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Afghanistan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Afghanistan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Afghanistan finally sees the launch of 4G mobile services
Afghanistan continues to be confronted by the challenges. The political and civil stability of the country is a dark cloud hanging over the country; is a particular threat to the effectiveness of the telecommunications network and the viability of the telecommunications sector.
By 2017 despite the positive signs of a civil society taking shape, the country was still suffering from the ongoing conflict and multiple difficulties in administering the nation. After many years of war and civil strife, an encouraging aspect of the country's efforts to rebuild has been the considerable success evident in the creating a functional telecommunications sector virtually from nothing.
Efforts are being made to roll out fixed-line services, but the country's telecommunications services rely heavily on its mobile infrastructure. Fixed-line broadband market penetration has not grown significantly over the last five years. Over the next five years to 2022 growth is expected to continue but overall market penetration will remain extremely low.
Afghanistan is ranked 32nd out of 34 with a Telecoms Maturity Index score of 7. This ranks Afghanistan third last in the Market Challengers category. (BuddeComm's Asian Telecoms Maturity Index, is an index (on a scale between 0 and 100) that measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industry in all of the 34 countries in Asia.) Compared to other Asian nations, Afghanistan has very low mobile and mobile broadband penetration and extremely low fixed broadband penetration.
Afghanistan has a highly competitive mobile market that continues to flourish despite the background of the ongoing conflict throughout the country. The mobile sector has been boosted by the absence of effective fixed-line alternatives.
Afghanistan's mobile market has experienced reasonably strong growth over 2012 to 2017 period from a relatively small base. AWCC launched Afghanistan's first LTE system in May 2017 with coverage of Kabul. By early 2018 no other operators had launched 4G services. Moderately strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022.
Afghanistan has seen a strong increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years, however the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development and penetration remains relatively low compared to other Asian nations. Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The mobile broadband market will be driven by a rising level of mobile subscribers and strong competition. The extent to which it will be driven by increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators, will depend if the extent to which they rollout 4G networks over the next five years.
By 2017 Afghanistan was making good progress on the roll-out of the government project for a nationwide optical fibre backbone.

Key developments:

AWCC launched Afghanistan's first LTE system with coverage of Kabul.
Afghanistan is making good progress on the roll-out of a nationwide optical fibre backbone.
Afghanistan's mobile market has experienced reasonably strong growth.
The mobile broadband market is being driven by a rising level of mobile subscribers and strong competition.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Afghan Telecom/Aftel/Salam Telecom/Networks, Afghan Wireless Communications Company/AWCC, Roshan/ Telecom Development Company Afghanistan Ltd (TDCA), Etisalat Afghanistan, MTN Afghanistan, Wasel Telecom.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Background
2.2 Economy
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Market Overview and Analysis
3.2 Regional Market Comparison
3.3 Historical background
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Overview
4.2 Regulatory authorities
4.2.1 Afghanistan Telecom Regulatory Authority (ATRA)
4.2.2 Minister of Communications and Information Technology
4.3 Framework for emergency telecoms systems
4.4 Number Portability (NP)
4.5 Access
4.6 Mobile
4.7 Digital Media
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Fixed-line statistics
5.2 Optical fibre backbone
5.3 IP infrastructure
5.4 Rural Access
5.4.1 Telecommunication Development Fund (TDF)
5.4.2 Remote Village
5.5 Microwave ring
5.6 International infrastructure
5.6.1 Satellite services
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Overview
6.2 Afghan Telecom
6.3 Other operators
6.3.1 Afghan Wireless Communications Co (AWCC)
6.3.2 Wasel Telecom
6.4 Other licences
7. Fixed broadband market
7.1 Broadband Statistics and Forecasts
7.2 Internet Service Providers (ISP)
7.3 WiMAX
7.4 WiFi hotspots
7.5 Internet cafes
8. Mobile communications
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Mobile statistics and Forecasts
8.3 Mobile Broadband Statistics and Forecasts
8.4 Mobile infrastructure
8.4.1 Introduction
8.4.2 Third Generation (3G)
8.4.3 4G / LTE
8.5 Mobile data services
8.5.1 Mobile banking and m-money
8.5.2 Roshan's Malomat service
9. Mobile operators
9.1 Operator Statistics
9.2 Afghan Wireless (AWCC)
9.3 Roshan
9.4 MTN Afghanistan
9.5 Etisalat Afghanistan
9.6 Salam Telecom (Aftel)
9.7 Wasel Telecom
10. Digital economy
10.1 e-Commerce
10.2 e-Government
10.3 e-Health
10.4 e-Education
10.5 e-Banking
10.6 Afghanistan National Data Centre (ANDC)
10.7 Other digital services
11. Digital Media
11.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
11.2 Broadcasting market
11.2.1 Overview
11.2.2 Digitalisation
11.2.3 National broadcasters
11.2.4 Cable TV
12. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Afghanistan 2017 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authorities
Table 7 Afghanistan's GDP real growth rate 2006 - 2017
Table 8 Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2017 - 2022
Table 9 Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration 2007 - 2017
Table 10 Historic - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity 1994; 2000 - 2008
Table 11 Historic - Fixed-line subscribers wireline v. wireless - 2009 - 2016
Table 12 Afghan Telecom - wireline and wireless subscribers 2012; 2014 - 2016
Table 13 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Table 14 Internet Users and Penetration 2007 - 2017
Table 15 Historic - Internet users (ITU) 2002 - 2006
Table 16 Historic - Fixed internet subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 17 International internet bandwidth 2005 - 2017
Table 18 Afghanistan - Facebook users and penetration 2012; 2015
Table 19 Licensed ISPs - 2018
Table 20 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Table 21 Historic - Mobile subscribers and annual change 2002 - 2006
Table 22 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2013 - 2022
Table 23 3G mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2013 - 2017
Table 24 3G mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2013 - 2017
Table 25 Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
Table 26 Mobile operator and systems
Table 27 Subscribers and Market share by Major Operators 2016
Table 28 Historic - ARPU by operator 2008 - 2012
Table 29 AWCC's mobile subscribers 2005 - 2017
Table 30 Roshan's mobile subscribers 2005 - 2017
Table 31 MTN's mobile subscribers 2007 - 2017
Table 32 MTN's ARPU 2011 - 2016
Table 33 Etisalat's mobile subscribers 2007 - 2017
Table 34 Key broadcasting statistics
Chart 1 Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration 2017; 2022
Chart 2 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
Chart 3 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index Central Asia
Chart 4 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 5 Fixed Broadband vs Mobile Penetration - Central Asia (selected countries)
Chart 6 Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration 2007 - 2017
Chart 7 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Chart 8 Internet Users and Penetration 2007 - 2017
Chart 9 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Chart 10 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2013 - 2022
Exhibit 1 Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Exhibit 3 Awarding of 3G licences by operator and date
Exhibit 4 Launch of 3G services by operator and date

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