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Desalination Markets 2016

Desalination Markets 2016

Desalination Markets 2016 is an essential tool for any business working in the desalination industry. There are still pockets of growth within the market and good opportunities for companies who have a strong strategy for offering solutions to meet specific market needs – this report will help you plan your direction in this market.

Including 17 profiles for the regions with the best opportunities; analysis of the desalination market, key players, trends and market size forecasts; and in-depth analysis of the core and emerging technologies and their place in the market – this report is the standard industry reference for the desalination business.


Executive summary
Desalination capacity history and forecast, 2000–2030
Total desalination capital expenditure and operating expenditure by region, 2015–2020
Desalination technologies
Market dynamics
The top 20 desalination plant suppliers over the past decade
The long term outlook
Exchange rates used in this publication
1. The global desalination market
1.1 Desalination market profile
1.1.1 Global market development
Figure 1.1 Global annual and cumulative contracted desalination capacity, 1970–2014
Figure 1.2 Global contracted capacity by technology, 2004–2014
Figure 1.3 Cumulative contracted desalination capacity by technology, 1980–2014
Figure 1.4 Online desalination capacity by region, 2015
1.1.2 Feedwater type
Figure 1.5 Regional online desalination capacity by feedwater type, 2015
Figure 1.6 Online desalination capacity by feedwater type, 2015
1.1.3 Desalination technologies
Figure 1.7 Regional online capacity by main technology type, 2015
1.1.4 Plant size
Figure 1.8 Online desalination capacity by plant size, 2015
Figure 1.9 Online desalination capacity at extra-large plants in the Middle East and North Africa, 2015
1.1.5 Offtakers
Figure 1.10 Global online desalination capacity by sector, 2015
Figure 1.11 Global online desalination capacity by industrial sector, 2015
Figure 1.12 Global contracted desalination capacity by sector, 2004–2014
Figure 1.13 Global annual contracted desalination capacity by sector, 1980–2014
Figure 1.14 Regional online desalination capacity by sector, 2015
Figure 1.15 Online utility and industrial desalination capacity using RO by feedwater type, 2015
1.1.6 Delivery models
Figure 1.16 Installed desalination capacity by delivery model for plants >5,000 m³/d, 2015
Figure 1.17 Global annual desalination capacity by delivery model (plants >5,000 m³/d), 1990–2013
Figure 1.18 Cumulative contracted desalination capacity by delivery model (plants >5,000 m³/d), 2003 & 2013
Figure 1.19 Cumulative contracted desalination capacity by delivery model (plants >5,000 m³/d), 1995–2013
Figure 1.20 Projects procured using BOO/BOT with capacity >50,000 m³/d
Figure 1.21 BOO/BOT desalination capacity by developer market share for projects >50,000 m³/d
Figure 1.22 Largest IWPP desalination projects
Figure 1.23 IWPP desalination capacity by developer market share
Figure 1.24 Annual contracted capacity by delivery model in MENA region (plants >5,000 m³/d), 1995–2013
1.1.7 The cost of desalination
Figure 1.25 Trend of unit capital costs of selected RO desalination plants, 1996–2014
Figure 1.26 Distribution of unit EPC costs of RO desalination plants
Figure 1.27 Water prices from desalination projects since 2000
Figure 1.28 Water prices from desalination projects, plant capacity over 50,000 m³/d
Figure 1.29 Water price versus unit capital cost
Figure 1.30 Water price versus capacity
1.2 Energy recovery devices
Figure 1.31 SWRO energy recovery device market share since 2010
1.3 RO and NF membrane suppliers
Figure 1.32 Estimated membrane supplier market share since 2010, SWRO >10,000 m³/d
1.4 RO pretreatment
1.4.1 Dissolved air flotation
Figure 1.33 DAF pretreatment market share since 2010
1.4.2 Microfiltration/ultrafiltration suppliers
1.5 Desalination market forecast
1.5.1 The forecast model
1.5.1.1 Tracked projects
Figure 1.34 Desalination projects tracked by GWI’s Desalination Tracker, 2015–2020
1.5.1.2 Anticipated capacity
1.5.1.3 Project delays
Figure 1.35 Expected contracted capacity at different stages in our forecast methodology
1.5.1.4 The current forecast
Figure 1.36 Forecast of contracted desalination capacity by feedwater, technology and plant size (m³/d)
Figure 1.37 Global awarded and anticipated contracted capacity, 2006-2020
Figure 1.38 Global cumulative contracted capacity by technology, 1990-2020
1.5.2 Forecast trends
1.5.2.1 Technology and feedwater trends
Figure 1.39 Contracted capacity forecast by technology, 2006–2020
Figure 1.40 Contracted capacity forecast by feedwater type, 2006–2020
1.5.2.2 Regional market trends
Figure 1.41 Contracted capacity forecast by region, 2006–2020
1.5.2.3 Brine concentration and volume reduction technologies
Figure 1.42 Forecast of capital expenditure on brine concentration technologies by industry, 2011–2020
1.5.3 The financial forecast
1.5.3.1 Capital expenditure
Figure 1.43 Forecast of desalination capital expenditure by plant type, 2011–2020
Figure 1.44 Capital expenditure breakdown, 2015
Figure 1.45 All desalination: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011–2020
Figure 1.46 XL MSF: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011–2020
Figure 1.47 XL MED: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011-2020
Figure 1.48 Other thermal: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011-2020
Figure 1.49 SWRO: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011-2020
Figure 1.50 BWRO: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011-2020
Figure 1.51 Other RO: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011-2020
Figure 1.52 ED-EDR: Capital expenditure forecast by spending category, 2011-2020
1.5.3.2 Operating expenditure
Figure 1.53 Estimated online desalination capacity by technology, 2011-2020
Figure 1.54 Estimated online desalination capacity by region, 2011-2020
Figure 1.55 Forecast of operating expenditure in desalination by technology, 2011-2020
Figure 1.56 Operating expenditure breakdown, 2015
Figure 1.57 Forecast of operating expenditure by spending category, 2011-2020
1.5.3.3 Private sector participation
Figure 1.58 Forecast of capital expenditure at privately-owned desalination plants vs. plant purchases
Figure 1.59 Forecast of operating expenditure by private operators and the public sector
2. Technologies
2.1 Established desalination technologies
2.1.1 Reverse osmosis (RO)
Figure 2.1 Removal of dissolved solids by reverse osmosis
Figure 2.2 Top SWRO plants in the Gulf by capacity
Figure 2.3 Top 10 SWRO plants by capacity worldwide
2.1.2 Multi-stage flash (MSF)
Figure 2.4 Multi-stage flash evaporation process
Figure 2.5 Top 10 MSF plants by capacity worldwide
2.1.3 Multi-effect distillation (MED)
Figure 2.6 Multi-effect distillation process
Figure 2.7 Top 10 MED plants by capacity worldwide
2.1.4 Vapour compression distillation
Figure 2.8 Vapour compression process
2.1.5 Electrodialysis (ED)/Electrodialysis reversal (EDR)
Figure 2.9 Electrodialysis cell
2.1.6 Electrodeionisation (EDI)
2.1.7 Thermal brine concentrator
Figure 2.10 Falling film brine concentrator with vapour compression
2.1.8 Thermal crystalliser
Figure 2.11 Forced circulation crystalliser
Figure 2.12 Installed volume reduction systems for industry by supplier since 2000
Figure 2.13 Installed volume reduction systems by industry since 2000
2.2 Emerging desalination technologies
Figure 2.14 Water Desalination Report’s technology ratings
2.2.1 High-recovery RO
2.2.2 Forward osmosis (FO)
Figure 2.15 Membrane brine concentrator process
Figure 2.16 Example of RO-FO hybrid setup
Figure 2.17 Example of FO as pretreatment for RO
2.2.3 Membrane distillation (MD)
Figure 2.18 Membrane distillation process
2.2.4 Humidification-Dehumidification (HDH)
2.2.5 Deionisation advances
2.2.6 RO pretreatment overview
Figure 2.19 Pretreatment process options
Particulate fouling
Biofouling
Scaling
Oxide fouling
Cartridge filtration
Direct coupled membrane filtration
Figure 2.20 Example of RO pretreatment options
2.2.6.1 Algae & harmful algal blooms: Pretreatment challenges and strategies
Ten things desalters should know about HABs
Figure 2.21 Dissolved air flotation process
2.2.7 Membrane research directions
Figure 2.22 Current membrane research and development projects
2.3 Renewable desalination
Figure 2.23 Use of renewable energy resources in water desalination
Figure 2.24 Development stage and typical capacity range for key renewable desalination technologies
2.3.1 Solar desalination
2.3.1.1 Advantages and disadvantages of solar desalination
2.3.1.2 Technology trends
Figure 2.25 Breakdown of global installed desalination technologies powered by solar energy
2.3.1.3 Solar desalination projects
Figure 2.26 Solar desalination projects
2.3.2 Wind desalination
2.3.2.1 Advantages and disadvantages of wind desalination
2.3.2.2 Wind desalination projects
Figure 2.27 Wind desalination plants
2.4 Desalination technology investment strategies
2.4.1 Understanding the challenge
Figure 2.28 Energy consumption in SWRO
2.4.2 Alternatives to reverse osmosis
2.4.3 Improving reverse osmosis technology
2.4.3.1 Improved membranes
2.4.3.2 Scaling and fouling
2.4.3.3 Energy recovery devices
2.4.3.4 Niche markets
2.4.4 Other challenges
2.4.5 Summary
Figure 2.29 Top 10 desalination technology challenges
3. Algeria
3.1 Overview
Figure 3.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 3.2 Economic indicators
3.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 3.3 Water resources and demand
3.1.2 Sector structure
3.2 Key players
3.2.1 AEC
3.2.2 ADE
3.3 Desalination profile
Figure 3.4 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Algeria, 1985–2013
Figure 3.5 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Algeria, 2015
3.3.1 Utility desalination
Figure 3.6 Top 10 seawater desalination plants
Figure 3.7 Simplified BOT structure for desalination plant in Algeria
Figure 3.8 Top 10 brackish water desalination plants
3.3.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 3.9 Selected current plants for industrial clients
3.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 3.10 Tracked desalination projects in Algeria
3.5 Market forecast
Figure 3.11 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Algeria, 2011–2020
Figure 3.12 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Algeria, 2016–2020
Figure 3.13 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 3.14 Forecast of capital expenditure in Algeria, 2011–2020
Figure 3.15 Forecast of operating expenditure in Algeria, 2011–2020
4. Australia
4.1 Overview
Figure 4.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 4.2 Economic indicators
4.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 4.3 Water withdrawal and consumption by sector, 2012–2013
Figure 4.4 Sources of water supplied through distribution networks, 2012–2013
4.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 4.5 Organisation of water supply services in the Australian states involved in desalination
4.2 Desalination profile
Figure 4.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Australia, 1985–2013
Figure 4.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Australia, 2015
4.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 4.8 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
4.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 4.9 Top plants for industrial clients
4.3 Key offtakers
4.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 4.10 Tracked desalination projects in Australia
4.5 Market forecast
Figure 4.11 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Australia, 2011–2020
Figure 4.12 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Australia, 2016–2020
Figure 4.13 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 4.14 Forecast of capital expenditure in Australia, 2011–2020
Figure 4.15 Forecast of operating expenditure in Australia, 2011–2020
5. Caribbean
5.1 Overview
Figure 5.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 5.2 Economic indicators
5.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 5.3 Water resources in selected countries in the Caribbean
Figure 5.4 Sectoral water use in selected countries in the Caribbean
5.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 5.5 Government agencies related to desalination activities in the Caribbean
5.2 Desalination profile
Figure 5.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in the Caribbean, 1985–2013
Figure 5.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in the Caribbean, 2015
5.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 5.8 Point Lisas SWRO Plant expansion schedule
Figure 5.9 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
5.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 5.10 Top plants for industrial clients
5.3 Key clients
Figure 5.11 Installed capacity by client/offtaker, 2015
5.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 5.12 Tracked desalination projects in the Caribbean
5.5 Market forecast
Figure 5.13 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in the Caribbean, 2011–2020
Figure 5.14 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in the Caribbean, 2016–2020
Figure 5.15 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 5.16 Forecast of capital expenditure in the Caribbean, 2011–2020
Figure 5.17 Forecast of operating expenditure in the Caribbean, 2011–2020
6. Chile
6.1 Overview
Figure 6.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 6.2 Economic indicators
6.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 6.3 Estimates of water balance in Chile, 1996–2025
Figure 6.4 Expected sectoral water consumption, 2030
Figure 6.5 Total water use (freshwater and seawater) by copper mining in Chile, 2014–2025
6.1.2 Sector structure
6.2 Desalination profile
Figure 6.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Chile, 1985–2013
Figure 6.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Chile, 2015
6.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 6.8 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
6.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 6.9 Mining water consumption by source type in Chile, 2012
Figure 6.10 Top plants for industrial clients (mining)
6.3 Key clients
Figure 6.11 Top mining companies in Chile, 2012
6.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 6.12 Tracked desalination projects in Chile
6.5 Market forecast
Figure 6.13 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Chile, 2011–2020
Figure 6.14 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Chile, 2016–2020
Figure 6.15 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 6.16 Forecast of capital expenditure in Chile, 2011–2020
Figure 6.17 Forecast of operating expenditure in Chile, 2011–2020
7. China
7.1 Overview
Figure 7.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 7.2 Economic indicators
7.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 7.3 Freshwater resources and water withdrawal in coastal provinces/province-level municipalities, 2013
Figure 7.4 Freshwater resources & water withdrawal in non-coastal provinces/province-level municipalities, 2013
Figure 7.5 South-North Water Transfer project
Desalination Markets
Figure 7.6 Annual water withdrawal by sector, 2007–2013
7.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 7.7 Five-Year Plans of different sectors affecting the Chinese desalination market
7.2 Desalination profile
Figure 7.8 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in China, 1985–2013
Figure 7.9 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in China, 2015
7.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 7.10 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
7.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 7.11 Use of desalinated seawater in different industries, 2013
Figure 7.12 Top plants for industrial clients
7.3 Key clients
Figure 7.13 Installed seawater desalination capacity by client, 2013
7.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 7.14 Tracked desalination projects in China
7.5 Market forecast
Figure 7.15 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in China, 2011–2020
Figure 7.16 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in China, 2016–2020
Figure 7.17 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 7.18 Forecast of capital expenditure in China, 2011–2020
Figure 7.19 Forecast of operating expenditure in China, 2011–2020
8. India
8.1 Overview
Figure 8.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 8.2 Economic indicators
8.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 8.3 Water resources in India, 2014
Figure 8.4 Sectoral water withdrawal in India, 2010
8.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 8.5 Desalination research institutions
8.2 Desalination profile
Figure 8.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in India, 1985–2013
Figure 8.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in India, 2015
8.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 8.8 Selected plants for utility and public sector clients
8.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 8.9 Selected plants for industrial clients
8.3 Key clients
8.3.1 Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB)
8.3.2 Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board (TWAD)
8.3.3 State government of Gujarat
8.3.4 Reliance Industries, Jamnagar
8.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 8.10 Tracked desalination projects in India
8.5 Market forecast
Figure 8.11 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in India, 2011–2020
Figure 8.12 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in India, 2016–2020
Figure 8.13 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 8.14 Forecast of capital expenditure in India, 2011–2020
Figure 8.15 Forecast of operating expenditure in India, 2011–2020
9. Iran
9.1 Overview
Figure 9.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 9.2 Economic indicators
9.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 9.3 Water consumption in Iran by sector, 2005
9.1.2 Sector structure
9.2 Desalination profile
Figure 9.4 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Iran, 1985–2013
Figure 9.5 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Iran, 2015
9.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 9.6 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
9.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 9.7 Top plants for industrial clients
9.3 Key clients
9.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 9.8 Tracked desalination projects in Iran
9.5 Market forecast
Figure 9.9 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Iran, 2011–2020
Figure 9.10 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Iran, 2016–2020
Figure 9.11 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 9.12 Forecast of capital expenditure in Iran, 2011–2020
Figure 9.13 Forecast of operating expenditure in Iran, 2011–2020
10. Israel
10.1 Overview
Figure 10.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 10.2 Economic indicators
10.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 10.3 Water supply and demand, 2010–2014
Figure 10.4 Forecasted water supply and demand
10.1.2 Sector structure
10.2 Desalination profile
Figure 10.5 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Israel, 1985–2013
Figure 10.6 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Israel, 2015
Figure 10.7 Top desalination plants for utility, public sector and industrial clients
10.3 Offtaker profiles
10.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 10.8 Tracked desalination projects in Israel
10.5 Market forecast
Figure 10.9 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Israel, 2011–2020
Figure 10.10 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Israel, 2016–2020
Figure 10.11 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 10.12 Forecast of capital expenditure in Israel, 2011–2020
Figure 10.13 Forecast of operating expenditure in Israel, 2011–2020
11. Kuwait
11.1 Overview
Figure 11.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 11.2 Economic indicators
11.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 11.3 Available water resources and demand, 2011
11.1.2 Sector structure
11.1.2.1 Key government bodies
11.1.2.2 Key legislation
11.2 Desalination profile
Figure 11.4 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Kuwait, 1985–2013
Figure 11.5 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Kuwait, 2015
11.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 11.6 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
11.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 11.7 Top plants for industrial clients
11.3 Key offtaker
11.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 11.8 Tracked desalination projects in Kuwait
11.5 Market forecast
Desalination Markets
Figure 11.9 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Kuwait, 2011–2020
Figure 11.10 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Kuwait, 2016–2020
Figure 11.11 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 11.12 Forecast of capital expenditure in Kuwait, 2011–2020
Figure 11.13 Forecast of operating expenditure in Kuwait, 2011–2020
12. Mexico
12.1 Overview
Figure 12.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 12.2 Economic indicators
12.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 12.3 Water resources
Figure 12.4 Sectoral water withdrawal by water source, 2013
12.1.2 Sector structure
12.2 Desalination profile
Figure 12.5 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Mexico, 1985–2013
Figure 12.6 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Mexico, 2015
12.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 12.7 Top utility desalination plants
12.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 12.8 Major online plants by industrial clients
12.3 Key clients
12.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 12.9 Investment in planned strategic desalination projects, PNI 2014–2018
Figure 12.10 Tracked desalination projects in Mexico
12.5 Market forecast
Figure 12.11 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Mexico, 2011–2020
Figure 12.12 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Mexico, 2016–2020
Figure 12.13 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 12.14 Forecast of capital expenditure in Mexico, 2011–2020
Figure 12.15 Forecast of operating expenditure in Mexico, 2011–2020
13. Morocco
13.1 Overview
Figure 13.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 13.2 Economic indicators
13.1.1 Water availability and demand
13.1.2 Sector structure
13.2 Desalination profile
Figure 13.3 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Morocco, 1985–2013
Figure 13.4 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Morocco, 2015
13.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 13.5 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
13.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 13.6 Top plants for industrial clients
13.3 Key clients
13.3.1 ONEE
13.3.2 OCP
13.3.3 Ministry of Agriculture and Marine Fisheries
13.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 13.7 Desalination capacity by sector in 2030
Figure 13.8 Tracked desalination projects in Morocco
13.4.1 Industrial plants
13.4.2 Utility plants
13.5 Market forecast
Figure 13.9 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Morocco, 2011–2020
Figure 13.10 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Morocco, 2016–2020
Figure 13.11 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 13.12 Forecast of capital expenditure in Morocco, 2011–2020
Figure 13.13 Forecast of operating expenditure in Morocco, 2011–2020
14. Oman
14.1 Overview
Figure 14.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 14.2 Economic indicators
14.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 14.3 Estimated water resources, 2014
Figure 14.4 OPWP desal capacity vs. peak Omani water demand (2014–2020)
14.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 14.5 Omani water and electricity sector structure
14.2 Desalination profile
Figure 14.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Oman, 1985–2013
Figure 14.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Oman, 2015
14.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 14.8 Top plants for utility and public sector clients in Oman
14.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 14.9 Top plants for industrial clients
14.3 Offtaker profile
14.3.1 Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP)
14.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 14.10 Tracked desalination projects in Oman
14.5 Market forecast
Figure 14.11 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Oman, 2011–2020
Figure 14.12 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Oman, 2016–2020
Figure 14.13 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 14.14 Forecast of capital expenditure in Oman, 2011–2020
Figure 14.15 Forecast of operating expenditure in Oman, 2011–2020
15. Qatar
15.1 Overview
Figure 15.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 15.2 Economic indicators
15.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 15.3 Water resources, 2014
15.1.2 Sector structure
15.2 Desalination profile
Figure 15.5 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Qatar, 1985–2013
Figure 15.6 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Qatar, 2015
15.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 15.7 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
15.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 15.8 Top plants for industrial clients
15.3 Key offtaker
15.3.1 Qatar General Electricity & Water Corporation (Kahramaa)
15.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 15.9 Tracked desalination projects in Qatar
15.5 Market forecast
Figure 15.10 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Qatar, 2011–2020
Figure 15.11 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Qatar, 2016–2020
Figure 15.12 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 15.13 Forecast of ca pital expenditure in Qatar, 2011–2020
Figure 15.14 Forecast of operating expenditure in Qatar, 2011–2020
16. Saudi Arabia
16.1 Overview
Figure 16.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 16.2 Economic indicators
16.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 16.3 Estimated water resources in Saudi Arabia, 2010
Desalination Markets
Figure 16.4 Estimated sectoral water demand in Saudi Arabia, 2010–2060
16.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 16.5 Water authorities in Saudi Arabia
Figure 16.6 Conservation targets from the National Water Strategy
16.2 Desalination profile
Figure 16.7 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Saudi Arabia, 1985–2013
Figure 16.8 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Saudi Arabia, 2015
16.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 16.9 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
16.2.1.1 Procurement
16.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 16.10 Top plants for industrial clients
16.3 Offtaker profiles
Figure 16.11 Installed capacity by offtaker/client
16.3.1 Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC)
Figure 16.12 Installed capacity of SWCC, 1970–2015
16.3.2 Marafiq
16.3.3 National Water Company (NWC)
16.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
16.4.1 Solar desalination
Figure 16.13 Projections on Saudi water supply by source
16.4.2 General opportunities
Figure 16.14 Tracked desalination projects in Saudi Arabia
16.5 Market forecast
Figure 16.15 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Saudi Arabia, 2011–2020
Figure 16.16 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Saudi Arabia, 2016–2020
Figure 16.17 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 16.18 Forecast of capital expenditure in Saudi Arabia, 2011–2020
Figure 16.19 Forecast of operating expenditure in Saudi Arabia, 2011–2020
17. Singapore
17.1 Overview
Figure 17.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 17.2 Economic indicators
17.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 17.3 Water resources
Figure 17.4 Sales of water by sector, 2007–2013
Figure 17.5 Water supply by source, 2013
17.1.2 Sector structure
17.1.2.1 Key offtaker
17.2 Desalination profile
Figure 17.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Singapore, 1985–2013
Figure 17.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Singapore, 2015
17.2.1 Utility desalination
17.2.1.1 Seawater desalination
Figure 17.8 Seawater desalination plants for PUB
17.2.1.2 NEWater plants
Figure 17.9 NEWater plants
17.2.2 Industrial desalination
17.3 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 17.10 PUB’s targets for water supply by source in 2030 and 2060
Figure 17.11 Tracked desalination projects in Singapore
17.4 Market forecast
Figure 17.12 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Singapore, 2011–2020
Figure 17.13 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Singapore, 2016–2020
Figure 17.14 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 17.15 Forecast of capital expenditure in Singapore, 2011–2020
Figure 17.16 Forecast of operating expenditure in Singapore, 2011–2020
18. Spain
18.1 Overview
Figure 18.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 18.2 Economic indicators
18.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 18.3 Water resources in Spain, 2011
Figure 18.4 Sectoral water demand, 2010
18.1.2 Sector structure
Figure 18.5 Government agencies with responsibilities in the water sector in Spain
18.2 Desalination profile
Figure 18.6 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in Spain, 1985–2013
Figure 18.7 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in Spain, 2015
18.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 18.8 Sources for drinking water supply in Spain, 2010–2012
Figure 18.9 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
18.2.1.1 Procurement
18.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 18.10 Top plants for irrigation purposes, 2015
18.3 Key clients
18.3.1 Acuamed
Figure 18.11 Desalination plants owned by Acuamed, 2015
18.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 18.12 Tracked desalination projects in Spain
18.5 Market forecast
Figure 18.13 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in Spain, 2011–2020
Figure 18.14 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in Spain, 2016–2020
Figure 18.15 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 18.16 Forecast of capital expenditure in Spain, 2011–2020
Figure 18.17 Forecast of operating expenditure in Spain, 2011–2020
19. United Arab Emirates
19.1 Overview
Figure 19.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 19.2 Economic indicators
19.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 19.3 Estimated renewable water resources in the UAE, 2013
Figure 19.4 Quantity of used water by authority, 2012
Figure 19.5 Abu Dhabi water supply by end user, 2012
Figure 19.6 Projected desalinated water supply and demand in Abu Dhabi, 2013–2023
19.1.2 Sector structure
19.2 Desalination profile
Figure 19.7 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in the United Arab Emirates, 1985–2013
Figure 19.8 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in the United Arab Emirates, 2015
19.2.1 Utility desalination
Figure 19.9 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
19.2.2 Industrial desalination
Figure 19.10 Major plants for industrial clients
19.3 Offtaker profiles
19.3.1 Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA)
Figure 19.11 Organisation of the water sector in Abu Dhabi
19.3.2 Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA)
Figure 19.12 Installed capacity by offtaker, 2015
19.4 Proposed plants and opportunities
19.4.1 Renewable energy desalination
Figure 19.13 Masdar’s renewable energy desalination pilot plant developers
19.4.2 Other opportunities
Figure 19.14 Tracked desalination projects in the United Arab Emirates
19.5 Market forecast
Figure 19.15 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in the United Arab Emirates, 2011–2020
Figure 19.16 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in the United Arab Emirates, 2016–2020
Figure 19.17 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 19.18 Forecast of capital expenditure in the United Arab Emirates, 2011–2020
Figure 19.19 Forecast of operating expenditure in the United Arab Emirates, 2011–2020
20. United States of America
20.1 Overview
Figure 20.1 Population projections, 2015–2025
Figure 20.2 Economic indicators
20.1.1 Water availability and demand
Figure 20.3 Water resources in the United States
Figure 20.4 Water withdrawal by sector, 2010
20.2 Desalination profile
Figure 20.5 Annual cumulative and additional contracted capacity in the United States, 1985–2013
Figure 20.6 Profile of cumulative installed desalination capacity in the United States, 2015
20.2.1 Utility desalination
20.2.1.1 Florida
Procurement trends
Key clients
Future demand
Figure 20.7 Top plants in Florida
20.2.1.2 California
Projects and procurement trends
Key clients
Figure 20.8 Top plants in California
20.2.1.3 Texas
Figure 20.9 Water Management Strategy supply volumes by type of strategy
Procurement
Present key clients
Future key clients
Figure 20.10 Top plants in Texas
20.2.2 Industrial desalination
20.2.2.1 Power
20.2.2.2 Upstream oil and gas
20.2.2.3 Refining and petrochemicals
20.2.2.4 Food and beverage
Figure 20.11 Notable plants for industrial clients
20.3 Proposed plants and opportunities
Figure 20.12 Tracked desalination projects in the United States
20.4 Market forecast
Figure 20.13 Forecast of desalination capacity and expenditure in the United States, 2011–2020
Figure 20.14 Breakdown of expenditure on desalination activities in the United States, 2016–2020
Figure 20.15 Forecast capacity assumptions by plant size, feedwater and technology, 2011–2020 (m³/d)
Figure 20.16 Forecast of capital expenditure in the United States, 2011–2020
Figure 20.17 Forecast of operating expenditure in the United States, 2011–2020
21. Company profiles
Consulting engineers
Figure 21.1 Major consulting engineers active in the desalination market
EPC contractors and developers
21.1 Abengoa
21.1.1 Ownership
21.1.2 Company data
21.1.3 Desalination interests
21.1.4 Strategy
21.2 Abu Dhabi National Energy Company PJSC (TAQA)
21.2.1 Ownership
21.2.2 Company data
21.2.3 Desalination interests
21.2.4 Strategy
21.3 Acciona Agua
21.3.1 Ownership
21.3.2 Company data
21.3.3 Desalination interests
21.3.4 Strategy
21.4 ACWA Power
21.4.1 Ownership
21.4.2 Company data
21.4.3 Desalination interests
21.4.4 Strategy
21.5 aqualia
21.5.1 Ownership
21.5.2 Company data
21.5.3 Desalination interests
21.5.4 Strategy
21.6 Aqualyng
21.6.1 Ownership
21.6.2 Company data
21.6.3 Desalination interests
21.6.4 Strategy
21.7 Aquatech
21.7.1 Ownership
21.7.2 Company data
21.7.3 Desalination interests
21.7.4 Strategy
21.8 Biwater Inc.
21.8.1 Ownership
21.8.2 Company data
21.8.3 Desalination interests
21.8.4 Strategy
21.9 Cadagua (Ferrovial)
21.9.1 Ownership
21.9.2 Company data
21.9.3 Desalination interests
21.9.4 Strategy
21.10 Consolidated Water Co. Ltd.
21.10.1 Ownership
21.10.2 Company data
21.10.3 Desalination interests
Figure 21.2 Plants operated by Consolidated Water Co., 2014
21.10.4 Strategy
21.11 Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co. Ltd.
21.11.1 Ownership
21.11.2 Company data
21.11.3 Desalination interests
21.11.4 Strategy
21.12 Fisia Italimpianti
21.12.1 Ownership
21.12.2 Company data
21.12.3 Desalination interests
21.12.4 Strategy
21.13 GdF Suez
21.13.1 Ownership
21.13.2 Company data
21.13.3 Desalination interests
Figure 21.3 GdF Suez’s water assets in the Middle East
21.13.4 Strategy
21.14 GE Water & Process Technologies
21.14.1 Ownership
21.14.2 Company data
21.14.3 Desalination interests
21.15 GS Inima
21.15.1 Ownership
21.15.2 Company data
Figure 21.5 Breakdown of GS Inima’s revenues, 2013
21.15.3 Desalination interests
21.15.4 Strategy
21.16 H2O Innovation
21.16.1 Ownership
21.16.2 Company data
21.16.3 Desalination interests
21.16.4 Strategy
21.17 Hangzhou Water Treatment Technology Development Centre
21.17.1 Ownership
21.17.2 Company data
21.17.3 Desalination interests
21.17.4 Strategy
21.18 Hitachi Zosen Corporation
21.18.1 Ownership
21.18.2 Company data
21.18.3 Desalination interests
21.18.4 Strategy
21.19 Hutchison Water
21.19.1 Ownership
21.19.2 Company data
21.19.3 Desalination interests
21.19.4 Strategy
21.20 Hyflux
21.20.1 Ownership
21.20.2 Company data
Figure 21.6 Hyflux’s revenues, FY2012–2014
21.20.3 Desalination interests
21.20.4 Strategy
21.21 IDE Technologies
21.21.1 Ownership
21.21.2 Company data
21.21.3 Desalination interests
21.21.4 Strategy
21.22 Malakoff Corporation Berhad
21.22.1 Ownership
21.22.2 Company data
21.22.3 Desalination interests
Figure 21.7 Malakoff’s desalination assets
21.22.4 Strategy
21.23 Marubeni Corporation
21.23.1 Ownership
21.23.2 Company data
21.23.3 Desalination interests
Figure 21.8 Marubeni’s IWPP references
21.23.4 Strategy
21.24 Metito
21.24.1 Ownership
21.24.2 Company data
21.24.3 Desalination interests
21.24.4 Strategy
21.25 Mitsubishi companies
21.25.1 Ownership
21.25.2 Company data
21.25.3 Desalination interests
21.25.4 Strategy
21.26 Mitsui & Co.
21.26.1 Ownership
21.26.2 Company data
21.26.3 Desalination interests
21.26.4 Strategy
21.27 Osmoflo
21.27.1 Ownership
21.27.2 Company data
21.27.3 Desalination interests
21.27.4 Strategy
21.28 Poseidon Resources Corporation
21.28.1 Ownership
21.28.2 Company data
21.28.3 Desalination interests
21.28.4 Strategy
21.29 Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC)
21.29.1 Ownership
21.29.2 Company data
21.29.3 Desalination interests
21.29.4 Strategy
21.30 RWL Water
21.30.1 Ownership
21.30.2 Company data
21.30.3 Desalination interests
21.30.4 Strategy
21.31 Sadyt (Valoriza Agua/Sacyr Group)
21.31.1 Ownership
21.31.2 Company data
21.31.3 Desalination interests
21.31.4 Strategy
21.32 Sasakura Engineering
21.32.1 Ownership
21.32.2 Company data
21.32.3 Desalination interests
21.32.4 Strategy
21.33 Seven Seas Water
21.33.1 Ownership
21.33.2 Company data
21.33.3 Desalination interests
21.33.4 Strategy
21.34 Suez Environnement
21.34.1 Ownership
21.34.2 Company data
Figure 21.9 Suez Environnement financial results, 2013–2014
21.34.3 Desalination interests
21.34.4 Strategy
21.35 Sumitomo Corporation
21.35.1 Ownership
21.35.2 Company data
21.35.3 Desalination interests
21.35.4 Strategy
21.36 Tecnicas Reunidas
21.36.1 Ownership
21.36.2 Company data
21.36.3 Desalination interests
21.36.4 Strategy
21.37 Tedagua (Cobra Group)
21.37.1 Ownership
21.37.2 Company data
21.37.3 Desalination interests
21.37.4 Strategy
21.38 VA Tech Wabag
21.38.1 Ownership
21.38.2 Company data
Figure 21.10 VA Tech Wabag consolidated results
21.38.3 Desalination interests
21.38.4 Strategy
21.39 Veolia Environnement
21.39.1 Ownership
21.39.2 Company data
Figure 21.11 Veolia Environnement’s annual results, 2013–2014
21.39.3 Desalination interests
21.39.4 Strategy
21.40 Wetico (Water and Environment Technologies Co. Ltd)
21.40.1 Ownership
21.40.2 Company data
21.40.3 Desalination interests
21.40.4 Strategy
Equipment suppliers
References

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