Make in India Defence Outlook Segmented by Purpose and Application Growth, Trends, and Forecast (2018 2023)
India is the seventh-largest economies in the world, with USD 2.264 trillion GDP in 2016 It is the fastest-growing economy in the world overtaking China. Contrast to this many countries is battling economic crisis. India has the third-largest armed force in the world and fifth-largest spender in defence, with around USD 55 billion annual spending.
India remains the largest arms importer in the world over the last 5 years (2011-15) accounting for 14.7% of total armed import. The allocation of the defence budget for 2016-17 is a massive USD 34.5 billion. Out of this, nearly USD 20 billion estimated budget is for import and approximately USD 10 billion will be spent on capital acquisition.
Opening up of the defence sector for private players has created a great opportunity for the global arm manufacturer. These manufacturers can do business not only in/for India, but also, can create arm manufacturing facility, to cater the world market. India has amended the defence procurement policy in 2016. A new category of capital procurement by IDM (Indigenously designed developed and manufactured) has been introduced to encourage indigenous design and manufacturing. The policy has clearly stated Buy and Make in India over Buy Global. The requirement for technology transfer is also explicitly defined. Provision for the global arm manufacturer to select Indian partner has been made.
Foreign direct investment, by automatic route, has been raised to 49% from 26% with the investment of more than 49% to be allowed after special clearance. The invest limit by the foreign portfolio investors has been set at 26% via automatic route.
The key sectors identified for manufacturing are aircraft and aero engines, submarines and naval fleets, arms & rifles and accessories.
Some of the Main Features of the Make In India Include:
Green channel policy promulgated as a step to promote ease of doing business
Indian products will get higher preference over the global ones, therefore, imports are expected to fall considerably
An offset clause where 30% of procurement will have to be from domestic providers in deals going over INR 3 billion
The initial industrial licenses to be valid for a period of 3 years now up from the erstwhile 2 years
Standard operating procedure for allotment and utilization of proof and field firing ranges by private defence industry
R&D will witness the maximum governmental support, to make it more attractive and streamlined
The Indian defence budget increased by 5.89% in 2017 compared to 2016 and is expected to further in the coming years. Out of which, major share of the budget is expected to go the Indian Army, due to the rising concern with the border dispute with China and Pakistan. Hence, this factor represents a very good opportunity for the players in the defence sector.
Key Players: DRDO, Lockheed Martin, Leonardo, Israel Aerospace Industries, Airbus, among others.
November 2016: The Indian government cleared the deal to acquire 464 brand-new T-90MS 'Tagil' tanks. India operates more than 800 T-90S tanks currently.
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