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Egypt: In-depth PESTLE Insights

Egypt: In-depth PESTLE Insights

Summary

This PESTLE country analysis report on Egypt provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.Key Highlights

  • The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Egypt, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.
  • The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Egypt's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.
  • The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.
  • Scope
    • Understand the political system in Egypt through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
    • Understand the economic situation in Egypt through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
    • Understand customer demographics in Egypt through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
    • Understand the technological landscape in Egypt through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.
    Reasons to buy
    • What is the outlook in Egypt in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?
    • How does Egypt perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?
    • How does Egypt perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?
    • How does Egypt perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?


    Overview 2
    Catalyst 2
    Summary 2
    Key findings 2
    PESTLE highlights 5
    Key fundamentals 6
    Key Facts and Geographic Location 13
    Key facts 13
    Geographical location 14
    PESTLE Analysis 15
    Summary 15
    Political analysis 16
    Overview 16
    Current strengths 16
    Current challenges 18
    Future prospects 20
    Future risks 21
    Economic analysis 22
    Overview 22
    Current strengths 22
    Increasing foreign Investments 22
    Current challenges 23
    Future prospects 25
    Future risks 27
    Social analysis 28
    Overview 28
    Current strengths 28
    Current challenges 30
    Future prospects 31
    Future risks 32
    Technology analysis 33
    Overview 33
    Current strengths 33
    Current challenges 35
    Future prospects 36
    Future risks 37
    Legal analysis 38
    Overview 38
    Current strengths 38
    Current challenges 38
    Future prospects 39
    Future risks 39
    Environmental analysis 40
    Overview 40
    Current strengths 40
    Current challenges 41
    Future prospects 44
    Future risks 45
    Political Landscape 46
    Summary 46
    Evolution 46
    Structure and policies 48
    Key political figures 48
    Structure of government 49
    Structure of legislature 49
    Composition of government 49
    Key policies 50
    Performance 51
    Governance indicators 51
    Outlook 52
    Summary 53
    Evolution 53
    Structure and policies 54
    Financial system 54
    Stock market 54
    Performance 55
    GDP and growth rate 55
    Fiscal situation 60
    International investment position 61
    Monetary situation 62
    Employment 63
    Outlook 63
    Summary 64
    Evolution 64
    Structure and policies 64
    Demographic composition 64
    Healthcare 66
    Social welfare 67
    Performance 67
    Healthcare 67
    Income distribution 68
    Education 68
    Outlook 69
    Technology Landscape 70
    Summary 70
    Evolution 70
    Structure and policies 70
    Intellectual property 70
    Technology agreements and pacts 71
    Performance 71
    Telecommunications and internet access 71
    Outlook 72
    Legal Landscape 74
    Summary 74
    Evolution 74
    Structure and policies 74
    Judicial system 74
    Tax regulations 74
    Performance 75
    Effectiveness of the legal system 75
    Outlook 75
    Environmental Landscape 76
    Summary 76
    Evolution 76
    Structure and policies 76
    Environmental regulations 76
    Participation in global efforts, agreements and pacts 77
    Performance 77
    Environmental impact 77
    Outlook 78
    Appendix 79
    Ask the analyst 79
    Disclaimer 79
    List of Tables
    Table 1: Egypt – key fundamentals 6
    Table 2: Egypt – key facts 13
    Table 3: Analysis of Egypt’s political landscape 16
    Table 4: Analysis of Egypt’s economy 22
    Table 4: Analysis of Egypt’s social system 28
    Table 6: USAID health spending in Egypt ($ million) 29
    Table 7: Analysis of Egypt’s technology landscape 33
    Table 8: Incidents faced by Egyptian Computer Emergency Response Team (EG- CERT) in 2015 34
    Table 9: Analysis of Egypt’s legal landscape 38
    Table 10: Analysis of Egypt’s environmental landscape 40
    Table 11: Mid-year population by age, 2016 65
    Table 5: Patents received from the USPTO, 2010–15 71
    List of Figures
    Figure 1: Map of Egypt 14
    Figure 2: Military expenditure in Egypt, 1990, 2000-2016 20
    Figure 3: Foreign direct investment in Egypt, 2000-2016 23
    Figure 4: Number of international tourist arrivals in Egypt, 2000-2015 24
    Figure 5: International tourism receipts in Egypt, 2000-2015 25
    Figure 6: Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%), 2000-2015 26
    Figure 7: Bank liquid reserves to bank assets ratio (%), 2001-2016 26
    Figure 8: Cyber Security Index - 2017 34
    Figure 9: Fixed broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants, 2016 36
    Figure 10: Environmental loss in Egypt over the years, 2001-2015 42
    Figure 11: Freshwater withdrawals in Egypt - 2014 43
    Figure 12: Electricity production from renewable sources, 2000-2014 44
    Figure 13: Egypt – key political events timeline 48
    Figure 14: Egypt – key political figures 49
    Figure 15: Egypt – historical GDP growth, 2006-16 54
    Figure 16: GDP and GDP growth rate in Egypt, 2011-21f 56
    Figure 17: GDP composition by sector, 2016 57
    Figure 18: Agricultural output of Egypt, 2011-16 58
    Figure 19: Industrial output of Egypt, 2011-16 59
    Figure 20: Services output of Egypt, 2011-16 60
    Figure 21: External trade of Egypt, 2012-16 61
    Figure 22: Consumer price index and consumer price index-based inflation in Egypt, 2011–21f 62
    Figure 23: Unemployment rate in Egypt, 2011-21f 63
    Figure 24: Egypt – composition by religion, 2015 66
    Figure 25: Total Healthcare expenditure in Egypt, 2009-15 68
    Figure 26: Total Education expenditure in Egypt, 2011-15 69
    Figure 27: Internet subscribers in Egypt, 2012-16 72
    Figure 28: Carbon dioxide emissions in Egypt, 2008-2015 78

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