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Hanjin Shipping: Shipping industry in chaos as Hanjin implodes and others may follow

Hanjin Shipping: Shipping industry in chaos as Hanjin implodes and others may follow


In April 2016, Hanjin applied to its creditors for debt restructuring, in an attempt to avoid formal bankruptcy proceedings. However on August 31, 2016, Hanjin was forced to file for bankruptcy protection at the Seoul Central District Court and requested the court to freeze its assets. The company had lost the support of its banks the previous day. Hanjin was the world’s 8th largest shipping company, an organization which controlled close to 100 container ships and around $10 bn worth of revenue per year. Its collapse is the biggest ever seen by the industry. The root cause of the problem however has overshadowed the industry since the financial crisis of 2009. Overcapacity in the system caused by ambitious companies ordering new ships that were too big and in too large a number has meant that the entire industry has suffered from poor prices and assets that are too expensive to maintain.

Key Findings

Learn the timeline of how Hanjin collapsed and why.
Examine how overcapacity in the shipping industry came about and why.
Understand what the main players in the industry are now doing to try to survive the conditions they find themselves in.

Reasons To Buy

What happened to hanjin?
What is happening in the global shipping industry?
Could this disaster happen to other companies?

Key Highlights

In September 2016 Hanjin the 8th largest shipping company in the world was suddenly unable to trade. The company was ditched by its creditors and despite some attempts from the Korean government to save it, filed for bankruptcy. The company had been having trouble since around 2011.
Existing shipping companies benefited from the death of Hanjin, none more so than Maersk. But despite this feeding frenzy over Hanjin’s best shipping lines, companies continue to consolidate which suggests they think the capacity crisis is far from over.
The shipping industry in general has for a number of years been in crisis. Many huge super carriers were ordered at precisely the moment when demand for shipping dropped. The industry has further struggled as it adapts ports to handle the huge new ships and deals with increased complexity within the market as the results of consolidation mean even ships themselves are shared between companies.

Hanjin Files for Bankruptcy
Hanjin was one of the world’s largest shipping companies
Hanjin’s problems started 2011, culminating in bankruptcy
Competitors move in for the kill
South Korean government hoped Hyundai would take over
2M the winners, but Cosco, K-Line and Evergreen Marine profit
The biggest shippers are now consolidating in response
The Shipping industry and bankruptcy
Overcapacity in the industry partially caused Hanjin’s demise
Bigger ships mean bigger ports and more investment
Port congestion from consolidation and supercarriers
Consolidation will continue for some time to come
Shipping industry, what happens next
Companies have already tried everything to survive
Overcapacity will continue and we will see more bankruptcy
Almost any shipping company could be struck next
Industry is polarized and financial backers are leaving
The Hanjin problem will take subsidiary companies with it
Hanjin’s calamity has been a long time coming
Overcapacity is the problem which will take more companies
Hanjin crisis, customers are starting to choose more carefully
Further Reading
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About MarketLine
List of Figures
Figure 1: Pre-Bankruptcy order of largest global shipping groups
Figure 2: Change in market share October to November 2016 Asia-North America line
Figure 3: Marketshare % of Hanjin’s competitors November 2016 North America-Asia Line
Figure 4: Comparison of the Largest ship classes

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