Germany - Transport and Logistics: Government vision to drive the industry (Strategy, Performance and Risk Analysis)
Germany is home to some of the transport and logistics industry’s leading players, such as Deutsche Post and Deutsche Bahn. As the country is positioned centrally in the EU, it is an ideal location for logistics hubs and distribution centers. These companies are involved in both domestic and international businesses and provide services across all major European countries. Deutsche Bahn has a strong position in the German rail transport market, including passenger and freight transport; and operates in 130 countries.
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Rail transport GVA continues to decline
GVA from rail transport registered a CAGR of -2.1% during 2012-2017, falling from US$18.2bn to US$16.4bn. The decline was attributed to a decrease in the number of international rail passengers. International rail passengers registered a CAGR of -5.4%, from 5.3 million in 2012 to 4.1 million in 2017. GVA is anticipated to continue to post a CAGR of -5.6% over 2018-2022, from US$15.3bn to US$12.1bn
Increasing trade to help drive air freight
In Germany, air freight traffic registered a CAGR of -1.1%, from 7,237.0 million ton km in 2012 to 7,097.9 million ton km in 2017. The decline is mainly attributed to infrastructure challenges and service delays. However, it is anticipated to post a CAGR of 1.0% over 2018-2022, rising from 7,178.3 million ton km to 7,469.5 million ton km as the country bolsters trade with China, France, and the US.
Warehousing and storage GVA to decrease over 2018-2022
Germany’s warehousing and storage GVA accounted for 37.5% of total transport and logistics industry GVA in 2017. However, warehousing and storage GVA registered a CAGR of -2.0%, from US$55.5bn in 2012 to US$50.1bn in 2017; a decline in transport services, led by a decline in the productivity of different sectors, negatively affected GVA. A lack of investment in building new facilities and innovation deterred growth. Over the forecast period, GVA from warehousing and storage is anticipated to decline at a CAGR of -4.8%, from US$46.6bn in 2018 to US$38.2bn in 2022.
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