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Pet Food in the U.S.: Other Pet Food: Health, Humanization and High Quality Ingredients in an Increasingly Value-Driven Global Market


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

The U.S. pet food market has not just survived the spring 2007 recalls but proven its resiliency, with 2007 sales up over previous years and healthy growth continuing through 2008. Yet heightened safety concerns on the part of pet food makers and consumers continue to shape product development and marketing, as well as the choices of pet owners looking for the safest and healthiest products possible. At the top of the list are kibble, canned and raw/frozen foods made with ingredients that are natural, organic, grain-free/non-allergenic and pure, as well as made in the U.S.A., locally grown, “whole” (fruits, vegetables, grains, etc.) and human-grade. Foods making functional appeals also continue to proliferate, especially those targeting age- and weight-related conditions via the inclusion of novel ingredients like glucosamine, omega fatty acids, antioxidants and probiotics. In other words, premium pet foods remain the primary value growth driver in the U.S. market, with ever higher quality ingredients fueling the premium wave.

At the same time, one thing marketers and retailers at all levels of the market cannot afford given the faltering U.S. and global economies is complacency. More than ever before the ability to convert pet owners to higher priced products—or keep them buying them—will depend on marketers’ success in communicating product benefits and tapping into the ever-potent human/animal bond. Helping to make the case are new celebrity spokespersons like Cesar Millan with his new Dog Whisperer line, and Ellen DeGeneres with her co-ownership in Halo Purely for Pets, with other positive trends including rapid growth in the natural supermarket channel and an increasingly globalized market in which ingredients suppliers like Cargill are looking to stake a deeper claim in pet food (in Cargill’s case by specifically targeting the U.S. agricultural retail channel as well as global markets). At the same time, new products continue to flood the market, which saw more entries in 2008 than in any previous year.

Pegging 2008 U.S. sales at $17 billion and global sales at $49 billion—and projecting steady growth through 2013—the report provides market size estimates for the overall retail universe, while quantifying mass-market sales to the marketer/brand share level using data from Information Resources, Inc., and also providing market size and marketer share figures for the natural supermarket channel. The report thoroughly documents competitive, new product and retail trends, as well as trends in pet food purchaser demographics and lifestyle pursuits (media and marketing psychographics, Internet usage, “green” involvement, etc.), based on data from Simmons Market Research Bureau, BIGresearch, the American Pet Products Association and other sources.

Bringing to bear more than 20 years of experience in analyzing this market and drawing on Packaged Facts’ broad cross-category expertise, Pet Food in the U..S pinpoints strategic directions for current and prospective marketers, with a forward-looking focus on high-growth product segments and market-driving trends. The report provides a comprehensive Market Overview covering cross-market trends. New features of our 2009 edition include focus sections on:

  • The global pet food market (sales overall and by world region, marketer shares, new product trends, U.S. export trends, and more);

  • Recall-related product safety initiatives;

  • Cross-channel private-label activity and prospects;

  • Levels of in-store merchandising and price promotions;

  • Pet food purchasers as coupon users.

Also included are dozens of images of pet products and consumer and trade ads.

Read an excerpt from this report below.


Market Insights: A Selection From The Report


Small Animal Food Purchaser Trends and Demographics

Food treats are the most popular type of small animal food, used by 45% of small animal owners in 2006, followed closely by bagged pellets at 44%; however, usage of food treats grew by eight percentage points between 2002 and 2006, while bagged pellets declined by a point during the same period.

Alfalfa/hay products also experienced substantial growth, increasing by six percentage points to reach 41% in 2006. Three other types fall into the 25-35% range: fruits/vegetables, hamster/gerbil mix and special mixes (i.e., for specific animal types). Boxed pellets experienced the largest drop in share in 2006, only being used by 5% of small animal food purchasers (down from 10% in 2002). [Figure 5-12]

Slightly more than 2% of U.S. adults (or nearly 2.4 million people) keep a pet rabbit or hamster based on Spring 2008 Simmons data (rabbits and hamsters are the only small animals represented in the survey). Larger households, especially those with children, are more likely than average to keep these two types of small animal pets.

Additionally, homemakers, married couples and individuals without a high school degree are also more likely than average to own rabbits and hamsters, as are consumers with an employment income of $20,000-$39,999 or households with a combined income between $50,000-$99,999. [Table 5-19]

In the News


Pet Owners Splurge on Premium, Fortified Food for Animal Companions

New York, January 13, 2009 - The premiumization trend in the global pet food market indicates that pet owning consumers are as willing to spend more on premium food infused with health fortifying ingredients such as glucosamine, omega fatty acids, antioxidants, and probiotics for their pets as they are for themselves.

Premium pet foods cover all bases—from natural/organic to functional/nutraceutical to special diet (segmented by lifestage, weight, health condition, breed, etc.) to gourmet—while also often reflecting trends in human foods.

Driven by premiumization the global pet food market reached an estimated $49 billion in 2008, according to market research publisher Packaged Facts in the all-new report, Pet Food in the U.S.: Health, Humanization and High Quality Ingredients in an Increasingly Value-Driven Global Market, 8th Edition. The 2008 global total marked a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of almost 5% for the preceding five-year period.

North America accounted for the largest share of global pet food sales in 2008 with 40%. “Particularly in the United States, the premiumization trend goes beyond the tendency Americans have to be better educated about health and nutrition issues. In addition, the pervasive humanization dynamic cannot be underestimated. Pet owners often view their pets as part of the family, or even as surrogate ‘children.’ Thus they are looking for the safest and healthiest products possible,” says Tatjana Meerman, Publisher of Packaged Facts.

Pet Food in the U.S.: Health, Humanization and High Quality Ingredients in an Increasingly Value-Driven Global Market, 8th Edition examines the global pet food market (sales overall and by world region, marketer shares, new product trends, U.S. export trends, etc.); strategic directions for current and prospective marketers; high-growth product segments; and trends in pet food purchaser demographics and lifestyle pursuits (media and marketing psychographics, Internet usage, “green” involvement, etc.). The report has separate chapters each discussing food for dogs, cats, and other companion animals.

About Packaged Facts
- Packaged Facts, a division of Market Research Group, publishes market intelligence on a wide range of consumer industries, including consumer goods and retailing, foods and beverages, demographics, pet, and financial products. Packaged Facts also offers a full range of custom research services.

 

Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Scope of Report
Report Methodology
Global Market Perspective
Value of Pet Food Retail Sales
Figure 1-1: Global Retail Sales of Pet Food: 2004, 2008 and 2013 (in billions of dollars)
Trends by World Region
Marketer Shares and Shifts
Market Size and Growth
U.S. Pet Food Sales Near $17.0 Billion in 2008
2008 Mass-Market Dollar Sales of Pet Food Up, But Volume Sales Down
Dog Food Three-Fifths of the Market
Market Share by Retail Channel
Market to Approach $19 Billion by 2013
Looking Ahead
Competitive Overview
Top Five Players Control Four-Fifths of the Market
Figure 1-2: Top Five U.S. Marketers of Pet Food: 2006 vs. 2008 (percent)
Four Companies Dominate Mass-Market Sales
Pet Specialty Channel More Fragmented
Mega Marketers Tap In to Natural Segment
Multinational Powerhouse Cargill Taps Into Feed/Seed Channel
Private Label Pet Food Has Room to Grow in the U.S.
Pet Food Producers Position on Safety
Marketing and New Product Trends
Pet Market Advertising at $520 Million in 2007
Marketers Embracing Non-Traditional Media
Advertising Positioned on a Few Major Themes
Celebrities Kick In
2008 a Record Year for New Pet Food Products
Product Premiumization: Natural, Upscale and Functional Appeals
Retail and Consumer Trends
Economic Concerns and Increased Competition
Over 60 Million Households Own Pets
Dog/Cat Ownership Rates Edge Up
Minorities Over-Index for Semi-Moist and Canned Products
Canned Food Is Stronger in Cat Arena

Chapter 2: Market Overview
Introduction
Scope of Report: Three Main Categories
Terminology
Exclusions
Other Marketing Classifications
Global Pet Food Market Perspective
Value of Pet Food Retail Sales
Figure 2-1: Global Retail Sales of Pet Food: 2004, 2008 and 2013 (in billions of dollars)
Market Share and Trends by Region
Figure 2-2: Share of Global Pet Food Sales by Region: 2008 (percent)
Marketer Shares and Shifts
Figure 2-3: Pet Food Global Market Leaders: 2008 (percent)
Trends in New Product Introductions
Figure 2-4: Number of Global Pet Food New Product Launches: Reports and SKUs, 2002-2008
Figure 2-5: Share of Global Pet Food New Product Launches by Region: 2000, 2004 and 2008 (percent)
Top Marketing Claims Involve Natural, Functional Appeals
Figure 2-6: Top 20 Package Tags/Marketing Claims: By Number of Global Pet Food New Product Launches, 2008
Global Market Outlook
Table 2-1: Top Global Pet Food Industry Forecast Factors: 2007 (percent)
Table 2-2: Top Global Pet Food Industry Forecast Trends: 2007 (percent)
U.S. Pet Food Exports Up 15%
Canada, Japan Are Top Export Markets for U.S. Pet Foods
Table 2-3: U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods by Leading Country Markets: 2003-2007 (in thousands of dollars)
Table 2-4: U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods by Leading Country Markets: January-September 2007 vs. January-September 2008 (in thousands of dollars)
Figure 2-7: Top National Destinations for U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods: January-September 2008 (percent)
Table 2-5: U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods by Regional Markets: 2003-2007 (in thousands of dollars)
Table 2-6: U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods by Regional Markets: January-September 2007 vs. January-September 2008 (in thousands of dollars)
Table 2-7: Export Concentration Ratios for U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods by Top, Top 4 and Top 8 Markets: 2003-September 2008 (% of total dollar value)
European Union Down as Export Destination
Figure 2-8: Share of Total U.S. Exports of Dog & Cat Foods by Top Destination Markets: Canada, Japan and the European Union, 1996 vs. 2008 (% of total dollar value)
Mars Targets Export Growth Markets in Africa
Figure 2-9: Percent of Survey Respondents Ranking Import/Export Trends as “Very Important” to Development of Pet Food Industry: By Global Region
Rising Costs, Down Economy Shape Market Environment
Market Size and Growth
Pet Food Sales Near $17.0 Billion in 2008
Table 2-8: U.S. Retail Sales of Pet Food: 2004-2008 (in millions of dollars)
2008 Mass-Market Dollar Sales of Pet Food Up, But Volume Sales Down
Table 2-9: IRI-Tracked Dollar, Pound and Unit Sales of Pet Food: 2008 vs. 2007 (in millions of dollars, pound and unit sales)
A Gradual Improvement from 2003 to 2007
Figure 2-10: IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food: 2003-2008 (in millions of dollars)
Dog Food Delivers the Most Dollar Growth
Table 2-10: IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food: By Category, 2003- 2008 (in millions of dollars)
Table 2-11: Annual Growth/Decline in IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food: By Category, 2004-2008 (percent)
Table 2-12: Total Growth/Decline in IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food: By Category, 2003-2007 (in millions of dollars)
Table 2-13: Total Growth/Decline in IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food: By Segment, 2003-2007 (in millions of dollars)
Market Composition
Dog Food Three-Fifths of the Market
Figure 2-11: Share of IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food by Category: 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007 and 2008 (percent)
Figure 2-12: Share of Pet Food Sales in Natural Supermarkets: By Type, 2008 (percent)
Dry Food Increasing in Market Share
Figure 2-13: Share of IRI-Tracked Sales of Dog and Cat Food by Form: 2003, 2005, 2007 and 2008 (percent)
Table 2-14: Share of IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food by Form: 2003, 2005 and 2007 (percent)
Alternative Pet Food Share of Sales
Independent Pet Stores: Share of Sales by Animal Type
Table 2-15: Alternative Pet Food Segment Performance Relative to Total U.S. Pet Food Market: 2003-2007 (percent, growth rate)
Table 2-16: Share of Independent Pet Store Pet Supply Sales by Animal Type: 2005-2007 (percent)
Table 2-17: Pet Food and Treats Share of Category Sales by Animal Type in Independent Pet Stores: 2006 vs. 2007 (percent)
Dog Food Is Top Category in Pet Specialty Stores
Table 2-18: Share of Pet Specialty Retailer Sales by Category: 2006 vs. 2007 (percent)
Market Share by Retail Channel
Figure 2-14: Share of U.S. Pet Food Sales by Retail Outlet Type: 2008 (percent)
Household Purchasing of Pet Supplies by Retail Outlet Type
Table 2-19: Household Purchasing of Pet Products by Retail Channel: Total Purchasers and Sole Purchasers, 2006 vs. 2008 (percent of U.S. households with pets)
Figure 2-15: Degree of Channel Loyalty Among Purchasers of Pet Supplies by Outlet Type: 2008 (percent of U.S. households with pets)
Chain Merchandising Trends in the Mass Market
Dry Dog Food the Most Heavily Merchandised
Ephemeral vs. Incremental Merchandising Gains
Price Discounting in Chains Is Steepest for Cat Food
Table 2-20: IRI-Tracked Retailer Merchandising Trends for Pet Food: By Category and Segment 4th Quarter 2006 through 3rd Quarter 2008 (percent of sales volume)
Table 2-21: IRI-Tracked Promotion of Dog, Cat and Other Pet Food: Ratio of Average Promoted Price to Average Overall Price, 2003 - Third Quarter 2008 (percent)
Market Outlook
All Eyes on the Economy
Figure 2-16: U.S. Grocery Industry Sales Growth: 2001-2007 (percent)
Table 2-22: Percentage of Adults with Little or No Confidence in Short-Term Prospects for the Economy: April 2003-April 2008 (U.S. adults)
Table 2-23: Percentage of Adults Who Are More Practical or Realistic in Their Purchases, Month Over Month: October 2007-April 2008 (U.S. adults)
Pet Market Impact
Pet Food Prices, Costs at Record Highs
Figure 2-17: Consumer Price Index for Pet Food: 1998-2008
Figure 2-18: Producer Price Index for Pet Food: 1998-2008
Impact of Spring 2007 Pet Food Recalls
Figure 2-19: Effect of Pet Food Recall on Pet Food Sales in Pet Specialty Stores: May 2007 (percent)
Figure 2-20: Effect of Pet Food Recall on Pet Specialty Retailer Pet Food Selection: January 2008 (percent)
Figure 2-21: Seasonal Pattern of Pet Food Sales in the Natural Supermarket Channel: January 2005-December 2007
Product Premiumization and Premium Demographics
Table 2-24: IRI-Tracked Volume Sales of Pet Food by Category and Segment: 2003 - Third Quarter 2008 (in millions of volume units)
Table 2-25: Average U.S. Household Expenditures on Pet Food: 1997-2007 (in dollars)
Figure 2-22: Share of Total U.S. Pet Market Expenditures: $70K+ vs. Under $70K Income Brackets, 1997-2007 (percent)
Figure 2-23: Number of New Pet Food Product Introductions: 2001, 2004 and 2008
Natural/Organic Pet Food Going Strong
Figure 2-24: U.S. Retail Sales of Natural Pet Food: 2003, 2007 and 2012 (in millions of dollars)
Pet Humanization a Potent Force
Table 2-26: Mean Number of Veterinary Visits by Human-Animal Bond Among Dog and Cat Households: 2006
Table 2-27: Mean Veterinary Expenditures by Human-Animal Bond Among Dog and Cat Households: 2006 (in dollars)
Enhancing Pet Health
Aging Pet Population Underpins Healthcare Boom
Figure 2-25: Percentage of Dogs and Cats Age 6 and Over: 1996 vs. 2006 (percent)
Number of Dog and Cat Households on the Ups
Figure 2-26: Household Penetration Rates for Selected Dog- or Cat-Owning Classifications: 2003 vs. 2008 (percent of U.S. dogor cat-owning households)
The Boomer Factor
Table 2-28: Dog and Cat Ownership by Adult Age Bracket: 2008 (number, percent and index of U.S. households)
Figure 2-27: Dog or Cat Ownership Rates by Age Bracket: 2003 vs. 2008 (percent of U.S. households)
Figure 2-28: Share of Total U.S. Population Growth for Selected Age Brackets: 2007-2015 (percent)
Dual-Adult/No-Kid Clout
Figure 2-29: Two-Adult Households/No Kids as Pet Owners: 2003 vs. 2008 (percent)
Celebrities Back Up and Coming Pet Food Lines
Looking Ahead
The New Value Equation
Figure 2-30: Share of Total U.S. Pet Market Expenditures: $70K+ vs. Under $70K Income Brackets: 1997-2007 (percent)
Market to Approach $19 Billion by 2013
Table 2-29: Projected U.S. Retail Sales of Pet Food: 2008-2013 (in millions of dollars)
Additional Market Consolidation
Product Innovation
Competitive Overview
Acquisitions Intensify Market Consolidation
Table 2-30: Timeline of U.S. Pet Food Market Acquisitions: 2002- 2008
Mars Plus Nutro
Castor & Pollux, Halo Backed by Private Equity Firms
Top Five Players Control Four-Fifths of the Market
Figure 2-31: Top Five U.S. Marketers of Pet Food: 2006 vs. 2008 (percent)
Four Companies Dominate Mass-Market Sales
Figure 2-32: Top Marketers of Pet Food by Share of IRI-Tracked Sales: 2007 vs. 2008 (percent)
Table 2-31: Leading Marketers of Pet Food by Share of IRITracked Sales: 1999-2007 (percent)
Table 2-32: Leading Marketers of Pet Food: Share of IRI-Tracked Sales by Product Segment: 2007 vs. 2008 (percent)
Pet Specialty Channel More Fragmented
Figure 2-33: No. 1 Brand Leaders in Pet Specialty Stores: 2007 (percent)
Professional Channel Marketers
Value and Superpremium Positioned Marketers
Snacks and Treats Specialists, “Springboarding”
Natural/Organic Specialists Exclusive to Specialty, Natural Channels
Brand Leaders in the Natural Supermarket Channel
Figure 2-34: Share of Sales of Pet Products in Natural Supermarkets by Marketer/Brand: 2008 (percent)
Mega Marketers Tap In to Natural Segment
Raw/Frozen and Homemade Pet Food Specialists
Nature’s Variety a Leader in Raw/Frozen Foods
Freshpet Makes Refrigerated Pet Food Splash
Figure 2-35: IRI-Tracked U.S. Sales of Freshpet Refrigerated Pet Food: 2006-2008 (in millions of dollars)
Channel-Specific Marketing
Multinational Powerhouse Cargill Taps Into Feed/Seed Channel
Crossing Pet Market Lines
Table 2-33: The U.S. Pet Food Market: Selected Leading Marketers and Brands, 2008
Focus on Private Label
Room to Grow
Table 2-34: Number of U.S. Private-Label Pet Food Product Introductions and SKUs: By Category, 2000-2008
Evanger’s and Eagle Pack Report Recall-Related Gains
Store-Brand Share Stabilizes at Mass-Market Level Following Steady Declines
Table 2-35: Private-Label Share of IRI-Tracked Sales of Pet Food: By Product Category and Segment, 1999-2007 (percent)
Mars Plus Doane
Whole Foods and Traders Joe’s Big on Private Label
PetSmart and Petco Heavily Invested in Store Brands
Figure 2-36: National Consumer Advertising Spending for PetSmart and Petco: 2006 and 2007 (in millions of dollars)
Table 2-36: PetSmart and Petco Pet Food and Treat Private-Label Brands: By Trademark Name, Usage and Filing Date
Independent Pet Stores Also Making a Bid
Table 2-37: Purchasing Patterns for Selected Types of Store- Brand Dog and Cat Food: By Retail Channel Shopped, 2008 (percent)
The Global Private-Label Pet Food Picture
The Future of Private Label
Focus on Pet Food Recalls and Product Safety
Competitive Impact of Spring 2007 Pet Food Recalls
Menu Foods Blindsided But on the Mend
Lawsuits Consolidated, Settled
Procter & Gamble’s Iams Unit Loses Sales and Share
Mars Fares Well, Snaps up Nutro and Menu Foods Plant
Pet Food Commission Releases Safety Recommendations
Congress Passes Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007
New Regulations Also Possible at the State Level
New Requirements for Chinese Imports
Pet Food Producers Position on Safety
The New Food Safety Buzzword: Traceability
Product Safety Still Under Consumer, Government Spotlight
Consumer Website Accuses Nutro of Fielding Unsafe Foods
FDA Targets Evanger’s Plant
Petco Distribution Center Raided by FDA
Mars Recalls Reveal Human-Pet Disease Link
Marketing and New Product Trends
Pet Market Advertising at $520 Million in 2007
Figure 2-37: Media Breakout of National Consumer Advertising for Pet Food and Pet Care Products: 2007 (percent)
Marketers Embracing Non-Traditional Media
Online Marketing and Blogs
Pet Food “SuperBrands”
Advertising Positioned on a Few Major Themes
Celebrities Kick In
Ellen Buys into Halo
Cesar Millan Shakes Hands with Castor & Pollux, Petco
Rachael Ray Teams Up with Dad’s Pet Care
Freshpet Launches Loved Dog Treats
Cause-Related Marketing, Public Relations
Going Green
2008 a Record Year for New Pet Food Products
Table 2-38: Number of New Pet Food Product Introductions: 2001-2008
Product Premiumization: Natural, Upscale and Functional Appeals
Natural Products Go Mainstream
Manufacturers Focusing on Fresh Ingredients
New Goodlife Packaging Is Ingredient-Focused
Safety Theme Apparent in Ingredient-Related Product Appeals
Human-Grade Ingredients
100% US-Sourced Ingredients and “China-Free”
Locally Sourced Ingredients
Raw/Frozen Foods
Homemade Pet Food
“Holistic Labeling”
Functional/Fortified Foods Cover All Bases
Special Diet Formulas
Table 2-39: Household Purchasing of Light/Weight Management and Senior Dry and Canned Dog and Cat Food: 2004 vs. 2008 (U.S. households with dogs or cats)
Nutraceutical Treats
Convenience Another Key Premium Appeal
One Route to Cost Cutting: Smaller Package Sizes
Table 2-40: Pet Food Product Selling Points by Package Tags: 2004-2008
Examples of Advertising
Retail Trends
Economic Concerns and Increased Competition
The PetSmart/Petco Dynamic Duo
Table 2-41: PetSmart and Petco Combined Sales: 2000-2007 (in millions of dollars)
Company Profile: PetSmart, Inc.
Table 2-42: PetSmart Sales: 2000-2007 (in millions of dollars)
Slower Expansion an “Economic Precaution”
Services, Expertise Key to Success
Company Profile: Petco
Table 2-43: Petco Annual Sales: 2000-2007 (in millions of dollars)
Changes and Challenges
Promoting Pet Relationships
Cesar Millan and Ellen DeGeneres
P.A.L.S., Petco.com and Petco Park
Zootoo.com and Pet Welfare
Other Top-Ranked Pet Specialty Chains
Independent Pet Stores: Bad News and Good News
Table 2-44: Top Challenges Pet Specialty Retailers Face in Next Two Years: 2006 vs. 2007 (percent)
Table 2-45: Pet Food Share of Category Sales by Animal Type in Independent Pet Stores: 2006 vs. 2007 (percent)
Walmart Bullish on Pet Supplies
Target Also Coming on Strong
Supermarkets Hanging on After 2007 Recalls
Wholesale Clubs and Dollar Stores
Natural Supermarkets Going Strong
The Internet Effect
Leading E-tailers of Pet Food and Supplies
Pet Ownership Trends and Demographics
The Simmons Survey System
Over 60 Million Households Own Pets
Table 2-46: Pet Ownership in the United States: 2008 (percent and number of U.S. households)
Dog/Cat Ownership Rates Edge Up
Table 2-47: Dog and Cat Ownership in the United States: 2004, 2006 and 2008 (percent and number of U.S. households)
38% of Pet Households Keep Multiple Types
Figure 2-38: Ownership of Multiple Types of Pets: 2008 (percent of pet-owning U.S. households)
63% of Pet Households Keep More Than One Pet
Table 2-48: Ownership of Multiple Pets of a Single Type: 2008 (percent of U.S. households who keep pets of a given type)
Pet Household Demographics
Pet Ownership Holds Up Across Age Brackets
Figure 2-39: Dog or Cat Ownership Rates by Age Bracket: 2003 vs. 2008 (percent of U.S. households)
Demographic Variations by Type of Pets
Table 2-49: Demographics for Keeping Pets, 2008 (percent, number and index among U.S. consumers)
Table 2-50: Demographic Overview for Selected Pet Classifications, 2008 (percent of U.S. households)
Pet Owners as Consumers
Household Purchasing of Pet Supplies by Retail Outlet Type
Table 2-51: Household Purchasing of Pet Products by Retail Channel: Total Purchasers and Sole Purchasers, 2006 vs. 2008 (U.S. households with pets)
Table 2-52: Demographic Overview for Selected Pet Product Retail Channels, 2008 ( U.S. pet-owning households)
Channel Choices in Organic Pet Food Purchasing
Table 2-53: Where Groceries Are Most Often Purchased by Selected Retailer Type: Shoppers Overall vs. Organic Pet Food Purchasers, August 2008 (percentage of U.S. adults)
Table 2-54: Where Groceries Are Most Often Purchased by Selected Retail Chain: Shoppers Overall vs. Organic Pet Food Purchasers, August 2008 (percentage of U.S. adults)
Pet Food Purchasing Overview for Dog or Cat Owners
Table 2-55: Household Purchasing of Packaged Dog and Cat Food by Type, 2008 (U.S. households with dogs or cats)
Pet Owners Are Internet-Prone
Figure 2-40: Use/Influence of the Internet: Adults Overall vs. Dog or Cat Owners, 2008 (percent of U.S. adults overall vs. dog or cat owners)
Figure 2-41: Use/Influence of the Internet: Adults Overall vs. Dog or Cat Owners, 2008 (index for U.S. dog or cat owners)
Figure 2-42: Dog or Cat Owners as Consumers: Selected Media & Marketing Psychographics, 2008 (percent and index for U.S. dog or cat owners)
Not So “Green”
Figure 2-43: Dog or Cat Owners as Consumers: Selected “Green” Psychographics, 2008 (percent and index for U.S. dog or cat owners)
The Pet Food Coupon Clipper
Table 2-56: Indicators for Use of Pet Food Coupons: 2008 (index among dog- or cat-owning households)
Bulk of Redemption through Grocery Stores
Table 2-57: Coupon Redemption Rates by Selected Retailer Type: 2004-2008 (percent)
Figure 2-44: Coupon Redemption Rates Among Pet Food Coupon Users: By Selected Retailer Type, 2008 (percent)
Grocery vs. Pet Food Coupon Usage Rates
Table 2-58: Coupon Usage Rates by Product Type: 2004-2008 (percent)
On-Shelf Coupons Generate Highest Usage
Table 2-59: Coupon Usage Rates by Product Type: 2004-2008 (percent)

Chapter 3: Other Pet Food
Market Size and Composition
Category Scope
Total Other Pet Food Sales at $907 Million in 2008
Figure 3-1: U.S. Retail Sales of Other Pet Food: 2005, 2008 and 2013 (in millions of dollars)
Figure 3-2: Share of Sales of Other Pet Food by Animal Type: 2008 (percent)
2008 IRI-Tracked Dollar Sales Up, Unit Sales Down
Table 3-1: IRI-Tracked Dollar and Unit Sales of Other Pet Food: 2008 vs. 2007 (in millions of dollars and units)
Sales Recover from Multi-Year Downturn
Independent Pet Stores: Share of Sales by Animal Type
Figure 3-3: IRI-Tracked Sales of Other Pet Food: 2003-2007 (in millions of dollars)
Table 3-2: Share of Independent Pet Store Pet Supply Sales by Animal Type: 2005-2007 (percent)
Fish Products: Share of Sales by Product Category
Table 3-3: Share of Independent Pet Store Sales of Fish Products by Category: 2005-2007 (percent)
Bird Products: Share of Sales by Product Category
Table 3-4: Share of Independent Pet Store Sales of Bird Products by Category: 2005-2007 (percent)
Herptile Products: Share of Sales by Product Category
Table 3-5: Share of Independent Pet Store Sales of Herptile Products by Category: 2005-2007 (percent)
Small Mammal Products: Share of Sales by Product Category
Table 3-6: Share of Independent Pet Store Sales of Small Mammal Products by Category: 2005-2007 (percent)
Share of Other Pet Food Sales by Retail Channel
Figure 3-4: Share of U.S. Other Pet Food Sales by Retail Outlet Type: 2008 (percent)
Mass-Market Merchandising Trends for Other Pet Foods
Table 3-7: IRI-Tracked Retailer Merchandising Trends for Other Pet Foods: 4th Quarter 2006 through 3rd Quarter 2008 (percent of sales volume)
Price Discounting in Chains Is Steepest for Cat Food
Table 3-8: IRI-Tracked Promotion of Dog, Cat and Other Pet Food: Ratio of Average Promoted Price to Average Overall Price, 2003 - Third Quarter 2008 (percent)
Competitive Trends
Marketer Overview
Leading Pet Specialty Channel Brands
Central Garden & Pet on Top in Mass-Market Outlets
Figure 3-5: Top Marketers of Other Pet Food by Share of IRITracked Sales: 2007 vs. 2008 (percent)
Audubon Park Posts Biggest Dollar Gains
Wardley and Tetra Control Fish/Reptile Segment
Figure 3-6: Top Marketers of Fish/Reptile Food by Share of IRITracked Sales: 2007 vs. 2008 (percent)
Table 3-9: Other Pet Food Brand Leaders in Pet Specialty Stores: 2004, 2006 and 2007 (percent)
Table 3-10: Leading Marketers of Other Pet Food by IRI-Tracked Sales and Market Share: 2007 vs. 2008 (in millions of dollars and percent)
Table 3-11: Leading Marketers and Brand of Other Pet Food by Mass-Market Share: 2007 vs. 2008 (percent)
Table 3-12: Marketers and Brands of Other Pet Food by IRITracked Sales and Market Share: 2007 vs. 2008 (in millions of dollars and percent)
Table 3-13: Top Ten Other Pet Food Products by Dollar Gain in IRI-Tracked Sales: 2007 vs. 2008 (in millions of dollars)
Table 3-14: Marketers and Brands of Fish/Herptile Food by IRITracked Sales and Market Share: 2007 vs. 2008 (in millions of dollars and percent)
Company Profiles
Central Garden & Pet: Corporate Overview
A Leader in Innovation
Success in Pet Specialty, Mass-Market Channels
Hartz Mountain Corp.
Corporate Overview
Mass-Market Sales Slipping
Figure 3-7: IRI-Tracked Sales and Market Share of Hartz Mountain Other Pet Food: 2003-2008 (in millions of dollars)
Vitakraft/Sun Seed Co
Corporate Overview
Acquisitions Spur Global Growth
A New Leader in the U.S. Pet Specialty Market
Figure 3-8: Percentage of Retailers Citing Sun Seed Brand as No. 1 Brand in Pet Specialty Channel: 2006 vs. 2007 (percent)
Marketing and New Product Trends
Marketing Trends
New Product Thrusts
Trends in Bird Food
Cook and Serve Foods
Bird Treats
Natural and Organic
Single-Serving Sizes
Fortified Foods
Trends in Small Animal Food
Species-Specific Foods
Special Diets and Supplements
Gourmet Foods
Grass Hay
“Growing” Foods
Trends in Fish Food
Fish Treats
Expanded Food Choices
Gourmet Diets
Clean and Clear Water
Trends in Herptile Food
Live Food Innovations
Live vs. Frozen
Species-Specific Prepared Foods
Medicated Foods
Table 3-15: Bird, Small Animal, Fish and Herptile Food: Selected New Product Introductions, 2007-2008
Examples of Other Pet Food Advertising
Consumer Focus: Other Pet Food Purchasers
Methodology
Population Trends: Household Penetration Increasing for All Animal Types
Table 3-16: Pet Ownership in the United States: 2008 (percent and number of U.S. Households)
Fish Food Purchaser Trends and Demographics
Figure 3-9: Type of Freshwater and Saltwater Fish Food Purchased: 1996 vs. 2006 (percent)
Figure 3-10: Outlet Where Freshwater and Saltwater Fish Food Flakes Are Purchased: 2006 (percent)
Demographics for Keeping Pet Fish
Bird Food Purchaser Trends and Demographics
Figure 3-11: Types of Bird Food and Packages Purchased in the Past 12 Months: 2002 vs. 2006 (percent)
Small Animal Food Purchaser Trends and Demographics
Figure 3-12: Type of Small Animal Food Purchased in the Past 12 Months: 2002 vs. 2006 (percent)
Reptile Food Purchaser Trends and Demographics
Figure 3-13: Type of Reptile Food Purchased in the Past 12 Months: 1996 vs. 2006 (percent)
Table 3-17: Demographics for Keeping Pet Fish, 2008 (percent, number and index among U.S. consumers)
Table 3-18: Demographics for Keeping Pet Birds, 2008 (percent, number and index among U.S. consumers)
Table 3-19: Demographics for Keeping Pet Rabbits or Hamsters, 2008 (percent, number and index among U.S. consumers)
Table 3-20: Demographics for Keeping Pet Reptiles, 2008 (percent, number and index among U.S. consumers)

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