Nigeria - Defense and Security: Procurements driving defense expenditure (Strategy, Performance and Risk Analysis)
Due to high levels of violence and conflict, Nigeria scored poorly on the parameters of societal safety and security. Militarization is relatively low in comparison to many of its peer countries and due to the terrorist activities of Boko Haram, piracy, drug trafficking and oil smuggling, scored high on the economic impact of violence and conflict register.
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Nigeria’s total defense expenditure to recorded growth:
Nigeria’s total defense expenditure stood at US$1.8 billion in 2016 and will post a forecast-period CAGR of CAGR of 3.7% to reach US$2.1 billion in 2021. The country’s efforts to counter insurgency and terrorism, coupled with its involvement in peacekeeping operations, will increase the country’s expenditure. Capital expenditure on defense stood at US$576.0 million in 2016 and will reach US$888.8 million by 2021 at a CAGR of 14.7% due to the procurement of patrol vessels, multi-role aircraft, attack helicopters, infantry fighting vehicles, and surveillance equipment to counter threats from oil smugglers and pirates in the Gulf of Guinea and the Niger Delta.
High expenditure on military vehicles:
Expenditure on military vehicles will post a forecast-period CAGR of 7.1% to reach US$133.6 million in 2021. In clashes with Boko Haram, Nigerian defense forces are frequently overrun by militants. To counter this, it will procure infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnel carriers.
Strong relationships with other nations:
Nigeria has strong relations with several countries, which allows it to procure weapons from major suppliers such as Russia, the US, and China. It has also built a strong trade relationship with Ukraine and South Africa and its import of defense equipment will grow over the forecast period.
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