Global Military trainer Aircraft Market - Growth, Trends, and Forecast (2018 - 2023)
The military trainer aircraft market is anticipated to register a CAGR of 5.3% over the forecast period 2018 - 2023. The market for trainer aircraft is expected to grow as more developing countries start buying trainers. This could be attributed to their economic expansion and increase in defense budgets.
INCREASING DEFENSE EXPENDITURE OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
The military spending of developing countries has grown significantly in the past ten years. Since the call back of American forces from the Middle East region, US defence budget had a small decrease. US defence budget spending in 2012-2013 was recorded at USD 700 billion. The spending in 2015 fell to USD 596 billion, a decline of 14.86%, in over three years, while it did recover in 2017 under the Trump administration, to over USD 620 billion. The country is currently the biggest spender on defence, and its total military spending equals to the military spending of the rest top seven-eight countries, as of 2015, 2016 and 2017.
The recent rise in military conflicts around the globe is expected to allow for the formation of stricter regulations to control the production of military equipment. The world is seeking new advanced technologies to build better aircraft, the demand for trainer aircraft is expected to increase in tandem with the need for military fighter aircraft. The trainer aircraft will play a crucial role in the deployment and functioning of fighter pilots and aircraft.
The developing countries with growing military size have increased their defence spending significantly. Significant nations like China, South Korea, India and Russia have all increased their defence spending. China registered a 132% increase in defence spending, second to UAE at 136%. Germany, Brazil, Australia and Israel have also increased their military spending significantly; this increase in expenditures with rising conflicts and power struggle is expected to drive the market for military aircraft trainers. The development of new sonic fighter aircraft is also expected to boost the demand for military trainer aircraft.
INCREASING COST OF DEVELOPING MILITARY TRAINER AIRCRAFT
The development of military trainer aircraft is a long and challenging process just like the development of an actual fighter aircraft. The investment regarding time and money has been a market deterrent for military trainer aircraft. This restraint has forced OEMs to develop trainer aircraft from old existing trainer aircraft structure by upgrading them with new technologies and refurbishing airframe. This technique has worked out well regarding cost-cutting for both current OEMs and the military forces, however, has prevented various new OEM's from entering the market at a competing level.
Replacing of older aircrafts with newer aircrafts equipped with advanced technologies allows the pilots to adjust quickly to the new aircraft model. The only training that trainer aircraft provides is regarding pilot's endurance to speed, cognitive and memory-knowledge of controls, avionics and adjust to the maneuverability of aircraft. An experienced pilot can learn the same and perform well with the new aircraft in short time. Thus, the need for trainer aircraft is focused on the new pilots. The number of new pilots eligible to fly such new aircraft is small due to restriction posed by the internal military rules and prerequisites of flight hours and previous knowledge of flying other aircraft. All aircraft are derivatives of prior fighter aircraft or trainer aircraft, hence experienced pilots have a better chance of adjusting to the new aircraft without needing much time on the trainer.
Militaries too do not prefer to invest in military trainer aircraft as they have limited use since each fighter aircraft is different and trainer aircraft are explicitly made to suit variants of same aircraft model.
Furthermore, militaries prefer to equip themselves with operation convertible trainer aircraft that are capable of conducting small-scale military air support. This requirement prevents the mass sale of the primary trainer aircraft. Advanced trainer aircraft with conversion capability are built in limited quantities due to the lack of technology needed and the small budget of development.
Similar trials and difficulties were faced in the development of HAL HTT 40 and 38, where the Indian Air Force ordered for the foreign-made existing Pilatus PC-7 trainer as a replacement for HTT 40. The cost of each HTT 40 was found to be double that of the PC-7 MK II, and was argued to be strategically non-vital. The HAL HTT 40 is priced at USD 6.5 billion per unit, while the Pilatus PC 7 MK II is priced at USD 3.9 billion.
Key Developments in the Market:
September 2017: CAE, which is a chosen aircraft training company by various airline companies has partnered up with Bombardier Inc. CAE is the training partner of choice of Bombardier on many platforms including the C series.
October 2017: Airbus SE and Bombardier Inc. have announced that they have entered into a partnership on the C series aircraft training programme. The agreement shall help in bringing the global reach and scale of the Airbus Company with Bombardier’s newest state-of-the-art jet aircraft facility, and helping both the companies to unlock their potential for the C series aircraft training programme.
Major Players: IRKUT CORPORATON, HINDUSTAN AERONAUTICS LIMITED, DIAMOND AIRCRAFT INDUSTRIES, BOEINGM BOMBARDIER, PILATUS, RAYTHEON AIRCRAFT COMPANY AMONGST OTHERS
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