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The Netherlands: In-depth PEST Insights

The Netherlands: In-depth PEST Insights


This PESTLE country analysis report on The Netherlands provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


  • Understand the political system in The Netherlands through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
  • Understand the economic situation in The Netherlands through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
  • Understand customer demographics in The Netherlands through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
  • Understand the technological landscape in The Netherlands through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.
  • Understand the legal landscape in The Netherlands through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators
  • Understand the environmental landscape in The Netherlands through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators
  • The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in The Netherlands, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.
  • The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of The Netherlands 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.
  • The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.
Reasons to buy
  • What is the outlook in The Netherlands in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?
  • How does The Netherlands perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?
  • How does The Netherlands perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?
  • How does The Netherlands perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

1.1. Catalyst
1.2. Summary
1.2.1. Key findings
1.2.2. PESTLE highlights
1.2.3. Key fundamentals
2.1. Key facts
2.2. Geographical location
3.1. Summary
3.2. Political analysis
3.2.1. Overview
3.2.2. Current strengths
3.2.3. Current challenges
3.2.4. Future prospects
3.2.5. Future risks
3.3. Economic analysis
3.3.1. Overview
3.3.2. Current strengths
3.3.3. Current challenges
3.3.4. Future prospects
3.3.5. Future risks
3.4. Social analysis
3.4.1. Overview
3.4.2. Current strengths
3.4.3. Current challenges
3.4.4. Future prospects
3.4.5. Future risks
3.5. Technological analysis
3.5.1. Overview
3.5.2. Current strengths
3.5.3. Current challenges
3.5.4. Future prospects
3.5.5. Future risks
3.6. Legal analysis
3.6.1. Overview
3.6.2. Current strengths
3.6.3. Current challenges
3.6.4. Future prospects
3.6.5. Future risks
3.7. Environmental analysis
3.7.1. Overview
3.7.2. Current strengths
3.7.3. Current challenges
3.7.4. Future prospects
3.7.5. Future risks
4.1. Summary
4.2. Evolution
4.2.1. Pre-1950s
4.2.2. 1950-80
4.2.3. 1980-2000
4.2.4. 2000-2004
4.2.5. 2005-2019
4.3. Structure and policies
4.3.1. Key political figures
4.3.2. Structure of the government
4.3.3. Structure of legislature
4.3.4. Key policies
4.4. Performance
4.4.1. Governance indicators
4.5. Outlook
5.1. Summary
5.2. Evolution
5.2.1. 2002-2018
5.3. Structure and policies
5.3.1. Financial system
5.4. Performance
5.4.1. GDP and growth rate
5.4.2. GDP composition by sector
5.4.3. Fiscal situation
5.4.4. Current account
5.4.5. Foreign trade
5.4.6. International investment position
5.4.7. Monetary situation
5.4.8. Key monetary indicators
5.4.9. Unemployment
5.5. Outlook
6.1. Summary
6.2. Evolution
6.3. Structure and policies
6.3.1. Demographic composition
6.3.2. Education
6.3.3. Healthcare
6.3.4. Social welfare
6.4. Performance
6.4.1. Healthcare
6.4.2. Income distribution
6.4.3. Education
6.5. Outlook
7.1. Summary
7.2. Evolution
7.3. Structure and policies
7.3.1. Intellectual property
7.3.2. R&D
7.4. Performance
7.4.1. Opportunity sectors
7.4.2. R&D expenditure
7.5. Outlook
8.1. Summary
8.2. Evolution
8.3. Structure and policies
8.3.1. Structure of the judicial system
8.3.2. Legislation affecting business
8.3.3. Tax regulations
8.4. Performance
8.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system
8.5. Outlook
9.1. Summary
9.2. Evolution
9.3. Structure and policies
9.3.1. Environmental regulations
9.3.2. Environmental actions
9.4. Performance
9.4.1. Environmental impact
9.5. Outlook
10.1. Ask the analyst
10.2. Disclaimer
List of Tables
Table 1: The Netherlands - Key Fundamentals, 2016-2023f
Table 2: The Netherlands - Key Facts, 2019
Table 3: Analysis of the Dutch Political Landscape
Table 4: Analysis of the Dutch Economic Landscape
Table 5: Analysis of the Dutch Social Landscape
Table 6: Analysis of the Dutch Technological Landscape
Table 7: Analysis of the Dutch Legal Landscape
Table 8: Analysis of the Dutch Environmental Landscape
Table: Mid-year Population by Age (as a Percentage of the Total Population), 2018
Table 10: The Netherlands - Patents Received from the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2010-2018
Table 11: International Environmental Treaties Signed and Ratified by the Netherlands
List of Figures
Figure 1: Map of the Netherlands
Figure 2: The Netherlands’ Real GDP Growth Rate (%), 2011-2018
Figure 3: The Netherlands’ Current Account Surplus (US$ Billion/% of GDP), 2013-2018
Figure 4: Household Debt Comparison of OECD Countries (% of GDI), 2018 or Latest Available Data
Figure 5: Comparison of Real Average Growth and Labor Productivity, 1990-2017
Figure 6: The Netherlands’ Budget Balance (% of GDP), 2009-2018
Figure 7: The Netherlands’ Real House Price Index (2007=100), 1996-2016
Figure 8: The Netherlands and the EU27’s Trade with the UK (% of GDP), 2016
Figure 9: The Netherlands - Comparison of Population with Tertiary Education (%), 2017
Figure 10: The Netherlands’ Labor Market Participation Rate by Gender (%), 2008-2018
Figure 11: The Netherlands’ Old Age Dependency Ratio, 2050
Figure 12: The Netherlands - Researchers per 1,000 Employed, 2017
Figure 13: The Netherlands - Household Internet Connectivity Comparison, 2018
Figure 14: The Netherlands - Total R&D Expenditure Comparison (% of GDP), 2017
Figure 15: The Netherlands - Company Spending on R&D Index Comparison, 2017
Figure 16: The Netherlands - Cost of Starting a Business (% of GNI Per Capita), 2018
Figure 17: The Netherlands - FDI Restrictiveness Index Comparison, 2018
Figure 18: The Netherlands - Product Market Competition, 2018
Figure 19: The Netherlands’ Construction Permit System Score Comparison, 2019
Figure 20: The Netherlands’ Getting Credit Score Comparison, 2019
Figure 21: Time Taken to Comply with Tax (Hours per Year), 2018
Figure 22: Tax Wedge (% of Labor Cost), 2018
Figure 23: The Netherlands - Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Million Tonnes), 2016
Figure 24: Exposure to PM2.5 (Micrograms Per Cubic Meter), 2017
Figure 25: The Netherlands - Municipal Waste Generation Intensity (Kilogram Per Capita), 2017
Figure 26: The Netherlands - Share of Energy from Renewable Sources (%), 2017
Figure 27: The Netherlands - Political Events Timeline
Figure 28: The Netherlands - Key Political Figures
Figure 29: The Netherlands - Distribution of Seats in the House of Representatives, 2019
Figure 30: Evolution of GDP Growth in the Netherlands, 2007-2018
Figure 31: The Netherlands - GDP Growth Rate (US$ Billion/%), 2013-2023f
Figure 32: Sector-specific GDP in the Netherlands, 2018e
Figure 33: Agricultural Output in the Netherlands (EUR Billion/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 34: Industrial Output in the Netherlands (EUR Billion/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 35: Services Output in the Netherlands (EUR Billion/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 36: The Netherlands’ External Trade Position (US$ Billion/%), 2014-2018
Figure 37: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in the Netherlands, 2013-2023f
Figure 38: Unemployment in the Netherlands (Thousands/%), 2013-2023f
Figure 39: Major Religions in the Netherlands, 2017
Figure 40: Healthcare Expenditure in the Netherlands (US$ Billion/%), 2008-2017
Figure 41: Public Education Expenditure in the Netherlands (US$ Billion/%), 2007-2016
Figure 42: Internet Users in the Netherlands (Millions/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 43: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Netherlands (Million Tons/%), 2010-2017

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