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PESTLE Insights: Colombia - Macroeconomic Outlook Report

PESTLE Insights: Colombia - Macroeconomic Outlook Report


The province of Bogota, Valle Del Cauca, and Antioquia Region are among the best performing regions in Colombia. They contribute 49.3% to the GDP and comprise 39.4% of the Colombia’s population


Services contributed (60.3%) to the gross value added (GVA) in 2016, followed by mining, manufacturing and utilities (22.3%). In nominal terms, the two sectors are expected to grow by 5.9% and 6.7% respectively in 2017


  • FDI inflows towards Colombia rose while the value of Greenfield investments fell in 2016
  • The Colombian government plans to spend US$35.0bn by 2035 to improve regional and international connectivity and reduce transport times
  • As per World Bank's logistics performance index (LPI), transport and logistic infrastructure in Colombia improved in the last two years with an increase in ranking from 97th in 2014 to 94th in 2016
Reasons to buy
  • Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.
  • PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations
  • Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.
  • This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Did you Know? 4
Country Highlights 5
Country Snapshot 7
PESTLE Insights 21
Political Landscape 22
Economic Landscape 23
Social Landscape 30
Technological Landscape 33
Legal Landscape 36
Environmental Landscape 37
List of Figures
Exhibit 1: Colombia's Performance in Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to Emerging Americas and the World 11
Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100) 11
Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights behind the Index 12
Exhibit 4: COLCAP INDEX 14
Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy 15
Exhibit 6: FDI Inflows, Greenfield Investments and Portfolio Investment Assets (2016) 16
Exhibit 7: Investments (2016) and Portfolio Investment Assets (June 2016) in Colombia by Country 18
Exhibit 8: Key Infrastructure Indicators 20
Exhibit 9: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate 24
Exhibit 10: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2016) 24
Exhibit 11: Export, Import and Trade Balance 25
Exhibit 12: Current Account Balance 25
Exhibit 13: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2014-2016 26
Exhibit 14: Total Petroleum Oils and Oils Obtained from Bituminous Minerals (Crude) Exports, % of World Total, 2016 26
Exhibit 15: Interest Rates 28
Exhibit 16: Exchange Rate 28
Exhibit 17: Public Finance 29
Exhibit 18: General Government Debt 29
Exhibit 19: Employment/Un-employment 31
Exhibit 20: Average Annual Wages, 2012-16 31
Exhibit 21: Labor Cost Index 31
Exhibit 22: Rural/Urban Share in Total Population 32
Exhibit 23: Age-group Share of Total Population 32
Exhibit 24: Gender Split 32
Exhibit 25: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile Penetration Rate and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2016 34
Exhibit 26: Number of Patents Granted Per M Inhabitants, 2015 35
Exhibit 27: High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) 35
Exhibit 28: Doing Business in Colombia 2018 36
Exhibit 29: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) 2016 36
Exhibit 30: CO2 Emissions

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