Agriculture in Cameroon: Major Crops and Cereals with Production, Trade, and Consumption Analysis, Trends and Forecasts (2017 - 2022)
In Cameroon, agriculture represents more than half of the country’s non-oil export revenues and employs almost 60% of the working population. About 90% of Cameroonian rural households are, in one way or another, employed in agriculture and approximately one-third of them earn their livelihood from export of crops. Since time immemorial, agriculture has been a part and parcel of the people of Cameroon. The government also plays a significant role in promoting this sector, as after oil exports, agriculture is the next major source of revenue. Owing to adoption of new technologies and farming methods, agriculture in Cameroon is poised to witness moderate growth over the forecast period.
The main crops range from traditional food crops (millet, maize, etc.) to export crops (banana, cocoa, coffee, cotton, etc.) as well as less traditional crops (onion, green beans, wheat, rice, etc.) produced either for local consumption or usually for export.
Despite being an agriculture-centric nation, Cameroon is unable to cater to its own demands and has to import considerable volumes of crops to furnish its domestic needs. Lack of awareness among farmers, lack of good quality seeds, and weak economy are some of the major reasons for Cameroon not being self-sufficient. However, institutions, such as, National Institute of Agricultural Research and Development (IRAD) and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) are repeatedly trying to provide good quality and high yielding crops to farmers.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MINADER) organizes agriculture fairs and seed distribution camps to promote agriculture in the country. Increasing acceptance of hybrid and high yielding seeds among farmers, adoption of government policies, supporting intensification and self-sufficiency, are anticipated to play a key role in the growth of agriculture in Cameroon during the forecast period. Cameroon is dependent on import of crops to cater to its domestic requirements. The imports are expected to increase, as the domestic production does not meet the requirements and consumption is increasing, with the ever increasing population.
The Cameroon agriculture market is poised to boom, owing to:
Increasing acceptance rate of improved and high yielding seeds among farmers
Increasing adoption of modern farming equipment and farming methods
Government policies and initiatives supporting farming
Support from international organizations and external financing of the agriculture sector
The Cameroonian Ministry of Agriculture is offering free seeds, farming equipment, and financing agricultural research to promote agriculture. Increase in youth population and expansion of labor force are also expected to contribute a fair share towards the growth of agriculture.
Prevalence of old method farming techniques
Usage of traditional seeds and limited knowledge of modern farming techniques
Lack of finance in the agriculture sector
Limited acceptance of modified and high yield crops among farmers
What the report offers:
A deep insight into the Cameroonian agriculture market and estimated growth
An insight into agriculture production, major crops, consumption, import and export with prices and market trends, government regulations, growth forecast, etc.
An insight into the emergence of opportunities in the Cameroonian agriculture market
An overview of the current government policies and the strategies aimed at promotion of agriculture in Cameroon
A review of the key players in the Cameroonian agriculture market and strategies incorporated to stay afloat in the market
In March 2017, the year’s farming season of the country was launched, under which the government offered 5.4 million cassava cuttings, 3 million banana and plantain suckers, 1,000 metric tons of maize seeds, 725,000 metric tons of rice seeds, 500,000 yam seeds, 2 million mature cocoa seedlings, 2.5 million mature coffee seedlings, and 600 metric tons of Irish potato seedlings. In addition, the government also made fertilizers, pesticides, and spraying equipment available to the farmers.
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