Germany: In-depth PEST Insights

Germany: In-depth PEST Insights


This PESTLE country analysis report on Germany provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


  • Understand the political system in Germany through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
  • Understand the economic situation in Germany through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
  • Understand customer demographics in Germany through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
  • Understand the technological landscape in Germany through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.
  • Understand the legal landscape in Germany through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators
  • Understand the environmental landscape in Germany through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators
  • The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Germany, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.
  • The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Germany 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.
  • The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.
Reasons to buy
  • What is the outlook in Germany in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?
  • How does Germany perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?
  • How does Germany perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?
  • How does Germany perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

1.1. Catalyst
1.2. Summary
1.2.1. Key findings
1.2.2. PESTLE highlights
1.3. Key fundamentals
2.1. Key facts
2.2. Geographic location
3.1. Summary
3.2. Political analysis
3.2.1. Overview
3.2.2. Current strengths
3.2.3. Current challenges
3.2.4. Future prospects
3.2.5. Future risks
3.3. Economic analysis
3.3.1. Overview
3.3.2. Current strengths
3.3.3. Current challenges
3.3.4. Future prospects
3.3.5. Future risks
Social analysis
3.3.6. Overview
3.3.7. Current strengths
3.3.8. Current challenges
3.3.9. Future prospects
3.3.10. Future risks
3.4. Technological analysis
3.4.1. Overview
3.4.2. Current strengths
3.4.3. Current challenges
3.4.4. Future prospects
3.4.5. Future risks
3.5. Legal analysis
3.5.1. Overview
3.5.2. Current strengths
3.5.3. Current challenges
3.5.4. Future prospects
3.5.5. Future risks
3.6. Environmental analysis
3.6.1. Overview
3.6.2. Current strengths
3.6.3. Current challenges
3.6.4. Future prospects
3.6.5. Future risks
4.1. Summary
4.2. Evolution
4.2.1. 1871-
4.2.2. 1918-
4.2.3. 1945-
4.2.4. 1989-
4.3. Structure and policies
4.3.1. Key political figures
4.3.2. Structure of government
4.3.3. Legislative branch of government
4.3.4. Executive branch of government
4.3.5. State/provincial
4.3.6. Key political parties
4.3.7. Composition of parliament
4.3.8. Key policies
4.4. Performance
4.4.1. Governance indicators
4.5. Outlook
5.1. Summary
5.2. Evolution
5.2.1. Pre-
5.2.2. 1990-
5.2.3. 2006-
5.3. Structure and policies
5.3.1. Financial authorities and regulators
5.3.2. German stock markets
5.4. Performance
5.4.1. GDP and growth rate
5.4.2. Fiscal situation
5.4.3. Exports and imports
5.4.4. Current account
5.4.5. External debt
5.4.6. International investment position
5.4.7. Monetary situation
5.4.8. Key monetary indicators
5.4.9. Employment
5.5. Outlook
6.1. Summary
6.2. Evolution
6.3. Structure and policies
6.3.1. Demographic composition
6.3.2. Education
6.3.3. System of education
6.3.4. Healthcare
6.3.5. Social welfare policies
6.4. Performance
6.4.1. Healthcare
6.4.2. Income distribution
6.4.3. Education
6.5. Outlook
7.1. Summary
7.2. Evolution
7.3. Structure and policies
7.3.1. Technology agreements and pacts
7.4. Performance
7.4.1. Intellectual Property
7.4.2. R&D
7.4.3. ICT
7.5. Outlook
8.1. Summary
8.2. Evolution
8.3. Structure and policies
8.3.1. Judicial system
8.3.2. The Federal Constitutional Court
8.3.3. Taxation
8.4. Performance
8.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system
8.5. Outlook
9.1. Summary
9.2. Evolution
9.3. Structure and policies
9.3.1. Environmental regulations
9.3.2. Participation in global efforts, agreements, and pacts
9.4. Performance
9.4.1. Environmental impact
9.5. Outlook
10.1. ISO codes of selected countries
10.2. Ask the analyst
10.3. Disclaimer
List of Tables
Table 1: Germany - Key Fundamentals, 2016-2023f
Table 2: Germany - Key Facts,
Table 3: Analysis of Germany’s Political Landscape
Table 4: Analysis of Germany’s Economic Landscape
Table 5: Analysis of Germany’s Social Landscape
Table 6: Analysis of Germany’s Technological Landscape
Table 7: Analysis of Germany’s Legal Landscape
Table 8: Analysis of Germany’s Environmental Landscape
Table 9: Mid-year Population by Gender and Age (% of Total Population), 2018e
Table 10: Patents Granted by the USPTO, 2013-
List of Figures
Figure 1: Map of Germany
Figure 2: Unemployment Rate in Germany (%), 2005-
Figure 3: GDP Growth Rate (%), 2015Q1-2019Q
Figure 4: Germany - Enterprise Creation Index (2012=100), 2012Q1-2017Q
Figure 5: Germany - Lending to Non-financial Corporations (EUR Billion), 2015Q1-2019Q
Figure 6: Germany - Capital to Risk Weighted Assets Comparison (%), 2017 or Latest Data Available
Figure 7: Germany - House Price Index (2015=100), 2005-
Figure 8: Germany - Total Health and Social Employment Comparison, 2017 or the Latest Data Available
Figure 9: Employment by Tertiary Education Level (as a % of 25-64 Year Olds),
Figure 10: Gender Wage Gap (%), 2017 or Latest Data Available
Figure 11: Young Population with a Tertiary Education (24-34 years old, as a % of the same Age Group),
Figure 12: Young Population Not in Employment, Education or Training (as a % of 15-29 Year Olds),
Figure 13: Old Age Dependency Ratio, 2025f
Figure 14: R&D Expenditure (% of GDP),
Figure 15: R&D Expenditure of Companies (Index),
Figure 16: Researchers per 1,000 Employed, 2000-
Figure 17: Akamai’s Average Peak Connection Speed, Q1
Figure 18: Product Market Competitiveness,
Figure 19: Tax Wedge for Single Average Worker in Germany,
Figure 20: Germany - Combined Corporate Tax Rate (%) Comparison,
Figure 21: PM2.5 Particle Exposure (µg/m3),
Figure 22: Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Million Tonnes),
Figure 23: Share of Renewable Energy in Gross Electricity Generation (%), 2004-
Figure 23: Share of Environmental Tax to GDP (%),
Figure 24: Germany - Political Events Timeline
Figure 25: Germany - Key Political Figures
Figure 26: Composition of Parliament,
Figure 27: Performance of the German Economy, 2007-
Figure 28: GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Germany (US$ Trillion/%), 2013-2023f
Figure 29: Composition of GDP by Sector in Germany, 2018e
Figure 28: Germany’s Agricultural Output (EUR Billion/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 29: Germany’s Industrial Output (EUR Billion/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 30: Germany’s Services Output (EUR Trillion/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 31: Germany’s External Trade (US$ Trillion), 2014-
Figure 32: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Germany, 2013-2023f
Figure 33: Unemployment in Germany (Millions/%), 2013-2023f
Figure 34: Germany - Composition by Religion,
Figure 35: Expenditure on Healthcare in Germany (US$ Billion/%), 2008-
Figure 36: Expenditure on Education in Germany, Public (US$ Billion/%), 2007-
Figure 37: Internet Users in Germany (Millions/%), 2013-2018e
Figure 38: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Germany (Million Tonnes/%), 2010-

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