Table 21 - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Côte d’Ivoire - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 26 - Forecast fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Egypt - 2010; 2015
Table 37 - National key statistics Gambia - 2008
Table 38 - Fixed-lines in service & teledensity in Gambia - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 40 - Fixed-lines in service & teledensity in Ghana - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 41 - Forecast fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Ghana - 2010; 2015
Table 42 - National key statistics Guinea - 2008
Table 43 - Fixed-lines in service & teledensity in Guinea - 1999 - 2008
Table 48 - National key statistics Liberia - 2008
Table 49 - Fixed-lines in service & teledensity in Liberia - 1999 - 2008
Table 52 - National key statistics Madagascar - 2008
Table 53 - Fixed-line network key indicators in Madagascar - 1998; 2000 - 2008
Table 54 - Forecast fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Madagascar - 2010; 2015
Table 55 - National key statistics Malawi - 2008
Table 56 - Fixed lines in service & teledensity in Malawi - 1995; 1997; 2000 - 2008
Table 57 - Licence fees & levies in Malawi - 2008
Table 58 - National key statistics Mali - 2008
Table 59 - Fixed-lines in service & teledensity in Mali - 1999 - 2008
Table 60 - National key statistics Mauritius - 2008
Table 61 - Fixed lines in service & teledensity in Mauritius - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 62 - National key statistics Morocco - 2008
Table 63 - Fixed & fixed-wireless lines in service & teledensity in Morocco - 1994; 1996; 1998; 2000 - 2008
Table 64 - Forecast fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Morocco - 2010; 2015
Table 65 - National key statistics Mozambique - 2008
Table 66 - Fixed lines in service & teledensity in Mozambique - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 69 - National key statistics Nigeria - 2008
Table 70 - Fixed-lines in service, Nitel & PTOs & teledensity in Nigeria - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 71 - Forecast fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Nigeria - 2010; 2015
Table 72 - Fixed & fixed-wireless lines by operator & market share in Nigeria - 2008
Table 75 - National key statistics Senegal - 2008
Table 76 - Fixed-lines in service & teledensity in Senegal - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 77 - Forecast fixed-line & fixed-wireless subscribers in Senegal - 2010; 2015
Table 78 - National key statistics Sierra Leone - 2008
Table 79 - Fixed & fixed-wireless lines in service & teledensity in Sierra Leone - 1999 - 2008
Table 85 - National key statistics Sudan - 2008
Table 86 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sudan - 1994; 1996; 1998; 2000 - 2008
Table 87 - Canartel Home pricing - 2008
Table 90 - National key statistics Tanzania - 2008
Table 91 - Fixed-lines in service by operator & teledensity in Tanzania - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 92 - National key statistics Tunisia - 2008
Table 93 - Fixed lines in service & teledensity in Tunisia - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 94 - Data service subscribers by technology in Tunisia - 2001 - 2008

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