The Netherlands - Transport and Logistics: Investments driving growth (Strategy, Performance and Risk Analysis)
The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy and all levels of government encourage the development of industry. Consequently, the country’s score on the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017 is higher than the regional average on the political environment parameter. The country was ranked fourth, ahead of major economies such as the UK (seventh), Sweden (sixth) and France (21st), illustrating its stability and global competitiveness. In terms of macroeconomic risk, it scored below the regional average due to of a low tally on the macroeconomic/cyclical data parameter. However, the country scores high on financing and liquidity indicators; above the regional average, due to the easy availability of financing options such net equity and loan capital.
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Use of longer trains to drive rail freight traffic
In the Netherlands, rail freight traffic recorded a CAGR of 1.2%, from 6.1 billion ton km in 2012 to 6.5 billion ton km in 2017, and is anticipated to post a CAGR of 1.4%, from 6.6 billion ton km in 2018 to 7.0 billion ton km in 2022. Growth will be driven in part by the use of longer trains on routes between the Netherlands and other European nations thanks to the implementation of the ERTMS.
Freight to drive road transport GVA over the forecast period
Road transport GVA registered a CAGR of -1.1%, from US$35.4bn in 2012 to US$33.6bn in 2017. However, because of an increase in road freight due to trade volumes with the BENELUX block being high, and the escalating volume of road passengers - expected to post a CAGR of 2.0%, from 35.3 million passengers in 2018 to 38.2 million in 2022 - road transport GVA is anticipated to post a CAGR of 1.8%, from US$35.6bn in 2018 to US$38.2bn in 2022.
Freight volume to drive traffic
Water transport freight recorded a CAGR of 1.0%, from 47.5 billion ton km in 2012 to 50.0 billion ton km in 2017, and is anticipated to post a CAGR of 0.9%, from 50.5 billion ton km in 2018 to 52.3 billion ton km in 2022. The major reason will be an increase in trade. Inland freight volume recorded a CAGR of 1.1%, from 350.0 million tons in 2012 to 370.0 million tons in 2017, and is anticipated to post a CAGR of 0.9%, from 374.2 million tons in 2018 to 388.4 million tons in 2022.