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Demographics of the U.S.: Trends and Projections, 4th ed.

The year is 1950, and you are about to be magically transported more than half a century into the future to the present time. What would you notice first? What would most surprise you? Beyond the obvious technological marvels of the day lie profound changes in our demographics and lifestyles that would be shocking to the 1950s time traveler.

Find out what those changes are in Demographics of the U.S.: Trends and Projections, a unique source for details about the socioeconomic trends of the last half of the twentieth century and the first decade of the 21st. It includes comprehensive coverage of historical statistics, including single-year data on many topics such as school enrollment, SAT scores, hospital admissions, employment status of men and women, living arrangements of children, marital status, and geographic mobility.

Demographics of the U.S. is a reference book for those who want perspective on the many changes in American life - a perspective critical for understanding what the 21st century will hold. New Strategist's editors scoured web sites and government reference books to locate the most revealing trend data. The result is a compilation of statistics that cannot be found in a single volume anywhere else, documenting the demographic and socioeconomic trends that have transformed the United States since 1950.

Demographics of the U.S. documents the trends of the past 60 years by compiling historical numbers that cannot be found in a single volume anywhere else. Its 10 chapters examine trends in Americans' attitudes and behavior, education, health, housing, income, labor force participation, living arrangements, population, spending, and wealth. New to this edition are 2010 census data, homeownership statistics through 2011, employment projections to 2020, and trends in household spending and wealth since the Great Recession.


Introduction


Executive Summary


Chapter 1. Attitudes and Behavior
Highlights
Americans Find Life More Exciting
Americans Feel Poorer
Gun Ownership Has Declined
Americans Are Not So Mobile
Most People Say No to Traditional Sex Roles
Sexual Attitudes Have Changed
Americans Believe in God
Americans Are Less Confident in Leaders
Confidence in Political Leaders Is Low
Voting Rates Have Been Falling
Crime Rates Have Declined


Chapter 2. Education
Highlights
Big Gains in Educational Attainment
Most Preschoolers Are in School
SAT Verbal Scores Have Fallen
Most High School Graduates Go to College
In College, Women Outnumber Men
College Costs Are Soaring
Women Earn Most Degrees


Chapter 3. Health
Highlights
Health Status Is Declining
More Are Using Condoms
Births Are Declining, Again
Hispanics Account for One in Four Births
Out-of-Wedlock Births Have Surged
Most Americans Are Overweight
Cigarette Smoking Has Fallen Sharply
Hypertension and High Cholesterol Are More of a Problem
Employment-Based Health Insurance Coverage Is Declining
Hospital Outpatient Care Has Grown Rapidly
Heart Disease Death Rate Has Been Cut by Two-Thirds
Increasingly, Cancer Is a Treatable Condition
The Death Rate Is Falling
Life Expectancy Is Growing


Chapter 4. Housing
Highlights
The Homeownership Rate Is Falling
Married Couples Are Most Likely to Own a Home
Homeownership Is Declining among Asians, Blacks, Hispanics, and Non-Hispanic Whites
Homeownership Rate Has Fallen in Every Region
Homeownership Is Highest in the Suburbs
The Rise of Electric Heat


Chapter 5. Income
Highlights
Household Affluence Has Slipped
Household Income Has Diminished
Working Wives Have Kept Families Afloat
Women’s Incomes Have Grown More than Men’s
Women Earn 77 Percent as Much as Men
More Poverty because of the Great Recession
Few Married Couples Are Poor


Chapter 6. Labor Force
Highlights
The Face of the Labor Force Has Changed
Labor Force Participation Has Fallen
Labor Force Participation Rate of Older Men Is Rising
Women and Blacks Have Made Big Gain
Construction and Health Care Lead the Pack
Most Married Couples Are Dual Earners
Self-Employment Is Becoming Less Common
Job Tenure Has Been Stable
More Cars, Less Carpooling
Workers in Private Industry Depend on Defined-Contribution Retirement Plans


Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
Highlights
Lifestyles Have Changed
Fewer Households Include Children
More Children Live with Mother Only
The Young Are More Dependent
Most People Marry, but Later than in the Past
Interracial Marriage Has Become More Common


Chapter 8. Population
Highlights
U.S
The United States Is Increasingly Diverse
The Mobility Rate Has Fallen since 1950
Many Americans Were Born Abroad
Some Regions Are More Diverse than Others
Nevada Has Grown the Fastest since 1950
Four States Have Minority Majorities
Most Americans Live in a Metropolitan Area


Chapter 9. Spending
Highlights
Spending Patterns Have Changed
Average Household Spending Has Decreased
Spending Has Decreased in Most Age Groups
Black Spending Has Grown Rapidly
Married Couples with Children Are the Biggest Spenders
Spending Fell the Most in the West
Even College Graduates Have Lost Ground


Chapter 10. Wealth
Highlights
Net Worth Fell Sharply during the Great Recession
Financial Asset Values Fell between 2007 and 2009
Nonfinancial Assets Are the Foundation of Household Wealth
Most Households Are in Debt
Retirement Worries Are Growing


Glossary


Bibliography


Index


List of Tables


Chapter 1. Attitudes and Behavior
1.1 General Happiness, 1972 to 2010
1.2 Is Life Exciting? 1973 to 2010
1.3 Helpfulness of People, 1972 to 2010
1.4 Trusting in People, 1972 to 2010
1.5 Fairness of People, 1972 to 2010
1.6 Opinion of Family Income, 1972 to 2010
1.7 Satisfaction with Financial Situation, 1972 to 2010
1.8 Job Satisfaction, 1972 to 2010
1.9 Work if Rich, 1973 to 2010
1.10 Have Gun in Home, 1973 to 2010
1.11 Support for Gun Laws, 1972 to 2010
1.12 Death Penalty for Murder, 1974 to 2010
1.13 Legalization of Marijuana, 1973 to 2010
1.14 Living in Same Place at Age 16, 1972 to 2010
1.15 Integrated Neighborhoods, 1972 to 2010
1.16 Traditional Sex Roles, 1977 to 2010
1.17 Working Mothers, 1977 to 2010
1.18 Happiness of Marriage, 1973 to 2010
1.19 Spanking, 1986 to 2010
1.20 Premarital Sex, 1972 to 2010
1.21 Homosexual Relations, 1973 to 2010
1.22 Gay Marriage, 1988 to 2010
1.23 Support for Legal Abortion by Reason, 1972 to 2010
1.24 Belief in God, 1988 to 2010
1.25 Feelings about the Bible, 1984 to 2010
1.26 Attendance at Religious Services, 1972 to 2010
1.27 Religious Preferences, 1972 to 2010
1.28 Confidence in Organized Religion, 1973 to 2010
1.29 Confidence in Major Companies, 1973 to 2010
1.30 Confidence in Education, 1973 to 2010
1.31 Confidence in the Press, 1973 to 2010
1.32 Confidence in Medicine, 1973 to 2010
1.33 Should Government Help the Sick, 1975 to 2010
1.34 Confidence in the Executive Branch of Government, 1973 to 2010
1.35 Confidence in Congress, 1973 to 2010
1.36 Confidence in the Supreme Court, 1973 to 2010
1.37 Political Leanings, 1974 to 2010
1.38 Political Party Affiliation, 1972 to 2010
1.39 Voting Rate in Presidential Elections by Age, 1964 to 2008
1.40 Voting Rate in Presidential Elections by Sex, 1964 to 2008
1.41 Voting Rate in Presidential Elections by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1980 to 2008
1.42 Voting Rate in Congressional Elections by Age, 1966 to 2010
1.43 Voting Rate in Congressional Elections by Sex, 1966 to 2010
1.44 Voting Rate in Congressional Elections by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1978 to 2010
1.45 More Crime in Area, 1972 to 2011
1.46 Crimes Reported to Police, 1960 to 2010: Number of Crimes
1.47 Crimes Reported to Police, 1960 to 2010: Rate of Crime


Chapter 2. Education
2.1 High School Graduates by Sex, 1950 to 2010
2.2 High School Graduates by Age, 1950 to 2010
2.3 High School Graduates by Age and Sex, 1950 to 2010
2.4 High School Graduates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1950 to 2010
2.5 College Graduates by Sex, 1950 to 2010
2.6 College Graduates by Age, 1950 to 2010
2.7 College Graduates by Age and Sex, 1950 to 2010
2.8 College Graduates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1950 to 2010
2.9 Enrollment of 3-to-5-Year-Olds In Preprimary Programs, 1965 to 2010
2.10 Enrollment in Nursery School and Kindergarten, 1955 to 2010
2.11 Enrollment in Elementary and Secondary School, 1955 to 2010
2.12 Minority Enrollment in the Nation’s Public Elementary and Secondary Schools by State, 1999 and 2010
2.13 High School Graduates, 1949–50 to 2010–11
2.14 Projections of High School Graduates, 2010–11 to 2020–21
2.15 Scholastic Assessment Test Scores by Sex, 1966–67 to 2010–11
2.16 Scholastic Assessment Test Scores by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1986–87 to 2010–11
2.17 College Enrollment Rate by Sex, 1960 to 2010
2.18 College Enrollment Rate by Sex and Type of Institution, 1973 to 2010
2.19 College Enrollment Rate by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1975 to 2010
2.20 College Enrollment Rate by Family Income, 1975 to 2010
2.21 College Enrollment by Sex, 1950 to 2010
2.22 Projections of College Enrollment by Sex, 2010 to 2020
2.23 College Enrollment by Age, 1972 to 2010
2.24 Percent Distribution of College Enrollment by Age, 1973 to 2010
2.25 Projections of College Enrollment by Age, 2010 to 2020
2.26 College Enrollment by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1994 to 2010
2.27 College Enrollment by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1976 to 2010
2.28 College Costs, 1976–77 to 2010–11
2.29 Degrees Conferred by Level of Degree, 1965–66 to 2009–10
2.30 Associate’s Degrees Conferred by Sex, 1965–66 to 2009–10
2.31 Associate’s Degrees Conferred by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1976–77 to 2009–10
2.32 Bachelor’s Degrees Conferred by Sex, 1965–66 to 2009–10
2.33 Bachelor’s Degrees Conferred by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1976–77 to 2009–10
2.34 Master’s Degrees Conferred by Sex, 1965–66 to 2009–10
2.35 Master’s Degrees Conferred by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1976–77 to 2009–10
2.36 Doctoral Degrees Conferred by Sex, 1976–77 to 2009–10
2.37 Doctoral Degrees Conferred by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1976–77 to 2009–10


Chapter 3. Health Trends
3.1 Health Status, 1995 to 2010
3.2 Health Status by Selected Characteristics, 1995 and 2010
3.3 Contraceptive Use by Age, 1982 to 2006–08
3.4 Number of Births, 1950 to 2010
3.5 Births by Age, 1950 to 2010
3.6 Percent Distribution of Births by Age, 1950 to 2010
3.7 Fertility Rate by Age, 1950 to 2010
3.8 Births by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1989 to 2010
3.9 Percent Distribution of Births by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1989 to 2010
3.10 Births to Hispanics by Hispanic Origin, 1989 to 2009
3.11 Percent Distribution of Births to Hispanics by Hispanic Origin, 1989 to 2009
3.12 Fertility Rate by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1989 to 2010
3.13 Fertility Rate of Hispanics by Hispanic Origin, 1989 to 2009
3.14 Births to Unmarried Women, 1950 to 2010
3.15 Births to Unmarried Women by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1990 to 2010
3.16 Average Measured Weight by Sex and Age, 1960–62 to 1999–2002
3.17 Adults Measured as Having a Healthy Weight by Sex and Age, 1960–62 to 2007–10
3.18 Adults Measured as Overweight by Sex and Age, 1960–62 to 2007–10
3.19 Adults Measured as Obese by Sex and Age, 1960–62 to 2007–10
3.20 Cigarette Smoking by Men, 1965 to 2010
3.21 Cigarette Smoking by Women, 1965 to 2010
3.22 Lifetime Drug Use by 12th Graders, 1975 to 2011
3.23 Hypertension by Sex and Age, 1988–94 to 2007–10
3.24 High Cholesterol by Sex and Age, 1988–94 to 2007–10
3.25 Diabetes by Selected Characteristics, 1988–94 to 2003–06
3.26 Prescription Drug Use by Sex and Age, 1988–94 to 2005–08
3.27 Health Insurance Coverage, 1999 to 2010
3.28 Health Insurance Coverage by Type, 1999 to 2010
3.29 Hospital Admissions, Outpatient Visits, and Outpatient Surgery, 1970 to 2009
3.30 Length of Hospital Stay by Sex and Age, 1980 and 2008–09
3.31 Death Rate from Heart Disease by Age, 1950 to 2008
3.32 Death Rate from Heart Disease by Sex and Age, 1950 to 2008
3.33 Cancer Incidence Rate by Sex, 1990 to 2008
3.34 Cancer Survival Rates of Females by Race, 1975–77 to 2001–07
3.35 Cancer Survival Rates of Males by Race, 1975–77 to 2001–07
3.36 Number of Deaths, 1950 to 2010
3.37 Death Rate by Cause of Death, 1950 to 2009
3.38 Life Expectancy by Age, 1950 to 2010
3.39 Life Expectancy by Sex, 1950 to 2010
3.40 Life Expectancy by Race, 1950 to 2010
3.41 Life Expectancy by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2009 and 2010


Chapter 4. Housing
4.1 Homeownership, 1950 to 2010
4.2 Homeowners by Age, 1982 to 2011
4.3 Percent Distribution of Homeowners by Age, 1982 to 2011
4.4 Homeownership Rate by Age, 1982 to 2011
4.5 Homeowners by Household Type, 1982 to 2011
4.6 Percent Distribution of Homeowners by Household Type, 1982 to 2011
4.7 Homeownership Rate by Household Type, 1982 to 2011
4.8 Homeowners by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 to 2011
4.9 Percent Distribution of Homeowners by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 to 2011
4.10 Homeownership Rate by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000 to 2011
4.11 Homeownership Rate by Region, 1960 to 2011
4.12 Homeownership Rate by State, 1984 to 2011
4.13 Homeownership Rate by Metropolitan Status, 1965 to 2011
4.14 Homeownership Rate by Metropolitan Area, 1986 to 2004
4.15 Homeownership Rate by Metropolitan Area, 2005 to 2011
4.16 House Heating Fuel, 1950 to 2010


Chapter 5. Income
5.1 Distribution of Households by Income, 1967 to 2010
5.2 Share of Aggregate Income Received by Each Fifth and Top 5 Percent of Households, 1967 to 2010
5.3 Median Income of Households by Age of Householder, 1967 to 2010
5.4 Median Income of Households by Type of Household, 1980 to 2010
5.5 Median Income of Households by Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder, 1972 to 2010
5.6 Median Income of Households by Educational Attainment of Householder, 1991 to 2010
5.7 Median Income of Households by Region, 1975 to 2010
5.8 Median Income of Households by Size of Household, 1975 to 2010
5.9 Median Income of Married Couples by Work Experience of Husband and Wife, 1987 to 2010
5.10 Wives Who Earn More than Their Husbands, 1988 to 2010
5.11 Median Income of Households by Number of Earners, 1987 to 2010
5.12 Distribution of Men by Income, 1967 to 2010
5.13 Distribution of Women by Income, 1967 to 2010
5.14 Median Income by Sex, 1950 to 2010
5.15 Median Income of Men by Age, 1950 to 2010
5.16 Median Income of Women by Age, 1950 to 2010
5.17 Median Income of Men by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1972 to 2010
5.18 Median Income of Women by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1972 to 2010
5.19 Median Income of Men by Educational Attainment, 1991 to 2010
5.20 Median Income of Women by Educational Attainment, 1991 to 2010
5.21 Median Income of Men by Region, 1953 to 2010
5.22 Median Income of Women by Region, 1953 to 2010
5.23 Median Earnings of Full-Time Workers by Sex, 1960 to 2010
5.24 Median Earnings of Men Who Work Full-Time by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1967 to 2010
5.25 Median Earnings of Women Who Work Full-Time by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1967 to 2010
5.26 Median Earnings of Men Who Work Full-Time by Education, 1991 to 2010
5.27 Median Earnings of Women Who Work Full-Time by Education, 1991 to 2010
5.28 People in Poverty, 1959 to 2010
5.29 Females in Poverty, 1966 to 2010
5.30 Males in Poverty, 1966 to 2010
5.31 Number of People in Poverty by Age, 1959 to 2010
5.32 Percent Distribution of Number of People in Poverty by Age, 1959 to 2010
5.33 Poverty Rate by Age, 1959 to 2010
5.34 Number of People in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1972 to 2010
5.35 Percent Distribution of People in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1972 to 2010
5.36 Poverty Rate by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1972 to 2010
5.37 Families in Poverty, 1959 to 2010
5.38 Number and Percent Distribution of Families in Poverty by Family Type, 1973 to 2010
5.39 Number of Married Couples in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1974 to 2010
5.40 Percent Distribution of Married Couples in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1974 to 2010
5.41 Poverty Rate of Married Couples by Race and Hispanic Origin 1974 to 2010
5.42 Number of Female-Headed Families in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1974 to 2010
5.43 Percent Distribution of Female-Headed Families in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1974 to 2010
5.44 Poverty Rate of Female-Headed Families in Poverty by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1974 to 2010


Chapter 6. Labor Force
6.1 Labor Force by Sex and Age, 1950 to 2011
6.2 Projections of the Labor Force by Sex and Age, 2010 and 2020
6.3 Labor Force by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1980 to 2011
6.4 Projections of the Labor Force by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010 and 2020
6.5 Median Age of the Labor Force by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 1962 to 2020
6.6 Employment Status of the Population, 1950 to 2011
6.7 Employment Status of Men, 1950 to 2011
6.8 Employment Status of Women, 1950 to 2011
6.9 Labor Force Participation Rate by Sex, 1950 to 2011
6.10 Labor Force Participation Rate of Men by Age, 1950 to 2011
6.11 Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Age, 1950 to 2011
6.12 Projections of Labor Force Participation Rates by Sex and Age, 2010 and 2020
6.13 Labor Force Participation Rate of Men by Race and Hispanic Origin 1980 to 2011
6.14 Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Race and Hispanic Origin 1980 to 2011
6.15 Projections of Labor Force Participation Rate by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010 and 2020
6.16 Women’s Share of Workers by Detailed Occupation, 1983 to 2000
6.17 Black Share of Workers by Detailed Occupation, 1983 to 2000
6.18 Hispanic Share of Workers by Detailed Occupation, 1983 to 2000
6.19 Workers by Detailed Occupation, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2011
6.20 Employment by Major Occupational Group, 2010 and 2020
6.21 Fastest-Growing Occupations, 2010 to 2020
6.22 Occupations with the Largest Job Growth, 2010 to 2020
6.23 Occupations with the Largest Job Decline, 2010 to 2020
6.24 Employment by Major Industry, 2010 and 2020
6.25 Industries with the Fastest Wage and Salary Employment Growth, 2010 to 2020
6.26 Married Couples by Labor Force Status of Husband and Wife, 1986 to 2011: Total Couples
6.27 Married Couples by Labor Force Status of Husband and Wife, 1986 to 2011: Couples with Children under Age 18
6.28 Married Couples by Labor Force Status of Husband and Wife, 1986 to 2011: Couples with Children under Age 6
6.29 Labor Force Participation of Wives by Age of Children at Home, 1960 to 2010
6.30 Primary Child Care Arrangement, 1985 to 2010
6.31 Self-Employment, 1950 to 2011
6.32 Job Tenure by Sex and Age, 1983 to 2010
6.33 Long-Term Jobs by Sex and Age, 1983 to 2010
6.34 Commuting to Work, 1960 to 2010
6.35 Workers with Access to Employee Benefits, 2011
6.36 Workers Represented by Unions, 1983 to 2011


Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
7.1 Households by Type, 1950 to 2011
7.2 Distribution of Households by Type, 1950 to 2011
7.3 Households by Age of Householder, 1960 to 2011
7.4 Distribution of Households by Age of Householder, 1960 to 2011
7.5 Households by Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder, 1970 to 2011
7.6 Households with Children under Age 18 by Household Type, 1950 to 2011
7.7 Distribution of Households with Children under Age 18 by Household Type, 1950 to 2011
7.8 Households by Presence and Number of Children under Age 18, 1950 to 2011
7.9 Households by Size, 1950 to 2011
7.10 Distribution of Households by Size, 1950 to 2011
7.11 Living Arrangements of Children under Age 18, 1960 to 2011: Total Children
7.12 Living Arrangements of Children under Age 18, 1960 to 2011: Black Children
7.13 Living Arrangements of Children under Age 18, 1960 to 2011: Hispanic Children
7.14 Living Arrangements of Children under Age 18, 1960 to 2011: White Children
7.15 Children under Age 18 Living with Mother Only, 1960 to 2011
7.16 Grandchildren Living in the Home of Their Grandparents, 1970 to 2011
7.17 Living Arrangements of Young Men, 1960 to 2011
7.18 Living Arrangements of Young Women, 1960 to 2011
7.19 Men Living Alone by Age, 1970 to 2011
7.20 Women Living Alone by Age, 1970 to 2011
7.21 Never-Married by Sex and Age, 1950 to 2011
7.22 Median Age at First Marriage by Sex, 1950 to 2011
7.23 Marital Status of Men, 1950 to 2011
7.24 Marital Status of Women, 1950 to 2011
7.25 Same-Sex-Couple Households, 2000 and 2010
7.26 Interracial and Interethnic Married Couples, 1960 to 2011
7.27 Race/Hispanic Origin Difference between Husbands and Wives, 2011


Chapter 8. Population
8.1 Population of the United States, 1950 to 2011
8.2 Population by Age, 1950 to 2010
8.3 Population by Age, 2000 and 2010
8.4 Population by Age and Sex, 2010
8.5 Population by Race, 1950 to 1970
8.6 Population by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1980 and 1990
8.7 Population by Race, 2000 and 2010
8.8 Two-or-More-Races Population, 2010
8.9 Population by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.10 Geographical Mobility, 1950 to 2011
8.11 Movers by Type of Move, 1950 to 2011
8.12 Foreign-Born Population, 1950 to 2010
8.13 Foreign-Born Population by Country of Birth, 1960 to 2010
8.14 Legal Immigration to the United States, 1950 to 2011
8.15 Legal Immigrants by Country of Last Residence, 1960 to 2010
8.16 Unauthorized Immigrant Population, 2000 and 2011
8.17 Regional Populations, 1950 to 2010
8.18 Regional Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1990
8.19 Regional Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000
8.20 Regional Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.21 State Populations, 1950 to 2010
8.22 States Ranked by Population, 1950, 2000, and 2010
8.23 States Ranked by Population Change, 1950 to 2000
8.24 States Ranked by Population Change, 2000 to 2010
8.25 State Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1990
8.26 Distribution of State Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 1990
8.27 State Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000
8.28 Distribution of State Populations by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000
8.29 Minority Population by State, 2010
8.30 Population by State, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.31 Population Distribution by State, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.32 American Indians and Alaska Natives by State, 2000 and 2010
8.33 Asians by State, 2000 and 2010
8.34 Blacks by State, 2000 and 2010
8.35 Hispanics by State, 2000 and 2010
8.36 Non-Hispanic Whites by State, 2000 and 2010
8.37 Population by Metropolitan Status, 1950 to 2010
8.38 Metropolitan Populations, 2000 and 2010: Alphabetical Ranking
8.39 Metropolitan Populations, 2000 and 2010: Population Ranking
8.40 Metropolitan Populations, 2000 and 2010: Percent Change Ranking


Chapter 9. Spending
9.1 Household Spending on Major Categories of Goods and Services, 1950 to 2010
9.2 Average Household Spending, 1984 to 2010
9.3 Average Spending by Householders under Age 25, 1984 to 2010
9.4 Average Spending by Householders Aged 25 to 34, 1984 to 2010
9.5 Average Spending by Householders Aged 35 to 44, 1984 to 2010
9.6 Average Spending by Householders Aged 45 to 54, 1984 to 2010
9.7 Average Spending by Householders Aged 55 to 64, 1984 to 2010
9.8 Average Spending by Householders Aged 65 to 74, 1984 to 2010
9.9 Average Spending by Householders Aged 75 or Older, 1984 to 2010
9.10 Average Spending by Asian Householders, 2003 to 2010
9.11 Average Spending by Black Householders, 1984 to 2010
9.12 Average Spending by Hispanic Householders, 1994 to 2010
9.13 Average Spending by Married Couples with Children at Home, 1984 to 2010
9.14 Average Spending by Married Couples without Children at Home, 1984 to 2010
9.15 Average Spending by Single Parents with Children under Age 18 at Home, 1984 to 2010
9.16 Average Spending by People Living Alone, 1984 to 2010
9.17 Average Spending by Households in the Northeast, 1984 to 2010
9.18 Average Spending by Households in the Midwest, 1984 to 2010
9.19 Average Spending by Households in the South, 1984 to 2010
9.20 Average Spending by Households in the West, 1984 to 2010
9.21 Average Spending by Households Headed by People without a High School Diploma, 1995 to 2010
9.22 Average Spending by Households Headed by High School Graduates, 1995 to 2010
9.23 Average Spending by Households Headed by People with Some College, 1996 to 2010 480
9.24 Average Spending by Households Headed by People with an Associate’s Degree, 1996 to 2010
9.25 Average Spending by Households Headed by People with a Bachelor’s Degree, 1995 to 2010


Chapter 10. Wealth
10.1 Net Worth of Households, 2007 and 2009
10.2 Distribution of Household Assets and Debts by Type, 2007 and 2009
10.3 Ownership and Value of Household Financial Assets, 2007 and 2009
10.4 Percent of Households Owning Transaction Accounts, Life Insurance, and CDs, 2007 and 2009
10.5 Percent of Households Owning Retirement Accounts and Stocks, 2007 and 2009
10.6 Percent of Households Owning Pooled Investment Funds and Bonds, 2007 and 2009
10.7 Median Value of Transaction Accounts, Life Insurance, and CDs, 2007 and 2009
10.8 Median Value of Retirement Accounts and Stocks, 2007 and 2009
10.9 Median Value of Pooled Investment Funds and Bonds, 2007 and 2009
10.10 Ownership and Value of Nonfinancial Assets, 2007 and 2009
10.11 Percent of Households Owning Primary Residence, Other Residential Property, and Nonresidential Property, 2007 and 2009
10.12 Percent of Households Owning Vehicles and Business Equity, 2007 and 2009
10.13 Median Value of Primary Residence, Other Residential Property, and Nonresidential Property, 2007 and 2009
10.14 Median Value of Vehicles and Business Equity, 2007 and 2009
10.15 Debt of Households, 2007 and 2009
10.16 Percent of Households with Residential Debt, 2007 and 2009
10.17 Percent of Households with Credit Card Debt, Vehicle Loans, and Education Loans, 2007 and 2009
10.18 Median Value of Residential Debt Owed by Households, 2007 and 2009
10.19 Median Amount of Credit Card Debt, Vehicle Loans, and Education Loans Owed by Households, 2007 and 2009
10.20 Retirement Outlook, 2000 to 2012


List of Illustrations


Chapter 1. Attitudes and Behavior
Trust in others has declined
Fewer say their family income is average
A growing percentage favor making marijuana legal
Most people say their neighborhood is racially integrated
Marital happiness has declined
More think gay and lesbian relationships are okay
Fewer Americans say they are Protestant
Confidence in the leaders of the nation’s institutions has dropped
More call themselves liberal
Voting rates are down
Crime rates have fallen across the board


Chapter 2. Education
Women are now as likely as men to have a college degree
The percentage of 3-to-5-year-olds in school has more than doubled
The perfect SAT score and the average score in 2010–11
College enrollment rates differ by family income and have for decades
The minority share of college students has more than doubled during the past few decades
The real cost of college has more than doubled since the mid-1970s
Women’s share of bachelor’s degrees has grown for decades


Chapter 3. Health
The middle aged have seen the biggest declines in health status
Condom use increased in every age group
Number of births has been on a rollercoaster for decades
A shrinking share of births are to non-Hispanic whites
More than 40 percent of today’s babies are born to unmarried mothers
Fewer men and women have a healthy weight
Cigarette smoking has fallen among men and women
Diabetes is especially common among older Americans
Employer-provided health insurance has become much less common
Hospital outpatients greatly outnumber inpatients, and the gap is growing
The heart disease death rate fell 68 percent between 1950 and 2008
Survival rate has risen for breast cancer
The death rate due to accidents has been halved over the past half-century
The life expectancy of Americans has climbed more than 10 years since 1950


Chapter 4. Housing
Homeownership has fallen since 2004 in every age group
Most people who live alone own their home
Blacks and Hispanics have the lowest homeownership rates
Homeownership in the West is well below average
Homeownership rate varies by metropolitan area
Electricity is an important heating fuel today


Chapter 5. Income
More than one in five households has an income of $100,000 or more
The oldest householders have made the biggest gains over the past four decades
The income gap between dual- and single-earner couples is growing
List of Illustrations
Women’s median income is still below men’s
Women’s median earnings are approaching those of men
The number of poor has increased greatly in the past decade
Married couples now account for a minority of poor families


Chapter 6. Labor Force
Non-Hispanic whites are the oldest workers
Trends in labor force participation differ for men and women
Older men are returning to the workforce
Women’s share of lawyers has more than doubled
Gains for nurses, losses for postal workers
Nearly two out of three couples with children are dual earners
Few Americans work for themselves
Middle-aged men have seen steep declines in long-term jobs
More people are driving alone to work
Workers in private industry are less likely to have retirement and medical benefits


Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
Married couples are a much smaller share of households
Nuclear families are a small share of households today
Fewer children live with both parents
Older women are much more likely than older men to live alone
The percentage of young women who have never married has soared
Most marriages are between spouses of the same race and Hispanic origin


Chapter 8. Population
The U.S
The non-Hispanic white share of the population is declining
Americans are moving much less than they once did
More than 1 million legal immigrants a year come to the United States
The West is the most diverse region
Wyoming is the least populous state
California is one of the most diverse states
New Orleans lost 11 percent of its population between 2000 and 2010


Chapter 9. Spending
Household spending grew strongly between 1950 and 2000, then fell
Households are spending less on most items
Young and middle-aged householders spent less in 2010 than in 1984
Asian households spend the most
People living alone spend less than other household types
Spending is lowest in the South
Householders with a bachelor’s degree spend more than average


Chapter 10. Wealth
Net worth has fallen since reaching a peak in 2007
Median value of retirement accounts is modest
Median housing value peaks in the 35-to-54 age group
Home-secured debt accounts for the largest amount owed
Most workers are not planning on an early retirement

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