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Poland: In-depth PESTLE Insights

Poland: In-depth PESTLE Insights

Summary

This PEST country analysis report on Poland provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Key Highlights

  • The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Poland, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.
  • The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Poland's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.
  • The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.
Scope
  • Understand the political system in Poland through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
  • Understand the economic situation in Poland through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
  • Understand customer demographics in Poland through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
  • Understand the technological landscape in Poland through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.
Reasons to buy
  • What is the outlook in Poland in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?
  • How does Poland perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?
  • How does Poland perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?
  • How does Poland perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?


Overview
Catalyst
Summary
Key findings
PESTLE highlights
Key fundamentals
Key Facts and Geographic Location
Key facts
Geographic location
PESTLE Analysis
Summary
Political analysis
Overview
Current strengths
Current challenges
Future prospects
Future risks
Economic analysis
Overview
Current strengths
Current challenges
Future prospects
Future risks
Social analysis
Overview
Current strengths
Current challenges
Future prospects
Future risks
Technological analysis
Overview
Current strengths
Current challenges
Future prospects
Future risks
Legal analysis
Overview
Current strengths
Lower tax wedge
Current challenges
Conflicts between the government and the judiciary
Future prospects
Ease in regulations for starting a business
Future risks
Environmental analysis
Overview
Current strengths
Current challenges
Future prospects
Future risks
Political Landscape
Summary
Evolution
Pre-1985
1985-2000
2000-18
Structure and policies
Key political figures
Structure of government
Key policies
Performance
Governance indicators
Outlook
Economic Landscape
Summary
Evolution
1945-1990
1990-2017
Structure and policies
Financial system
Performance
GDP and growth rate
Fiscal situation
Current account
Exports and imports
External debt
International investment position
Monetary situation
Employment
Outlook
Social Landscape
Summary
Evolution
Structure and policies
Education
Performance
Healthcare
Education
Outlook
Technological Landscape
Summary
Evolution
Structure and policies
Research and development
Intellectual property
Research and development
Performance
Outlook
Legal Landscape
Summary
Evolution
Structure and policies
Judicial system
Tax regulations
Performance
Effectiveness of the legal system
Outlook
Environmental Landscape
Summary
Evolution
Structure and policies
Environmental regulations
Performance
Environmental impact
Outlook
Appendix
Ask the analyst
Disclaimer
List of Tables
Table 1: Poland - Key Fundamentals, 2015-2022f 6
Table 2: Poland - Key Facts, 2018 15
Table 3: Analysis of Poland’s Political Landscape 18
Table 4: Analysis of Poland’s Economic Landscape 23
Table 5: Analysis of Poland’s Social Landscape 35
Table 6: Analysis of Poland’s Technology Landscape 42
Table 7: Analysis of Poland’s Legal Landscape 49
Table 8: Analysis of Poland’s Environmental Landscape 54
Table 9: Patents Granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2011-2015 86
List of Figures
Figure 1: Map of Poland 16
Figure 2: Share of Temporary Employment as Percentage of Dependent Employment, 2017 25
Figure 3: Indicators of Employment Protection, 2013 26
Figure 4: Public Expenditures on Labor Market Policies as Percentage of GDP, 2016 26
Figure 5: Female Employment Rate as Percentage of Working Age Female Population, 2017 27
Figure 6: Polish Domestic Commercial Bank’s profitability and Capital Adequacy (2016-2017) 28
Figure 7: Bank Non-Performing Loans to Total Gross Loans (%), 2017 29
Figure 8: Share of Foreign Currency Denominated Loans, 2015 29
Figure 9: General Government Balance % of GDP (2012-2017) 30
Figure 10: General Government Net Lending (2012-2017) 31
Figure 11: Investment and Consumption Growth 2008-2017 32
Figure 12: Real Wages and Employment 2006-2016 32
Figure 13: Unit Labor Costs and Export Growth (2008-2017) 33
Figure 14: Structure of General Government Debt (2016) 34
Figure 15: Life Expectancy, 2017 36
Figure 16: Infant Mortality, 2017 37
Figure 17: Inequality in Poland and Other Countries, 2016 38
Figure 18: Percentage Point Change in the Gini Coefficient of Household Disposable Incomes between 2007 and 2016 39
Figure 19: Sources of Income Older (65+) People, 2014 or Latest Available Year 40
Figure 20: Old-age Dependency Ratio, 2011, 2030, 2060 41
Figure 21: Employment Rates, 55 to 64 Age Group, 2017 41
Figure 22: High-technology Exports as % of Manufactured Exports (2007-2016) 43
Figure 23: Mobile Cellular Subscriptions per 100 People (2007-2016) 43
Figure 24: Direct Government Funding of Business R&D and Indirect Support through tax Incentives for R&D, 2015 44
Figure 25: Tax Subsidy Rates on R&D Expenditures by Firm Size and Profit Scenario, 2017 45
Figure 26: Enterprises Using Cloud Computing Services, 2017 46
Figure 27: R&D expenditure by Sectors as a Percentage of GDP, 2016 47
Figure 28: Government Budget Allocations for R&D (2009-2016) 48
Figure 29: Average Tax Wedge (one-earner married couple at 100% of average earnings, two children), 2017 50
Figure 30: FDI Restrictiveness, 2017 51
Figure 31: Product Market Regulations, 2008 and 2013 52
Figure 32: Share of Electricity Production from Coal Sources (% of Total), 2015 55
Figure 33: Municipal Waste Generated and Treated (2007-2016) 56
Figure 34: Changes in Municipal Waste Treatment Methods Adopted (2007-2016) 57
Figure 35: Tax Component of Light Fuel Oil Prices for Industry, 2014 58
Figure 36: The Effective Tax Rate on CO2 Emissions, 2016 59
Figure 37: Poland - Key Political Events Timeline 62
Figure 38: Poland - Key Political Figures 63
Figure 39: Composition of the Sejm (Lower House of Parliament), Election Results of October 2015 64
Figure 40: Poland - Historical GDP Growth, 2008-2017 69
Figure 41: Real GDP and Real GDP Growth Rate in Poland, 2012-2022f 71
Figure 42: GDP Composition by Sectors, 2017 72
Figure 43: Agricultural Output of Poland, 2012-2017 73
Figure 44: Industrial Output of Poland, 2012-2017 74
Figure 45: Services Output of Poland, 2012-2017 75
Figure 46: External Trade of Poland, 2012-2017 76
Figure 47: External Debt of Poland, 2008-2017 77
Figure 48: Consumer Price Index and Consumer Price Index-based Inflation in Poland, 2012-22f 78
Figure 49: Unemployment and Growth Rate in Poland, 2012-2022f 79
Figure 50: Mid-year Population by Age (as % of Population), as of Gender 2017 81
Figure 51: Poland - Composition by Religion, 2012 82
Figure 52: Expenditure on Healthcare in Poland, 2008-17 83
Figure 53: Expenditure on Education in Poland, 2007-2016 84
Figure 54: Internet Users in Poland, 2007-2016 87
Figure 55: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Poland, 2008-2015 92

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