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PESTLE Insights: Romania - Macroeconomic Outlook Report

PESTLE Insights: Romania - Macroeconomic Outlook Report


Bucuresti-Ilfov, Sud-Muntenia, Sud-Est and Nord-Vest contribute 61.6% to the country’s GDP and comprise 51.5% of Romania’s population.


Mining, manufacturing and utilities contributed 25.7% to the gross value added (GVA) in 2016, followed by transport, storage and communication (14.0%) and financial intermediation, real estate and business activities (13.3%). In nominal terms, the three sectors are expected to grow by 6.21%, 7.33% and 5.81% respectively in 2017.


  • Drop in tax rates and easy access to European Funds drove inward FDI in 2016
  • The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) granted EUR2.2m for the development of Romania’s water and sewage infrastructure in January 2018. EU, EIB, EBRD and World Bank are providing a EUR270m package to finance a permanent connection between Romania and Moldova’s electrical networks in December 2017.
Reasons to buy
  • Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.
  • PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations
  • Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.
  • -This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Did You Know? 4
Country Highlights 5
Country Snapshot 7
PESTLE Insights 21
Political Landscape 22
Economic Landscape 23
Social Landscape 30
Technological Landscape 33
Legal Landscape 36
Environmental Landscape 37
List of Figures
Exhibit 1: Romania’s Performance in Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to Developed Europe and The World 11
Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100) 11
Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights behind the Index 12
Exhibit 4: BET Index 14
Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy 15
Exhibit 6: FDI Inflows (2012-2016) and FDI by Sector (2014-2016) 16
Exhibit 7: FDI by Country and State 18
Exhibit 8: Key Infrastructure Indicators 20
Exhibit 9: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate 24
Exhibit 10: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2016) 24
Exhibit 11: Export, Import and Trade Balance 25
Exhibit 12: Current Account Balance 25
Exhibit 13: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2014-2016 26
Exhibit 14: Motor Cars and Other Motor Vehicles Principally Designed for the Transport, % of World Total, 2016 26
Exhibit 15: Interest Rates 28
Exhibit 16: Exchange Rate 28
Exhibit 17: Public Finance 29
Exhibit 18: General Government Debt 29
Exhibit 19: Employment/Unemployment 31
Exhibit 20: Average Annual Wages 31
Exhibit 21: Labour Cost Index 31
Exhibit 22: Rural/Urban Share in Total Population 32
Exhibit 23: Age-group Share of Total Population 32
Exhibit 24: Gender Spilt 32
Exhibit 25: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile Penetration Rate and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2016 34
Exhibit 26: Number of Patents Granted Per M Inhabitants, 2015 35
Exhibit 27: High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports), 2016 35
Exhibit 28: Doing Business in Romania 2018 36
Exhibit 29: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) 2016 36
Exhibit 30: CO2 Emissions

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