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The Global Wind Industry - Historical, Present, and Future Generation Statistics to 2030

The Global Wind Industry - Historical, Present, and Future Generation Statistics to 2030

Wind electricity generation is on the rise in the power generation sector, and NRG Expert’s new Wind Industry intelligence product will give you the data and insights that are necessary to understand this growing market. We have researched the wind electricity market to produce an in-depth database and accompanying market research report that focuses on the generation through the use of wind technology. The report and database combine NRG Expert’s research abilities with a keen understanding of the power generation landscape to give you a comprehensive look at the sector.


The Wind Report
1. Executive Summary
Wind Power Development
Renewables Subsidies
Turbine Technology
2. The Market for Wind power
An Assessment of Factors Affecting Wind Power
Terminology
Variations of Demand
Base Load
Peak Load
Intermediate Load
Intermittency and Variability
Capacity Factor
Loss of Load Probability (LOLP)
Capacity Credit
Spinning Reserve
Issues for Wind Power
Grid Balancing
Grid Extension
Storage
Capacity Credit
Mismatch of Supply and Demand
Load Following
Dispersion
Inadequacy of Weather Forecasting
Spinning Reserve/Back-up
Wake Effects
The Way Forward
Investing in the Future Competitiveness of the EU Wind Energy Industry
Adopting a More Strategic, Coordinated Approach to Offshore Developments
Maximising the Environmental Benefits of Offshore Wind
Integrating Large-Scale Offshore Wind in the Grid of the Future
Targets
3. National Policies for Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy Targets
Support Mechanisms for Renewables
The Evolution of RPS Policy in the United States
Comparison of Feed-in Tariffs and RPS
Investor Confidence, Price, and Policy Cost
Effectiveness
Ownership Structure
Conclusion
Feed-in Tariffs in the United States
4. National Wind Power Markets and Support Plans; Major Markets
China
Wind Resources
Offshore Wind Power
United States
The Start of Wind Power
Market Potential
Intermittency
Low-Speed Wind Technology
Cost of Wind Energy Generation
Technology Development in the USA
Understanding Turbulent Wind Patterns
R&D
Germany
Market Size and Forecast
Repowering Trend
Government Support and R&D in Germany
Stromeinspeisungsgesetz - Electricity Feed Law (EFL)
5. Wind Industry Supply Chain
Vertical Integration
Background to the Supply Chain in the Electro-Technical Industry
Raw Materials
Lead Times
Wind Turbine Production Capacity
Local Supply Chains
6. Rare Earth Metals
7. Operation and Maintenance (O&M)
8. Energy Storage
Mechanical Storage
Electrochemical Storage
Electromagnetic Storage
Coupling to New Energies
Developments
9. Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Energy Compared with Other Forms of Energy 38
10. Offshore Wind Power
The Benefits
Higher Wind Speeds
More Stable Winds
Huge Offshore Wind Resources
Low Surface Roughness: Cheaper Turbines
Lower Turbulence: Longer Lifetime
Shipping and Transport
Closer to Demand Centres
NIMBY
The Challenges
Installation Vessels
Operation and Maintenance
Port Facilities
Subsea Cabling
A European Offshore Grid
11. Repowering
Market for Old Turbines
Recycling Turbines
12. Forecasting a new technology - Experience Curves and Progress Ratios (PR)
13. The Data
Introduction to the Data
Figures
Figure 1 - Base, Intermediate and Peak Load by time of Day
Figure 2 – Capacity factors by month for wind power for Denmark, Sweden, Germany, and Netherlands
Figure 3 - Wind Energy Investments in the EU, 2000 to 2030
Figure 4 – Distribution of wind turbines in China
Figure 5 – Potential output of 1.5 MW wind turbines in China, % of maximum output over time
Figure 6 – Offshore Wind Potential along China's East Coast
Figure 7 – Wind Resources in the Great Lakes
Figure 8 – Wind Resources in the United States
Figure 9 – Advanced tower design
Figure 10 – Annual onshore and offshore build and repowering in Germany, MW, 1993 to 2030
Figure 11 – Cumulative installed capacity, onshore and offshore in Germany, MW, 1993 to 2030
Figure 12 - Turbine Parts
Figure 13 - How much neodymium will the offshore sector need?
Figure 14 – Lifecycle breakdown of wind energy investment project costs, %
Figure 15 – Frequency of ‘failure rate’ with increasing operational age
Figure 16 - Downtime per component failure, days
Figure 17 – Weak point analysis for wind turbine subassemblies including failure causes
Figure 18 – Estimated investment costs, EUR per kW
Figure 19 - Estimated operation and maintenance costs, EUR per kW per annum
Figure 20 - Levelised Cost of Electricity, EUR cents per kWh
Figure 21 – Estimated grid parity for wholesale onshore wind, EUR per MWh
Figure 22 – Estimated grid parity for wholesale onshore wind, EUR per MWh
Figure 23 - Properties of the three main offshore installation vessels
Figure 24 - Offshore operating conditions
Figure 25 – Repowering of the Bassens Windfarm in Lower Saxony, Germany
Figure 26 – Estimates new annual EU wind energy capacity, GW, 2000 to 2030
Figure 27 - Price of used turbines compared to the price when new as a percentage
Tables
Table 1 – Typical capacity factors for different generating technologies
Table 2 - Energy storage technologies
Table 3 - Estimated date that grid parity will be reached for on and offshore wind
Table 4 - Water footprint of different primary energy carriers
Table 5 - Advantages and disadvantages of different types of renewable energy
Table 6 – Comparison of onshore and offshore wind technologies
Table 7 – Suitable ports in Europe for development of offshore wind installations
Table 8 – Advantages and Disadvantages of Repowering
Table 9 – Recycling of Wind Turbine Components
Table 10 – Progress ratios for wind turbines
Table 11 - Technology characteristics of wind turbines

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