Saudi Arabia - Transport and Logistics: Vision 2030 to drive growth (Strategy, Performance and Risk Analysis)
Saudi Arabia’s roads and railways provide efficient and affordable transportation. Facilities to neighboring countries have proved beneficial. The country has 100,000 miles of paved roads, the most famous of which is the King Fahd Causeway that links Saudi Arabia to Bahrain. Foreign direct investment (FDI) recorded a CAGR of 11.6%, from US$12.2bn in 2012 to US$7.5bn in 2016. The decline was primarily due to a fall in oil prices. Geopolitical tensions in the region may also account for the decrease. The industries that attract the most FDI are oil, gas, chemicals, real estate, hotels and tourism.
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Government initiatives to drive road transportation GVA
Road transport GVA in Saudi Arabia recorded a CAGR of 8.1%, from US$14.2bn in 2012 to US$20.9bn in 2017. It is anticipated to post a CAGR of 5.3%, from US$22.1bn in 2018 to US$27.3bn in 2022, driven by the government’s focus on road modernization and construction projects. The transportation ministry is planning to develop 49,000kms of road and will invest US$100.0bn in transport and logistics projects by 2025.
Increasing passengers to drive air transport GVA
Air transport GVA in Saudi Arabia recorded a CAGR of 5.5%, from US$9.3bn in 2012 to US$12.2bn in 2017. GVA is anticipated to post a CAGR of 5.0%, from US$12.9bn in 2018 to US$15.7bn in 2022. The increase will primarily be due to the expansion of air passenger volumes.
Growth in new container ports to drive capacity
Port container storage capacity in Saudi Arabia recorded a CAGR of 4.4%, rising from 6.6 million TEUs in 2012 to 8.2 million TEUs in 2017. It is anticipated to post a CAGR of 5.0%, from 9.0 million TEUs in 2018 to 10.4 million TEUs in 2022, due to a growing preference for water transportation for the movement of goods and services.
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