NRG Expert Power Generator Database and Market Intelligence Edition 2, 2014
This NRG Expert product provides a by country/fuel overview of global generating capacity, its evolution and power forecasts. The electrical generating sector came into being in the last two decades of the 19th century in the industrial countries, with the first small installations of public capacity in the 1890s in the USA, UK and Japan, mainly for street lighting. In those early years and in years before, manufactured town gas was a more important energy source in the cities. Electric power grew slowly during the first half of the 20th century, supplied by a myriad of small local companies mostly operating in towns. The Second World War was to change this and with the explosion of industrial activity that it unleashed, electricity became a major national priority. Many countries nationalised their electricity industries or grouped them into large consolidated utilities. Until then electricity had been generated and distributed locally but now transmission entered the picture. Transmission lines were constructed to transport bulk power at high voltages over long distances from large centralised generating facilities to industrial and population load centres where it was distributed at low voltage. This is accompanied by a free edition of the Energy Efficiency Report 2012.