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The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994, 5th ed.

The fifth edition of The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994 is two books in one: it provides a demographic and socioeconomic profile of the Millennial generation, which spanned the ages of 18 to 35 in 2012, and it includes a special supplement on the iGeneration children under age 16. The Millennial generation numbers 76 million and accounts for over 25 percent of the total population almost equal to the Baby-Boom's share. The iGeneration numbers 65 million and accounts for another 2 percent of the population.

The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994 examines young adults who are establishing themselves in the household and labor market at a difficult time. This large generation is critical for business success. Not only is it responsible for putting the first African American in the White House, but its technological sophistication makes or breaks many products and services. In these difficult economic times, perhaps no generation is more important to business than Millennials. The Millennials will tell you what you need to know.

For those who track generational change, the special supplement on the iGeneration included in this book will give you a preview of what is to come. The chapters in the special supplement examine children and their families, documenting trends in family incomes, children's health, even how parents use their time.

The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994 is designed for easy use. Its eleven chapters examine Millennials' attitudes, education, health, housing, income, labor force, living arrangements, population, spending, time use, and wealth. An additional nine chapters in the special supplement examine children and their families: education, health, housing, income, labor force, living arrangements, population, spending, and time use.

New to this edition is all-important 2010 census population data showing the extraordinary diversity of the nation's children and young adults, a unique comparison of the attitudes of the generations of Americans based on the General Social Survey, the latest homeownership rates, time use by age and sex, trends in household spending and wealth since the Great Recession, and labor force statistics with projections to 2020.

Each new generation of Americans is unique and surprising in its own way. With The Millennials: Americans Born 1977 to 1994 on your bookshelf, you won't be surprised by the unique characteristics of young adults, and you will be prepared for the generation that follows them. With this information in hand, you will be better able to cater to their wants and needs in this difficult time.


Introduction


Part One: The Millennials


Chapter 1. Attitudes
Highlights
Boomers Are Most Likely to Say They Are Not Too Happy
Belief in Hard Work Is Strong Across Generations
Older Americans Are Doing Far Better than Middle-Aged or Younger Ones
The American Standard of Living May Be Falling
Two Children Are Most Popular
Religious Diversity Is on the Rise
Growing Tolerance of Sexual Behavior
Television News Is Most Important
Most Support Abortion if a Mother’s Health Is Endangered


Chapter 2. Education
Highlights
Many Millennials Are Still in School
Asian Women Are the Best-Educated Millennials
Many Millennials Are Students
Fewer Students Are Dropping Out of High School
Half of College Students Have Jobs
SAT Scores Vary by Income and Parents’ Education
College Enrollment Rates Are below All-Time High
More than Six Million Families Have Children in College
Millennials Populate the Nation’s Campuses
Most Degrees Are Earned in a Few Fields


Chapter 3. Health
Highlights
Most Young Adults Say Their Health Is Excellent or Very Good
Weight Problems Are the Norm Even for Young Adults
Americans Report on Their Sexual Behavior
Fertility Rates Are Falling
Most Women Are Mothers by Age 30
The Millennial Generation Dominates Births
Many Millennial Mothers Are Not Married
Caesarean Deliveries Are Common among Women of All Ages
Cigarette Smoking Is above Average among Millennials
Most Young Adults Have Had a Drink in the Past Month
Drug Use Is Prevalent among Young Adults
Millennials Are Most Likely to Lack Health Insurance
Health Problems Are Few in the 18-to-44 Age Group
Many Americans Turn to Alternative Medicine
More than 1 Million Americans Have Been Diagnosed with AIDS
Young Adults Are Least Likely to See a Doctor
Most Deaths of Younger Adults Are Preventable


Chapter 4. Housing
Highlights
Homeownership Rate Has Declined
Homeownership Rises with Age
Married Couples Are Most Likely to Be Homeowners
Many Non-Hispanic White Millennials Are Homeowners
Only Half of Younger Adults Live in a Single-Family Home
Twentysomethings Are Most Likely to Move


Chapter 5. Income
Highlights
Incomes of Millennials Have Plunged
Household Income Differs Sharply by Race and Hispanic Origin
Married Couples Have Above-Average Incomes
Men and Women under Age 35 Have Lost Ground
By Age 30 to 34, Men’s Incomes Are above Average
By Age 25 to 29, Women’s Incomes Are above Average
Earnings Rise with Education
Many Young Adults Are Poor


Chapter 6. Labor Force
Highlights
Fewer Teenagers Have Jobs
Most Young Adults Are in the Labor Force
Among Young Adults, Labor Force Participation Varies by Race and Hispanic Origin
Most Couples under Age 30 Are Dual Earners
The Youngest Workers Dominate Many Entry-Level Positions
The Youngest Workers Are Part-Timers
Few Millennials Are Self-Employed
Most Minimum-Wage Workers Are Teens and Young Adults
Few Millennials Are Represented by a Union
Millennial Generation Will Expand Labor Force


Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
Highlights
Millennial Generation Heads More than One in Five Households
Millennial Households Differ by Race and Hispanic Origin
Households of Young Adults Are about Average in Size
Most Householders Aged 30 to 34 Are Raising Children
More than One-Third of Millennial Households Include Preschoolers
Millennial Parents Typically Have One or Two Children
Many Young Men Live with Their Parents
Among Young Adults, the Married Are a Minority
Divorce Is Highest among Men and Women in Their Fifties


Chapter 8. Population
Highlights
Millennials Are the Second-Largest Generation
The Nation’s Children and Young Adults Are Diverse
Most Millennials Live in Their State of Birth
Millennials Are a Large Share of Immigrants
Many Working-Age Adults Do Not Speak English at Home
Largest Share of Millennials Lives in the South


Chapter 9. Spending
Highlights
Spending Has Dropped among Young Adults
Millennial Household Spending Has Dropped Sharply
Young Adults Spend Less than Average
Couples with Adult Children at Home Are Spending Less


Chapter 10. Time Use
Highlights
Adults Aged 25 to 34 Spend More Time at Work than at Play


Chapter 11. Wealth
Highlights
Net Worth Fell Sharply during the Great Recession
Financial Asset Value Declines in Most Age Groups
Nonfinancial Assets Are the Basis of Household Wealth
Most Households Are in Debt
Retirement Worries Are Growing


Part Two: The iGeneration


Chapter 12. Education
Highlights
Most Young Children Attend School
Diversity in Public Schools Is on the Rise
Many Children Are in Gifted Classes
Parents Are Involved in Their Children’s Education
Most Parents Are Satisfied with Their Child’s School


Chapter 13. Health
Highlights
Most Children Are in Excellent Health
The Majority of 11th and 12th Graders Have Had Sex
Many Teens Smoke Cigarettes
Most Teens Don’t Wait for Legal Drinking Age
Drug Use Is Prevalent among Teens
Most Children Are Covered by Health Insurance
Asthma and Allergies Affect Many Children
Many Children Use Alternative Medicine
Among Children, Accidents Are the Leading Cause of Death


Chapter 14. Housing
Highlights
Most Families with Children Are Homeowners
Older Children Are Less Likely to Move


Chapter 15. Income
Highlights
Children in Married-Couple Families Are Better Off
Children Have the Highest Poverty Rate


Chapter 16. Labor Force
Highlights
Most Children Have Working Parents
Many Preschoolers Depend on Grandparent for Day Care


Chapter 17. Living Arrangements
Highlights
Most Married Couples Do Not Have Children under Age 18 at Home
Most Children Have Siblings in the Household
Most Moms Are in the Labor Force
Sixty-Nine Percent of Children Live with Two Parents
Many Children Do Not Participate in Extracurricular Activities
Most Parents Have Dinner with Their Children Daily
Most Children Live in Neighborhoods Where People Help Each Other


Chapter 18. Population
Highlights
The iGeneration Is Larger than Generation X
Nation’s Children Are Diverse
Children Account for Few Immigrants
Many Children Do Not Speak English at Home
Largest Share of Children Lives in the South


Chapter 19. Spending
Highlights
The Spending of Married Couples with Children Is Down
Couples with Preschoolers Are Spending Less
Spending of Couples with School-Aged Children Decreased
Single Parents Increased Their Spending over the Decade
Married Couples with Children Spend More than Average


Chapter 20. Time Use
Highlights
Among Mothers, Time Use Varies Sharply by Employment Status


Glossary


Bibliography


Index


List of Tables


Part One: The Millennials


Chapter 1. Attitudes
1.1 General Happiness, 2010
1.2 Happiness of Marriage, 2010
1.3 Is Life Exciting, Routine, or Dull, 2010
1.4 Trust in Others, 2010
1.5 How People Get Ahead, 2010
1.6 Geographic Mobility Since Age 16, 2010
1.7 Social Class Membership, 2010
1.8 Family Income Relative to Others, 2010
1.9 Satisfaction with Financial Situation, 2010
1.10 Job Satisfaction, 2010
1.11 Parents’ Standard of Living, 2010
1.12 Standard of Living Will Improve, 2010
1.13 Children’s Standard of Living, 2010
1.14 Ideal Number of Children, 2010
1.15 Spanking Children, 2010
1.16 Better for Man to Work, Woman to Tend Home, 2010
1.17 Working Mother’s Relationship with Children, 2010
1.18 Should Government Help the Sick, 2010
1.19 Attitude toward Science, 2010
1.20 Attitude toward Evolution, 2010
1.21 Religious Preference, 2010
1.22 Degree of Religiosity, 2010
1.23 Belief in the Bible, 2010
1.24 Bible in the Public Schools, 2010
1.25 Premarital Sex, 2010
1.26 Homosexual Relations, 2010
1.27 Gay Marriage, 2010
1.28 Main Source of Information about Events in the News, 2010
1.29 Political Leanings, 2010
1.30 Political Party Affiliation, 2010
1.31 Favor or Oppose Death Penalty for Murder, 2010
1.32 Favor or Oppose Gun Permits, 2010
1.33 Legalization of Marijuana, 2010
1.34 Support for Legal Abortion by Reason, 2010
1.35 Doctor-Assisted Suicide, 2010


Chapter 2. Education
2.1 Educational Attainment of Millennials, 2010
2.2 Educational Attainment of Millennial Men, 2010
2.3 Educational Attainment of Millennial Women, 2010
2.4 Educational Attainment of Millennials by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
2.5 Educational Attainment of Millennial Men by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
2.6 Educational Attainment of Millennial Women by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
2.7 School Enrollment by Sex and Age, 2010
2.8 High School Dropouts by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2000 to 2010
2.9 Employment Status of College Students, 2010
2.10 Employment Status of Youth by Sex, July 2008 to July 2011
2.11 Employment Status of Youth by Race and Hispanic Origin, July 2008 to July 2011
2.12 SAT Scores by Selected Characteristics, 2010–11
2.13 College Enrollment Rates by Sex, 2000 to 2010
2.14 College Enrollment Rates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 to 2010
2.15 College Enrollment Rate by Sex and Type of Institution, 2000 to 2010
2.16 College Enrollment Rate by Family Income, 2000 to 2010
2.17 Total Families with Children in College, 2010
2.18 College Students by Age and Sex, 2010
2.19 College Students by Age, Type of School, and Attendance Status, 2010
2.20 Associate’s Degrees Earned by Field of Study, 2009–10
2.21 Bachelor’s Degrees Earned by Field of Study, 2009–10
2.22 Master’s Degrees Earned by Field of Study, 2009–10
2.23 Doctoral Degrees Earned by Field of Study, 2009–10
2.24 First-Professional Degrees Earned by Field of Study, 2009–10


Chapter 3. Health
3.1 Health Status by Age, 2010
3.2 Average Measured Weight by Age and Sex, 2003–06
3.3 Weight Status by Sex and Age, 2007–10
3.4 Leisure-Time Physical Activity Level by Sex and Age, 2010
3.5 Lifetime Sexual Activity of 15-to-44-Year-Olds by Sex, 2006–08
3.6 Sexual Attraction among 18-to-44-Year-Olds, 2006–08
3.7 Sexual Orientation of 18-to-44-Year-Olds, 2006–08
3.8 Lifetime Same-Sex Sexual Activity of 15-to-44-Year-Olds, 2006–08
3.9 Fertility Rate by Age, 1990 to 2010
3.10 Number of Children Born to Women Aged 15 to 44, 2010
3.11 Women Giving Birth in the Past Year, 2010
3.12 Births by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
3.13 Births by Age of Mother and Birth Order, 2010
3.14 Births to Unmarried Women by Age, 2010
3.15 Births by Age and Method of Delivery, 2009
3.16 Cigarette Smoking among People Aged 12 or Older, 2010
3.17 Cigarette Smoking Status by Age, 2010
3.18 Alcohol Use by People Aged 12 or Older, 2010
3.19 Alcohol Use by Age, 2010
3.20 Illicit Drug Use by People Aged 12 or Older, 2010
3.21 Marijuana Use by People Aged 12 or Older, 2010
3.22 Health Insurance Coverage by Age, 2010
3.23 Private Health Insurance Coverage by Age, 2010
3.24 Government Health Insurance Coverage by Age, 2010
3.25 Spending on Health Care by Age, 2009
3.26 Spending on Health Care by Generation, 2009
3.27 Health Conditions among People Aged 18 to 44, 2010
3.28 Adults Who Use Complementary and Alternative Medicine by Age, 2007
3.29 Cumulative Number of AIDS Cases by Sex and Age, through 2009
3.30 Physician Office Visits by Sex and Age, 2009
3.31 Hospital Outpatient Department Visits by Age and Reason, 2008
3.32 Emergency Department Visits by Age and Urgency of Problem, 2008
3.33 Rating of Health Care Received from Doctor’s Office or Clinic by Age, 2009
3.34 Rating of Health Care Received from Doctor’s Office or Clinic by Generation, 2009
3.35 Leading Causes of Death for People Aged 15 to 24, 2010
3.36 Leading Causes of Death for People Aged 25 to 44, 2010
3.37 Life Expectancy by Age and Sex, 2010


Chapter 4. Housing
4.1 Homeownership by Age of Householder, 2000 to 2011
4.2 Owners and Renters by Age of Householder, 2011
4.3 Homeownership Rate by Age of Householder and Type of Household, 2011
4.4 Homeownership Rate by Age of Householder and Region, 2011
4.5 Homeownership by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
4.6 Number of Units in Structure by Age of Householder and Homeownership Status, 2010
4.7 Geographical Mobility by Age and Type of Move, 2010–11
4.8 Reason for Moving among People Aged 16 to 19, 2010–11
4.9 Reason for Moving among People Aged 20 to 24, 2010–11
4.10 Reason for Moving among People Aged 25 to 29, 2010–11


Chapter 5. Income
5.1 Median Income of Households Headed by People under Age 35, 1990 to 2010
5.2 Income of Households Headed by People under Age 35, 2010: Total Households
5.3 Income of Households Headed by People under Age 35, 2010: Asian Households
5.4 Income of Households Headed by People under Age 35, 2010: Black Households
5.5 Income of Households Headed by People under Age 35, 2010: Hispanic Households
5.6 Income of Households Headed by People under Age 35, 2010: Non-Hispanic White Households
5.7 Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 15 to 24
5.8 Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 25 to 34
5.9 Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 25 to 29
5.10 Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 30 to 34
5.11 Median Income of Men under Age 35, 1990 to 2010
5.12 Median Income of Women under Age 35, 1990 to 2010
5.13 Income of Men under Age 35, 2010: Total Men
5.14 Income of Men under Age 35, 2010: Asian Men
5.15 Income of Men under Age 35, 2010: Black Men
5.16 Income of Men under Age 35, 2010: Hispanic Men
5.17 Income of Men under Age 35, 2010: Non-Hispanic White Men
5.18 Income of Women under Age 35, 2010: Total Women
5.19 Income of Women under Age 35, 2010: Asian Women
5.20 Income of Women under Age 35, 2010: Black Women
5.21 Income of Women under Age 35, 2010: Hispanic Women
5.22 Income of Women under Age 35, 2010: Non-Hispanic White Women
5.23 Earnings of Men by Education, 2010: Aged 25 to 34
5.24 Earnings of Women by Education, 2010: Aged 25 to 34
5.25 People below Poverty Level by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010


Chapter 6. Labor Force
6.1 Labor Force Participation Rate by Sex and Age, 2000 to 2011
6.2 Employment Status by Sex and Age, 2011
6.3 Employment Status of Men by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age, 2011
6.4 Employment Status of Women by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age, 2011
6.5 Labor Force Status of Married-Couple Family Groups by Age, 2011
6.6 Occupations of Workers under Age 35, 2011
6.7 Share of Workers under Age 35 by Occupation, 2011
6.8 Distribution of Workers under Age 35 by Occupation, 2011
6.9 Workers under Age 35 by Detailed Occupation, 2011
6.10 Full-Time and Part-Time Workers by Age and Sex, 2011
6.11 Part-Time Workers by Sex, Age, and Reason, 2011
6.12 Self-Employed Workers by Sex and Age, 2011
6.13 Workers Earning Minimum Wage by Age, 2011
6.14 Union Representation by Sex and Age, 2011
6.15 Projections of the Labor Force by Sex and Age, 2010 and 2020
6.16 Projections of Labor Force Participation by Sex and Age, 2010 and 2020


Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
7.1 Households Headed by People under Age 35 by Household Type, 2011: Total Households
7.2 Households Headed by People under Age 35 by Household Type, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2011
7.3 Households Headed by People under Age 35 by Household Type, 2011: Asian Households
7.4 Households Headed by People under Age 35 by Household Type, 2011: Black Households
7.5 Households Headed by People under Age 35 by Household Type, 2011: Hispanic Households
7.6 Households Headed by People under Age 35 by Household Type, 2011: Non-Hispanic White Households
7.7 Average Size of Household by Age of Householder, 2011
7.8 Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Total Households
7.9 Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Asian Households
7.10 Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Black Households
7.11 Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Hispanic Households
7.12 Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Non-Hispanic White Households
7.13 Households by Presence and Age of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.14 Married Couples with Children by Number of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.15 Female-Headed Families with Children by Number of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.16 Male-Headed Families with Children by Number of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.17 People under Age 35 Living with Their Parents, 2011
7.18 People Who Live Alone by Age, 2011
7.19 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Total People
7.20 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Asians
7.21 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Blacks
7.22 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Hispanics
7.23 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Non-Hispanic Whites
7.24 Marital History of Men by Age, 2009
7.25 Marital History of Women by Age, 2009


Chapter 8. Population
8.1 Population by Age and Generation, 2010
8.2 Population by Age and Sex, 2010
8.3 Population by Age, 2000 and 2010
8.4 Number of People by Age, Race Alone, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.5 Number of People by Age, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.6 Population by Generation, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.7 Population by Age and Place of Birth, 2010
8.8 Foreign-Born Population by Age and World Region of Birth, 2010
8.9 Immigrants by Age, 2011
8.10 Language Spoken at Home by People Aged 18 to 64, 2010
8.11 Population by Age and Region, 2010
8.12 Regional Distribution of Population by Age, 2010
8.13 Age Distribution of Population by Region, 2010
8.14 Population by Generation and Region, 2010
8.15 State Populations by Age, 2010
8.16 Distribution of State Populations by Age, 2010
8.17 State Populations by Generation, 2010
8.18 Distribution of State Populations by Generation, 2010
8.19 State Populations by Age, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010


Chapter 9. Spending
9.1 Average Household Spending, 2000 to 2010
9.2 Average Spending by Householders under Age 25, 2000 to 2010
9.3 Average Spending by Householders Aged 25 to 34, 2000 to 2010
9.4 Average, Indexed, and Market Share of Spending by Householders under Age 25, 2010
9.5 Average, Indexed, and Market Share of Spending by Householders Aged 25 to 34, 2010
9.6 Average Spending of Married Couples with Oldest Child Aged 18 or Older, 2000 to 2010
9.7 Average, Indexed, and Market Share of Spending by Married Couples with Oldest Child Aged 18 or Older, 2010


Chapter 10. Time Use
10.1 Detailed Time Use of People Aged 15 to 19, 2010
10.2 Detailed Time Use of People Aged 20 to 24, 2010
10.3 Detailed Time Use of People Aged 25 to 34, 2010
10.4 Detailed Time Use of Men Aged 15 to 19, 2010
10.5 Detailed Time Use of Men Aged 20 to 24, 2010
10.6 Detailed Time Use of Men Aged 25 to 34, 2010
10.7 Detailed Time Use of Women Aged 15 to 19, 2010
10.8 Detailed Time Use of Women Aged 20 to 24, 2010
10.9 Detailed Time Use of Women Aged 25 to 34, 2010


Chapter 11. Wealth
11.1 Net Worth of Households, 2007 and 2009
11.2 Ownership and Value of Financial Assets, 2007 and 2009
11.3 Households Owning Transaction Accounts, Life Insurance, and CDs, 2007 and 2009
11.4 Households Owning Retirement Accounts and Stocks, 2007 and 2009
11.5 Households Owning Pooled Investment Funds and Bonds, 2007 and 2009
11.6 Ownership and Value of Nonfinancial Assets, 2007 and 2009
11.7 Households Owning Primary Residence, Other Residential Property, and Nonresidential Property, 2007 and 2009
11.8 Households Owning Vehicles and Business Equity, 2007 and 2009
11.9 Debt of Households, 2007 and 2009
11.10 Households with Residential Debt, 2007 and 2009
11.11 Households with Credit Card Debt, Vehicle Loans, and Education Loans, 2007 and 2009
11.12 Retirement Confidence, 2002 and 2012
11.13 Expected Age of Retirement, 2002 and 2012
11.14 Retirement Savings by Age, 2012


Part Two: The iGeneration


Chapter 12. Education
12.1 Three- and Four-Year-Olds Enrolled in School, 1980 to 2010
12.2 School Enrollment Status of Children Aged 3 to 6 by Labor Force Status of Mother, 2010
12.3 School Enrollment Status of Children Aged 3 to 6 by Education of Mother, 2010
12.4 School Enrollment by Age, 2010
12.5 Enrollment in Nursery School through High School, 2010
12.6 Enrollment in Elementary and High School by Control of School, 2000 to 2010
12.7 Children Enrolled in Private School, 2009
12.8 Enrollment in Private Elementary and Secondary Schools by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2009–10
12.9 Enrollment in Public Elementary and Secondary School by State, Race and Hispanic Origin, 2009–10
12.10 Academic Performance and Experiences of Children, 2009
12.11 Extracurricular Activities of Children, 2009
12.12 Parental Involvement in School Activities, 2006–07
12.13 Parental Involvement in Child’s Homework, 2006–07
12.14 Parental Satisfaction with School, 2006–07


Chapter 13. Health
13.1 Health Status of Children under Age 18, 2010
13.2 Obesity among Children, 2007–10
13.3 Weight Problems and Dieting Behavior of 9th to 12th Graders by Sex, 2009
13.4 Sports Participation of Children Aged 7 to 17, 2001 and 2010
13.5 Participation of High School Students in Physical Education Classes, Team Sports, and Physical Activity, 2009
13.6 Sexual Behavior of 9th to 12th Graders by Sex, 2009
13.7 Cigarette Smoking among People Aged 12 to 17, 2010
13.8 Cigarette Use by 9th to 12th Graders, 2009
13.9 Alcohol Use by People Aged 12 to 20, 2010
13.10 Alcohol Use by 9th to 12th Graders, 2009
13.11 Illicit Drug Use by People Aged 12 to 17, 2010
13.12 Marijuana Use by People Aged 12 to 17, 2010
13.13 Marijuana Use by 9th to 12th Graders, 2009
13.14 Health Insurance Coverage of Children, 2010
13.15 Children under Age 18 without Health Insurance, 2010
13.16 Spending on Health Care for Children, 2009
13.17 Parents’ Rating of Health Care Received by Children at Doctor’s Office or Clinic, 2009
13.18 Health Conditions among Children by Selected Characteristics, 2010
13.19 Distribution of Health Conditions by Selected Characteristics of Children, 2010
13.20 Percent of Children with Health Conditions by Selected Characteristics, 2010
13.21 Use of Alternative and Complementary Medicine by Children, 2007
13.22 Characteristics of Children Who Use Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2007
13.23 Leading Causes of Death for Infants, 2010
13.24 Leading Causes of Death for Children Aged 1 to 4, 2010
13.25 Leading Causes of Death for Children Aged 5 to 14, 2010


Chapter 14. Housing
14.1 Homeownership among Families with Children, 2010
14.2 Geographic Mobility of Children by Age and Type of Move, 2010–11
14.3 Geographic Mobility of Families with Children, 2010–11
14.4 Reason for Moving among Children under Age 16, 2010–11


Chapter 15. Income
15.1 Income of Households with Children under Age 18 by Household Type, 2010
15.2 Married Couples with Children by Family Income and Age of Children, 2010
15.3 Female-Headed Families with Children by Family Income and Age of Children, 2010
15.4 Male-Headed Families with Children by Family Income and Age of Children, 2010
15.5 People under Age 18 below Poverty Level by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
15.6 Families with Children in Poverty by Family Type, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010


Chapter 16. Labor Force
16.1 Labor Force Status of Women by Presence of Children, 2010
16.2 Labor Force Status of Families with Children under Age 18, 2010
16.3 Primary Child Care Arrangement of Children with Working Mothers, 2010
16.4 Children with Nonrelative Child Care Arrangements, 2009


Chapter 17. Living Arrangements
17.1 Total Families by Presence and Age of Children, 2011
17.2 Families by Number of Children under Age 18, 2011
17.3 Children under Age 18 by Family Characteristics, 2011
17.4 Stay-at-Home Parents among Married Couples, 2011
17.5 Living Arrangements of Children, 1970 to 2011
17.6 Living Arrangements of Children, 2011: Total Children
17.7 Living Arrangements of Children, 2011: Asian Children
17.8 Living Arrangements of Children, 2011: Black Children
17.9 Living Arrangements of Children, 2011: Hispanic Children
17.10 Living Arrangements of Children, 2011: Non-Hispanic White Children
17.11 Extracurricular Activities of Children, 2009
17.12 Meals with Children, 2009
17.13 Neighborhood Characteristics of Children, 2009


Chapter 18. Population
18.1 Population by Age and Generation, 2010
18.2 Population by Age and Sex, 2010
18.3 Number of People by Age, Race Alone, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
18.4 Number of People by Age, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
18.5 Immigrants by Age, 2011
18.6 Language Spoken at Home by People Aged 5 to 17, 2010
18.7 Population by Age and Region, 2010
18.8 Regional Distribution of Population by Age, 2010
18.9 Age Distribution of Population by Region, 2010
18.10 State Populations by Age, 2010
18.11 Distribution of State Populations by Age, 2010


Chapter 19. Spending
19.1 Average Spending by Married Couples with Children at Home, 2000 to 2010
19.2 Average Spending by Married Couples with Preschoolers, 2000 to 2010
19.3 Average Spending by Married Couples with School-Aged Children, 2000 to 2010
19.4 Average Spending by Single Parents with Children under Age 18 at Home, 2000 to 2010
19.5 Indexed Spending of Households with Children, 2010
19.6 Market Share of Spending Controlled by Households with Children, 2010


Chapter 20. Time Use
20.1 Time Use of Married Mothers with Children under Age 18 by Employment Status, 2005–09
20.2 Time Use of Married Mothers with Children Aged 6 to 17 by Employment Status, 2005–09
20.3 Time Use of Married Mothers with Children under Age 6 by Employment Status, 2005–09
20.4 Time Use of Dual-Earner and Single-Earner Married Couples with Children under Age 18, 2005–09


List of Illustrations


Part One: The Millennials


Chapter 1. Attitudes
Few Millennials trust others
Many Americans live in the same city as they did when a teenager
Older Americans are least likely to be dissatisfied with their finances
Most still believe their children will be better off
Even among older Americans, a minority thinks traditional sex roles are best
Younger generations are less likely to be Protestant
Most Millennials support gay marriage
News sources differ dramatically by generation
Fewer than half of Americans in every generation favor allowing abortion for any reason


Chapter 2. Education
Among Millennials, women are more likely to be college graduates
Asians are far better educated than others
School enrollment drops sharply among people in their early twenties
Whites have the lowest dropout rate
Summer employment has declined among young adults
A parent’s education influences a child’s test score
The college enrollment rate is higher for women than for men
College is more likely for children from the most affluent families
Among Millennials, women outnumber men on college campuses
More than one in five bachelor’s degrees are in business


Chapter 3. Health
Nearly two-thirds of adults under age 35 say their health is excellent or very good
Most young adults weigh more than they should
Sexual experience rises above 90 percent in the 25-to-29 age group
Birth rate peaks in the 25-to-29 age group
Most women aged 25 or older have had at least one child
Women aged 25 to 29 account for the largest share of newborns
Sixty-three percent of births to women aged 20 to 24 are out of wedlock
Younger mothers are least likely to require a Caesarean delivery
A large share of Millennials smoke cigarettes
Most young adults do not wait for legal drinking age
Many young adults use marijuana
Many Americans do not have health insurance coverage
Headaches are the second most common health problem among 18-to-44-year-olds
The use of alternative medicine peaks in middle age
Few are diagnosed with AIDS before age 30
People aged 15 to 24 see a doctor less frequently than any other age group
Accidents are the most important cause of death among people aged 15 to 44


Chapter 4. Housing
After peaking in 2004, homeownership rates have fallen
Renting is the norm among Millennials
More than 50 percent of couples aged 25 to 34 own their home
Half of non-Hispanic whites aged 25 to 34 own their home
Younger adults are least likely to live in a single-family home
Mobility rate is high among people aged 20 to 29


Chapter 5. Income
Young adults have seen their incomes fall sharply since 2000
Asians and non-Hispanic whites have the highest incomes
Women who live alone have the lowest incomes
Incomes of men and women aged 15 to 24 are low because many work part-time
Among men aged 25 to 34, Hispanics have the lowest median income
Among women aged 25 to 34, Hispanics have the lowest median income
College bonus still exists for Millennials
Among Millennials, Asians and non-Hispanic whites have the lowest poverty rate


Chapter 6. Labor Force
A shrinking share of teenagers is in the labor force
Unemployment falls with increasing age
Nearly one-fourth of young black men are unemployed
Dual earners dominate married couples under age 55
Many occupations are dominated by young adults
Most working teens have part-time jobs
Self-employment rises with age
Teens and young adults account for the majority of minimum wage workers
Few workers are represented by a union
Number of workers aged 25 to 44 will increase


Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
Married couples become the majority of households in the 30-to-34 age group
Hispanic young adults are least likely to live alone
Among householders in their twenties, average household size is less than three
Few households headed by Asians under age 30 include children
Millennials are the majority of parents with preschoolers
Among married-couple parents under age 35, most have one or two children
Many young adults live with parents
Men and women are marrying later
More than one in five adults have experienced divorce


Chapter 8. Population
The Millennial generation is almost as big as the Baby-Boom generation
Minorities account for a large share of children and young adults
Among the foreign-born, those from Mexico are the youngest
Many 2011 immigrants were young adults
Half of adults who speak Spanish at home cannot speak English very well
The Northeast is home to just 17 percent of Millennials


Chapter 9. Spending
Young adults are spending much less on many items
The 25-to-34 age group has cut its spending on many items, but education spending has grown
The youngest householders are big spenders on alcohol, rent, and education
Couples with adult children at home are spending much more for health insurance


Chapter 10. Time Use
Leisure time falls when people are raising children


Chapter 11. Wealth
Net worth peaks among householders aged 55 to 64
Median value of retirement accounts is modest, even in the older age groups
Median housing value peaks in the 45-to-54 age group
Education loans are common among young and middle-aged householders
Most workers are not planning on an early retirement


Part Two: The iGeneration


Chapter 12. Education
School enrollment of young children has grown substantially
Minorities account for a relatively small share of private school students
Socioeconomic status greatly affects participation in extracurricular activities
Educated parents are most likely to attend their children’s class events
Blacks are least likely to be very satisfied with their child’s school


Chapter 13. Health
Many girls think they are overweight
Girls and boys are almost equally sexually active
Cigarette smoking doubles between ages 15 and 17
Many teens drink alcohol
More than 10 percent of 15-to-17-year-olds have used an illicit drug in the past month
Hispanic children are most likely to be without health insurance
Boys are more likely than girls to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Children’s use of alternative medicine rises with a parent’s educational level
Accidents are by far the leading cause of death among children aged 1 to 14


Chapter 14. Housing
Among households with children, homeownership varies by age of child
Among children, mobility rates are highest for preschoolers


Chapter 15. Income
Single-parent families have the lowest incomes
In the iGeneration, non-Hispanic whites have the lowest poverty rate


Chapter 16. Labor Force
For most children in married-couple families, mom and dad are at work
College-educated mothers are most likely to have their young children in nonrelative care


Chapter 17. Living Arrangements
Only 19 percent of married couples have preschoolers
Many children must share a bathroom with brothers and sisters
One-third of couples with preschoolers have a stay-at-home mom
Children’s living arrangements vary greatly by race and Hispanic origin
Blacks and Hispanics are much less likely to participate in sports, clubs, and lessons
Most teens with educated parents do not have dinner with them daily
Hispanic children are most likely to be kept inside for safety


Chapter 18. Population
The iGeneration outnumbers Generation X
Nearly one in four children is Hispanic
Many 2011 immigrants were young adults
Few children who speak Spanish at home cannot speak English very well
The Northeast is home to just 16 percent of children under age 15


Chapter 19. Spending
Married couples with children cut their spending on many items
Married couples with preschoolers spent less on most things
Couples with school-aged children are spending more for health insurance
Single parents are cutting corners on many discretionary items
Married couples with school-aged children spend the most


Chapter 20. Time Use
Working mothers have less leisure time

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