Aquaculture In Bahrain: Analysis Of Consumption And Production Trends Of Fish And Other Invertebrates Over The Last Decade
The Kingdom of Bahrain has good potential for fish farming considering the advantages offered by the climate, location, coastal area, and market. Many types of aquaculture activities are feasible and a wide range of aquatic species could be cultured. Bahrain, by virtue of its location, possesses rich finfish and shellfish resources, some of these have already been identified as potentially suitable for aquaculture development by the National Mariculture Centre within the Directorate of Marine Resources, an affiliate of the General Directorate for the Protection of Marine Resources within the Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Fish landing statistics in the country indicate a large and steady deficit in its supply of fish. Meanwhile, the demand and per capita consumption of fish products has continued to increase over the last two decades. This is due primarily to the increased public awareness about the health benefits of fish consumption. The fisheries resources in the waters surrounding the Kingdom cannot meet this increased demand. In the long-term, it is felt that investment in the development of an aquaculture sector will contribute to the food security and self-sufficiency of Bahrain and its ability to earn foreign exchange through the export of aquatic products.
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